| OTR-21 Tochka |
|Type||Tactical ballistic missile|
|Place of origin||Soviet Union|
|In service||1976–present (Scarab A) |
1989–present (Scarab B)
1990–present (Scarab C)
|Used by||See Operators|
|Wars|| Yemeni Civil War (1994) |
First Chechen War
Second Chechen War
Syrian Civil War
War in Donbass
Yemeni Civil War (2015–present)
Saudi Arabian-led intervention in Yemen
2020 Nagorno-Karabakh conflict
|Mass||2,000 kg (4,400 lb) Scarab A |
2,010 kg (4,430 lb) Scarab B
1,800 kg (4,000 lb) Scarab C
|Length||6.4 m (21 ft)|
|Diameter||0.65 m (2 ft 2 in)|
|Warhead||Chemical, 100 kt nuclear warhead, EMP, or fragmentation filling|
|Engine||Single-stage Solid-fuel rocket |
|70 km (43 mi) Scarab A |
120 km (75 mi) Scarab B
185 km (115 mi) Scarab C
|Maximum speed||1.8 km/s (1.1 mi/s; Mach 5.3)|
|Inertial guidance, Tochka-P added passive radar against radar installations|
|Accuracy||150 m (Scarab A)|
|BAZ-5921 Mobile TEL|
OTR-21 Tochka (Russian : оперативно-тактический ракетный комплекс (ОТР) «Точка» ("point"); English: Tactical Operational Missile Complex "Tochka") is a Soviet tactical ballistic missile. Its GRAU designation is 9K79; its NATO reporting name is SS-21 Scarab. It is transported in a 9P129 vehicle and raised prior to launch. It uses an inertial guidance system.
The OTR-21 forward deployment to East Germany began in 1981, replacing the earlier Luna-M series of unguided artillery rockets.
The OTR-21 is a mobile missile launch system, designed to be deployed along with other land combat units on the battlefield. While the 9K52 Luna-M is large and relatively inaccurate, the OTR-21 is much smaller. The missile itself can be used for precise strikes on enemy tactical targets, such as control posts, bridges, storage facilities, troop concentrations and airfields. The fragmentation warhead can be replaced with a nuclear, biological or chemical warhead. The solid propellant makes the missile easy to maintain and deploy.
OTR-21 units are usually managed in a brigade structure. There are 18 launchers in a brigade; each launcher is provided with 2 or 3 missiles. The vehicle is completely amphibious, with a maximum road speed of 60 km/h (37 mph) and 8 km/h (5.0 mph) in water. It is NBC-protected. The system has been in development since 1968. Three variants were developed.
The initial Scarab A entered service with the Soviet Army in 1975. It carries one of three types of warhead:
The minimal range is about 15 km (9.3 mi), maximum range is 70 km (43 mi); its circular error probable (CEP) is estimated to be about 150 m (490 ft).
The improved Scarab B (Tochka-U) passed state tests from 1986 to 1988 and introduced in 1989. Improved propellant increased the range to 120 km (75 mi). CEP significantly improved, to less than 95 m (312 ft).
A third variant, Scarab C, was developed in the 1990s. Again, range increased (185 km (115 mi)), and CEP decreased to less than 70 m (229 ft). Scarab C weighs 1,800 kg (4,000 lb).
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