Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan

Last updated

"Shahenshah-e-Qawwali"

Ustad Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan

Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan 03 1987 Royal Albert Hall.jpg
Nusrat performing at the Royal Albert Hall in 1987.
Born
Anjum Pervaiz Ali Khan

(1948-10-13)13 October 1948
Died16 August 1997(1997-08-16) (aged 48)
Burial placeJhang Road Graveyard, Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan
Other namesShahenshah-e-Qawwali
Occupation
  • Singer
  • songwriter
  • musician
  • composer
Spouse(s)
Naheed Nusrat(m. 1979)
Children1 daughter
Parent(s) Fateh Ali Khan
Musical career
Genres
Instruments
Years active1965–1997
Labels
Associated acts

Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan (Urdu/Punjabi : نصرت فتح علی خان), born Anjum Pervaiz Ali Khan (13 October 1948 – 16 August 1997), was a legendary Pakistani vocalist and musician, primarily a singer of Qawwali, a form of Sufi Islamic devotional music. [1] Widely considered one of the greatest voices ever recorded, [2] he possessed an extraordinary range of vocal abilities and could perform at a high level of intensity for several hours. [3] [4] [5] [6] Extending the 600-year old Qawwali tradition of his family, Khan is widely credited with introducing Qawwali music to international audiences. [7] He is popularly known as "Shahenshah-e-Qawwali", meaning "The King of Kings of Qawwali". [8]

Urdu National language and lingua franca of Pakistan; one of the official languages of India; standardized register of Hindustani

Urdu —or, more precisely, Modern Standard Urdu—is a Persianised standard register of the Hindustani language. It is the official national language and lingua franca of Pakistan. In India, it is one of the 22 official languages recognized in the Constitution of India, having official status in the six states of Jammu and Kashmir, Telangana, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal, as well as the national capital territory of Delhi. It is a registered regional language of Nepal.

Punjabi language Indo-Aryan language spoken in India and Pakistan

Punjabi is an Indo-Aryan language with more than 100 million native speakers in the Indian subcontinent and around the world. It is the native language of the Punjabi people, an ethnic group of the cultural region called the Punjab, which encompasses northwest India and eastern Pakistan.

Qawwali Sufi devotional music popular in South Asia

Qawwali is a form of Sufi Islamic devotional music originating from South Asia, and notably popular in the Punjab and Sindh regions of Pakistan; in Hyderabad, Delhi and other parts of India, especially North India; as well as the Dhaka, Chittagong and Sylhet divisions of Bangladesh. It is part of a musical tradition that stretches back for more than 700 years.

Contents

Born in Faisalabad, Khan had his first public performance at the age of 16, at his father's chelum. He became the head of the family qawwali party in 1971. He was signed by Oriental Star Agencies, Birmingham, England in the early 1980s. Khan went on to release movie scores and albums in Europe, India, Japan, Pakistan and the U.S. He engaged in collaborations and experiments with Western artists, becoming a well-known world music artist. He toured extensively, performing in over 40 countries. [9] In addition to popularising Qawwali music, he also had a big impact on contemporary South Asian popular music, including Pakistani pop, Indi-pop and Bollywood music. [10] [11] [12] [13]

Faisalabad Municipality in Punjab, Pakistan

Faisalabad, formerly known as Lyallpur, is the third-most-populous city in Pakistan, and the second-largest in the eastern province of Punjab. Historically one of the first planned cities within British India, it has long since developed into a cosmopolitan metropolis. Faisalabad was restructured into city district status; a devolution promulgated by the 2001 local government ordinance (LGO). The total area of Faisalabad District is 5,856 km2 (2,261 sq mi) while the area controlled by the Faisalabad Development Authority (FDA) is 1,280 km2 (490 sq mi). Faisalabad has grown to become a major industrial and distribution centre because of its central location in the region and connecting roads, rails, and air transportation. It has been referred to as the "Manchester of Pakistan". Faisalabad contributes over 20 percent of Punjab's GDP, and has an average annual GDP of $20.5 billion. Agriculture and industry remain its hallmark.

Oriental Star Agencies is a British based record label, based in the Balsall Heath area of Birmingham. Some of the artists introduced by the label include Ustad Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan, Malkit Singh, Alam Lohar and Bally Sagoo.

Western world Countries that identify themselves with an originally European shared culture

The Western world, also known as the West, refers to various nations depending on the context, most often including at least parts of Europe, Australasia, and the Americas, with the status of Latin America disputed by some. There are many accepted definitions, all closely interrelated. The Western world is also known as the Occident, in contrast to the Orient, or Eastern world.

