Oberhausen

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Oberhausen
Rhein-Herne-Kanal bei Oberhausen.jpg
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Location of Oberhausen
Oberhausen
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Oberhausen
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Oberhausen
Coordinates: 51°29′48″N06°52′14″E / 51.49667°N 6.87056°E / 51.49667; 6.87056 Coordinates: 51°29′48″N06°52′14″E / 51.49667°N 6.87056°E / 51.49667; 6.87056
Country Germany
State North Rhine-Westphalia
Admin. region Düsseldorf
District Urban districts of Germany
Government
   Lord mayor (202025) Daniel Schranz [1] (CDU)
Area
  Total77.04 km2 (29.75 sq mi)
Elevation
78 m (256 ft)
Population
 (2020-12-31) [2]
  Total209,566
  Density2,700/km2 (7,000/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
46001-46149
Dialling codes 0208
Vehicle registration OB
Website City of Oberhausen (de)

Oberhausen ( /ˈbərhzən/ , [3] [4] [5] German: [ˈoːbɐhaʊzn̩] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen )) is a city on the river Emscher in the Ruhr Area, Germany, located between Duisburg and Essen (c.13 km or 8 mi). The city hosts the International Short Film Festival Oberhausen and its Gasometer Oberhausen is an anchor point of the European Route of Industrial Heritage.

Contents

History

Oberhausen was named for its 1847 railway station which had taken its name from the Oberhausen Castle. The new borough was formed in 1862 following inflow of people for the local coal mines and steel mills. Awarded town rights in 1874, Oberhausen absorbed several neighbouring boroughs including Alstaden, parts of Styrum and Dümpten in 1910. Oberhausen became a city in 1901, and they incorporated the towns of Sterkrade and Osterfeld in 1929. The Ruhrchemie AG synthetic oil plant ("Oberhausen-Holten" or "Sterkrade/Holten") [6] was a bombing target of the oil campaign of World War II, and the US forces reached the plant by 4 April 1945.

In 1973, Thyssen AG employed 14,000 people in Oberhausen in the steel industry, but ten years later the number had fallen to 6,000. [7]

In 1954 the city began hosting the International Short Film Festival Oberhausen, and the 1982 Deutscher Filmpreis was awarded to a group that wrote the Oberhausen Manifesto.

Demographics

Population development since 1862:

Historical population
YearPop.±%
18625,590    
187112,805+129.1%
190042,148+229.2%
191089,900+113.3%
191998,677+9.8%
1925105,121+6.5%
1933192,345+83.0%
1939191,842−0.3%
1950202,808+5.7%
1961256,773+26.6%
1970246,736−3.9%
1987220,286−10.7%
2001221,619+0.6%
2011210,216−5.1%
2017211,422+0.6%
source: [8] [ circular reference ]

The age breakdown of the population (2013) is: [9]

<18 years15.6%
18–64 years63.3%
>64 years21.1%

There were 12.5% non-Germans living in Oberhausen, as of 2014. [10]

The unemployment rate is 10.4% (Jul 2020). [11]

Migrant communities in Oberhausen as of 31 December 2017:

Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey 8,560
Flag of Syria.svg  Syria 2,315
Flag of Serbia.svg  Serbia 2,090
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 2,005
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland 1,840

Politics

Mayor

The current Mayor of Oberhausen is Daniel Schranz of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU), elected in 2015 and re-elected in 2020. The most recent mayoral election was held on 13 September 2020, with a runoff held on 27 September, and the results were as follows:

CandidatePartyFirst roundSecond round
Votes %Votes %
Daniel Schranz Christian Democratic Union 30,15045.528,45662.1
Thorsten Berg Social Democratic Party 19,69929.717,38137.9
Norbert Emil Axt Alliance 90/The Greens 7,00210.6
Wolfgang Kempkes Alternative for Germany 4,5216.8
Jens Carstensen The Left 3,0954.7
Urban MülhausenOpen for Citizens1,3782.1
Claudia Wädlich The Violets 4680.7
Valid votes66,31398.745,83799.2
Invalid votes8591.33680.8
Total67,172100.046,205100.0
Electorate/voter turnout159,51042.1159,45829.0
Source: State Returning Officer

City council

Results of the 2020 city council election. 2020 Oberhausen City Council election.svg
Results of the 2020 city council election.

