Oblasts of Russia

Last updated
Oblast
Map of federal subjects of Russia (2014) with numbered oblasts.png
Category Federated state
Location Russian Federation
Number46
Populations156,996 (Magadan Oblast) – 7,095,120 (Moscow Oblast)
Areas5,800 sq mi (15,100 km2) (Kaliningrad Oblast) - 554,100 sq mi (1,435,200 km2) (Tyumen Oblast)
Government
Subdivisions

An oblast (Russian : область) is a type of federal subject of the Russian Federation.

Contents

Comparison with other types of federal subjects

Krais, another type of federal subject, are legally identical to oblasts and the difference between a political entity with the name "oblast" and one named "krai" is purely traditional.

History

In the Russian Empire, oblasts were a third-level administrative division, organized in 1849 and few in number, dividing the larger guberniyas (governorates) within the first-level krais. Following the numerous administration reforms during the Soviet era, the number of oblasts gradually increased as they became the primary top-level administrative division of the Soviet Socialist Republics (SSRs), the constituent political entities of the Soviet Union. These oblasts held very little autonomy or power, but when the Soviet Union dissolved into sovereign states along the lines of the SSRs, they became the first-level administrative divisions. The oblasts of the Russian SFSR, which transitioned into the Russian Federation, became the first-level administrative divisions of the new country and received greater devolved power.

List of oblasts in Russia

  1. Flag of Amur Oblast.svg Amur
  2. Flag of Arkhangelsk Oblast.svg Arkhangelsk
  3. Flag of Astrakhan Oblast.svg Astrakhan
  4. Flag of Belgorod Oblast.svg Belgorod
  5. Flag of Bryansk Oblast.svg Bryansk
  6. Flag of Chelyabinsk Oblast.svg Chelyabinsk
  7. Flag of Irkutsk Oblast.svg Irkutsk
  8. Flag of Ivanovo Oblast.svg Ivanovo
  9. Flag of Kaliningrad Oblast.svg Kaliningrad
  10. Flag of Kaluga Oblast.svg Kaluga
  11. Flag of Kemerovo oblast.svg Kemerovo
  12. Flag of Kirov Oblast.svg Kirov
  13. Flag of Kostroma Oblast.svg Kostroma
  14. Flag of Kurgan Oblast.svg Kurgan
  15. Flag of Kursk Oblast.svg Kursk
  16. Flag of Leningrad Oblast.svg Leningrad
  17. Flag of Lipetsk Oblast.svg Lipetsk
  18. Flag of Magadan Oblast.svg Magadan
  19. Flag of Moscow oblast.svg Moscow
  20. Flag of Murmansk Oblast.svg Murmansk
  21. Flag of Nizhny Novgorod Region.svg Nizhny Novgorod
  22. Flag of Novgorod Oblast.svg Novgorod
  23. Flag of Novosibirsk oblast.svg Novosibirsk
  24. Flag of Omsk Oblast.svg Omsk
  25. Flag of Orenburg Oblast.svg Orenburg
  26. Flag of Oryol Oblast.svg Oryol
  27. Flag of Penza Oblast.svg Penza
  28. Flag of Pskov Oblast.svg Pskov
  29. Flag of Rostov Oblast.svg Rostov
  30. Flag of Ryazan Oblast.svg Ryazan
  31. Flag of Sakhalin Oblast.svg Sakhalin
  32. Flag of Samara Oblast.svg Samara
  33. Flag of Saratov Oblast.svg Saratov
  34. Flag of Smolensk oblast.svg Smolensk
  35. Flag of Sverdlovsk Oblast.svg Sverdlovsk
  36. Flag of Tambov Oblast.svg Tambov
  37. Flag of Tomsk Oblast.svg Tomsk
  38. Flag of Tver Oblast.svg Tver
  39. Flag of Tula Oblast.svg Tula
  40. Flag of Tyumen Oblast.svg Tyumen
  41. Flag Ul'ianovskoi oblasti (2013).svg Ulyanovsk
  42. Flag of Vladimirskaya Oblast.svg Vladimir
  43. Flag of Volgograd Oblast.svg Volgograd
  44. Flag of Vologda oblast.svg Vologda
  45. Flag of Voronezh Oblast.svg Voronezh
  46. Flag of Yaroslavl Oblast.svg Yaroslavl

See also

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