Biography

Early life and career

Khan was born in a Punjabi Muslim [14] [15] family in Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan, in 1948, shortly after the partition of India in 1947 during which his family had migrated to Pakistan from their native city of Jalandhar in Punjab, in the village of Pholiwala, British India (now in Punjab, India). His family originates from Pathan bastis in Jalandhar, India. His ancestors learned music and singing there and adopted it as a profession. [16] He was the fifth child and first son of Fateh Ali Khan, a musicologist, vocalist, instrumentalist, and qawwal. Khan's family, which included four older sisters and a younger brother, Farrukh Fateh Ali Khan, grew up in central Faisalabad. The tradition of qawwali in the family had passed down through successive generations for almost 600 years. [17] Initially, his father did not want Khan to follow the family's vocation. He had his heart set on Nusrat choosing a much more respectable career path and becoming a doctor or engineer because he felt Qawwali artists had low social status. However, Khan showed such an aptitude for and interest in Qawwali, that his father finally relented. [18] He began by learning the tabla before moving on to vocals.[ citation needed ] In 1964, Khan's father died, leaving his musical education under the supervision of his paternal uncles, Mubarak Ali Khan and Salamat Ali Khan. He is the uncle of singer Rahat Fateh Ali Khan. Nusrat was known as Pervaiz until he visited Ghulam Ghaus Samdani who changed his name to Nusrat Fateh Ali. Samdani also told him that he would become a great singer.

Punjabi Muslims are a linguistic, geographic and religious ethnic group living in the region of Punjab, primarily in eastern Pakistan. Forming the majority of the Punjabi ethnicity, Punjabi Muslims are those who profess Islam and speak the Punjabi language. With a population of more than 90 million they are the largest ethnic group in Pakistan and the Fourth largest Muslim ethnicity, after Arabs, Bengalis and Javanese. The majority of Punjabi Muslims are adherents of the Sunni branch of Islam. A minority adheres to Shia and other sects, including the Ahmadiyya community which originated in Punjab.

Punjab, Pakistan Province in Pakistan

Punjab is Pakistan's second largest province by area, after Balochistan, and it is the most populated province, with an estimated population of 110,012,442 as of 2017. Forming the bulk of the transnational Punjab region, it is bordered by the Pakistan provinces of Sindh, Balochistan, and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, the enclave of Islamabad, and Azad Kashmir. It also shares borders with the Indian states of Punjab, Rajasthan and Jammu and Kashmir. The provincial capital of Punjab is the city of Lahore, a cultural, historical, economic and cosmopolitan centre of Pakistan where the country's cinema industry, and much of its fashion industry, are based.

Pakistan federal parliamentary constitutional republic in South Asia

Pakistan, officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a country in South Asia. It is the world’s sixth-most populous country with a population exceeding 212,742,631 people. In area, it is the 33rd-largest country, spanning 881,913 square kilometres. Pakistan has a 1,046-kilometre (650-mile) coastline along the Arabian Sea and Gulf of Oman in the south and is bordered by India to the east, Afghanistan to the west, Iran to the southwest, and China in the far northeast. It is separated narrowly from Tajikistan by Afghanistan's Wakhan Corridor in the northwest, and also shares a maritime border with Oman.

In 1971, after the death of his uncle Mubarak Ali Khan, Khan became the official leader of the family Qawwali party and the party became known as Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan, Mujahid Mubarak Ali Khan & Party. Khan's first public performance as the leader of the Qawwali party was at a studio recording broadcast as part of an annual music festival organized by Radio Pakistan, known as Jashn-e-Baharan. Khan sang mainly in Urdu and Punjabi and occasionally in Persian, Braj Bhasha and Hindi. His first major hit in Pakistan was the song Haq Ali Ali, which was performed in a traditional style and with traditional instrumentation. The song featured restrained use of Khan's sargam improvisations. [19]

Radio Pakistan is a Pakistani radio broadcast network. It started with an announcement of independence of Pakistan from British India on 14 August 1947. It took the place of All India Radio in Pakistan. Since 20 December 1972, it is under Pakistan Broadcasting Corporation headquartered in Islamabad.

Persian language Western Iranian language

Persian, also known by its endonym Farsi, is a Western Iranian language within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family. It is a pluricentric language primarily spoken in Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and some other regions which historically were Persianate societies and considered part of Greater Iran. It is written right to left in the Persian alphabet, a modified variant of the Arabic script.

Braj Bhāshā is a Western Hindi language. Along with Awadhi, it was one of the two predominant literary languages of North-Central India before the switch to Khariboli in the 19th century.

Later career

In the summer of 1985, Khan performed at the World of Music, Arts and Dance (WOMAD) festival in London. [20] He performed in Paris in 1985 and 1988. He first visited Japan in 1987, at the invitation of the Japan Foundation. He performed at the 5th Asian Traditional Performing Art Festival in Japan. [21] He also performed at Brooklyn Academy of Music, New York in 1989, earning him admiration from the American audience. [22]

World of Music, Arts and Dance

WOMAD is an international arts festival. The central aim of WOMAD is to celebrate the world's many forms of music, arts and dance.

Japan Foundation organization

The Japan Foundation was established in 1972 by an Act of the National Diet as a special legal entity to undertake international dissemination of Japanese culture, and became an Independent Administrative Institution under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs on 1 October 2003 under the "Independent Administrative Institution Japan Foundation Law".

Brooklyn Academy of Music theater and concert hall in Brooklyn, New York City, United States

The Brooklyn Academy of Music (BAM) is a performing arts venue in Brooklyn, New York City, known as a center for progressive and avant garde performance. It presented its first performance in 1861 and began operations in its present location in 1908.

