Last updated
Rhein-Herne-Kanal bei Oberhausen.jpg
View over Oberhausen
Flagge Oberhausen.svg
DEU Oberhausen COA.svg
Location of Oberhausen
Germany adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
North Rhine-Westphalia location map 01.svg
Red pog.svg
Coordinates: 51°29′48″N06°52′14″E / 51.49667°N 6.87056°E / 51.49667; 6.87056 Coordinates: 51°29′48″N06°52′14″E / 51.49667°N 6.87056°E / 51.49667; 6.87056
Country Germany
State North Rhine-Westphalia
Admin. region Düsseldorf
District Urban districts of Germany
   Lord mayor (202025) Daniel Schranz [1] (CDU)
  Total77.04 km2 (29.75 sq mi)
78 m (256 ft)
 (2020-12-31) [2]
  Density2,700/km2 (7,000/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
Dialling codes 0208
Vehicle registration OB
Website City of Oberhausen (de)

Oberhausen ( /ˈbərhzən/ , [3] [4] [5] German: [ˈoːbɐhaʊzn̩] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen )) is a city on the river Emscher in the Ruhr Area, Germany, located between Duisburg and Essen (c.13 km or 8 mi). The city hosts the International Short Film Festival Oberhausen and its Gasometer Oberhausen is an anchor point of the European Route of Industrial Heritage.



Oberhausen was named for its 1847 railway station which had taken its name from the Oberhausen Castle. The new borough was formed in 1862 following inflow of people for the local coal mines and steel mills. Awarded town rights in 1874, Oberhausen absorbed several neighbouring boroughs including Alstaden, parts of Styrum and Dümpten in 1910. Oberhausen became a city in 1901, and they incorporated the towns of Sterkrade and Osterfeld in 1929. The Ruhrchemie AG synthetic oil plant ("Oberhausen-Holten" or "Sterkrade/Holten") [6] was a bombing target of the oil campaign of World War II, and the US forces reached the plant by 4 April 1945.

In 1973, Thyssen AG employed 14,000 people in Oberhausen in the steel industry, but ten years later the number had fallen to 6,000. [7]

In 1954 the city began hosting the International Short Film Festival Oberhausen, and the 1982 Deutscher Filmpreis was awarded to a group that wrote the Oberhausen Manifesto.


Population development since 1862:

Historical population
source: [8] [ circular reference ]

The age breakdown of the population (2013) is: [9]

<18 years15.6%
18–64 years63.3%
>64 years21.1%

There were 12.5% non-Germans living in Oberhausen, as of 2014. [10]

The unemployment rate is 10.4% (Jul 2020). [11]

Migrant communities in Oberhausen as of 31 December 2017:

Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey 8,560
Flag of Syria.svg  Syria 2,315
Flag of Serbia.svg  Serbia 2,090
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 2,005
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland 1,840



The current Mayor of Oberhausen is Daniel Schranz of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU), elected in 2015 and re-elected in 2020. The most recent mayoral election was held on 13 September 2020, with a runoff held on 27 September, and the results were as follows:

CandidatePartyFirst roundSecond round
Votes %Votes %
Daniel Schranz Christian Democratic Union 30,15045.528,45662.1
Thorsten Berg Social Democratic Party 19,69929.717,38137.9
Norbert Emil Axt Alliance 90/The Greens 7,00210.6
Wolfgang Kempkes Alternative for Germany 4,5216.8
Jens Carstensen The Left 3,0954.7
Urban MülhausenOpen for Citizens1,3782.1
Claudia Wädlich The Violets 4680.7
Valid votes66,31398.745,83799.2
Invalid votes8591.33680.8
Electorate/voter turnout159,51042.1159,45829.0
Source: State Returning Officer

City council

Results of the 2020 city council election. 2020 Oberhausen City Council election.svg
Results of the 2020 city council election.

