Puerta a México (Door to Mexico)
Siempre con la Patria (Always with the Motherland)
Location Nuevo Laredo within Tamaulipas
Location of Tamaulipas within Mexico
|Founded by||Tomás Sánchez|
|• Presidente Municipal||Enrique Rivas Cuellar|
|• City||1,334.02 km2 (515.07 sq mi)|
|metro area includes Laredo, Texas, Nuevo Laredo, Tamaulipas, Colombia, Nuevo León, & Villa Hidalgo, Coahuila|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (CST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
|Website||Municipio de Nuevo Laredo|
|Airport: Quetzalcoatl International Airport MMNL|
Nuevo Laredo (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈnweβo laˈɾeðo] ) is a city in the Municipality of Nuevo Laredo in the Mexican state of Tamaulipas. The city lies on the banks of the Rio Grande, across from the American city of the same name. The 2010 census population of the city was 373,725. Nuevo Laredo is part of the Laredo-Nuevo Laredo Metropolitan Area with a population of 636,516. The municipality has an area of 1,334.02 km2 (515.07 sq mi). Both the city and the municipality rank as the third largest in the state.
The city is connected to Laredo, Texas by three international bridges and a rail bridge. The city is larger and younger than its American counterpart. As an indication of its economic importance, one of Mexico's banderas monumentales is in the city (these banderas have been established in state capitals and cities of significance).
Nuevo Laredo was part of the territory of the original settlement of Laredo (now in Texas) which was founded in 1755 by the Spaniard Don Tomás Sánchez in the northern part of the Rio Grande. The settlement's territory was granted to José de Escandón by the King of Spain, and the settlement's territory and population remained unified for ninety years, until the war of 1846–1848, the Mexican–American War.
Early in 1848, the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo divided the territory attached to Laredo between the United States (specifically, Texas) and Mexico. Nuevo Laredo was founded on June 15, 1848, by seventeen Laredo families who wished to remain Mexican and therefore moved to the Mexican side of the Rio Grande. They identified with Mexico, its history, and its cultural customs, and decided to keep their Mexican citizenship. The founders of Nuevo Laredo even took with them the bones of their ancestors so they would continue to rest in Mexican ground.
As a border town, Nuevo Laredo is known for its turf war in which drug cartels compete for control of the drug trade into the United States. Nuevo Laredo is a lucrative drug corridor because of the large volume of trucks that pass through the area, and the multiple exploitable ports of entry.
Nuevo Laredo is the base of Los Zetas, originally the armed wing of the Gulf Cartel; the two organizations separated in early 2010 and have been fighting for the control of the smuggling routes to the United States.As of 2012, Los Zetas are thought to be Mexico's largest criminal organization. Drug violence involving the Sinaloa and Gulf Cartels escalated in 2003, when the city was controlled by the Gulf Cartel. 2012 has seen an unprecedented series of mass murder attacks in the city between the Sinaloa Cartel and Gulf Cartel on one side and Los Zetas on the other.
Nuevo Laredo is in the northern tip of Tamaulipas on the west end of the Rio Grande Plains. Rio Grande is the only source that supplies its citizens with water. El Coyote Creek supplies Nuevo Laredo's only natural lake El Laguito (The Small Lake). The area consists of a few hills and flat land covered with grass, oak, and mesquite.
Nuevo Laredo features a semi-arid climate. Nuevo Laredo's weather is influenced by its proximity to the Chihuahuan Desert to the west, by the Sierra Madre Oriental mountains to the south and west, and by the Gulf of Mexico to the east. Much of the moisture from the Pacific is blocked by the Sierra Madre Oriental. Therefore, most of the moisture derives from the Gulf of Mexico. Its geographic location causes Nuevo Laredo's weather to range from long periods of heat to sudden violent storms in a short period of time. Nuevo Laredo is cold for Tamaulipas standards during winter, the average daytime highs are around 66 °F (18.9 °C) and overnight lows around 43 °F (6.1 °C); although it is rare for snow to fall in Nuevo Laredo, there was actually snow on the ground for a few hours on the morning of Christmas Day 2004.