Khan, throughout his career, had great understanding with many south Asian singers such as Alam Lohar, the Noor Jehan, and various other Pakistani and Indian singers.

Alam Lohar Pakistani singer

Alam Lohar was a prominent Punjabi folk music singer from the Punjab region of Pakistan, formerly British India. He is credited with creating and popularising the musical term Jugni.

Noor Jehan Pakistani singer and actress

Noor Jehan (Urdu: نُورجہاں ‎),, also known by her honorific title Malika-e-Tarannum, the queen of melody), was a Pakistani playback singer and actress who worked first in British India and then in Pakistan. Her career spanned more than six decades (1930s–1990s). She was renowned as one of the greatest and most influential singers of all time especially throughout South Asia and was given the honorific title of Malika-e-Tarannum in Pakistan. She had a command of Hindustani classical music as well as other music genres.

In the 1992 to 1993 academic year, Khan was a Visiting Artist in the Ethnomusicology department at the University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States. [23]

In 1988, Khan teamed up with Peter Gabriel on the soundtrack to The Last Temptation of Christ, which led to Khan being signed to Gabriel's Real World label. He would go on to release five albums of traditional Qawwali through Real World, along with the more experimental albums Mustt Mustt (1990), Night Song (1996), and the posthumous remix album Star Rise (1997). [24]

Khan's experimental work for Real World, which featured his collaborations with the Canadian guitarist Michael Brook, spurred on several further collaborations with a number of other Western composers and rock musicians. One of the most noteworthy of these collaborations came in 1995, when Khan grouped with Pearl Jam's lead singer Eddie Vedder on two songs for the soundtrack to Dead Man Walking. Khan also provided vocals for The Prayer Cycle, which was put together by Jonathan Elias, but died before the tracks could be completed. Alanis Morissette was brought in to sing with his unfinished vocals. In 2002, Gabriel included Khan's vocals on the posthumously released track "Signal to Noise" on his album Up.

Khan's album Intoxicated Spirit was nominated for a Grammy Award for Best Traditional Folk Album in 1997. That same year, his album Night Song was also nominated for a Grammy Award for Best World Music Album. [25]

Khan contributed songs to, and performed in, several Pakistani films. Shortly before his death, he composed music for three Bollywood films, which includes the film Aur Pyaar Ho Gaya, in which he also sang for "Koi Jaane Koi Na Jaane" on-screen with the lead pair, and "Zindagi Jhoom Kar". He also composed music for Kartoos, where he sang for "Ishq Da Rutba", and "Bahaa Na Aansoo", alongside Udit Narayan. He died very shortly prior to the movie's release. His final music composition for Bollywood was for the movie, Kachche Dhaage, where he sang in "Iss Shaan-E-Karam Ka Kya Kehna". The movie was released in 1999, two years after his death. The two singing sisters of Bollywood, Asha Bhosle and Lata Mangeshkar sang for the songs he composed in his brief stint in Bollywood. He also sang "Saya Bhi Saath Jab Chhod Jaye" for Sunny Deol's movie Dillagi. The song was released in 1999, two years after Khan's death. He also sang "Dulhe Ka Sehra" from the Bollywood movie Dhadkan which was released in 2000.

Khan contributed the song "Gurus of Peace" to the 1997 album Vande Mataram, composed by A. R. Rahman, and released to celebrate the 50th anniversary of India's independence. As a posthumous tribute, Rahman later released an album titled Gurus of Peace, which included "Allah Hoo" by Khan. Rahman's 2007 song "Tere Bina" for the film Guru was also composed as a tribute to Khan. [26]

Death

Various reports said Khan weighed over 300 pounds. He had been seriously ill for several months, according to a spokesperson at his U.S. label, American Recordings. [27] After traveling to London from his native Pakistan for treatment for liver and kidney problems, he was rushed from the airport to Cromwell Hospital in London.

He died of a sudden cardiac arrest at Cromwell Hospital on 16 August 1997, aged 48. [28] His body was repatriated to Faisalabad, and his funeral was a public affair. He was buried in Kabootran Wala Qabristan also known as Jhang Road Graveyard on Jhang Road, Faisalabad.

His wife, Naheed Nusrat, died on 13 September 2013 in Credit Valley Hospital in Mississauga, Ontario, Canada. Naheed had moved to Canada after the death of her husband. She is survived by their daughter Nida Khan. [29] [30] Khan's musical legacy is now carried forward by his nephews, Rahat Fateh Ali Khan and Rizwan-Muazzam. [31]

Awards and titles

Khan is widely considered to be the most important qawwal in history. [32] [33] In 1987, he received the President of Pakistan's Award for Pride of Performance for his contribution to Pakistani music. [23] [34] In 1995, he received the UNESCO Music Prize. [35] [36] In 1996 he was awarded Grand Prix des Amériques at Montreal World Film Festival for exceptional contribution to the art of cinema. [37] In the same year, Khan received the Arts and Culture Prize of the Fukuoka Asian Culture Prizes. [38] In Japan, he was also remembered as the Budai or "Singing Buddha". [39]