The Oberhausen city council governs the city alongside the Mayor. The most recent city council election was held on 13 September 2020, and the results were as follows:

PartyVotes %+/-Seats+/-
Christian Democratic Union (CDU)21,47132.8Decrease2.svg 0.219Decrease2.svg 1
Social Democratic Party (SPD)20,75431.7Decrease2.svg 7.219Decrease2.svg 4
Alliance 90/The Greens (Grüne)9,45014.4Increase2.svg 5.98Increase2.svg 3
Alternative for Germany (AfD)4,9957.6New4New
The Left (Die Linke)3,3675.1Decrease2.svg 2.83Decrease2.svg 2
Free Democratic Party (FDP)1,9883.0Increase2.svg 0.22±0
Alliance of Obenhauser Citizens (BOB)1,9132.9Decrease2.svg 5.72Decrease2.svg 3
Open for Citizens (OfB)1,1531.8New1New
The Violets (Die Violetten)4450.7Increase2.svg 0.50±0
Valid votes65,53698.1
Invalid votes1,2901.9
Total66,826100.058Decrease2.svg 2
Electorate/voter turnout159,51041.9Decrease2.svg 0.9
Source: State Returning Officer


Oberhausen is home to Regionalliga West football team Rot-Weiß Oberhausen, who play at the Niederrheinstadion situated on the banks of the Rhine–Herne Canal.

The city had a professional ice hockey team between 1997 and 2007, the Revierlöwen Oberhausen. [12] The team initially played at the Arena Oberhausen when playing in the top-flight Deutsche Eishockey Liga but later moved to the Emscher-Lippe-Halle in Gelsenkirchen following financial woes.

The Rudolf Weber-Arena has hosted many international indoor sporting events including MMA event UFC 122 in 2010 [13] and the PDC Unibet European Championship of darts in 2020. [14]

The city has established itself as a popular destination for professional wrestling in Germany, with Essen-based promotion Westside Xtreme Wrestling (wXw) regularly running shows in Oberhausen's Turbinenhalle. [15] wXw's 16 Carat Gold Tournament is considered one of the most prestigious independent wrestling tournaments in the world [16] and is held in March every year in Oberhausen - attracting fans from around the world.

Twin towns – sister cities

Oberhausen is twinned with: [17]

Notable people

Related Research Articles

Dortmund City in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

Dortmund is the third-largest city in North Rhine-Westphalia after Cologne and Düsseldorf, and the eighth-largest city of Germany, with a population of 588,250 inhabitants as of 2021. It is the largest city of the Ruhr, Germany's largest urban area with some 5.1 million inhabitants, as well as the largest city of Westphalia. On the Emscher and Ruhr rivers, it lies in the Rhine-Ruhr Metropolitan Region and is considered the administrative, commercial, and cultural center of the eastern Ruhr. Dortmund is the second-largest city in the Low German dialect area after Hamburg.

Bochum City in Germany

Bochum, with a population of 364,920 (2016), is the sixth largest city of the most populous German federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia and the 16th largest city of Germany. On the Ruhr Heights (Ruhrhöhen) hill chain, between the rivers Ruhr to the south and Emscher to the north, it is the second largest city of Westphalia after Dortmund, and the fourth largest city of the Ruhr after Dortmund, Essen and Duisburg. It lies at the centre of the Ruhr, Germany's largest urban area, in the Rhine-Ruhr Metropolitan Region, and belongs to the region of Arnsberg. Bochum is the sixth largest and one of the southernmost cities in the Low German dialect area. There are nine institutions of higher education in the city, most notably the Ruhr University Bochum, one of the ten largest universities in Germany, and the Bochum University of Applied Sciences.