Nuevo Laredo experiences an average high temperature of about 99 °F (37.2 °C), and an average low of about 75 °F (23.9 °C) during summer, and 20 inches (508 mm) of rain per year. As Laredo sometimes undergoes drought, a water conservation ordinance was implemented in 2003.
|Climate data for Nuevo Laredo|
|Record high °C (°F)||38.5|
|Average high °C (°F)||17.9|
|Daily mean °C (°F)||12.2|
|Average low °C (°F)||6.4|
|Record low °C (°F)||−7.9|
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||20.1|
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)||4.7||4.2||2.5||3.3||4.5||3.7||3.0||3.6||5.5||3.6||3.1||3.7||45.4|
|Source: Servicio Meteorológico Nacional|
Nuevo Laredo is governed by an elected Cabildo , which is composed of the Presidente Municipal (Municipal President or Mayor), two Síndicos, and twenty Regidores . The PAN is in control of the city government. The Mayor is in charge of the municipal administration. The Síndicos supervise the municipal budget and expenditures, and the Regidores are elected by the party.
Public safety is provided by three municipal departments: (1) municipal police (Dirección de Seguridad Ciudadana), (2) traffic control (Dirección de Seguridad Vial), and (3) the emergency services department (Dirección de Protección Civil, Bomberos y Desastres).
As well as the State Police Force Tamaulipas ("Fuerza Tamaulipas") replacing former Acreditable State Police ("Polícia Estatal Acreditable")
Because of the drug-related violence, Federal level departments take part in the security effort, SEDENA Military Police ("Polícia Military") Mexican Army Troops, SEMAR Mexican Navy Troops and Federal Police.
Nuevo Laredo (along with Laredo, Texas) is the most important trade border crossing of Latin America (approximately 8500 trucks cross the border each day).Its geographical position has enabled this city to grow and specialize in the international trade business. Nuevo Laredo has a very developed logistics and transportation industry, complemented with a variety of hotel chains, restaurants and a cultural center where events such as the Tamaulipas International Festival take place.
Nuevo Laredo is on the primary trade route connecting Canada, the United States and Mexico. Both Nuevo Laredo and Laredo, Texas are now the gateway to Mexico's burgeoning industrial complex, offering diverse markets, business opportunities and profit potential, which both business and industry cannot find anywhere else. Nuevo Laredo is the only Mexico/U.S. border city strategically positioned at the convergence of all land transportation systems. The main highway and railroad leading from Central Mexico through Mexico City, San Luis Potosí, Saltillo and Monterrey join with two major U.S. rail lines at Nuevo Laredo and major American highway Interstate 35, thus offering fast access to the most important metropolitan areas and seaports of Texas, as well as northern states and Canada. For more than a decade, Mexico's economic policies have greatly increased Mexico/U.S. trade and cross-border production in the Nuevo Laredo area.
There are three bridges in the Nuevo Laredo area: International Bridge #1 (the oldest); International Bridge #2 (also known as Juarez-Lincoln; no pedestrians); International Bridge #3 (also known as the Free Trade or Libre Comercio Bridge; inaugurated in 1999; cargo only). Also the Colombia-Solidarity (Solidaridad) Bridge (located about 20 miles (32 km) NW of the city in Colombia, Nuevo León). There are no urban areas on either side of this bridge.
Nuevo Laredo is a strategic investment point. On this site there are six recognized industrial parks: Oradel Industrial Center, Longoria Industrial Park, Rio Bravo Industrial Park, Modulo Industrial America, FINSA Industrial Park, and Industrial Park Pyme.
The educational infrastructure amounted to 288 school sites which are 71 kindergartens, 148 elementary schools, 34 junior high schools, 14 high schools, 13 vocational schools and 12 universities.