In 1997, he was nominated for two Grammy Awards, for Best Traditional Folk Album and Best World Music Album. [25] As of 2001, he held the Guinness World Record for the "Most Qawwali Recordings", having recorded over 125 Qawwali albums before his death. [40] In 2005, Khan posthumously received the "Legends" award at the UK Asian Music Awards. [41] Time magazine's issue of 6 November 2006, "60 Years of Asian Heroes", lists him as one of the top 12 artists and thinkers in the last 60 years. [42] He also appeared on NPR's 50 great voices list in 2010. [43] In August 2010 he was included in CNN's list of the twenty most iconic musicians from the past fifty years. [44] In 2008, Khan was listed in 14th position in UGO's list of the best singers of all time. [45]

Many honorary titles were bestowed upon Khan during his 25-year music career. He was given the title of Ustad (the master) after performing classical music at a function in Lahore on the anniversary of his father's death. [46]

Tributes, legacy and influence

File:Nusrat Fathe Ali Khan Arts Council. faisalabad.JPG
Faisalabad Arts Council's auditorium named after Khan

Khan is often credited as one of the progenitors of "world music". [47] Widely acclaimed for his spiritual charisma and distinctive exuberance, he was one of the first and most important artists to popularise Qawwali, then considered an "arcane religious tradition", to Western audiences. [47] His powerful vocal presentations, which could last up to 10 hours, brought forth a craze for his music all over Europe. Alexandra A. Seno of Asiaweek wrote: [48]

Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan's voice was otherworldly. For 25 years, his mystical songs transfixed millions. It was not long enough ... He performed qawwali, which means wise or philosophical utterance, as nobody else of his generation did. His vocal range, talent for improvisation and sheer intensity were unsurpassed.

Jeff Buckley cited Khan as a major influence, saying of him "He's my Elvis", and performing the first few minutes of Khan's "Yeh Jo Halka Halka Suroor Hai" (including vocals) at live concerts. [49] [50] Many other artists have also cited Khan as an influence, such as Nadia Ali, Zayn Malik, Malay, [51] Peter Gabriel, [52] A. R. Rahman, [53] Sheila Chandra, [54] Alim Qasimov, [55] Eddie Vedder, and Joan Osborn, among others. [56] His music was also appreciated by singers such as Mick Jagger, socialites such as Parmeshwar Godrej, actors such as Amitabh Bachchan, Trudie Styler, [57] Sean Penn, Susan Sarandon, and Tim Robbins, [56] and authors such as Sam Harris, who cited Khan as one of his favourite musicians of all time. [58]

Paul Williams picked a concert performance by Khan for inclusion in his 2000 book The 20th Century's Greatest Hits: a 'top-40' list, in which he devotes a chapter each to what he considers the top 40 artistic achievements of the 20th century in any field (including art, movies, music, fiction, non-fiction, science-fiction). [59] The Derek Trucks Band covers Khan's songs on two of their studio albums. Their 2002 album Joyful Noise includes a cover of "Maki Madni", which features a guest performance by Rahat Fateh Ali Khan, Khan's nephew. 2005's Songlines includes a medley of two of Khan's songs, "Sahib Teri Bandi" and "Maki Madni". This medley first appeared on the band's live album Live at Georgia Theatre (2004). [60]

In 2004, a tribute band called Brooklyn Qawwali Party (formerly Brook's Qawwali Party) was formed in New York City by percussionist Brook Martinez to perform the music of Khan. The 13-piece group still performs mostly instrumental jazz versions of Khan's qawwalis, using the instruments conventionally associated with jazz rather than those associated with qawwali. [61]

Google Doodle on Khan's 67th Birthday Nusrat-fateh-ali-khans-67th-birthday-google-doodle.jpg
Google Doodle on Khan's 67th Birthday

In 2007, electronic music producer and performer Gaudi, after being granted access to back catalogue recordings from Rehmat Gramophone House (Khan's former label in Pakistan), released an album of entirely new songs composed around existing vocals. The album, Dub Qawwali, was released by Six Degrees Records. It reached no. 2 in the iTunes US Chart, no. 4 in the UK and was the no. 1 seller in Amazon.com's Electronic Music section for a period. It also earned Gaudi a nomination for the BBC's World Music Awards 2008. [62]

On 13 October 2015, Google celebrated Khan's 67th birthday with a doodle on its homepage for India, Pakistan and Japan among other countries, calling him the person "who opened the world's ears to the rich, hypnotic sounds of the Sufis." “Thanks to his legendary voice, Khan helped bring "world music" to the world," said Google. [63] [64]

In February 2016, a rough mix of a song recorded by Red Hot Chili Peppers in 1998 called "Circle of the Noose" was leaked to the internet. Guitarist Dave Navarro described the song saying, "It's pop in the sense of verse, chorus, verse, chorus, bridge, hook. I really love it and we use a loop of Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan. It's really nice. The best way I can describe it is it's like pepped- up '60s folk with '90s ideals, but I would hate to label it as folk because it's not, it moves." [65]

