October

Last updated
<< October >>
SuMoTuWeThFrSa
01 02
03 04 05 06 07 08 09
10 11 12 13 14 15 16
17 18 19 20 21 22 23
24 25 26 27 28 29 30
31  
2021
Maple leaf in October. Maple leaf in fall.jpg
Maple leaf in October.

October is the tenth month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian calendars and the sixth of seven months to have a length of 31 days. The eighth month in the old calendar of Romulus c.750 BC, October retained its name (from the Latin and Greek ôctō meaning "eight") after January and February were inserted into the calendar that had originally been created by the Romans. In Ancient Rome, one of three Mundus patet would take place on October 5, Meditrinalia October 11, Augustalia on October 12, October Horse on October 15, and Armilustrium on October 19. These dates do not correspond to the modern Gregorian calendar. Among the Anglo-Saxons, it was known as Ƿinterfylleþ, because at this full moon (fylleþ) winter was supposed to begin. [1]

Contents

October is commonly associated with the season of spring in parts of the Southern Hemisphere, and autumn in parts of the Northern Hemisphere, where it is the seasonal equivalent to April in the Southern Hemisphere and vice versa.

October symbols

The calendula Calendula January 2008-1 filtered.jpg
The calendula

October observances

This list does not necessarily imply either official status or general observance.

Our Lady of the Most Holy Rosary, whose devotion and Feast are celebrated in October Beata Vergine Maria, Madonna del Rosario.jpg
Our Lady of the Most Holy Rosary, whose devotion and Feast are celebrated in October

Non-Gregorian observances: 2021 dates

(All Baha'i, Islamic, and Jewish observances begin at the sundown prior to the date listed, and end at sundown of the date in question unless otherwise noted.)

Month-long observances

United States

The last two to three weeks in October (and, occasionally, the first week of November) are normally the only time of the year during which all of the "Big Four" major professional sports leagues in the U.S. and Canada schedule games; the National Basketball Association begins its preseason and about two weeks later starts the regular season, the National Hockey League is about one month into its regular season, the National Football League is about halfway through its regular season, and Major League Baseball is in its postseason with the League Championship Series and World Series. Prior to the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020 (which necessitated changes to the sporting calendar and led to the four leagues' schedules coinciding earlier and more frequently than normal), there were 19 occasions in which all four leagues played games on the same day (an occurrence popularly termed a "sports equinox"), with the most recent of these taking place on October 27, 2019. [19] [20] Additionally, the Canadian Football League is typically nearing the end of its regular season during this period, while Major League Soccer is beginning the MLS Cup Playoffs.

United States, Culinary

Movable observances, 2021 dates

First Thursday: October 7

First Friday: October 1

First Sunday: October 3

First Full Week: October 3–9

Week of October 9: October 3–9

Week of October 10: October 10-16

First Monday: October 4

First Tuesday: October 5

First Wednesday: October 6

Second Thursday: October 7

Second Friday: October 8

Second Saturday: October 9

Second Sunday: October 10

Second Monday: October 11

Second Tuesday: October 12

Second Wednesday: October 13

Wednesday of second full week in October: October 13

Third Thursday: October 21

Third Saturday: October 16

Third Sunday: October 17

Third Monday: October 18

Fourth Saturday: October 24

Last Sunday: October 31

Week of Fourth Wednesday: October 24–30

Fourth Monday: October 25

Last Monday: October 25

Fourth Wednesday: October 27

Last Friday: October 29

Fixed observances

October, from the Tres Riches Heures du Duc de Berry Les Tres Riches Heures du duc de Berry octobre.jpg
October, from the Très Riches Heures du Duc de Berry
A shop in Derry decorated for Halloween Halloween Derry 2005.jpg
A shop in Derry decorated for Halloween
Halloween pumpkins Pumpkins-2009.jpg
Halloween pumpkins