There are twelve universities in Nuevo Laredo. Undergraduate studies normally last at least 3 years, divided into semesters or quarters, depending on the college or university.
Every graduate gets a bachelor's degree (Licenciatura or Ingenieria). Some of these universities also offer postgraduate studies. A "maestría" is a 2-year degree after a bachelor's degree, which awards the title of Master (Maestro).
Nuevo Laredo has three teachers' schools:
Nuevo Laredo is served by the Quetzalcóatl International Airport with daily flights to Mexico City. The neighboring Laredo International Airport in Laredo, Texas has daily flights to Houston (George Bush Intercontinental Airport) and to Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport and Tri-weekly flights to Las Vegas, Nevada and bi-weekly seasonal (May–August) flights to Orlando, Florida.
Transporte Urbano de Nuevo Laredo (TUNL) is the mass transit system that operates in Nuevo Laredo with fixed routes with millions of passengers per year. TUNL works with a fleet of fixed-route buses. TUNL hub is located in downtown Nuevo Laredo.
Major highways in Nuevo Laredo and their starting and ending points:
|Laredo, Texas||236,091||0 mi (0 km)|
|Monclova, Coahuila||294,191||124 mi (199 km)|
|Monterrey, Nuevo León||3,664,334||125 mi (201 km)|
|Reynosa, Tamaulipas||526,888||130 mi (209 km)|
|Corpus Christi, Texas||409,741||131 mi (211 km)|
|San Antonio, Texas||1,942,217||154 mi (248 km)|
|Heroica Matamoros, Tamaulipas||462,157||167 mi (268 km)|
|Saltillo, Coahuila||648,929||181 mi (291 km)|
Parque Viveros (en:Viveros Park) is a 124-acre (0.50 km2) forest park that overlooks the Rio Grande on the eastern side of Nuevo Laredo. The park features a zoo, two large swimming pools, walking trails, picnic areas with barbecue pits and playgrounds.
Nuevo Laredo has three main theaters the "Centro Cultural", "Teatro de la Ciudad", and "Casa de Cultura". The Centro Cultural (en:Cultural Center), is Nuevo Laredo's main theater with a sitting capacity of 1,200 guests. The theater has presented high level shows high level, plays, concerts and dance recitals. The theater has a museum, library, and a cafeteria.The Teatro de la Ciudad (en:City Theater) is a theater which presents plays, dance recitals, concerts and musical shows and special events. The Casa de Cultura (en:House of Culture) houses music, painting, dance and literature workshops and also presents major artistic and cultural events such as art exhibitions, concerts, film samples, dance recitals and plays, among others.
The Tecolotes de Nuevo Laredo (Nuevo Laredo Owls) formally known as the Tecolotes de los Dos Laredos (Owls of the Two Laredos) were a Mexican Baseball League team that played in the Zona Norte (Northern Division) of the Mexican League until 2010. The Ciudad Deportiva was their home Baseball park which had a capacity of 12,000 fans. The Tecolotes returned to Nuevo Laredo, Tamaulipas for the 2008 season after a 4 years absence in the city when the team was transferred to Tijuana and renamed Potros de Tijuana (Tijuana Colts). The Rieleros from Aguascalientes were transferred to Nuevo Laredo as the Tecolotes de Nuevo Laredo.The Tecolotes were the Mexican League Champions in 1953, 1954, 1958, 1977, and 1989 and runner-ups in 1945, 1955, 1959, 1985, 1987, 1992, 1993.
The Parque la Junta (La Junta Park) was opened in 1947and has a capacity of 6,000 people. The stadium was the home to the five-time champion Mexican Baseball League team Tecolotes de los Dos Laredos (The Owls of the Two Laredos) from 1947 to 2003. In 2019 the stadium was refurbished to once again host the Tecolotes.