The 2018 book The Displaced Children of Displaced Children (Eyewear Publishing) by Pakistani American poet Faisal Mohyuddin includes the poem "Faisalabad," a tribute to Khan and to the city of Khan's birth. "Faisalabad" includes a number or references to Khan, including the excerpt, "There are no better cures for homesickness / than Nusrat’s qawwalis, / except when you’re a mother / and you find comfort in the unfolding / hours of a child’s existence." The poem was first published by Narrative Magazine in Spring 2017. [66]

One of Khan's famous Qawwali songs, "Tere Bin Nahin Lagda" [67] ("I am restless without you"), [68] appeared on two of his 1996 albums, Sorrows Vol. 69 [69] and Sangam (as "Tere Bin Nahin Lagda Dil"), the latter a collaborative album with Indian lyricist Javed Akhtar; [70] Sangam sold over 1 million copies in India. [71] Lata Mangeshkar recorded a cover version called "Tere Bin Nahin Jeena" for Kachche Dhaage, starring Ajay Devgn, Saif Ali Khan and Manisha Koirala. [67] Composed by Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan, the Kachche Dhaage soundtrack album sold 3 million units in India. [72] British-Indian producer Bally Sagoo released a remix of "Tere Bin Nahin Lagda", which was later featured in the 2002 British film Bend It Like Beckham , starring Parminder Nagra and Keira Knightley. [68] A cover version called "Tere Bin" was recorded by Rahat Fateh Ali Khan with Asees Kaur for the 2018 Bollywood film Simmba , starring Ranveer Singh and Sara Ali Khan. [73]

Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan's music had a big impact on Bollywood music, inspiring numerous Indian musicians working in Bollywood since the late 1980s. For example, he inspired A. R. Rahman and Javed Akhtar, both of whom he collaborated with. However, there were many hit filmi songs from other Indian music directors that plagiarised Khan's music. [10] [11] [12] [13] For example, Vedpal's "Yeh Jo Halka Halka Suroor Hai" in Souten Ki Beti (1989) and Anu Malik's "Mera Piya Ghar Aaya" in Yaarana (1995) are based on Khan's songs. [11] Viju Shah's hit song "Tu Cheez Badi Hai Mast Mast" in Mohra (1994) was plagiarised from Khan's popular Qawwali song "Dam Mast Qalandar". [10] Several Nadeem-Shravan songs are based on Khan's songs, including "Kisika Yaar Na Bichde" in Shreemaan Aashique (1993), "Kitna Pyara Tujhe Rab Ne Banaya" in Raja Hindustani (1996), "Mujhe Ek Pal Chain Na Awe" in Judaai (1997), [11] and "Bheed Me Tanhai Me" in Tumsa Nahin Dekha: A Love Story (2004). [74] Other Bollywood songs based on Khan's music include K. K. Mahajan's "Zamaana Deewana Ho Gaya" in Zamaana Deewana (1995) and Laxmikant-Pyarelal's "Wada Karke Sajan Nahi Aaya" in Barsaat Ki Raat (1998), among others. [74]

Despite the astounding number of hit Bollywood songs plagiarised from his music, he was reportedly tolerant towards the plagiarism. [13] [75] In one interview, he jokingly gave "Best Copy" awards to Viju Shah and Anu Malik. [76] In his defense, Malik claimed that he loved Khan's music and was actually showing admiration by using his tunes. [75] However, Khan was reportedly aggrieved when Malik turned his spiritual "Allah Hoo, Allah Hoo" into "I Love You, I Love You" in Auzaar . [13] Khan said "he has taken my devotional song Allahu and converted it into I love you. He should at least respect my religious songs." [75]

His music also appears on soundtracks for Hollywood films such as The Last Temptation of Christ (1988), Natural Born Killers (1994) and Dead Man Walking (1995). [13] The British Asian Underground producer Rishi Rich's "Nahin Tere Jeha Hor Disda", with vocals by Pakistani Qawwali singer Javed Bashir, is based on Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan's "Kiven Mukhre Ton Nazran Hatawan". [77]

Films

Documentaries

Concert films

Discography

Sales

The following are known sales of records with songs credited to Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan, either as a vocalist, composer, or special thanks.

Credited
YearTitleSalesRefRegion(s)
1996Sangam1,000,000 [78] India
1997Only One6,000,000 [79] Worldwide
Vande Mataram 2,000,000 [80]
Aur Pyaar Ho Gaya 1,500,000 [72] India
"Afreen Afreen"500,000 [81]
1999 Kachche Dhaage 3,000,000 [72] India
2000 Dhadkan 4,500,000 [82]
2007 Guru 1,150,000
Total known sales19,650,000Worldwide

The following are known Indian sales of Bollywood soundtrack albums featuring copied versions of songs originally composed by Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan, without crediting him.

Uncredited
YearTitleSalesRef
1994 Mohra 8,000,000 [83] [10]
1995 Yaraana 2,000,000 [72] [11]
1996 Raja Hindustani 11,000,000 [72] [11]
Auzaar 2,200,000 [72] [13]
1997 Judaai 2,000,000 [72] [11]
Koyla 1,800,000 [72] [12]
Total known sales27,000,000

See also

Related Research Articles

Music of Pakistan

The Music of Pakistan includes diverse elements ranging from music from various parts of South Asia as well as Central Asian, Middle Eastern, and modern-day Western popular music influences. With these multiple influences, a distinctive Pakistani sound has emerged.

