Nueces County, Texas

Last updated
Nueces County, Texas
Nueces county courthouse.jpg
The Nueces County Courthouse in Corpus Christi
Nueces County tx seal.png
Seal
Map of Texas highlighting Nueces County.svg
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Map of USA TX.svg
Texas's location within the U.S.
Founded1847
Named for Nueces River
Seat Corpus Christi
Largest cityCorpus Christi
Area
  Total1,166 sq mi (3,020 km2)
  Land838 sq mi (2,170 km2)
  Water327 sq mi (847 km2), 28%
Population
  (2010)340,223
  Density406/sq mi (157/km2)
Congressional district 27th
Time zone Central: UTC−6/−5
Website www.co.nueces.tx.us

Nueces County is a county in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 340,223. [1] The county seat is Corpus Christi. [2] The county was formed in 1846 from portions of San Patricio County and organized the following year. [3] It is named for the Nueces River, which flows through the county.

County (United States) Subdivision used by most states in the United States of America

In the United States, an administrative or political subdivision of a state is a county, which is a region having specific boundaries and usually some level of governmental authority. The term "county" is used in 48 U.S. states, while Louisiana and Alaska have functionally equivalent subdivisions called parishes and boroughs respectively.

U.S. state constituent political entity of the United States

In the United States, a state is a constituent political entity, of which there are currently 50. Bound together in a political union, each state holds governmental jurisdiction over a separate and defined geographic territory and shares its sovereignty with the federal government. Due to this shared sovereignty, Americans are citizens both of the federal republic and of the state in which they reside. State citizenship and residency are flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states, except for persons restricted by certain types of court orders. Four states use the term commonwealth rather than state in their full official names.

Texas State of the United States of America

Texas is the second largest state in the United States by both area and population. Geographically located in the South Central region of the country, Texas shares borders with the U.S. states of Louisiana to the east, Arkansas to the northeast, Oklahoma to the north, New Mexico to the west, and the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, and Tamaulipas to the southwest, and has a coastline with the Gulf of Mexico to the southeast.

Contents

Nueces County is part of the Corpus Christi, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Corpus Christi metropolitan area

The Corpus Christi Metropolitan Statistical Area is a metropolitan area in South Texas that covers three counties—Aransas, Nueces, and San Patricio. As of the 2000 census, the MSA had a population of 413,280.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 1,166 square miles (3,020 km2), of which 838 square miles (2,170 km2) are land and 327 square miles (850 km2) (28%) are covered by water. [4] It borders the Gulf of Mexico.

Gulf of Mexico An Atlantic Ocean basin extending into southern North America

The Gulf of Mexico is an ocean basin and a marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean, largely surrounded by the North American continent. It is bounded on the northeast, north and northwest by the Gulf Coast of the United States, on the southwest and south by Mexico, and on the southeast by Cuba. The U.S. states of Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, and Florida border the Gulf on the north, which are often referred to as the "Third Coast", in comparison with the U.S. Atlantic and Pacific coasts.

Major highways

Interstate 37 Interstate in South Texas

Interstate 37 (I-37) is a 143.0-mile (230.1 km) Interstate Highway located within the southern portion of the U.S. state of Texas. The highway was first designated in 1959 as a route between Corpus Christi and San Antonio. Construction in the urban areas of Corpus Christi and San Antonio began in the 1960s and the segments of the Interstate Highway in rural areas were completed by the 1980s. Prior to I-37, the route between Corpus Christi and San Antonio was served by a combination of State Highway 9 from Corpus Christi to Three Rivers and U.S. Route 281 (US 281) from Three Rivers to San Antonio. As a result of the construction of I-37, SH 9 was removed from the State Highway System.

Interstate 69E highway in Texas

Interstate 69E (I-69E) is a north-south freeway running through South Texas. Once complete the freeway will begin in Brownsville and head northward before terminating near Victoria as both I-69W and I-69E intersect into Interstate 69 toward Houston. For its entire length, I-69E shares its alignment with US 77.

U.S. Route 181 highway in the United States

U.S. Highway 181 is a south–north U.S. Highway located entirely in the state of Texas. Both termini are at Interstate 37, the road that it mainly parallels to the east. US 181 begins in Corpus Christi, Texas at mile marker 0 to the south, through south-central Texas to just south of San Antonio to the north, for a total length of 137 miles (220 km).

