Odakyu Electric Railway

Last updated
Odakyu Electric Railway Co., Ltd.
Native name
小田急電鉄株式会社
Romanized name
Odakyū Dentetsu kabushiki gaisha
Type Public ( kabushiki gaisha )
Industry Public transport
PredecessorOdawara Express Railway Co., Ltd.
小田原急行鉄道株式会社
Founded Shinjuku, Tokyo, Japan (June 1, 1948 (1948-06-01))
Headquarters1-8-3, Nishi-Shinjuku, Shinjuku, Tokyo 160-8309, Japan
Key people
Koji Hoshino, President & CEO
Revenue¥166.445 billion (FY2016)
¥39.824 billion (FY2016)
Number of employees
3,593 (as of 2016/8/1)
Website www.odakyu.jp

The Odakyu Electric Railway Company, Ltd. (小田急電鉄株式会社, Odakyū Dentetsu kabushiki gaisha), commonly known as Odakyū, is a major railway company based in Tokyo, Japan, best known for its Romancecar series of limited express trains from Tokyo to Odawara, Enoshima, Tama New Town, and Hakone.

Contents

The Odakyu Electric Railway Company forms the core of the Odakyu Group, which comprises 101 companies (as of July 14, 2017) and includes the Enoshima Electric Railway, Hakone Tozan Railway, Odakyu Bus  [ ja ], Odakyu Department Store  [ ja ], and Hyatt Regency Tokyo  [ ja ] hotel. It is listed on the Tokyo Stock Exchange and is a constituent of the Nikkei 225.

History

Pre-WWII

Former Odakyu Head Office Building near Minami-Shinjuku station Odakyu Headquarters Building.jpg
Former Odakyu Head Office Building near Minami-Shinjuku station

The 83 km line from Shinjuku to Odawara opened for service on April 1, 1927. Unlike the Odawara line, rarely were pre-World War II Japanese private railways constructed with double-track and fully electrified from the first day of operation. Two years later, April 1, 1929, the Enoshima Line was added.

The original full name of the railroad was Odawara Express Railway Company, Ltd. (小田原急行鉄道株式会社, Odawara Kyūkō Tetsudō kabushiki gaisha), [1] but this was often shortened to Odawara Kyūkō (小田原急行, "Odawara Express"). The abbreviation Odakyu was made popular by the title song of the 1929 movie Tōkyō kōshinkyoku and eventually became the official name of the railroad on March 1, 1941. [2] [ page needed ]

On May 1, 1942, Odakyu merged with the Tokyo-Yokohama Electric Railway company (now Tokyu Corporation), which controlled all private railway services west and south of Tokyo by the end of World War II.

Post-WWII

Odakyu 5000 series EMU near Mukogaoka-Yuen Station Model 5200-First of Odakyu Electric Railway.JPG
Odakyu 5000 series EMU near Mukōgaoka-Yūen Station

The company regained its independence on June 1, 1948, and it obtained a large amount of Hakone Tozan Railway stocks, instead of separating Keio Inokashira Line for Keio Corporation. Odakyu restarted Non-stop Limited Express service between Shinjuku and Odawara in 1948. In 1950, Odakyu trains ran through to Hakone-Yumoto on Hakone Tozan Line. Odakyu uses 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in) narrow gauge tracks, but the Hakone Tozan Railway is 1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) standard gauge , so one track of the section from Odawara to Hakone-Yumoto (6.1 km) was changed to a dual gauge system. Odakyu operated the first Romancecar (1710 series) limited express in 1951.

After the 1950s, due to rapid Japanese economic growth, Odakyu was faced with an explosive increase of population along with its lines. Commuter passengers had to use very crowded trains every morning, and complained strongly with the delay of improvements from the railway company. Odakyu began construction on the - "Shinjuku Station Great Improvement Project" setting 5 lines and 10 platforms long enough for 10 standard commuter cars with service on the Chiyoda Line, among others. Plans for a four-track system in 1964 were prevented by residents of Setagaya Ward in Tokyo, as such the system remains uncompleted. The Setagaya Residents' opposition set the stage for a long-term and remarkable case in the courts and legislature. Odakyu could not take main part of transport from Tama New Town Area, though Odakyu started the operation of Tama Line in 1974. To serve its Mukōgaoka-Yūen Amusement Park, Odakyu operated the Mukōgaoka-Yūen Monorail Line between Mukōgaoka-Yūen and Mukōgaoka-Yūen-Seimon (1.1 km, 2 stations) beginning in 1966 using a Lockheed Corporation style monorail system; the system was closed in 2001 when the amusement park was shut down.