Sabri Brothers

The Sabri Brothers is a music band from Pakistan who are perfomers of Sufi qawwali and are closely connected to the Chishti Order, They are referred to as Roving ambassadors of Pakistan. The band was initially founded and led by Ghulam Farid Sabri and his brother Maqbool Ahmed Sabri.

Rahat Fateh Ali Khan, is a Pakistani musician, primarily of Qawwali, a devotional music of the Muslim Sufis. He is the nephew of Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan and son of Farrukh Fateh Ali Khan and also the grandson of Qawwali singer Fateh Ali Khan. In addition to Qawwali, he also performs ghazals and other light music. He is also popular as a playback singer in Bollywood and the Pakistan film industry.

Fateh Ali Khan was a classical singer and a Qawwali musician in the 1940s and 1950s. He was born in Jalandhar, Punjab, British India in 1901. Fateh Ali Khan was the father of Pakistani Qawwali musicians, Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan and Farrukh Fateh Ali Khan. Their family has an unbroken tradition of Qawwali, linked closely to the Sufi Chishti Order for over 600 years.

Farrukh Fateh Ali Khan Pakistani singer

Farrukh Fateh Ali Khan was a player of the harmonium in Qawwali and also was a member of a well-known family of Qawwali musicians. He was the younger brother of Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan, the son of Fateh Ali Khan, the nephew of Mubarak Ali Khan, and the father of Rahat Fateh Ali Khan.

Badar Miandad Khan, also known as Badar Ali Khan, was a Pakistani qawwali singer. He released several albums in Pakistan. Several albums were also released under UK and Indian labels.

Filmi qawwali is a form of qawwali music found in the Lollywood, Dhallywood, Tollywood, and Bollywood film industries.

Dildar Hussain is a Pakistani percussionist or a tabla player. He is known for being the tabla player for late Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan, a renowned Qawwali singer. Dildar Hussain played tabla for him in his qawwali-singing group until Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan died in 1997. Dildar Hussain belongs to the Punjab gharana of tabla-playing music artists.

Devika is an Indian pop singer and songwriter.

<i>Kachche Dhaage</i> 1999 Indian film directed by Milan Luthria

Kachche Dhaage is a 1999 Indian Bollywood action thriller film, directed by Milan Luthria and starring Saif Ali Khan, Ajay Devgn and Manisha Koirala. The film features Devgan as a smuggler, delivering goods across the Rajasthan-Pakistan border, was filmed in the deserts of Rajasthan and in Switzerland. It premiered on 10 February 1999 in Mumbai.

Chhaap Tilak Sab Chheeni, is a poem composed by Amir Khusro, a 14th-century Sufi mystic, in the Braj Basha language. Due to the resonance of its melody and mystical lyrics, it is frequently heard in Qawwali concerts across South Asia. The poem has a romantic expression, however, it is a devotional verse penned by Amir Khusro in respect of his spiritual mentor, Hazrat Nizamuddin Auliya as seen in verse below 'I give my whole life to you Oh, Nizam, You've made me your bride, by just a glance'.

Dama Dam Mast Qalandar is a spiritual Sufi song written in the honour of the most revered Sufi saint of Sindh, Lal Shahbaz Qalandar (1177–1274) of Sehwan Sharif. The original poem was initially written by the 13th-century Sufi poet Amir Khusrow, then further modified by Bulleh Shah in the 18th century.

S M Sadiq lyricist

Sheikh Muhammad Sadiq or S M Sadiq is a Pakistani lyricist and a poet whose written songs frequently have been sung by Ustad Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan, and other singers like Attaullah Khan Esakhelvi, Shabnam Majeed and Arif Lohar.

Most of Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan's early music was recorded with Rehmat Gramophone House later turned RGH Label. Throughout the ’70s and early ’80s Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan released hundreds of cassettes, most of them containing one or two lengthy songs. Chris Nickson, of Global Rhythm, argues that trying to make order of Khan's entire discography would be a nightmare.

<i>Back 2 Love</i> (Rahat Fateh Ali Khan album) 2014 studio album by Rahat Fateh Ali Khan

Back 2 Love is an album by Pakistani Qawwali singer Ustad Rahat Fateh Ali Khan. The album was released globally on 9 June 2014. Back 2 Love is a collection of 10 songs including collaborations with Indian musicians and singers like Salim-Sulaiman and Shreya Ghoshal.

"Tumhe Dillagi" is a ghazal song written by lyricist Purnam Allahabadi and composed by prominent Sufi singer of Pakistan Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan.

Rahat Fateh Ali Khan is a Pakistani singer, who has sung several songs in Pakistan and India, including the Pakistani film and drama industries, as well as Coke Studio and Bollywood. He is a well-known Qawwali singer, and has also sung many national songs and ghazals.

"Sochta Hoon" is a ghazal-qawwali written and performed by Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan, originally in UK 1985 Tour on 28 February at Allah Ditta Centre Birmingham. It had been popularized by him and his nephew Rahat Fateh Ali Khan several times in different concerts.

