Nuenen, Gerwen en Nederwetten

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Nuenen, Gerwen en Nederwetten
Nuenen molen De-Roosdonck A.jpg
Windmill De Roosdonck in Nuenen
Flag of Nuenen.svg
Flag
Nuenen Gerwen en Nederwetten wapen.svg
Coat of arms
Map - NL - Municipality code 0820 (2009).svg
Location in North Brabant
Coordinates: 51°29′N5°33′E / 51.483°N 5.550°E / 51.483; 5.550 Coordinates: 51°29′N5°33′E / 51.483°N 5.550°E / 51.483; 5.550
Country Netherlands
Province North Brabant
Government
[1]
  Body Municipal council
   Mayor Maarten Houben (CDA)
Area
[2]
  Total33.94 km2 (13.10 sq mi)
  Land33.72 km2 (13.02 sq mi)
  Water0.22 km2 (0.08 sq mi)
Elevation
[3]
16 m (52 ft)
Population
(August 2017) [4]
  Total22,885
  Density679/km2 (1,760/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postcode
5670–5674
Area code 040
Website www.nuenen.nl
Dutch Topographic map of Nuenen, June 2015 Gem-Nuenenca-OpenTopo.jpg
Dutch Topographic map of Nuenen, June 2015
Water Mill at Opwetten , by Vincent van Gogh, 1884 (F48) Vincent van Gogh - Water mill at Opwetten (1884).jpg
Water Mill at Opwetten , by Vincent van Gogh, 1884 (F48)

Nuenen, Gerwen en Nederwetten (pronounced [ˌnynə(n) ˌɣɛrʋə(n) ɛn ˈneːdərʋɛtə(n)]  ( Loudspeaker.svg listen )) is a municipality consisting of the larger village of Nuenen and two adjacent smaller ones. It is located in the province of Noord-Brabant, about 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) east of Eindhoven, the fifth largest city in the Netherlands. From being a small farmers town of less than 1000 inhabitants around 1950 Nuenen grew steadily as ever more new employees of Philips and the Eindhoven University (TUE) chose Nuenen as their new home.

Municipality An administrative division having corporate status and usually some powers of self-government or jurisdiction

A municipality is usually a single administrative division having corporate status and powers of self-government or jurisdiction as granted by national and regional laws to which it is subordinate. It is to be distinguished (usually) from the county, which may encompass rural territory or numerous small communities such as towns, villages and hamlets.

Eindhoven City and municipality in North Brabant, Netherlands

Eindhoven is the fifth-largest city and a municipality of the Netherlands, located in the south of the country. It had a population of 229,126 in 2018, making it the largest city in the province of North Brabant, although 's-Hertogenbosch is its capital. Eindhoven was originally located at the confluence of the Dommel and Gender.

Netherlands Constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in Europe

The Netherlands is a country located mainly in Northwestern Europe. The European portion of the Netherlands consists of twelve separate provinces that border Germany to the east, Belgium to the south, and the North Sea to the northwest, with maritime borders in the North Sea with Belgium, Germany and the United Kingdom. Together with three island territories in the Caribbean Sea—Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba— it forms a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The official language is Dutch, but a secondary official language in the province of Friesland is West Frisian.

Contents

Population centres

Nuenen Town in North Brabant, Netherlands

Nuenen is a town in the municipality of Nuenen, Gerwen en Nederwetten in the Netherlands. From 1883 to 1885, Vincent van Gogh lived and worked in Nuenen. In 1944, the town was a battle scene during Operation Market Garden. The local dialect is called Peellands. In 2009, Nuenen had a population of 22,437.

History

A battle fought in Nuenen during World War II was shown in an episode of the miniseries Band of Brothers. The historical battle took place there during Operation Market-Garden in September 1944.

World War II 1939–1945 global war

World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. A state of total war emerged, directly involving more than 100 million people from over 30 countries. The major participants threw their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, blurring the distinction between civilian and military resources. World War II was the deadliest conflict in human history, marked by 50 to 85 million fatalities, most of whom were civilians in the Soviet Union and China. It included massacres, the genocide of the Holocaust, strategic bombing, premeditated death from starvation and disease, and the only use of nuclear weapons in war.

Notable people

Vincent van Gogh

Vincent van Gogh spent two years in Nuenen from 1883 to 1885. His father lived and worked there as the Protestant pastor in the largely catholic environment. Van Gogh lived in the small carriagehouse next to the beautiful pastor's house, which is well preserved and visited by art lovers from all over the world. Van Gogh was extremely productive in his years in Nuenen. It is referred to as his so-called dark or sombre period. Here he painted his famous painting The potato eaters as well as Congregation Leaving the Reformed Church in Nuenen (Het uitgaan van de hervormde kerk te Nuenen). The latter painting was stolen from the Van Gogh Museum in December 2002.

Vincent van Gogh Influential Dutch Post-Impressionist painter (1853–1890)

Vincent Willem van Gogh was a Dutch post-impressionist painter who is among the most famous and influential figures in the history of Western art. In just over a decade he created about 2,100 artworks, including around 860 oil paintings, most of them in the last two years of his life. They include landscapes, still lifes, portraits and self-portraits, and are characterised by bold colours and dramatic, impulsive and expressive brushwork that contributed to the foundations of modern art. He was not commercially successful, and his suicide at 37 followed years of mental illness and poverty.