Miscellaneous

  1. Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "October"  . Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
  2. "Gemstone Leaflet" (PDF). Jewelers of America. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-02-22. Retrieved Jan 22, 2012.
  3. SHG Resources. "Birth Months, Flowers, and Gemstones". SHG Resources. Archived from the original on 2012-09-11. Retrieved 2011-11-01.
  4. The Earth passes the junction of the signs at 22:59 UT/GMT October 22, 2020, and will pass it again at 04:51 UT/GMT October 23, 2021.
  5. "Astrology Calendar", yourzodiacsign. Signs in UT/GMT for 1950–2030.
  6. "To Benjamin Franklin from Alexandre Pochard, 11 October 1776". Montreal Le 11 8bre. 1776.
  7. "CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Special Devotions For Months". Newadvent.org. Retrieved 2012-10-24.
  8. "Health Literacy Month – Finding the Right Words for Better Health". www.healthliteracymonth.org.
  9. "SDMS Medical Ultrasound Awareness Month". www.sdms.org.
  10. "Home - Rettsyndrome.org". www.rettsyndrome.org. Archived from the original on 2016-10-10. Retrieved 2016-10-07.
  11. Archived February 8, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  12. Hultin G. Why Celebrate Vegetarian Awareness Month? Food & Nutrition, October 7, 2014, Accessed November 14, 2018
  13. Vegetarian Awareness Month: Celebrating Meatless Mindfulness, Oldways website, September 28, 2017, Accessed November 14, 2018
  14. World Vegetarian Day, October 1. North American Vegetarian Society (the North American WVD sponsor explains that “World Vegetarian Day [on] October 1st is the annual kick-off of Vegetarian Awareness Month”, accessed November 14, 2018
  15. Palmer S. World Vegetarian Awareness Month. Vegan Outreach website, October 2, 2017, Accessed November 14, 2018
  16. October is National Vegetarian Awareness Month. Fix.com. October 1, 2014, Accessed November 14, 2018
  17. Celebrate Vegetarian Awareness Month. Fruits & Veggies: More Matters. Monday, October 14, 2013, at 4:00 am. Accessed November 14, 2018
  18. Gerber J. 9 Easy Wasys to Celebrate Vegetarian Awareness Month. Care2. October 1, 2012. Accessed November 14, 2018
  19. "Which games to pick for Sunday's 'Sports Equinox'". ESPN.com. October 27, 2019. Retrieved October 27, 2019.
  20. Busbee, Jay (September 9, 2020). "One day, four sports: The sports equinox is upon us". Yahoo! Sports.
  21. "American Archives Month". National Archives. 2017-06-22. Retrieved 2018-09-25.
  22. "October is Adopt a Shelter Dog Month". ASPCA. Retrieved 2014-10-17.
  23. http://www.staysafeonline.info/content/about-ncsam Archived October 5, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  24. "American Pharmacists Month 2011". Pharmacist.com. Retrieved 2011-11-01.
  25. "Little People of the World".[ dead link ]
  26. "Little People of America".
  27. "Eczema Awareness Month – National Eczema Association". National Eczema Association.
  28. "ADHA – October is National Dental Hygiene Month". Adha.org. Retrieved 2011-11-01.
  29. "Healthy Lung Month – Lung problems". 5 October 2012.
  30. "Observing Infertility Awareness Month". Library.adoption.com. Archived from the original on 2008-08-28. Retrieved 2011-11-01.
  31. "Liver Awareness Month". www.liverfoundation.org.
  32. Archived November 21, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  33. APTA | National Physical Therapy Month Archived January 5, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  34. "Spina Bifida Association – Spina Bifida Association". Sbaa.org. Archived from the original on 2007-10-14. Retrieved 2011-11-01.
  35. "October is SIDS Awareness Month". www.nichd.nih.gov.
  36. "National Pizza Month". Pizza.com. Retrieved 2012-10-24.
  37. "Popcorn Poppin' Month". Popcorn.org. Retrieved 2012-10-24.
  38. "October is National Pork Month". ThePigSite. 2007-10-02.
  39. "NOAA Fisheries Celebrates National Seafood Month". NOAA.gov. 2017-10-01. Retrieved 2017-10-09.
  40. Szoó, Attila (26 October 2020). ""Brussels should pay attention to the Szeklers" – Day of Szekler Autonomy". Transylvania Now.
  41. "Diversity – UMUC". www.umuc.edu.
  42. "October doth before us go (feat. Leisha Stevens)" . Retrieved 30 September 2021.
  43. "October doth before us go (feat. Leisha Stevens)" . Retrieved 30 September 2021.

Related Research Articles

April is the fourth month of the year in the Gregorian calendar, the fifth in the early Julian, the first of four months to have a length of 30 days, and the second of five months to have a length of less than 31 days.

August Eighth month in the Julian and Gregorian calendars

August is the eighth month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian calendars, and the fifth of seven months to have a length of 31 days. Its zodiac sign is Leo and was originally named Sextilis in Latin because it was the 6th month in the original ten-month Roman calendar under Romulus in 753 BC, with March being the first month of the year. About 700 BC, it became the eighth month when January and February were added to the year before March by King Numa Pompilius, who also gave it 29 days. Julius Caesar added two days when he created the Julian calendar in 46 BC, giving it its modern length of 31 days. In 8 BC, it was renamed in honor of Emperor Augustus. According to a Senatus consultum quoted by Macrobius, he chose this month because it was the time of several of his great triumphs, including the conquest of Egypt. Commonly repeated lore has it that August has 31 days because Augustus wanted his month to match the length of Julius Caesar's July, but this is an invention of the 13th century scholar Johannes de Sacrobosco. Sextilis in fact had 31 days before it was renamed, and it was not chosen for its length.