Adjacent counties

San Patricio County, Texas County in the United States

San Patricio County is a county in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 64,804. Its county seat is Sinton.

Kleberg County, Texas County in the United States

Not to be confused with Kleberg, Texas.

Jim Wells County, Texas County in the United States

Jim Wells County is a county in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 40,838. Its county seat is Alice. The county was founded in 1911 and is named for James B. Wells, Jr. (1850-1923), for three decades a judge and Democratic Party political boss in South Texas.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1850 698
1860 2,906316.3%
1870 3,97536.8%
1880 7,67393.0%
1890 8,0935.5%
1900 10,43929.0%
1910 21,955110.3%
1920 22,8073.9%
1930 51,779127.0%
1940 92,66179.0%
1950 165,47178.6%
1960 221,57333.9%
1970 237,5447.2%
1980 268,21512.9%
1990 291,1458.5%
2000 313,6457.7%
2010 340,2238.5%
Est. 2016361,350 [5] 6.2%
U.S. Decennial Census [6]
1850–2010 [7] 2010–2014 [1]

As of the census [8] of 2000, 313,645 people, 110,365 households, and 79,683 families resided in the county. The population density was 375 people per square mile (145/km²). The 123,041 housing units averaged 147 per square mile (57/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 72.03% White, 4.24% African American, 0.64% Native American, 1.16% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 18.74% from other races, and 3.13% from two or more races. About 55.78% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Census Acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population

A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. The term is used mostly in connection with national population and housing censuses; other common censuses include agriculture, business, and traffic censuses. The United Nations defines the essential features of population and housing censuses as "individual enumeration, universality within a defined territory, simultaneity and defined periodicity", and recommends that population censuses be taken at least every 10 years. United Nations recommendations also cover census topics to be collected, official definitions, classifications and other useful information to co-ordinate international practice.

Population density A measurement of population numbers per unit area or volume

Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume; it is a quantity of type number density. It is frequently applied to living organisms, and most of the time to humans. It is a key geographical term. In simple terms population density refers to the number of people living in an area per kilometer square.

Of the 110,365 households, 36.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.80% were married couples living together, 15.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.80% were not families. About 22.60% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.79 and the average family size was 3.30.

In the county, the population was distributed as 28.40% under the age of 18, 10.50% from 18 to 24, 28.90% from 25 to 44, 21.10% from 45 to 64, and 11.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $35,959, and for a family was $41,066. Males had a median income of $31,571 versus $22,324 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,036. About 14.70% of families and 18.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.00% of those under age 18 and 15.80% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Cities (multiple counties)

Cities

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Politics

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results [9]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 48.6%50,76647.1% 49,1984.3% 4,441
2012 51.0%48,96647.6% 45,7721.4% 1,366
2008 51.8%52,39147.3% 47,9120.9% 927
2004 56.8%59,35942.5% 44,4390.7% 762
2000 51.3%49,90646.6% 45,3492.1% 2,071
1996 40.2% 37,47053.7%50,0096.1% 5,689
1992 36.5% 36,78146.0%46,31717.6% 17,693
1988 48.3% 46,33751.3%49,2090.4% 386
1984 53.7%54,33346.2% 46,7210.2% 159
1980 46.8% 40,58650.1%43,4243.0% 2,634
1976 38.0% 32,79761.1%52,7550.9% 773
1972 55.4%41,68244.2% 33,2770.4% 291
1968 31.6% 21,30757.8%39,02510.6% 7,159
1964 25.8% 14,04874.1%40,4260.2% 84
1960 39.1% 18,90760.7%29,3610.2% 100
1956 49.9%19,98549.7% 19,9120.4% 162
1952 48.6% 19,12451.2%20,1560.2% 79
1948 25.6% 5,57770.0%15,2404.4% 966
1944 24.2% 3,81970.3%11,0915.5% 863
1940 23.9% 3,06575.8%9,7400.3% 37
1936 15.5% 1,23483.1%6,5971.4% 109
1932 12.6% 96786.9%6,6590.5% 36
1928 45.4% 2,48154.6%2,9850.1% 3
1920 21.6% 38370.1%1,2468.3% 148
1916 16.9% 40476.4%1,8306.8% 163
1912 6.5% 8569.6%91023.9% 312

See also

Related Research Articles

Shelby County, Texas County in the United States

Shelby County is a county located in the far eastern portion of the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 25,448. Its county seat is Center. The county was created in 1835 as a municipality of Mexico and organized as a county in 1837. It is named for Isaac Shelby, a soldier in the American Revolution who became the first governor of Kentucky.