The Bravos de Nuevo Laredo is a football club in the Tercera División in Nuevo Laredo. The Unidad Deportiva Benito Juárez (Benito Juárez Sport Complex) is their home stadium. The Bravos are an institution formed in 2004 by a groups of business people in Nuevo Laredo, whose objective is to organize a football team in the city with aspirations it will become a professional football club. This has been the first team to have all of their games transmitted live via internet through www.arcanasa.com up to the end of the 2010 tournament.
The Ciudad Deportiva (Sports City) is a sports complex built in 2007 which main feature is a baseball park in Nuevo Laredo, Mexico. It is home to the Tecolotes de Nuevo LaredoMexican Baseball League team. The Ciudad Deportiva can seat up to 12,000 fans at a baseball game. Phase one of this project has been completed which only included the Baseball Park. Phase II of this project will include a new soccer stadium within Mexican Primera Division standards for a possible expansion of one of its teams to Nuevo Laredo. Phase II also includes a gym that will seat 1,500 fans to enjoy basketball, volleyball, and gymnastics among other sports.
The Toros de Nuevo Laredo is a basketball team in Nuevo Laredo, playing in the Mexican professional league Liga Nacional de Baloncesto Profesional (LNBP). The Toros de Nuevo Laredo play in the Ciudad Deportiva Indoor Stadium. They entered the league in 2009 to join the North Conference. Prior to the Toros de Nuevo Laredo, Nuevo Laredo had the Venados de Nuevo Laredo which played on the LNBP for the 2007–2008 season.
The city has a variety of tourist attractions such as:
There is a fairly large array of night-time entertainment venues. Most establishments (clubs, bars, and restaurants) are located in the historical district. Other restaurants (including chains such as Carl's Jr., Burger King, Kentucky Fried Chicken, and McDonald's) are located along Avenida Vicente Guerrero and Avenida Reforma. Nuevo Laredo has a red light district called Boy's Town, (or "La Zona").
The city has some malls like Paseo Reforma, it was opened in May 2008, this mall has many commercial establishment, like Wal-Mart Super Center, The Home Depot, and Cinépolis. Other shopping centers are, Plaza Real, Plaza 2 Laredos, Plaza commercial La fe.
|El Diario de Nuevo Laredo||Daily||Spanish||Nuevo Laredo||diario.net|
|El Mañana (Nuevo Laredo)||Daily||Spanish||Nuevo Laredo||elmanana.com.mx|
|Laredo Morning Times||Daily||English||Laredo||lmtonline.com|
|Laredo Sun||Online Newspaper||English||Laredo||laredosun.us|
|Primera Hora||Daily||Spanish||Nuevo Laredo||primerahora.com|
|Última Hora||Daily||Spanish||Nuevo Laredo||ultimahora.com|
|CH||VC||DT||Callsign||Network||City of License||Official Website|
|2||2.1||17.1||XEFE||Televisa local||Nuevo Laredo||•|
|•||10.1 CP||10.1 CP||K10QK-D||CarismaTV||Laredo||feypoder.com|
|11||11.1||25.1||XHBR||Canal de las Estrellas–HD||Nuevo Laredo||esmas.com|
|21||21.1||50.1||XHLNA||Azteca Trece–HD||Nuevo Laredo||tvazteca.com|
|•||21.2||50.2||XHLNA-TDT2||Proyecto 40–HD||Nuevo Laredo||proyecto40.com|
|33||33.1||51.1||XHLAT||Azteca 7–HD||Nuevo Laredo||tvazteca.com|
|45||45.1||32.1||XHNAT||Multimedios Plus||Nuevo Laredo||multimedios.tv|
|•||45.2||32.2||XHNAT-TDT2||Milenio TV–HD||Nuevo Laredo||milenio.tv|
|57||57.1||38.1||XHLAR||Televisa Nuevo Laredo-HD||Nuevo Laredo||televisa.com|
