Oberbergischer Kreis

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Oberbergischer Kreis
Flagge Oberbergischer Kreis.svg
Flag
DEU Oberbergischer Kreis COA.svg
Coat of arms
Oberbergischer Kreis
Country Germany
State North Rhine-Westphalia
Adm. region Cologne
Capital Gummersbach
Area
  Total918.53 km2 (354.65 sq mi)
Population
 (31 December 2020) [1]
  Total271,699
  Density300/km2 (770/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Vehicle registration GM
Website http://www.oberbergischer-kreis.de

The Oberbergischer Kreis (Kölsch : Boverbärjische Kreiß) is a Kreis (district) in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Neighboring districts are Ennepe-Ruhr, Märkischer Kreis, Olpe, Altenkirchen, Rhein-Sieg, Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis, and the urban districts Remscheid and Wuppertal.

Contents

Name

The district was named after the region known as Bergisches Land, which belonged to the County of Berg for most of the medieval era. What is called "Oberbergisch" ("upper Bergian") lies in the southeast of that earldom. By 1740, descriptions of the area distinguished between "Niederbergisch", which was north of the river Wupper, and "Oberbergisch" to its south.

In 1816, after the entire Rhineland was annexed to Prussia, the districts of Waldbröl, Homburg, Gimborn, Wipperfürth, and Lennep were created within the area now covered by the district. In 1825 the districts Gimborn and Homburg were merged into the district Gummersbach. In 1932 it was merged with the district of Waldbröl, and the region became known as Oberbergischer Kreis. The restructuring of 1969/75 created the current boundaries of the district.

Geography

The Oberbergischer Kreis covers the hills west of the Sauerland and north of the Westerwald. It constitutes the eastern part of the Bergisches Land nature reserve. Situated at an altitude of 100–520 meters above sea level, it is rich in wood and water (numbering ten artificial lakes) and thus a recreational area for citizens from Cologne, the Ruhr area and the Netherlands.

The prevailing rock is greywacke, which was and in places still is mined in large stone quarries.

Coat of arms

The coat of arms is a combination of the heraldic signs of the territories the district belonged to. The red-white bar in the top symbolizes the County of Mark and the lion that of Berg. Homburg Castle (near Nümbrecht) was the seat of the Princes of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg.

Politics

Gummersbach - Kreishaus 13 ies Gummersbach - Kreishaus 13 ies.jpg
Gummersbach - Kreishaus 13 ies

Nazi Era

Robert Ley, a Nazi politician who helped organize the recruitment of slave labor during World War II, and published an anti-Semitic newspaper, the Westdeutscher Beobachter, was born in Niederbreidenbach, [2] a town in Oberbergischer Kreis.

District Administrator

Since the October 1st, 1999 there is only one (directly elected) District Administrator who at the same time is head of management:

District Administrator for the management

Economy

The district's economy is marked by small and middle-sized industry, particularly in the areas of plastic and metal processing.

Places of interest

Homburg Castle Homburg-1.jpg
Homburg Castle

Towns and municipalities

Towns and municipalities in Oberbergischer Kreis Municipalities in GM.svg
Towns and municipalities in Oberbergischer Kreis
TownsMunicipalities
  1. Bergneustadt
  2. Gummersbach
  3. Hückeswagen
  4. Radevormwald
  5. Waldbröl
  6. Wiehl
  7. Wipperfürth
  1. Engelskirchen
  2. Lindlar
  3. Marienheide
  4. Morsbach
  5. Nümbrecht
  6. Reichshof

Related Research Articles

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Altena Place in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

Altena is a town in the district of Märkischer Kreis, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. The town's castle is the origin for the later Dukes of Berg. Altena is situated on the Lenne river valley, in the northern stretches of the Sauerland.

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The Rheinisch-Bergische Kreis is a Kreis (district) in the Cologne Bonn Region of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Neighboring districts are Kreis Mettman, Oberbergischer Kreis and Rhein-Sieg, and the district-free cities Cologne, Leverkusen, Solingen and Remscheid.

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Nümbrecht Place in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

Nümbrecht is a municipality in the Oberbergischer Kreis, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is a health resort, known for its good climate.

Wiehl Place in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

Wiehl is a municipality in the Oberbergischer Kreis, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located approximately 41 km east of Cologne. The neighbouring municipalities Reichshof, Waldbröl, Nümbrecht, Much, Engelskirchen and Gummersbach border on the town.

Waldbröl Place in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

Waldbröl is a town in the southern part of the Oberbergischer Kreis, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.

Morsbach Place in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

Morsbach is a municipality in Oberbergischer Kreis, a district in North Rhine-Westphalia near the border of Rhineland-Palatinate in Germany. In 2015, Morsbach's population was 10,600. The central village, also named Morsbach, has a population of 3,400. With a number of buildings dating back to the 12th century, it is a popular spot for hikers and other nature lovers.

Wipperfürth Place in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

Wipperfürth is a municipality in the Oberbergischer Kreis of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, about 40 km north-east of Cologne, and the oldest town in the Bergischen Land.

Gimborn Castle

Gimborn Castle is a former moated castle situated in a remote valley of the upper Leppe in the municipality of Marienheide in the Oberbergischer Kreis of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.

Homburg Castle

Homburg Castle is an old hill castle in Nümbrecht, Oberbergischer Kreis in the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia.

Rösrath Place in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

Rösrath is a town in the Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis (district) in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. The earliest known documents mentioning the settlement Rösrath can be found in documents dated to 1356. There have been findings of Paleolithic and Mesolithic tools in the town area Forsbach. The community was elevated to the town status in 2001.

Bröl River in Germany

The Bröl is a 45.1 km long right tributary of the Sieg in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.

Homburg (electoral district)

Homburg is an electoral constituency represented in the Bundestag. It elects one member via first-past-the-post voting. Under the current constituency numbering system, it is designated as constituency 299. It is located in southeastern Saarland, comprising the Saarpfalz-Kreis district and parts of the Neunkirchen and Saarbrücken districts.

Oberbergischer Kreis (electoral district)

Oberbergischer Kreis is an electoral constituency represented in the Bundestag. It elects one member via first-past-the-post voting. Under the current constituency numbering system, it is designated as constituency 99. It is located in southern North Rhine-Westphalia, comprising the Oberbergischer Kreis district.

Hagen – Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis I

Hagen – Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis I is an electoral constituency represented in the Bundestag. It elects one member via first-past-the-post voting. Under the current constituency numbering system, it is designated as constituency 138. It is located in the Ruhr region of North Rhine-Westphalia, comprising the city of Hagen and the southern part of the Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis district.

References

  1. "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden Nordrhein-Westfalens am 31. Dezember 2020" (in German). Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW . Retrieved 21 June 2021.
  2. "Robert Ley, German politician". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2 June 2021.

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Coordinates: 51°02′N7°31′E / 51.033°N 7.517°E / 51.033; 7.517