<i>Congregation Leaving the Reformed Church in Nuenen</i> painting by Vincent van Gogh

Congregation Leaving the Reformed Church at Nuenen is an early painting by Vincent van Gogh, made in early 1884 and modified in late 1885. It is displayed at the Van Gogh Museum in Amsterdam.

Van Gogh Museum Art museum, National museum in Amsterdam, Netherlands

The Van Gogh Museum is one of the many art museums in the Netherlands dedicated to the works of Vincent van Gogh and his contemporaries in Amsterdam in the Netherlands. The Van Gogh House can be visited in Zundert, a museum in Van Gogh's old residence. In the city of Tilburg, the old drawing room of Vincent van Gogh has been reconstructed. In the Van Gogh Town Nuenen you can see many monuments that Vincent van Gogh painted. The Vincetre is also located in Nuenen, a Museum about the life of Van Gogh.

Edsger Dijkstra

Edsger Dijkstra, Dutch computer scientist, then a professor in the Mathematics Department at the Technical University of Eindhoven, moved to a newly built house in Nuenen in 1964. Nuenen was added to the world map of computer science in 1973 when Dijkstra started to circulate his reports signed ‘Burroughs Research Fellow’ with his home address. Many thought that Burroughs, a company known at that time for the production of computers based on an innovative hardware architecture, was based in Nuenen. In fact, Dijkstra was the only research fellow of Burroughs Corporation and worked for it from home, occasionally travelling to its branches in the USA. Dijkstra moved in 1984 to the University of Austin, Texas, USA, until his retirement in the autumn of 1999. Dijkstra returned from Austin, terminally ill, to his original house in Nuenen in February 2002, where he died half a year later, on 6 August 2002. [5]

A computer scientist is a person who has acquired the knowledge of computer science, the study of the theoretical foundations of information and computation and their application.

Burroughs Corporation company

The Burroughs Corporation was a major American manufacturer of business equipment. The company was founded in 1886 as the American Arithmometer Company, and after the 1986 merger with Sperry UNIVAC was renamed Unisys. The company's history paralleled many of the major developments in computing. At its start, it produced mechanical adding machines, and later moved into programmable ledgers and then computers. It was one of the largest producers of mainframe computers in the world, also producing related equipment including typewriters and printers.

University of Texas at Austin public research university in Austin, Texas, United States

The University of Texas at Austin is a public research university in Austin, Texas. It was founded in 1883 and is the flagship institution of the University of Texas System. The University of Texas was inducted into the Association of American Universities in 1929, becoming only the third university in the American South to be elected. The institution has the nation's eighth-largest single-campus enrollment, with over 50,000 undergraduate and graduate students and over 24,000 faculty and staff.

Related Research Articles

Edsger W. Dijkstra Dutch computer scientist

Edsger Wybe Dijkstra was a Dutch systems scientist, programmer, software engineer, science essayist, and pioneer in computing science. A theoretical physicist by training, he worked as a programmer at the Mathematisch Centrum (Amsterdam) from 1952 to 1962. A university professor for much of his life, Dijkstra held the Schlumberger Centennial Chair in Computer Sciences at the University of Texas at Austin from 1984 until his retirement in 1999. He was a professor of mathematics at the Eindhoven University of Technology (1962–1984) and a research fellow at the Burroughs Corporation (1973–1984).

Laarbeek Municipality in North Brabant, Netherlands

Laarbeek is a municipality located in the province of North Brabant in the south of the Netherlands. It was formed in 1997 from the former municipalities Beek en Donk, Aarle-Rixtel and Lieshout. Laarbeek is part of the city region 'Samenwerkingsverband Regio Eindhoven', centered on the city of Eindhoven. The town hall is located in Beek en Donk.

Son en Breugel Municipality in North Brabant, Netherlands

Son en Breugel is a municipality in the southern Netherlands just outside Eindhoven. The municipality covers an area of 26.51 km2 (10.24 sq mi) of which 0.56 km2 (0.22 sq mi) is water. It had a population of 16,763 in 2017. Son en Breugel used to be two different villages: 'Son' and 'Breugel', with the stream the Dommel separating the two villages. Son en Breugel also borders the following larger municipalities: Eindhoven, Meierijstad, Nuenen, Gerwen en Nederwetten, and Best. The spoken language is North Meierijs.

Veldhoven Municipality in North Brabant, Netherlands

Veldhoven is a municipality and a town on the Gender stream in the southern Netherlands, located in the Metropoolregio Eindhoven just southwest of Eindhoven.

Zundert Municipality in North Brabant, Netherlands

Zundert is a municipality and town in the south of the Netherlands, in the province of North Brabant. Zundert is the birthplace of post-impressionist painter Vincent Van Gogh.