|Frequency||Callsign||Brand||City of License||Website||Webcast|
|790||XEFE||La Mera Ley||Nuevo Laredo||•||listen live|
|960||XEK||La Grande||Nuevo Laredo||xek.com||listen live|
|1000||XENLT||Radio Formula||Nuevo Laredo||radioformula.com||•|
|1090||XEWL||W-Radio||Nuevo Laredo||wradio.com.mx||listen live|
|1300||KLAR||Radio Poder||Laredo||feypoder.com||listen live|
|1340||XEBK||exa FM||Nuevo Laredo||exafm.com.mx||•|
|1370||XEGNK||Radio Mexicana||Nuevo Laredo||•||listen live|
|1410||XEAS||Ke Buena||Nuevo Laredo||kebuena.com||listen live|
|1550||XENU||La Rancherita||Nuevo Laredo||•||listen live|
The following Clear Channel AM stations can be heard in Laredo:
|Frequency||Callsign||Brand||City of License||Website||Webcast|
|680||KKYX||Country Legends 680||San Antonio||kkyx.com||listen live|
|720||KSAH||Norteño 720||San Antonio||•||•|
|740||KTRH||Newsradio 740 KTRH||Houston||ktrh.com||listen live|
|760||KTKR||Ticket 760 AM||San Antonio||ticket760.com||listen live|
|990||XET||La T Grande||Monterrey||•||listen live|
|1030||KCTA||KCTA 1030 AM||Corpus Christi||kctaradio.com||listen live|
|1050||XEG||Ranchera de Monterrey||Monterrey||rancherademonterrey.com||listen live|
|1200||WOAI||News Radio 1200||San Antonio||radio.woai.com||listen live|
|1210||KUBR||Radio Cristiana||San Juan||•||listen live [ permanent dead link ]|
|1530||KGBT||La Tremenda 1530||Harlingen||latremenda1530.com||•|
|Frequency||Callsign||Brand||Format||City of License||Website||Webcast|
|88.1||KHOY||Catholic Radio||Religious||Laredo||khoy.org||listen live|
|88.9||XHLDO||Radio Tamaulipas||Public Radio||Nuevo Laredo||tamaulipas.gob||listen live [ permanent dead link ]|
|89.9||KBNL||Radio Manantial||Spanish Religious||Laredo||kbnl.com||•|
|91.3||XHNOE||Stereo 91.3 FM||Spanish Contemporary||Nuevo Laredo||xhnoe.com||listen live|
|94.1||XHTLN||Imagen / RMX Laredo||Talk / Contemporary||Nuevo Laredo||rmx.com.mx||listen live|
|94.9||KQUR||Digital 94.9||Spanish Top 40||Laredo||digital949.com||listen live|
|95.7||XHBK||Exa FM||Spanish Contemporary||Nuevo Laredo||•||•|
|96.5||XHTWO||Radio TWO||Norteño/Contemporary||Nuevo Laredo||•||•|
|97.1||XHNLO||Multimedios Radio||Spanish Contemporary||Nuevo Laredo||mmradio.com||listen live|
|98.1||KRRG||Big Buck Country||Country||Laredo||bigbuck98.com||•|
|99.3||XHNK||Digital Ecstasy||Classic Hits||Nuevo Laredo||radiorama.com||listen live|
|100.5||KBDR||La Ley||Tejano||Laredo||laley1005.com||listen live|
|101.5||XHAS||Ke Buena||Norteño||Nuevo Laredo||kebuena.com||listen live|
|102.3||XHMW||Los 40 Principales||Spanish Pop||Nuevo Laredo||radiorama.com||listen live|
|103.3||XHAHU||Radio Nuevo León||Spanish Pop||Anáhuac||•||listen live|
|104.5||NEW||La Más Pesada||Norteño||Nuevo Laredo||•||•|
|104.9||XHNLR||Radio UAT||University Radio||Nuevo Laredo||uat.mx||•|
|106.1||KNEX||Hot 106.1||Urban / Rhythmic Top 40||Laredo||hot1061.com||listen live|
|106.5||NEW||La Tremenda||Norteño||Nuevo Laredo||tremenda.com.mx||•|
|107.3||XHGTS||Me Gusta 107.3||Top 40||Nuevo Laredo||xhgts.com||listen live|
|162.55||WXK26||NOAA Weather Radio||Weather||Laredo||noaa.gov||•|
|Power Hits HD||Classic Rock||powerhitshd.net||listen live||Laredo|
Oradel Industrial Center
Tamaulipas, officially the Estado Libre y Soberano de Tamaulipas, is one of the 32 states which comprise the Federal Entities of Mexico. It is divided into 43 municipalities and its capital city is Ciudad Victoria.
