Ocna Mureș

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Ocna Mureș
Roman Catholic church in Marosujvar.jpg
ROU AB Ocna Mures CoA1.jpg
Coat of arms
Ocna Mures jud Alba.png
Location in Alba County
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Red pog.svg
Ocna Mureș
Location in Romania
Coordinates: 46°23′24″N23°51′36″E / 46.39000°N 23.86000°E / 46.39000; 23.86000 Coordinates: 46°23′24″N23°51′36″E / 46.39000°N 23.86000°E / 46.39000; 23.86000
CountryFlag of Romania.svg  Romania
County Alba
Government
  MayorSilviu Vințeler [1] (PNL)
Area
68.34 km2 (26.39 sq mi)
Population
 (2011) [2]
13,036
  Density190/km2 (490/sq mi)
Time zone EET/EEST (UTC+2/+3)
Vehicle reg. AB

Ocna Mureș (Romanian pronunciation:  [ˌokna ˈmureʃ] ; Latin : Salinae, Hungarian : Marosújvár, German : Miereschhall) is a town in Alba County, Romania, located in the north-eastern corner of the county, near the Mureș River. The town is situated next to a large deposit of salt, mined in the past until the ceiling of the mines collapsed from water infiltration in 1978. Ocna Mureș has a chlorosodic products plant,a salt extraction plant and a spa which uses the salty water from the former mines.

Contents

The town administers five villages: Cisteiu de Mureș (Magyarcsesztve), Micoșlaca (Miklóslaka), Războieni-Cetate (Székelyföldvár), Uioara de Jos (until 1960 Ciunga; Csongva) and Uioara de Sus (Felsőmarosújvár). Its former name is Uioara, and was called Ocna Mureșului from 1925 to 1956.

The spa is no longer running. The chemical plant in town was lastly purchased by an Indian company from a company based in Timișoara. Currently the plant has ceased activity. The majority of high school students attend either Liceul Teoretic Petru Maior or the 'Chemistry School,' where many are trained to later work for the factory in town. Exceptional students progress onto University studies, generally in nearby Cluj-Napoca or Alba Iulia, the county capital. The downtown was relocated after the mine was flooded as the ground became unstable. Now this area is filled with more than 4 large, very deep lakes. The center of town is now at the base of a large hill, the 'Banța.'

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1956 10,701    
1966 12,126+13.3%
1977 16,416+35.4%
1992 16,256−1.0%
2002 15,697−3.4%
2011 13,036−17.0%
Source: Census data

According to the census from 2011 there was a total population of 13,036 people living in this town. Of this population, 83.46% are ethnic Romanians, 9.31% are ethnic Hungarians and 7% ethnic Romani. [3]

See also

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References

  1. "Results of the 2016 local elections". Central Electoral Bureau. Retrieved 3 April 2020.
  2. "Populaţia stabilă pe judeţe, municipii, oraşe şi localităti componenete la RPL_2011" (in Romanian). National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 4 February 2014.
  3. "Structura Etno-demografică a României". Edrc.ro. Retrieved 8 October 2017.