The THE multiprogramming system or THE OS was a computer operating system designed by a team led by Edsger W. Dijkstra, described in monographs in 1965-66 and published in 1968. Dijkstra never named the system; "THE" is simply the abbreviation of "Technische Hogeschool Eindhoven", then the name of the Eindhoven University of Technology of the Netherlands. The THE system was primarily a batch system that supported multitasking; it was not designed as a multi-user operating system. It was much like the SDS 940, but "the set of processes in the THE system was static".

Johannes Lambertus Adriana van de Snepscheut was a computer scientist and educator. He was a student of Martin Rem and Edsger Dijkstra. At the time of his death he was the executive officer of the computer science department at the California Institute of Technology. He was also developing an editor for proving theorems called "Proxac".

Arie Nicolaas Habermann, often known as Nico Habermann, was a noted Dutch computer scientist.

Coenraad Bron was a Dutch computer scientist. He worked with Edsger W. Dijkstra on the THE multiprogramming system. Together with Joep Kerbosch he invented the Bron–Kerbosch algorithm for the clique problem.

Carel S. Scholten was a physicist and a pioneer of computing.

Metropoolregio Eindhoven Metropolitan region in Netherlands

The Metropoolregio Eindhoven, until 1 January 2014 the Samenwerkingsverband Regio Eindhoven is a regional governmental agency for the city region of Eindhoven, Netherlands. The MRE comprises 21 municipalities in the Eindhoven agglomeration, with a total area of 1,457.81 square kilometers. The region has nearly three quarters of a million inhabitants and some 35.000 companies.

<i>Still Life with Straw Hat</i> painting by Vincent van Gogh

Still Life with Straw Hat also known as Still Life with Yellow Straw Hat and Still Life with Hat and Pipe was painted by Vincent van Gogh in late November - mid-December 1881 or possibly in 1885 in the town of Nuenen.

<i>Water Mill at Gennep</i> painting series by Vincent van Gogh

Water Mill at Gennep is the subject and title of three oil paintings and a watercolor created in 1884 by Vincent van Gogh. The Watermill at Gennep is situated in Gennep, today a neighbourhood of Eindhoven.

Still life paintings by Vincent van Gogh (Netherlands) painting series by Vincent van Gogh

Still life paintings by Vincent van Gogh (Netherlands) is the subject of many drawings, sketches and paintings made during Vincent van Gogh's early artistic career. Most still lifes made in the Netherlands are dated from 1884 to 1885, when he lived in Nuenen. His works were often in somber colors. Van Gogh experimented with the use of light falling across objects.

Watermill at Opwetten

The Watermill at Opwetten is a watermill along the river Kleine Dommel, located on the Opwettenseweg 203 in Opwetten, Nuenen, Gerwen en Nederwetten, in the province of North Brabant, Netherlands. First mentioned in the 11th century, the watermill burned down and was rebuilt in 1764.

Watermill at Kollen

The Watermill at Kollen is a watermill along the river Kleine Dommel, located on the Collseweg 1 in 't Coll, Eindhoven, in the province of North Brabant, Netherlands. First mentioned in the 14th century, the watermill burned down and was rebuilt in 1681.

<i>Houses at Auvers</i> painting by Vincent van Gogh

Houses at Auvers is an oil painting by Vincent van Gogh, painted towards the end of May or beginning of June 1890, shortly after he had moved to Auvers-sur-Oise, a small town northwest of Paris, France.

References

  1. "College van B en W" [Board of mayor and aldermen] (in Dutch). Gemeente Nuenen, Gerwen en Nederwetten. Archived from the original on 2 June 2014. Retrieved 2 June 2014.
  2. "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten" [Key figures for neighbourhoods]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
  3. "Postcodetool for 5671CK". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 2 June 2014.
  4. "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 27 October 2017. Retrieved 27 October 2017.
  5. Krzysztof R. Apt. "OBITUARY: Edsger Wybe Dijkstra (1930–2002): A Portrait of a Genius" (PDF). Formal Aspects of Computing (2002) 14: 92–98. Retrieved February 15, 2013. In 1962 they moved to Eindhoven, where he became a professor in the Mathematics Department at the Technical University of Eindhoven. Then in 1964 they moved to a newly built house in Nuenen, a small village on the outskirts of Eindhoven, which in 1973 was added to the world map of computer science when Dijkstra started to circulate his reports signed ‘Burroughs Research Fellow’ with his home address. Many thought that Burroughs, a company known at that time for the production of computers based on an innovative hardware architecture, was based in Nuenen. In fact, Dijkstra was the only research fellow of Burroughs Corporation and worked for it from home, occasionally travelling to its branches in the USA. As a result he reduced his appointment at the university to one day a week. That day, Tuesday, soon became known as the day of the famous ‘Tuesday Afternoon Club’, a seminar during which he discussed with his colleagues scientific articles, looking at all aspects – notation, organisation, presentation, language, content, etc. Shortly after he moved in 1984 to the University of Austin, Texas, USA, a new ‘branch’ of the Tuesday Afternoon Club emerged in Austin. Dijkstra worked in Austin until his retirement in the autumn of 1999. He returned from Austin, terminally ill, to his original house in Nuenen in February 2002, where he died half a year later, on 6 August.