Post-Millennium

An Odakyu 50000 series VSE Romancecar near Shin-Yurigaoka station OER 50000 Blue Ribbon Awards.jpg
An Odakyu 50000 series VSE Romancecar near Shin-Yurigaoka station

Since 2000, Odakyū has been adding track in both directions from Izumi-Tamagawa Station, on Tama River, the border station of Tokyo, to just outside Setagaya-Daita Station for expanding the availability of express trains, especially for morning commuter service. The lines between Setagaya-Daita and Higashi-Kitazawa Station are still under construction, however. Odakyu announced that the bottle-neck will be resolved by 2013.

All of its lines are double- or quadruple-tracked within Tokyo Metropolis as of March 2018, a project first decided in December 1964 but due to NIMBY land acquisition difficulties, complex and expensive workarounds were constructed and finished, taking 1/2 a century. The main or Odawara Line acts as a bypass route for the Tōkaidō Main Line from Tokyo to western Kanagawa. The Romancecar 3000 series "SE" was tested at speeds of up to 145 km/h in 1957, achieving a world record for narrow gauge 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in) lines at the time. These tests also provided important data on high-speed electric multiple units (EMU), which Japanese National Railways (JNR) used for its limited express EMUs, 151 series, and 0 Series Shinkansen introduced in the early 1960s.

Odakyu celebrated its 80th anniversary in April 2007. The 50th anniversary of the Romancecar was celebrated in September 2007.

Odakyu are the current shirt sponsors of football club Machida Zelvia.

On August 6, 2021, a mass stabbing incident occurred on one of its commuters when a man stabbed nine passengers, seriously injuring a woman before trying to ignite a fire on the compartment. The man escaped and was arrested hours later. [3]

Lines

Odakyu owns three railway lines directly, and another three lines via subsidiaries. It also operates trains onto the Tokyo Metro Chiyoda Line, JR East Jōban Line, and JR Central Gotemba Line.

LineSectionLength (km)StationsDate opened
Odawara Line Shinjuku - Odawara 82.547April 1, 1927
Enoshima Line Sagami-Ōno - Katase-Enoshima 27.417April 1, 1929
Tama Line Shin-Yurigaoka - Karakida 10.68June 1, 1974 (in part)
March 27, 1990 (full)
Total3 lines120.570 

Train classification

(As of March 17, 2018 timetable revision)

ColorClassificationJapaneseRuns betweenLine(s)
 Limited Express特急Shinjuku, Kita-Senju, and Shin-Kiba to Hakone-Yumoto, Katase-Enoshima, Karakida or NumazuOdakyū Odawara, Enoshima, Tama; Hakone Tozan; JR Central Gotemba; and Tokyo Metro Chiyoda and Yūrakuchō lines
 Rapid Express快速急行Shinjuku to Odawara or Fujisawa (one service on weekdays to Katase-Enoshima)Odakyū Odawara and Enoshima lines
 Express急行Shinjuku to Odawara, Katase-Enoshima or KarakidaOdakyū Odawara, Enoshima, and Tama lines
 Commuter Express通勤急行All services operate in the weekday morning rush hour for Shinjuku from Karakida on the Odakyu Tama LineOdakyū Odawara, Tama Lines
 Commuter Semi Express通勤準急All Services operate in the weekday morning rush hour for Yoyogi-Uehara through to the Chiyoda Line from Hon-AtsugiOdakyu Odawara Line, Chiyoda Line, Joban Line
 Semi Express準急All services operate between Yoyogi-Uehara and Isehara during the offpeak and evening rush hourOdakyū Odawara Line, Chiyoda Line, Joban Line
 Local各駅停車In all sections, includes to/from Hakone-Yumoto on Hakone Tozan Line (occasionally between Odawara and Shin-Matsuda)Odakyū Odawara, Enoshima, Tama; and Hakone Tozan lines

Romancecar limited express services require a supplementary surcharge.

Odakyu-linemap Odakyu-linemap.svg
Odakyu-linemap

Limited express service

Shinjuku Station routes

Commuter service is shown on each line's page.