Arbor Day Holiday in which individuals and groups are encouraged to plant and care for trees

Arbor Day is a secular day of observance in which individuals and groups are encouraged to plant trees. Today, many countries observe such a holiday. Though usually observed in the spring, the date varies, depending on climate and suitable planting season.

December Twelfth month in the Julian and Gregorian calendars

December is the twelfth and the last month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian calendars. It is also the last of seven months to have a length of 31 days.

February is the second month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian calendars. The month has 28 days in common years or 29 in leap years, with the 29th day being called the leap day. It is the first of five months not to have 31 days and the only one to have fewer than 30 days.

A holiday is a day set aside by custom or by law on which normal activities, especially business or work including school, are suspended or reduced. Generally, holidays are intended to allow individuals to celebrate or commemorate an event or tradition of cultural or religious significance. Holidays may be designated by governments, religious institutions, or other groups or organizations. The degree to which normal activities are reduced by a holiday may depend on local laws, customs, the type of job held or personal choices.

January is the first month of the year, the last January is 2020 and Gregorian calendars and the first of seven months to have a length of 31 days. The first day of the month is known as New Year's Day. It is, on average, the coldest month of the year within most of the Northern Hemisphere and the warmest month of the year within most of the Southern Hemisphere. In the Southern hemisphere, January is the seasonal equivalent of July in the Northern hemisphere and vice versa.

June is the sixth month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian calendars, the second of four months to have a length of 30 days, and the third of five months to have a length of less than 31 days. June contains the summer solstice in the Northern Hemisphere, the day with the most daylight hours, and the winter solstice in the Southern Hemisphere, the day with the fewest daylight hours. June in the Northern Hemisphere is the seasonal equivalent to December in the Southern Hemisphere and vice versa. In the Northern Hemisphere, the beginning of the traditional astronomical summer is 21 June. In the Southern Hemisphere, meteorological winter begins on 1 June.

July is the seventh month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian calendars and the fourth of seven months to have a length of 31 days. It was named by the Roman Senate in honour of Roman general Julius Caesar in 44 B.C., it being the month of his birth. Before about 713 B.C. it was called Quintilis, being the fifth month of the 10-month calendar.

March is the third month of the year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. It is the second of seven months to have a length of 31 days. In the Northern Hemisphere, the meteorological beginning of spring occurs on the first day of March. The March equinox on the 20 or 21 marks the astronomical beginning of spring in the Northern Hemisphere and the beginning of autumn in the Southern Hemisphere, where September is the seasonal equivalent of the Northern Hemisphere's March.

May Fifth month in the Julian and Gregorian calendars

May is the fifth month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian calendars and the third of seven months to have a length of 31 days.

November is the eleventh and penultimate month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian Calendars, the fourth and last of four months to have a length of 30 days and the fifth and last of five months to have a length of fewer than 31 days. November was the ninth month of the calendar of Romulus c. 750 BC. November retained its name when January and February were added to the Roman calendar. November is a month of late spring in the Southern Hemisphere and late autumn in the Northern Hemisphere. Therefore, November in the Southern Hemisphere is the seasonal equivalent of May in the Northern Hemisphere and vice versa. In Ancient Rome, Ludi Plebeii was held from November 4–17, Epulum Jovis was held on November 13 and Brumalia celebrations began on November 24. These dates do not correspond to the modern Gregorian calendar.

September Ninth month in the Julian and Gregorian calendars

September is the ninth month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian calendars, the third of four months to have a length of 30 days, and the fourth of five months to have a length of fewer than 31 days. September in the Northern Hemisphere and March in the Southern Hemisphere are seasonal equivalent.

Columbus Day Holiday commemorating the arrival of Christopher Columbus in the New World

Columbus Day is a national holiday in many countries of the Americas and elsewhere, and a federal holiday in the United States, which officially celebrates the anniversary of Christopher Columbus's arrival in the Americas on October 12, 1492.

Childrens Day Public observance in honor of children

Children's Day is a commemorative date celebrated annually in honor of children, whose date of observance varies by country. In 1925, International Children's Day was first proclaimed in Geneva during the World Conference on Child Welfare. Since 1950, it is celebrated on 1 June in most Communist and post-Communist countries. World Children's Day is celebrated on 20th of November to commemorate the Declaration of the Rights of the Child by the UN General Assembly on 20 November 1959. In some countries, it is Children's Week and not Children's Day.

Armed Forces Day National holidays honoring military forces

Many nations around the world observe some kind of Armed Forces Day to honor their military forces. This day is not to be confused with Veterans Day or Memorial Day.

Lists of holidays by various categorizations.