Gelsenkirchen City in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

Gelsenkirchen is the 25th most populous city of Germany and the 11th most populous in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia with 262,528 (2016) inhabitants. On the Emscher River, it lies at the centre of the Ruhr, the largest urban area of Germany, of which it is the fifth largest city after Dortmund, Essen, Duisburg and Bochum. The Ruhr is located in the Rhine-Ruhr Metropolitan Region, one of Europe's largest urban areas. Gelsenkirchen is the fifth largest city of Westphalia after Dortmund, Bochum, Bielefeld and Münster, and it is one of the southernmost cities in the Low German dialect area. The city is home to the football club Schalke 04, which is named after Gelsenkirchen-Schalke. The club's current stadium Veltins-Arena, however, is located in Gelsenkirchen-Erle.

Remscheid City in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

Remscheid is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is, after Wuppertal and Solingen, the third largest municipality in Bergisches Land, being located on the northern edge of the region, on the south side of the Ruhr area.

Dinslaken Town in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

Dinslaken is a town in the district of Wesel, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is known for its harness racing track, its now closed coal mine in Lohberg and its wealthy neighborhoods Hiesfeld and Eppinghoven.

Bottrop City in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

Bottrop is a city in west-central Germany, on the Rhine–Herne Canal, in North Rhine-Westphalia. Located in the Ruhr industrial area, Bottrop adjoins Essen, Oberhausen, Gladbeck, and Dorsten. The city had been a coal-mining and rail center and contains factories producing coal-tar derivatives, chemicals, textiles, and machinery. Bottrop grew as a mining center beginning in the 1860s, was chartered as a city in 1921, and bombed during the Oil Campaign of World War II. In 1975, it unified with the neighbouring communities of Gladbeck and Kirchhellen, but Gladbeck left it in 1976, leading to Kirchhellen becoming a district of Bottrop as Bottrop-Kirchhellen. It is also twinned with Blackpool, England.

Mülheim City in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

Mülheim, officially Mülheim an der Ruhr and also described as "City on the River", is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia in Germany. It is located in the Ruhr Area between Duisburg, Essen, Oberhausen and Ratingen. It is home to many companies, especially in the food industry, such as the Aldi Süd Company, the Harke Group and the Tengelmann Group.

Gevelsberg Town in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

Gevelsberg is a town in the district of Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.

Herten Town in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

Herten is a town and a municipality in the district of Recklinghausen, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is situated in the industrial Ruhr Area, some 5 km (3.1 mi) west of Recklinghausen.

Hennef (Sieg) Town in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

Hennef (Sieg) is a town in the Rhein-Sieg district of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is situated on the river Sieg, approx. 7 kilometres south-east of Siegburg and 15 km (9 mi) east of Bonn. Hennef is the fourth-biggest town in the Rhein-Sieg-Kreis. It is the site of the 15th-century castle, Schloss Allner, next to the Allner See. Within Hennef is the town of Stadt Blankenberg, with the castle of Blankenberg.

Oberhausen Hauptbahnhof Railway station in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

Oberhausen Hauptbahnhof is a railway station in Oberhausen, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. The station was opened in 1847 and is located on the Duisburg–Dortmund railway, Arnhem-Oberhausen railway, Oberhausen–Duisburg-Ruhrort railway and Oberhausen-Mülheim-Styrum railway and is served by ICE, IC, RE and RB services operated by Deutsche Bahn, Abellio Deutschland, NordWestBahn and Eurobahn.

Gasometer Oberhausen

The Gasometer Oberhausen is a former gas holder in Oberhausen, Germany, which has been converted into an exhibition space. It has hosted several large scale exhibitions, including two by Christo and Jeanne-Claude. The Gasometer is an industrial landmark, and an anchor point of the European Route of Industrial Heritage and the Industrial Heritage Trail. It was built in the 1920s, and reconstructed after World War II.

Bladenhorst Castle

Bladenhorst Castle is a moated castle in the suburbs of the city of Castrop-Rauxel.

Westside Xtreme Wrestling German professional wrestling promotion

Westside Xtreme Wrestling, commonly shortened to wXw, is a German professional wrestling promotion based in Essen, North Rhine-Westphalia. wXw has been one of the leading professional wrestling promotions in Germany, and most of its events have been held in the Ruhr district, primarily in Oberhausen. Since 2013, wXw regularly tours through Germany, adding tour stops outside the country including Switzerland, the Czech Republic and the United Kingdom.