The Oberhausen city council governs the city alongside the Mayor. The most recent city council election was held on 13 September 2020, and the results were as follows:

PartyVotes %+/-Seats+/-
Christian Democratic Union (CDU)21,47132.8Decrease2.svg 0.219Decrease2.svg 1
Social Democratic Party (SPD)20,75431.7Decrease2.svg 7.219Decrease2.svg 4
Alliance 90/The Greens (Grüne)9,45014.4Increase2.svg 5.98Increase2.svg 3
Alternative for Germany (AfD)4,9957.6New4New
The Left (Die Linke)3,3675.1Decrease2.svg 2.83Decrease2.svg 2
Free Democratic Party (FDP)1,9883.0Increase2.svg 0.22±0
Alliance of Obenhauser Citizens (BOB)1,9132.9Decrease2.svg 5.72Decrease2.svg 3
Open for Citizens (OfB)1,1531.8New1New
The Violets (Die Violetten)4450.7Increase2.svg 0.50±0
Valid votes65,53698.1
Invalid votes1,2901.9
Total66,826100.058Decrease2.svg 2
Electorate/voter turnout159,51041.9Decrease2.svg 0.9
Source: State Returning Officer

Sport

Oberhausen is home to Regionalliga West football team Rot-Weiß Oberhausen, who play at the Niederrheinstadion situated on the banks of the Rhine–Herne Canal.

The city had a professional ice hockey team between 1997 and 2007, the Revierlöwen Oberhausen. [12] The team initially played at the Arena Oberhausen when playing in the top-flight Deutsche Eishockey Liga but later moved to the Emscher-Lippe-Halle in Gelsenkirchen following financial woes.

The Rudolf Weber-Arena has hosted many international indoor sporting events including MMA event UFC 122 in 2010 [13] and the PDC Unibet European Championship of darts in 2020. [14]

The city has established itself as a popular destination for professional wrestling in Germany, with Essen-based promotion Westside Xtreme Wrestling (wXw) regularly running shows in Oberhausen's Turbinenhalle. [15] wXw's 16 Carat Gold Tournament is considered one of the most prestigious independent wrestling tournaments in the world [16] and is held in March every year in Oberhausen - attracting fans from around the world.


Twin towns – sister cities

Oberhausen is twinned with: [17]

Notable people

Related Research Articles

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References

  1. Wahlergebnisse in NRW Kommunalwahlen 2020, Land Nordrhein-Westfalen, accessed 19 June 2021.
  2. "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden Nordrhein-Westfalens am 31. Dezember 2020" (in German). Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW . Retrieved 21 June 2021.
  3. "Oberhausen". The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language (5th ed.). HarperCollins. Retrieved 13 April 2019.
  4. "Oberhausen" (US) and "Oberhausen". Oxford Dictionaries UK English Dictionary. Oxford University Press. n.d. Retrieved 13 April 2019.
  5. "Oberhausen". Merriam-Webster Dictionary . Retrieved 13 April 2019.
  6. Powell, A.R. (9–10 January 1945). "Detailed Summary of meeting of Oil Mission Held in New Interior Building" (PDF). Enemy Oil Intelligence Committee. p. 17 (p61 of pdf). Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 August 2008. Retrieved 25 March 2009.
  7. John Tagliabue (27 November 1983). "The Twilight of the Industrial Ruhr". New York Times . Retrieved 16 November 2015.
  8. Link
  9. "Demografiebericht AG Ruhr" (PDF). Arbeitsgemeinschaft der kommunalen Statistikstellen der Metropole Ruhr.
  10. "2.02 Fläche und Bevölkerung nach Statistischen Bezirken 2014" (PDF). Statistisches Jahrbuch 2015 der Stadt Oberhausen (in German). Stadt Oberhausen. January 2015. p. 31. Retrieved 29 August 2017.
  11. "Oberhausen – statistik.arbeitsagentur.de". statistik.arbeitsagentur.de. Retrieved 2020-08-11.
  12. "RODI-DB - die deutsche Eishockey-Datenbank".
  13. "UFC 122: Marquardt vs. Okami". ufc.com. September 20, 2010.
  14. Allen, Dave. "2020 European Championship moves to Oberhausen". Professional Darts Corporation . Retrieved 2 October 2020.
  15. Cagematch, Westside Xtreme Wrestling
  16. "WXW 16 Carat Gold 2022 Weekend Preview". March 2022.
  17. "Städtepartnerschaften der Stadt Oberhausen". oberhausen.de (in German). Oberhausen. Retrieved 2021-03-03.