Nova Gorica

Last updated
Nova Gorica
Town
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Nova Gorica, the train station..jpg
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Nova Gorica banner Kostanjevica Monastery.jpg
From top, left to right: Nova Gorica from air, Railway station, Slovene-Italian border, Nova Gorica Mosaic, Bevk Square, Kostanjevica Monastery
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Nova Gorica
Location in Slovenia
Coordinates: 45°57′21″N13°38′36″E / 45.95583°N 13.64333°E / 45.95583; 13.64333
CountryFlag of Slovenia.svg Slovenia
Traditional region Slovenian Littoral
Statistical region Gorizia
Municipality Nova Gorica
Area
[1]
  Total3.49 km2 (1.35 sq mi)
Elevation
93.4 m (306.4 ft)
Population
 (2023) [1]
  Total13.021
  Density3.7/km2 (9.7/sq mi)
  Trans-border urban
71.753
Postal code
5000
Vehicle registration GO
Website nova-gorica.si
Nova Gorica railway station "Transalpina" The famous square Transalpina.jpg
Nova Gorica railway station "Transalpina"

Nova Gorica (pronounced [ˈnɔ̀ːʋaɡɔˈɾìːtsa] [2] ) is a town in western Slovenia, on the border with Italy. It is the seat of the Municipality of Nova Gorica. Nova Gorica is a planned town, built according to the principles of modernist architecture after 1947, when the Paris Peace Treaty established a new border between Yugoslavia and Italy, leaving nearby Gorizia outside the borders of Yugoslavia and thus cutting off the Soča Valley, the Vipava Valley, the Gorizia Hills and the northwestern Karst Plateau from their traditional regional urban centre. Since 1948, Nova Gorica has replaced Gorizia as the principal urban center of the Gorizia region (Slovene : Goriška), as the northern part of the Slovenian Littoral has been traditionally called. [3]

Contents

Since May 2011, Nova Gorica has been joined with Gorizia and Šempeter-Vrtojba in a common trans-border metropolitan zone, administered by a joint administration board. [4]

Name

View of Nova Gorica and Solkan Nova Gorica 0720069 71 retouched.jpg
View of Nova Gorica and Solkan

The name Nova Gorica means 'new Gorizia'. The origin of the name Gorizia/Gorica itself is Slavic. The common local term for the town is Gorica (i.e., without the modifier nova 'new'), while residents tend to refer to the neighboring Italian town as Stara Gorica (i.e., 'old Gorizia'). This use is also reflected in Slovenian license plates (GO for Gorica), as well as in the name of the local association football club ND Gorica. The word gorica is a diminutive form of the Slovene common noun gora 'hill'. In archaic Slovene, it also meant 'vineyard'. It is a common toponym in Slovenia and in other areas of Slovene settlement, as well as more generally in areas that have or historically had a Slavic-speaking population.

History

In 1947, following World War II, Italy signed a peace treaty with the Allies, including Socialist Yugoslavia. The treaty transferred most of the Slovene-inhabited areas of the Province of Gorizia to Yugoslavia. The town of Gorizia itself, however, remained under Italian rule. The new border cut the city off from its northern and eastern suburbs. Around 40% of the municipality's territory was transferred to Yugoslavia, including the suburbs of Solkan, Šempeter, Kromberk, Rožna Dolina, and Pristava. Together, these areas had a population of around 10,000 (almost exclusively Slovenes, with a tiny Friulian-speaking minority), or around one fifth of the municipality's population. However, they lacked a cohesive structure, and were poorly connected. In order to overcome this problem, the Communist authorities of the Socialist Republic of Slovenia decided to build a new settlement that would connect these suburbs into a new urban space. The new town was called Nova Gorica or "New Gorizia". The project had the personal backing of Marshal Tito, Yugoslavia's Communist leader. The project was commissioned to the Slovenian architect Edvard Ravnikar, a former pupil of Le Corbusier. The first projects were laid out in winter of 1947, and the construction began at the beginning of the following year.

1969 postcard of Nova Gorica 1969 postcard of Nova Gorica.jpg
1969 postcard of Nova Gorica

The city was formally established as an urban municipality in 1952, incorporating the older settlements of Solkan, Kromberk and Rožna Dolina, which thus became, somewhat reluctantly, suburbs of Nova Gorica. The building of the town continued throughout the 1950s and 1960s, reaching the current extent by the mid-1980s. In the early 1990s, all of the aforementioned older suburbs acquired again the status of independent settlements. This was however a purely symbolic act that only affected the official statistics on population: because of this, Nova Gorica dropped from the list of 10 largest towns in Slovenia. It nevertheless remains the second largest urban conglomeration in western Slovenia, after Koper.