Refugio County, Texas County in the United States

Refugio County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 7,383. Its county seat is Refugio. The county was created as a municipality of Mexico in 1834 and organized as a county in 1837.

Real County, Texas County in the United States

Real County is a county located on the Edwards Plateau in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 3,309. The county seat is Leakey. The county is named for Julius Real (1860–1944), a former member of the Texas State Senate.

Rains County, Texas County in the United States

Rains County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 10,914. Its seat is Emory. The county are named for Emory Rains, a Texas state legislator.

McMullen County, Texas County in the United States

McMullen County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. It is the wealthiest county in Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 707, making it the fifth-least populous county in Texas. Its county seat is Tilden. The county was established from parts of Bexar County, Atascosa County, and Live Oak County in 1858 and later organized in 1877. It is named for John McMullen, founder of a colony in Texas.

Karnes County, Texas County in the United States

Karnes County is a county in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 14,824. Its county seat is Karnes City. The county is named for Henry Karnes, a soldier in the Texas Revolution.

Howard County, Texas County in the United States

Howard County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. At the 2010 census, its population was 35,012. Its county seat is Big Spring. The county was created in 1876 and organized in 1882. It is named for Volney E. Howard, a U.S. Congressman from Texas.

Duval County, Texas County in the United States

Duval County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 11,782. The county seat is San Diego. The county was founded in 1858 and later organized in 1876. It is named for Burr H. Duval, a soldier in the Texas Revolution who died in the Goliad Massacre.

Bee County, Texas County in the United States

Bee County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 31,861. Its county seat is Beeville. The county was founded December 8, 1857 and organized the next year. It is named for Barnard E. Bee, Sr., a secretary of state of the Republic of Texas.

Aransas County, Texas County in the United States

Aransas County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 23,158. Its county seat is Rockport. The county was formed in 1871 from Refugio County and organized the following year. It was named for the Rio Nuestra Senora de Aranzazu, a Spanish outpost in early Texas.

Mathis, Texas City in Texas, United States

Mathis is a city in San Patricio County, Texas, United States. The population was 4,942 at the 2010 census.

Aransas Pass, Texas City in Texas, United States

Aransas Pass is a city in Aransas, Nueces, and San Patricio Counties in the U.S. state of Texas. The population was 9,005 at the 2016 Census Estimate.

Corpus Christi, Texas City in Texas, United States

Corpus Christi, colloquially Corpus, is a coastal city in the South Texas region of the U.S. state of Texas. The county seat of Nueces County, it also extends into Aransas, Kleberg, and San Patricio Counties. It is 130 miles southeast of San Antonio. Its political boundaries encompass Nueces Bay and Corpus Christi Bay. Its zoned boundaries include small land parcels or water inlets of three neighboring counties.

Texas State Highway 361 highway in Texas

State Highway 361 or SH 361 is a state highway in San Patricio and Nueces counties that runs from Gregory in southern Texas, near Corpus Christi, east and south to Padre Island on the Gulf of Mexico coast.

The Corpus Christi-Kingsville-Alice Combined Statistical Area is made up of six counties in South Texas. The statistical area consists of the Corpus Christi Metropolitan Statistical Area the Kingsville Micropolitan Statistical Area, and the Alice Micropolitan Statistical Area. As of the 2010 census, the CSA had a population of 501,500.

Banquete is a census-designated place (CDP) in Nueces County, Texas, United States. Banquete is located at the intersection of State Highway 44 and FM 666, 23 miles west of Corpus Christi. Banquete should not be confused with Rancho Banquete, a census-designated place situated several miles west of the community.

References

  1. 1 2 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 15, 2011. Retrieved December 22, 2013.
  2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. "Texas: Individual County Chronologies". Texas Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2008. Retrieved May 25, 2015.
  4. "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
  5. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  6. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
  7. "Texas Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850–2010" (PDF). Texas Almanac. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
  8. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2011-05-14.
  9. Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 6 April 2018.

Coordinates: 27°44′N97°31′W / 27.74°N 97.52°W / 27.74; -97.52