Oberstdorf

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Oberstdorf
Blick vom Gaissalphorn auf Oberstdorf.jpg
View of Oberstdorf from the Gaißalphorn
Wappen Markt Oberstdorf.svg
Location of Oberstdorf within Oberallgäu district
Oberstdorf in OA.svgKempter WaldSulzbergHaldenwang
Germany adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Oberstdorf
Bavaria location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Oberstdorf
Coordinates: 47°25′N10°17′E / 47.417°N 10.283°E / 47.417; 10.283
Country Germany
State Bavaria
Admin. region Swabia
District Oberallgäu
Government
   Mayor (202026) Klaus King [1]
Elevation
815 m (2,674 ft)
Population
 (2022-12-31) [2]
  Total9,753
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
87561
Vehicle registration OA
Website www.markt-oberstdorf.de
The Nebelhornbahn, a cable car which goes up Nebelhorn mountain all year round from Oberstdorf Nebelhornbahn, Nebelhorn Mountain.jpg
The Nebelhornbahn, a cable car which goes up Nebelhorn mountain all year round from Oberstdorf

Oberstdorf (Low Alemannic: Oberschdorf) is a municipality and skiing and hiking town in Germany, located in the Allgäu region of the Bavarian Alps. It is the southernmost settlement in Germany and one of its highest towns.

Contents

At the center of Oberstdorf is a church whose tall spire serves as a landmark for navigating around town. The summits of the Nebelhorn and Fellhorn provide dramatic panoramic views of the alps. The Nebelhorn can be reached with a big cable car. Visitors can ride a unique diagonal elevator to the top of the Heini-Klopfer-Skiflugschanze.

Geography

View of Oberstdorf Oberstdorf view.jpg
View of Oberstdorf
The Nebelhorn, Oberstdorf's local mountain Nebelhorn Oberstdorf.jpg
The Nebelhorn, Oberstdorf's local mountain

Administrative divisions

Oberstdorf consists of the village of Oberstdorf (813 metres above sea level, survey point by the Roman Catholic church) and five other villages:

Valleys

There are a large number of valleys in the area around Oberstdorf, many of which are not only scenic, but are often starting points for walks in the mountains. The following list shows the main valleys together with their side valleys:

Oytal and Dietersbachtal are separated by the Höfats and Rauheck. Gerstruben, Germany's highest village, lies at the entrance to the Dietersbachtal.

The Rappenalptal is the longest and runs from Germany's southernmost village, Einödsbach, past the Haldenwanger Eck, Germany's southernmost point. At the end of the valley the Schrofen Pass leads to Austria.

Mountains

The Allgäu Alps in the area around Oberstdorf attain heights of over 2,600 metres and belong to the Northern Limestone Alps. The best known summits in Oberstdorf are: [3]

Lakes

There are numerous lakes at various heights around Oberstdorf:

Climate

Climate data for Oberstdorf: 806m (1991−2020 normals, extremes 1910–present)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)18.0
(64.4)
20.0
(68.0)
22.7
(72.9)
26.4
(79.5)
31.2
(88.2)
33.9
(93.0)
35.6
(96.1)
33.6
(92.5)
33.3
(91.9)
27.2
(81.0)
23.7
(74.7)
20.4
(68.7)
35.6
(96.1)
Mean daily maximum °C (°F)2.9
(37.2)
4.8
(40.6)
8.9
(48.0)
13.4
(56.1)
17.5
(63.5)
21.0
(69.8)
22.8
(73.0)
22.6
(72.7)
18.2
(64.8)
14.1
(57.4)
8.1
(46.6)
3.3
(37.9)
13.1
(55.6)
Daily mean °C (°F)−2.5
(27.5)
−1.5
(29.3)
2.3
(36.1)
6.7
(44.1)
11.1
(52.0)
14.8
(58.6)
16.4
(61.5)
16.0
(60.8)
11.9
(53.4)
7.8
(46.0)
2.3
(36.1)
−1.4
(29.5)
7.0
(44.6)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F)−7.3
(18.9)
−6.8
(19.8)
−3.1
(26.4)
0.4
(32.7)
4.7
(40.5)
8.7
(47.7)
10.3
(50.5)
10.2
(50.4)
6.6
(43.9)
2.7
(36.9)
−2.3
(27.9)
−5.9
(21.4)
1.5
(34.7)
Record low °C (°F)−28.2
(−18.8)
−32.0
(−25.6)
−25.3
(−13.5)
−12.8
(9.0)
−10.9
(12.4)
−2.4
(27.7)
1.0
(33.8)
−0.2
(31.6)
−3.9
(25.0)
−13.3
(8.1)
−22.4
(−8.3)
−27.6
(−17.7)
−32.0
(−25.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches)114.1
(4.49)
98.9
(3.89)
126.1
(4.96)
101.6
(4.00)
156.6
(6.17)
187.6
(7.39)
198.1
(7.80)
201.4
(7.93)
145.3
(5.72)
113.9
(4.48)
111.0
(4.37)
126.3
(4.97)
1,669.2
(65.72)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)15.814.616.715.818.419.418.617.615.714.214.416.5197.1
Average snowy days (≥ 1 cm)27.124.920.15.00.30.00.00.00.01.18.322.7112.8
Source 1: NOAA [4]
Source 2: DWD (extremes) [5]