Oberhausen-Holten station

Oberhausen-Holten is a railway station in Oberhausen, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. The station is located on the Arnhem-Oberhausen railway. The train services are operated by Deutsche Bahn and Abellio Deutschland.

Katja Aßmann is a German curator and arts administrator. She is currently the artistic director of Urbane Künste Ruhr.

wXw Unified World Wrestling Championship Professional wrestling championship

The wXw Unified World Wrestling Championship is a professional wrestling world heavyweight championship, contested in the German professional wrestling promotion, Westside Xtreme Wrestling. The championship was established in 2001 as the wXw World Heavyweight Championship, but was later unified with the wXw World Lightweight Championship to create the modern title. There have been a total of 47 reigns shared between 32 different champions. The current champion is Tristan Archer who is in his first reign.

The wXw World Tag Team Championship is a professional wrestling world tag team championship contested for in the German professional wrestling promotion, Westside Xtreme Wrestling (wXw). The inaugural champions was Swi$$ Money Holding. They claim to have bought the titles on June 1, 2001.

The Duisburg-Ruhrort–Dortmund railway was built by the Cologne-Minden Railway Company in the area to the north of its original Ruhr line to improve connections to mines and factories in the northern Ruhr region, which is now in the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia.

Duisburg–Quakenbrück railway

The Duisburg–Quakenbrück railway is a former inter-regional German railway, built by the Rhenish Railway Company (RhE) from Duisburg in the western Ruhr region of North Rhine-Westphalia to Quakenbrück in Lower Saxony on the border of the former Grand Duchy of Oldenburg. Some sections of it are now disused.


  1. Wahlergebnisse in NRW Kommunalwahlen 2020, Land Nordrhein-Westfalen, accessed 19 June 2021.
  2. "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden Nordrhein-Westfalens am 31. Dezember 2020" (in German). Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW . Retrieved 21 June 2021.
  3. "Oberhausen". The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language (5th ed.). HarperCollins. Retrieved 13 April 2019.
  4. "Oberhausen" (US) and "Oberhausen". Oxford Dictionaries UK English Dictionary. Oxford University Press. n.d. Retrieved 13 April 2019.
  5. "Oberhausen". Merriam-Webster Dictionary . Retrieved 13 April 2019.
  6. Powell, A.R. (9–10 January 1945). "Detailed Summary of meeting of Oil Mission Held in New Interior Building" (PDF). Enemy Oil Intelligence Committee. p. 17 (p61 of pdf). Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 August 2008. Retrieved 25 March 2009.
  7. John Tagliabue (27 November 1983). "The Twilight of the Industrial Ruhr". New York Times . Retrieved 16 November 2015.
  8. Link
  9. "Demografiebericht AG Ruhr" (PDF). Arbeitsgemeinschaft der kommunalen Statistikstellen der Metropole Ruhr.
  10. "2.02 Fläche und Bevölkerung nach Statistischen Bezirken 2014" (PDF). Statistisches Jahrbuch 2015 der Stadt Oberhausen (in German). Stadt Oberhausen. January 2015. p. 31. Retrieved 29 August 2017.
  11. "Oberhausen – statistik.arbeitsagentur.de". statistik.arbeitsagentur.de. Retrieved 2020-08-11.
  12. "RODI-DB - die deutsche Eishockey-Datenbank".
  13. "UFC 122: Marquardt vs. Okami". ufc.com. September 20, 2010.
  14. Allen, Dave. "2020 European Championship moves to Oberhausen". Professional Darts Corporation . Retrieved 2 October 2020.
  15. Cagematch, Westside Xtreme Wrestling
  16. "WXW 16 Carat Gold 2022 Weekend Preview". March 2022.
  17. "Städtepartnerschaften der Stadt Oberhausen". oberhausen.de (in German). Oberhausen. Retrieved 2021-03-03.