Climate

Climate data for Nova Gorica (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1950–2020)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)19.0
(66.2)
22.4
(72.3)
26.5
(79.7)
30.4
(86.7)
33.2
(91.8)
36.4
(97.5)
38.3
(100.9)
38.9
(102.0)
33.5
(92.3)
29.5
(85.1)
24.7
(76.5)
17.9
(64.2)
38.9
(102.0)
Mean daily maximum °C (°F)8.4
(47.1)
10.0
(50.0)
14.1
(57.4)
18.1
(64.6)
22.8
(73.0)
26.9
(80.4)
29.4
(84.9)
29.5
(85.1)
24.1
(75.4)
18.8
(65.8)
13.4
(56.1)
9.2
(48.6)
18.7
(65.7)
Daily mean °C (°F)3.8
(38.8)
4.9
(40.8)
8.6
(47.5)
12.6
(54.7)
17.1
(62.8)
21.1
(70.0)
23.2
(73.8)
22.8
(73.0)
17.9
(64.2)
13.2
(55.8)
8.9
(48.0)
4.8
(40.6)
13.2
(55.8)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F)0.5
(32.9)
0.9
(33.6)
4.1
(39.4)
7.6
(45.7)
11.7
(53.1)
15.4
(59.7)
17.2
(63.0)
17.2
(63.0)
13.3
(55.9)
9.4
(48.9)
5.5
(41.9)
1.5
(34.7)
8.7
(47.7)
Record low °C (°F)−13.2
(8.2)
−15.2
(4.6)
−9.1
(15.6)
−4.4
(24.1)
1.0
(33.8)
5.5
(41.9)
7.6
(45.7)
6.5
(43.7)
2.5
(36.5)
−3.4
(25.9)
−7.3
(18.9)
−10.7
(12.7)
−15.2
(4.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches)93
(3.7)
89
(3.5)
90
(3.5)
97
(3.8)
130
(5.1)
135
(5.3)
116
(4.6)
114
(4.5)
179
(7.0)
166
(6.5)
199
(7.8)
142
(5.6)
1,552
(61.1)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)1099131414131112131411145
Mean monthly sunshine hours 105.9131.5173.7192.9235.6258.4303.0287.4200.7150.398.296.12,233.7
Source 1: Slovenian Environment Agency [5]
Source 2: NOAA (sun 1991–2020) [6]


Culture and education

Nova Gorica hosts one of the three national theatres in Slovenia. The Goriška Museum  [ sl ] is also located in the town's Kromberk district, hosted in Kromberk Castle.

The University of Nova Gorica is located in the suburb of Rožna Dolina. The Nova Gorica Grammar School, located in the city centre, is one of the most renowned high schools in Slovenia.

The cultural magazine Razpotja is published in Nova Gorica.

Kostanjevica Hill

To the south of the town stands Kostanjevica Hill, home to the Church of the Annunciation of Our Lady and a 17th-century Franciscan monastery with rich treasures from the past. [7] The last members of the Bourbons, the French royal family, are buried in a crypt beneath the church (Charles X himself, and members of his family and entourage including his son Louis-Antoine de France, and his grandson Henri d'Artois, nephew of Louis (neither Louis-Antoine nor Henri ever reigned as kings)). He fled France following the revolution in 1830, finding refuge in Gorizia, and eventually died there. Also buried there is Pierre Louis Jean Casimir de Blacas, a Bourbon nobleman who also died in exile (in 1839). [8]

Sveta Gora

Nova Gorica viewed from Sveta Gora NovaGorica-izSvGore.jpg
Nova Gorica viewed from Sveta Gora

Opposite Kostanjevica Hill, north of the town is the settlement of Sveta Gora with Holy Mount (Slovene : Sveta gora ) a 682-meter (2,238 ft) peak that has attracted pilgrims for 450 years. The view from there is exceptional, and on a clear day visitors can see as far as Istria, Venice, the Dolomites, and the Kamnik and Julian Alps. The mountain top is home to a magnificent basilica, where concerts are occasionally held, a Franciscan monastery, and a museum of the Battles of the Isonzo.

People

Arts and sciences

Politics and public service

Sports

Show business

Other

International relations

Twin towns — sister cities

Nova Gorica is twinned with:

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Gorizia</span> Comune in Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Italy

Gorizia (Italian pronunciation:[ɡoˈrittsja] ; Slovene: Gorica, colloquially stara Gorica 'old Gorizia' to distinguish it from Nova Gorica; Standard Friulian: Gurize, Southeastern Friulian: Guriza; Bisiacco: Gorisia; German: Görz ; is a town and comune in northeastern Italy, in the autonomous region of Friuli-Venezia Giulia. It is located at the foot of the Julian Alps, bordering Slovenia. It is the capital of the Regional decentralization entity of Gorizia and is a local center of tourism, industry, and commerce. Since 1947, a twin town of Nova Gorica has developed on the other side of the modern-day Italy–Slovenia border. The region was subject to territorial dispute between Italy and Yugoslavia after World War II: after the new boundaries were established in 1947 and the old town was left to Italy, Nova Gorica was built on the Yugoslav side. The two towns constitute a conurbation, which also includes the Slovenian municipality of Šempeter-Vrtojba. Since May 2011, these three towns have been joined in a common trans-border metropolitan zone, administered by a joint administration board.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Goriška</span> Historical region in Slovenia