References

  1. Iris Brooks (1997). Yoga Journal. Active Interest Media, Inc. pp. 44–. ISSN   0191-0965.
  2. "Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan: The Voice Of Pakistan". NPR.org. Retrieved 2 November 2017.
  3. "World Music Legends Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan". Globalrhythm.net. Retrieved 16 December 2011.
  4. "Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan: National Geographic World Music". Worldmusic.nationalgeographic.com. 17 October 2002. Archived from the original on 20 March 2013. Retrieved 7 November 2012.
  5. Ghulam Haider Khan (6 January 2006). "A Tribute By Ustad Ghulam Haider Khan, Friday Times". Thefridaytimes.com.
  6. "Guru of Peace:An Introduction to Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan".
  7. "Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan". Worldmusic.nationalgeographic.com. 17 October 2002. Archived from the original on 14 March 2012. Retrieved 16 December 2011.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  8. Hommage à Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan (liner notes by Pierre-Alain Baud), 1999, Network, Germany.
  9. Amit Baruah; R. Padmanabhan (6 September 1997). "The stilled voice". Frontline . Retrieved 30 June 2011.
  10. 1 2 3 4 Amit Baruah, R. Padmanabhan (6 September 1997). "The stilled voice". The Hindu, Frontline.
  11. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 "Five Songs That Bollywood Blatantly Copied From Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan". News18 . 13 October 2016.
  12. 1 2 3 "42 hit songs that Bollywood copied from Pakistani films". Daily Pakistan . 7 September 2017. Retrieved 8 September 2017.
  13. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Chaudhuri, Diptakirti (2018). Bioscope: A Frivolous History of Bollywood in Ten Chapters. Hachette. p. 93. ISBN   9789351952299.
  14. Arbor, Ann, University Musical society, Nusrat Fateh Ali khan, Michigan, 1993
  15. Karla, S Virinder, University of Manchester, Punjabiyat and the music of Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan, Manchester, UK, 2014
  16. Arbor, Ann, University Musical society, Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan, Michigan, 1993
  17. "The Herald". Vol. 38 no. 7–9. 2007. Born into a family that has been associated with qawwali for the last 600 years...
  18. "Ustad Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan: A tribute, Hindustan Times". Archived from the original on 6 January 2012.
  19. "Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan Profile on PTV". Archived from the original on 12 May 2014.
  20. "Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan – The 7th Fukuoka Asian Culture Prizes 1996__Arts and Culture Prize". Asianmonth.com.
  21. "Nusrat Online Blog | Nusart Fateh Ali Khan – Live At National Theatre Tokyo, 1987 Part 1". nusratonline.com. Retrieved 31 January 2018.
  22. Manheim (2001). Michel Andre Bossy; Thomas Brothers; John C. McEnore (eds.). Lives and Legacies: Artists, Writers, and Musicians. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 105. ISBN   978-1573561549.
  23. 1 2 "Official biography, University of Washington". Music.washington.edu. 16 August 1997. Retrieved 16 December 2011.
  24. "Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan & Michael Brook: Mustt Mustt & Night Song". Allaboutjazz.com. 5 January 2008. Retrieved 16 December 2011.
  25. 1 2 Moon, Tom (8 January 1997). "Babyface Captures 12 Grammy Nominations He Equaled A Mark Set By Michael Jackson. Awards Will Be Given Out February 26". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Philadelphia Media Holdings. p. 8. Retrieved 4 February 2011.
  26. "Rahman on how the music of Guru was born". The Telegraph. 22 December 2006. Retrieved 18 February 2007.
  27. Rose, Cynthia (18 August 1997). "Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan Dead at 48". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 11 January 2017.
  28. Rose, Cynthia (19 August 1997). "Nusrat's Passing Leaves Void in the Music World". Seattle Times. Retrieved 16 December 2011.
  29. Naheed Nusrat, wife of Ustad Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan passes away
  30. Rahat grieved over death of Naheed Nusrat Archived 2 April 2015 at the Wayback Machine
  31. Gupta, Priya (24 January 2015). "I still cry remembering Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan sahab: Rahat". Times of India. Retrieved 14 October 2015.
  32. Ken Hunt. Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan: Biography. AllMusic .
  33. Virginia Gorlinski. Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan. Encyclopædia Britannica .
  34. "Utterance | Rizwan-Muazzam Qawwali". Red-lines.co.uk. Retrieved 16 December 2011.
  35. "International Music Council – Prize laureates 1975–2004". Imc-cim.org. 16 October 2008. Retrieved 16 December 2011.
  36. "Previous winners of the UNESCO Music Prize". The Times. London. 18 September 2008.
  37. IMDb: Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan Awards
  38. "Past Laureates | Fukuoka Prize". Asianmonth.com.
  39. "Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan: The singing Buddha" . Retrieved 28 July 2016.
