Octavia the Elder

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Octavia the Elder
Bornbefore 69 BC
Noble family Octavia (gens)
Spouse(s) Sextus Appuleius I
Issue
Father Gaius Octavius
MotherAncharia

Octavia the Elder (born before 69 BC [lower-alpha 1] – died after 29 BC), also known as Octavia Major or Octavia Maior [lower-alpha 2] was the daughter of the Roman governor and senator Gaius Octavius by his first wife, Ancharia. She was also an elder half-sister to Octavia the Younger and Roman Emperor Augustus. [1] Little is known of her life.

Contents

Biography

Early life

Octavia was born to Ancharia and Octavius some times before 69 BC. [2]

Marriage and issue

Octavia the Elder was married to Sextus Appuleius (I). They had one son, who was also named Sextus Appuleius, was ordinary consul in 29 BC with his half-uncle, Augustus. [3] It is postulated that they had a second son, Marcus Appuleius, the consul of 20 BC. [4] Through Sextus Appuleius, the consul, she had a grandson named Sextus Appuleius, consul in AD 14, and a granddaughter Appuleia Varilla. Octavia the Elder's last known descendants were her great-grandson, also named Sextus Appuleius, through her grandson and Fabia Numantina. [5]

Research

Plutarch was only aware of one daughter of Gaius Octavius and confused Octavia the Elder with Octavia the Younger. [6]

Octavias existence as wife of Appuleius's wife was first discovered due to a dedication from when her husband was proconsul of Asia. [7]

Cultural depictions

Octavia and her husband, as well as their two sons, may be depicted on the Ara Pacis . [8]

See also

Notes

  1. Her younger paternal half-sister, Octavia the Younger, was born in 69 BC.
  2. Maior is Latin for the Elder

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References

  1. Suetonius, Life of Augustus 4.1
  2. Syme, Ronald (1978). History in Ovid. University of Michigan: Clarendon Press. p. 152.
  3. Inscriptions from Pergamon 2, 419 = Inscriptiones Graecae ad res Romanas pertinentes 4, 323 = Wilhelm Dittenberger, Orientis Graeci inscriptiones selectae 462.
  4. Syme, Ronald, Augustan Aristocracy (1989), p. 37
  5. Syme, R., Augustan Aristocracy (1989), pp. 316f
  6. Plutarch, Life of Antony 31.1-2 and 87
  7. Syme, Ronald (1989). The Augustan Aristocracy (illustrated and revised ed.). Clarendon Press. p. 316. ISBN   9780198147312.
  8. Pollini, John (October 1986). "Ahenobarbi, Appuleii and Some Others on the Ara Pacis". American Journal of Archaeology. Archaeological Institute of America. 90 (4): 453–460. doi:10.2307/506032. JSTOR   506032.

Sources

Further reading