Goriška is a historical region in western Slovenia on the border with Italy. It comprises the northern part of the wider traditional region of the Slovenian Littoral (Primorska). The name Goriška is an adjective referring to the city of Gorizia, its historical and cultural centre.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Slovene Littoral</span> Traditional region of Slovenia

The Slovene Littoral or simply Littoral is one of the traditional regions of Slovenia. The littoral in its name – for a coastal-adjacent area – recalls the former Austrian Littoral, the Habsburg possessions on the upper Adriatic coast, of which the Slovene Littoral was part. Today, the Littoral is often associated with the Slovenian ethnic territory that, in the first half of the 20th century, found itself in Italy to the west of the Rapallo Border, which separated a quarter of Slovenes from the rest of the nation, and was strongly influenced by Italian fascism.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Princely County of Gorizia and Gradisca</span> Crown land of the Habsburg dynasty

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The Municipality of Miren-Kostanjevica is a municipality in western Slovenia, on the border with Italy.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Municipality of Šempeter-Vrtojba</span> Municipality of Slovenia

The Municipality of Šempeter-Vrtojba is a municipality in Slovenia. The municipality comprises the town and municipal seat of Šempeter pri Gorici and the adjacent village of Vrtojba.

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Tomaž Marušič was a Slovenian lawyer and politician.

Ajševica is a settlement in western Slovenia in the Municipality of Nova Gorica. It has a population of 261. It is closely linked to the nearby settlements of Kromberk and Loke, which together form a single district in the municipality of Nova Gorica, which is de facto one of the four suburbs of the town of Nova Gorica. It includes the hamlets of Parkovšče, Gmajna, and Mandrija.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kromberk</span> Place in Slovenian Littoral, Slovenia

Kromberk is a settlement in the Municipality of Nova Gorica in western Slovenia. Together with its two satellite settlements of Ajševica and Loke, it forms one of the four major suburbs of Nova Gorica.

Pristava, also known locally as Rafut, is one of the four suburbs of the town of Nova Gorica in the Gorizia region of western Slovenia.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Solkan</span> Place in Slovenian Littoral, Slovenia

Solkan is a settlement in the Municipality of Nova Gorica in the Gorizia region of western Slovenia, at the border with Italy. Although it forms a single urban area with the city of Nova Gorica today, it has maintained the status of a separate urban settlement due to its history and the strong local identity of its residents.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Rožna Dolina</span> Place in Slovenian Littoral, Slovenia

Rožna Dolina is one of the four suburbs of the town of Nova Gorica in western Slovenia. It is on the border with Italy. Before 1947, it used to be a suburb of the town of Gorizia, which was left to Italy in the Paris Peace Conference of February 1947.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Šempeter pri Gorici</span> Place in Littoral, Slovenia

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Branko Marušič</span> Slovenian historian (born 1938)

Branko Marušič is a Slovenian historian.

View of the Kostanjevica Monastery from the Castle of Gorizia. In the foreground, the suburb of Pristava, Nova Gorica.

Nova Gorica Grammar School or Gimnazija Nova Gorica, is a coeducational secondary school in western Slovenia. Located in Nova Gorica, the school is for students aged between 15 and 19. It has been certified as one of the top European Parliament Ambassador Schools in the country.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Gorizia Statistical Region</span> Statistical region

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This article uses Logar transcription.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Urban Municipality of Nova Gorica</span> Urban municipality of Slovenia

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References

  1. 1 2 "Naselje Nova Gorica". Statistični urad Republike Slovenije. Retrieved March 13, 2020.
  2. "Slovenski pravopis 2001: Nova Gorica".
  3. d.o.o., Arctur. "Mestna občina Nova Gorica" . Retrieved 12 August 2016.
  4. "Patto Gorizia-Nova Gorica, c'è la firma - Cronaca - Il Piccolo". 12 May 2011. Retrieved 12 August 2016.
  5. "Nova Gorica Podnebne statistike 1950-2020" (in Slovenian). Slovenian Environmental Agency. Archived from the original on 22 September 2023. Retrieved 22 September 2023.
  6. "Nova Gorica Climate Normals 1991–2020". World Meteorological Organization Climatological Standard Normals (1991–2020). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Archived from the original on 22 September 2023. Retrieved 22 September 2023.
  7. "Frančiškanski samostan Kostanjevica in Nova Gorica" . Retrieved 12 August 2016.
  8. "Kostanjevica monastery - Cultural and Historical Heritage - Slovenia - Official Travel Guide -" . Retrieved 12 August 2016.