  40. Guinness World Records. Guinness World Records. 2001. p. 104. ISBN   9780851121024. MOST QAWAALI RECORDINGS Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan (Pakistan) recorded over 125 albums of Qawaali (the devotional music of the Sufi Muslims) before his death in 1997.
  41. "Artists unite to celebrate British Asian Music". Archived from the original on 10 January 2011. Retrieved 24 August 2010.
  42. Baker, Aryn (13 November 2006). "Asian Heroes: Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan". Time. Retrieved 16 December 2011.
  43. Danna, Mychael. "Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan: The Voice Of Pakistan". NPR. Retrieved 16 December 2011.
  44. "Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan – Nominated One of the 20 Most Iconic Musicians From The Past 50 Years". Real World Records. 10 August 2010. Retrieved 16 December 2011.
  45. "Best Singers of All Time". ugo.com. Archived from the original on 2 December 2011. Retrieved 16 December 2011.
  46. Lok Virsa – Ustad Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan Qawal & Party, Vol. 1, Moviebox Birmingham Ltd (2007).
  47. 1 2 Michel-Andre Bossy; Thomas Brothers; John C. McEnroe (2001). Artists, Writers, and Musicians. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 105.
  48. Asiaweek: Unforgettable Archived 8 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine . CNN .
  49. Buckley, Jeff. Live at Sin-é (Legacy Edition). Sony Music (2003).
  50. "Mojo Pin – Jeff's Dedication to Khan". Liquidgnome.com. Retrieved 10 April 2012.
  51. Spanos, Brittany (20 October 2016). "Zayn Malik Reveals How Dad Inspired Song in Book Excerpt". Rolling Stone .
  52. Peter Gabriel, from Genesis to Growing Up. pp. 146–147.
  53. A. R. Rahman: Allmusic
  54. Sheila Chandra: Allmusic
  55. Alim Qasimov: Allmusic
  56. 1 2 "Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan Dead at 48". Rolling Stone . 18 August 1997.
  57. "As more satellite TV networks target Asia, the picture is one of confusion and uncertainty". India Today . 30 September 1993.
  58. Harris, Sam (9 June 2013). "Islam and the Misuses of Ecstasy". samharris.org. Retrieved 19 January 2014.
  59. "The 20th Century's Greatest Hits: A Top 40 List of art". Adherents.com. Retrieved 16 December 2011.
  60. "The Derek Trucks Band: Allmusic".
  61. "bqpmusic.com". Brooklynqawwaliparty.com. Archived from the original on 5 October 2011. Retrieved 16 December 2011.
  62. – 12:00. "| BBC Awards for World Music | Nominees". Bbc.co.uk.
  63. "Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan's 67th Birthday". Google website. 13 October 2015., Retrieved 9 April 2016
  64. "Google celebrates Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan's 67th birthday with doodle". The Hindu newspaper. 13 October 2015., Retrieved 9 April 2016
  65. http://www.alternativenation.net/red-hot-chili-peppers-unreleased-1998-song-circle-of-the-noose-leaks/
  66. https://www.narrativemagazine.com/issues/spring-2017/poetry/land-five-rivers-faisal-mohyuddin
  67. 1 2 Iyengar, Shriram (3 October 2016). "The guru of peace: Ustad Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan". Cinestaan.
  68. 1 2 Dudrah, Rajinder Kumar (2006). Bollywood: Sociology Goes To the Movies. SAGE Publishing. p. 161. ISBN   9789352805365.
  69. "Sorrows, Vol. 69 by Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan". iTunes . Retrieved 20 December 2018.
  70. "Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan & Javed Akhtar - Sangam". Discogs . Retrieved 18 December 2018.
  71. Kumar, Keval J. (2000). Mass Communication in India (4th Edition). Jaico Publishing House. p. 320. ISBN   9788172243739.
  72. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 "Music Hits 1990-1999 (Figures in Units)". Box Office India . Retrieved 1 January 2010.
  73. "Simmba song Tere Bin: Check out the recreated version of the classic Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan track ft. Ranveer Singh and Sara Ali Khan". Times Now. 14 December 2018.
  74. 1 2 "These Songs Are Copied From Superhit Qawwali's Of Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan". Dailyhunt . 6 May 2018.
  75. 1 2 3 "A rare encounter with Ustad Nusrat Ali Khan". Rediff . 1997. Retrieved 23 December 2018.
  76. "Bollywood songs copied from Pakistan will break your heart". The Times of India . 19 January 2018.
  77. "Rishi Rich and Bally Sagoo feat. Javed Bashir's 'Nahin Tere Jeha Hor Disda'". WhoSampled . Retrieved 21 December 2018.
  78. Kumar, Keval J. (2000). Mass Communication in India (4th Edition). Jaico Publishing House. p. 320. ISBN   9788172243739.
  79. "Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan's 'lost tape recordings' found". The News International . 5 July 2017.
  80. Mathai, Kamini (2009). A. R. Rahman: The Musical Storm. Penguin Group. p. 160. ISBN   9788184758238.
  81. "Music-video pioneer Ken Ghosh defies his critics to remain industry's best bet". India Today . 4 August 1997.
  82. "Music Hits 2000–2009 (Figures in Units)". Box Office India . Archived from the original on 24 June 2010.
  83. "Top 25 films between the years 1985-1994". Filmfare . 18 February 2018.

Further reading