StationJapaneseDistance (km) Super Hakone  [ ja ] Hakone  [ ja ] Sagami  [ ja ] Mt. Fuji Enoshima Home WayLines
Shinjuku 新宿- Odakyū Odawara Line
Mukōgaoka-Yūen 向ヶ丘遊園15.8
Shin-Yurigaoka 新百合ヶ丘21.5
Machida 町田30.8
Sagami-Ōno 相模大野32.3
Hon-Atsugi 本厚木45.4
Hadano 秦野61.7
Shin-Matsuda 新松田71.8
Odawara 小田原82.5
Hakone-Yumoto 箱根湯本88.6  Hakone Tozan Line
Yamato 大和39.9    Odakyū Enoshima Line
Fujisawa 藤沢55.4   
Katase-Enoshima 片瀬江ノ島59.9   
Odakyū-Nagayama 小田急永山28.3     Odakyū Tama Line
Odakyū-Tama-Center 小田急多摩センター30.6    
Karakida 唐木田32.1    
Matsuda 松田71.8     JR Central Gotemba Line
Suruga-Oyama 駿河小山86.2     
Gotemba 御殿場97.1     

Tokyo Metro routes

Commuter services are shown on each line's page.

StationJapaneseDistance (km)Metro HomewayMetro HakoneMetro SagamiBay ResortLines
Shin-Kiba 新木場     Tokyo Metro Yūrakuchō Line
Toyosu 豊洲    
Kita-Senju 北千住0.0 Tokyo Metro Chiyoda Line
Ōtemachi 大手町9.9
Kasumigaseki 霞ヶ関12.1
Omotesandō 表参道16.2
Yoyogi-Uehara 代々木上原19.3****
Odakyū Odawara Line
Seijōgakuen-Mae 成城学園前27.4
Shin-Yurigaoka 新百合ヶ丘37.3
Machida 町田46.6
Hon-Atsugi 本厚木61.2
Odawara 小田原98.3  
Hakone Tozan Line
Hakone-Yumoto 箱根湯本104.4  
Odakyū-Nagayama 小田急永山44.1    Odakyū Tama Line
Odakyū-Tama-Center 小田急多摩センター46.4   
Karakida 唐木田47.9   

Legend

SymbolDefinition
all trains stop
some trains stop
all trains pass
trains do not travel through this section

Rolling stock

Romancecar sets

Commuter sets

Current
Former

Odakyu Electric Railway in media

The Odakyu Railway has been included in several Japanese language train simulator programs as well as the English language Microsoft Train Simulator program. Microsoft Train Simulator includes the railway's Odawara and Hakone Tozan lines, collectively referred to as the "Tokyo-Hakone" route, with the 2000 series commuter trainset and the 7000 series "LSE" Romancecar trainset being player driveable. Several "activities", or scenarios, are included.

Various Odakyu add-ins are available for the BVE Train Simulator, a freeware cab view train simulator for Microsoft Windows.

Related Research Articles

Odakyū Odawara Line

The Odakyu Odawara Line is the main line of Japanese private railway operator Odakyu Electric Railway. It extends 82.5 km from Shinjuku in central Tokyo through the southwest suburbs to the city of Odawara, the gateway to Hakone in Kanagawa Prefecture. It is a busy commuter line and is also known for its "Romancecar" limited express services. From Yoyogi-Uehara Station some trains continue onto the Tokyo Metro Chiyoda Line and beyond to the East Japan Railway Company Joban Line.

Tokyo Metro Chiyoda Line Tokyo rapid transit line

The Tokyo Metro Chiyoda Line is a subway line owned and operated by Tokyo Metro in Tokyo, Japan. On average, the line carries 1,447,730 passengers daily (2017), the second highest of the Tokyo Metro network, behind the Tozai Line (1,642,378).

Hakone Tozan Line mountain railway in Japan

The Hakone Tozan Line is a mountain railway in Japan operated by the Hakone Tozan Railway. This company belongs to the Odakyu Group, and also owns the Hakone Tozan Cable Car.

Odawara Station Railway station in Odawara, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan

Odawara Station is a junction and interchange railway station located in the city of Odawara, Kanagawa, Japan, operated jointly by the East Japan Railway Company and Central Japan Railway Company. It is a gateway station to the Hakone area. It is also a freight depot for the Japan Freight Railway Company.

Hakone Town in Kantō, Japan

Hakone is a town in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 April 2021, the town had an estimated population of 10,837 and a population density of 3000 persons per km². The total area of the town is 92.82 km2 (35.84 sq mi). The town is a popular tourist destination due to its many hot springs and views of Mount Fuji.

Odakyu 30000 series EXE Electric multiple unit train type operated by the Odakyu Electric Railway in Japan

The Odakyu 30000 series EXE is an electric multiple unit (EMU) train type operated by the private railway operator Odakyu Electric Railway in Japan on Odakyu Odawara Line and Odakyu Enoshima Line "Romancecar" services since 1996.