Juárez refers to a number of places and things, most of which are named after Benito Juárez, former President of Mexico.
Federal Highway 85 connects Mexico City with the Mexico–United States border at Nuevo Laredo, Tamaulipas. Highway 85 runs through Monterrey, Nuevo León; Ciudad Victoria, Tamaulipas; Ciudad Valles, San Luis Potosí; and Pachuca, Hidalgo. It ends at the intersection of Highway 95 in the San Pedro area of Mexico City. Highway 85 is the original route of the Pan-American Highway from the border to the capital as well as the Inter-American Highway.
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The Juárez–Lincoln International Bridge is one of four vehicular international bridges located in the cities of Laredo, Texas, and Nuevo Laredo, Tamaulipas, that connect the United States and Mexico over the Rio Grande. It is owned and operated by City of Laredo and the Secretaria de Comunicaciones y Transportes.
The World Trade International Bridge is one of 4 international bridges located in the cities of Laredo, Texas, and Nuevo Laredo, Tamaulipas, that connect the United States and Mexico over the Rio Grande. It is owned and operated by City of Laredo and the Secretaría de Comunicaciones y Transportes. It is also known as Laredo International Bridge 4.
The Tecolotes de los Dos Laredos, formerly known as the Tecolotes de Nuevo Laredo, are a Triple-A Minor League Baseball team based in Nuevo Laredo, Tamaulipas, Mexico, playing in the Mexican League. Their home games are played at Parque la Junta, which has a capacity of 6,000 fans, and Uni-Trade Stadium, across the river in Laredo, Texas.
Parque la Junta is a baseball field built in 1947 in Nuevo Laredo, Tamaulipas, Mexico. The ball park has a capacity of 6,000 people. The stadium was home to the five-time champion Mexican Baseball League team Tecolotes de los Dos Laredos from 1947 to 2003. In 2019, the Tecolotes began using the park as their home stadium in Mexico instead of Estadio Nuevo Laredo. Thus, they will split home games between Parque la Junta and Uni-Trade Stadium, which is located across the river in Laredo, Texas.
Laredo–Nuevo Laredo is one of six transborder agglomerations along the U.S.-Mexican border. The city of Laredo is situated in the U.S. state of Texas on the northern bank of the Rio Grande and Nuevo Laredo is located in the Mexican State of Tamaulipas in the southern bank of the river. This area is also known as the Two Laredos or the Laredo Borderplex. The area is made up of one county: Webb County in Texas and three municipalities: Nuevo Laredo Municipality in Tamaulipas, Hidalgo Municipality in Coahuila, Anáhuac Municipality in Nuevo León in Mexico. Two urban areas: the Laredo Metropolitan Statistical Area and the Zona Metropolitana Nuevo Laredo three cities and 12 towns make the Laredo–Nuevo Laredo Metropolitan area which has a total of 636,516 inhabitants according to the INEGI Census of 2010 and the United States Census estimate of 2010. The Laredo–Nuevo Laredo is connected by four International Bridges and an International Railway Bridge. According to World Gazetteer this urban agglomeration ranked 157th largest in North and South America in 2010 with an estimated population of 775,481. This area ranks 66th in the United States and 23rd in Mexico.