Main sights

History

Findings show that the Oberstdorf area was already inhabited from the Stone Age to the Roman Empire. When the Romans had abandoned the area east of the Upper Rhine and north of the Upper Rhine in the 3rd century, various Germanic groups migrated into the area, which were later called Alemanni. [6]

Oberstdorf was first mentioned in 1141. King Maximilian, the later emperor, granted Oberstdorf in 1495 the right to hold a market and the High Court. [7] In 1518 Count Hugo of Montfort built a spa in Tiefenbach at the sulphur spring, which is regarded as a precursor of today's spa facility. [8]

Oberstdorf’s experience in the Third Reich is recounted in A Village in the Third Reich. [9]

During World War II the mountains around the village were used to train mountain troops of the Wehrmacht. At the end of the war French and Moroccan troops were stationed there.

Sports

In December, before every New Year, Oberstdorf hosts the first part of the ski jumping Four Hills Tournament on the Schattenberg large hill. There is also a ski flying hill, Heini-Klopfer-Skiflugschanze, about seven kilometres to the south. ABC's Wide World of Sports famously featured the Oberstdorf ski flying hill when Vinko Bogataj fell during his jump in 1970, thus becoming known as "The Agony of Defeat".

Oberstdorf hosted the Nordic skiing World Championships in 1987, 2005 and 2021. The town has also hosted several stages of the Tour de Ski, a cross-country skiing stage event.

Germany's modern figure skating center was built on the outside of the town. It has three covered rinks and some of them are accessible to the public, for recreational skating. It is a popular destination with European skaters for training camps. [10]

Oberstdorf hosts the annual Nebelhorn Trophy figure skating competition and has hosted the German Figure Skating Championships twelve times. It has also hosted the 1982, 2000, and 2007 World Junior Figure Skating Championships. One of the two ISU adult figure skating competitions (for skaters aged 28 and older) is held in Oberstdorf each May. [11]

Mountain bikers start their Transalp tour in Oberstdorf on the Schrofen Pass to Riva del Garda. [12]

Notable people

Sister cities

Related Research Articles

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Heini-Klopfer-Skiflugschanze is a ski flying hill in Oberstdorf, Germany. It was opened in 1950, and was later renamed after its architect, Heini Klopfer. A total of 21 world records have been set on the hill. The venue should not be confused with the Schattenberg ski jumping hill, also in Oberstdorf, about 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) to the north.

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References

  1. Liste der ersten Bürgermeister/Oberbürgermeister in kreisangehörigen Gemeinden, Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik, 15 July 2021.
  2. Genesis Online-Datenbank des Bayerischen Landesamtes für Statistik Tabelle 12411-003r Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes: Gemeinden, Stichtag (Einwohnerzahlen auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011)
  3. Kompass walking, cycling and ski touring map: Sheet 03 Oberstdorf, Kleinwalsertal (1:25,000). ISBN   978-3-8549-1231-6 (as at: 2009).
  4. "Oberstdorf Climate Normals 1991-2020". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration . Retrieved September 5, 2023.
  5. "Extremwertanalyse der DWD-Stationen, Tagesmaxima, Dekadenrekorde, usw" (in German). DWD. Retrieved 29 January 2024.
  6. Landnahme der Alemannen (oberstdorf-lexikon.de)
  7. Oberstdorf erhält das Marktrecht (1495) (oberstdorf-lexikon.de)
  8. Unser altes Bad: Tiefenbach (oberstdorf-lexikon.de)
  9. Julia Boyd with Angelika Patel, A Village in the Third Reich - How Ordinary Lives Were Transformed by the Rise of Fascism, Elliott & Thompson Limited, 2022
  10. Flade, Tatjana (July 22, 2011). "Carolina Kostner Attends Camp In Oberstdorf, Germany". IFS Magazine. Archived from the original on September 10, 2011. Retrieved July 28, 2011.
  11. "Adult Skating - International Skating Union". www.isu.org. Retrieved 2019-02-17.
  12. Transalp on the Heckmair Route