Romancecar Generic name of the limited express trains of Odakyu Electric Railway

The Romancecar is Odakyu Electric Railway's name for its limited express luxury tourist services south-west of Tokyo, to mountain resorts such as Hakone and Gotemba, and beaches such as Odawara and Enoshima. When the service started in 1957 with the 3000 series SE trainset, it broke the world speed record for a narrow gauge train. This record gave impetus for the design of the first Shinkansen, the 0 series. The 50th anniversary of the Romancecar's narrow gauge world speed record was celebrated September 28, 2007. Some of the latest designs incorporate regenerative braking.

Higashi-Kitazawa Station Railway station in Tokyo, Japan

Higashi-Kitazawa Station is a station on the Odawara Line of the Odakyu Electric Railway, located in Kitazawa, Setagaya, Tokyo.

Hon-Atsugi Station Railway station in Atsugi, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan

Hon-Atsugi Station is a major passenger railway station located in the city of Atsugi, Kanagawa, Japan, operated by the private railway operator Odakyu Electric Railway.

Shin-Matsuda Station Railway station in Matsuda, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan

Shin-Matsuda Station is a passenger railway station located in the town of Matsuda, Kanagawa, Japan, operated by the private railway operator Odakyu Electric Railway. Matsuda Station on the Gotemba Line operated by Central Japan Railway Company is located nearby.

Odakyu 60000 series MSE Electric multiple unit of Odakyu Electric Railway in Japan

The Odakyu 60000 series MSE is a Romancecar electric multiple unit (EMU) train type operated by the private railway operator Odakyu Electric Railway in Japan since March 2008. The trains are used on Odakyu through service to the Tokyo Metro Chiyoda Line, and some trains also travel over the Tokyo Metro Yurakucho Line, making it the first limited express train with reserved seats to operate through a subway line in Tokyo.

Gotemba Station Railway station in Gotemba, Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan

Gotemba Station is a railway station on the Gotemba Line in the eastern part of the city of Gotemba, Shizuoka, Japan, operated by Central Japan Railway Company. It is one of the gateway stations to Mount Fuji and the Fuji Five Lakes.

Hakone-Yumoto Station Railway station in Hakone, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan

Hakone-Yumoto Station is a railway station on the Hakone Tozan Line in Hakone, Kanagawa, Japan.

Iriuda Station Railway station in Odawara, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan

Iriuda Station is a railway station on the Hakone Tozan Line located in Odawara, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan. It is 4.2 rail kilometers from the line's terminus at Odawara Station.

Kazamatsuri Station Railway station in Odawara, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan

Kazamatsuri Station is a railway station on the Hakone Tozan Line located in Odawara, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan. It is 3.2 rail kilometers from the line's terminus at Odawara Station.

Mt. Fuji (train)

The Mt. Fuji is a "Romancecar" limited express train operated by Odakyu Electric Railway between Shinjuku and Gotemba via the Odakyu Odawara Line and JR Central's Gotemba Line.

Tōgendai Station Cable car station in Hakone, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan

Tōgendai Station is a terminal on the Hakone Ropeway in the town of Hakone, Kanagawa, Japan. It is 4.0 kilometers (2.5 mi) from the Hakone Ropeway's opposing terminus at Sōunzan Station. It is located at an altitude of 741 meters (2,431 ft) in the Togendai area of Hakone.

Gotemba Premium Outlets Shopping mall in Shizuoka, Japan

The Gotemba Premium Outlets is an outlet mall located in Gotemba, Shizuoka, Japan, near Mount Fuji. It was opened on July 13, 2000, and contains over 200 stores. The mall is managed by Mitsubishi Estate Simon Co., Ltd., a joint venture between Mitsubishi Estate and Simon Property Group.

The Gotemba Interchange is an interchange of the Tōmei Expressway in Gotemba, Shizuoka, Japan, with expressway bus station. This is one of the gateways to the Mount Fuji and Hakone areas.

References

  1. Ubukata, Yoshio & Morokawa, Hisashi (1988). Odakyu – Color Books No. 768 (in Japanese). Osaka: Hoikusha. p. 148.
  2. Seidensticker, Edward (1990). Tokyo Rising: the city since the great earthquake . New York: Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. ISBN   0-394-54360-2.
  3. "9 passengers stabbed or punched on Tokyo train, suspect detained". Kyodo News . 7 August 2021. Retrieved 8 August 2021.

Bibliography