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The Toros de Nuevo Laredo are a professional basketball team based in Nuevo Laredo, Tamaulipas, Mexico playing in the Northern Division of the Mexican Liga Nacional de Baloncesto Profesional (LNBP).
The Estadio Nuevo Laredo, is a 12,000 seat baseball stadium located in Nuevo Laredo, Tamaulipas, Mexico. It was home to the Tecolotes de Nuevo Laredo from the Mexican Baseball League. The stadium was completed in 2007 as part of Phase I of Ciudad Deportiva, a new sports complex that also houses the Nuevo Laredo Multidisciplinary Gymnasium. The stadium was inaugurated on March 20, 2008 in a game in which the Tecolotes defeated 5-0 the Acereros de Monclova. The stadium has been criticized because of its distance from the city, despite public transportation that has routes from strategic points before and after games. Estadio Nuevo Laredo is located at.
The Gimnasio Multidisciplinario Nuevo Laredo, is a 4,000 seat indoor all purpose stadium, primarily used for basketball, located in the Ciudad Deportiva sports complex in Nuevo Laredo, Tamaulipas, Mexico. It is home to the two time Champions Toros de Nuevo Laredo Mexican professional basketball team from the Liga Nacional de Baloncesto Profesional. The stadium was completed in 2007 as part of Phase II of the Ciudad Deportiva, a new sports complex that also houses the Estadio Nuevo Laredo.
The Autonomous University of Tamaulipas is a Mexican public university based in Victoria, Tamaulipas. Throughout the larger cities of Reynosa, Matamoros, Nuevo Laredo, and Tampico and smaller cities of Ciudad Mante and Valle Hermoso are UAT campuses that offer undergraduate studies.
Francisco J. Serrano y Alvarez de la Rosa was a Mexican civil engineer and architect.
The Tamaulipas State Police, also known as the Tamaulipas Force, is a state agency of law enforcement in Tamaulipas, Mexico. It operates public safety services. It is a division of the Secretariat of Public Safety of Tamaulipas.
The 2012 Nuevo Laredo massacres were a series of mass murder attacks between the allied Sinaloa Cartel and Gulf Cartel against Los Zetas in the border city of Nuevo Laredo, Tamaulipas, across the U.S.-Mexico border from Laredo, Texas. The drug-violence in Nuevo Laredo began back in 2003, when the city was controlled by the Gulf Cartel. Most media reports that write about the Mexican Drug War, however, point to 2006 as the start of the drug war. That year is a convenient historical marker because that's when Felipe Calderón took office and carried out an aggressive approach against the cartels. But authors like Ioan Grillo and Sylvia Longmire note that Mexico's drug war actually began at the end of Vicente Fox's administration in 2004, when the first major battle took place in Nuevo Laredo between the Sinaloa Cartel and Los Zetas, who at that time worked as the armed wing of the Gulf Cartel.
José Reyes Meza was a mexican painter, costume and set designer, who helped to found a number of cultural institutions in Mexico. Reyes Meza began his artistic career principally in theater, although he was an active painter and even bullfighter in his early days. Painting became prominent starting in the 1970s, working on murals in various parts of Mexico as well as exhibiting canvas works in Mexico and abroad. The artist is a founding member of the Salón de la Plástica Mexicana and his work has been acknowledged by tributes, various awards and an art museum in Nuevo Laredo named after him.
Benjamín Galván Gómez was a Mexican businessman and politician of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI). He was the mayor of Nuevo Laredo, Tamaulipas, from 1 January 2011 to 30 September 2013. His political projects focused on promoting education, improving the standards of living, and in bringing back a sense of public security to the citizens of the city. He also owned the newspapers Primera Hora and Última Hora. During his mayoral administration in Nuevo Laredo, Galván received numerous threats from organized crime. Five months after his term, he was kidnapped and killed by alleged members of the Los Zetas crime syndicate.