|28th Prime Minister of Norway|
15 January 1976 –4 February 1981
|Preceded by||Trygve Bratteli|
|Succeeded by||Gro Harlem Brundtland|
|County Governor of Hedmark|
11 March 1981 –17 September 1994
|Preceded by||Anfinn Lund|
|Succeeded by||Kjell Borgen|
|Vice President of the Storting|
8 October 1981 –30 September 1985
|Preceded by||Svenn Stray|
|Succeeded by||Reiulf Steen|
|Minister of Local Government|
17 March 1971 –18 October 1972
|Prime Minister||Trygve Bratteli|
|Preceded by||Helge Rognlien|
|Succeeded by||Johan Skipnes|
|Member of the Norwegian Parliament|
1 October 1961 –30 September 1981
|Member of the Norwegian Nobel Committee|
|Born||3 November 1926|
|Died||9 January 2018 91) (aged|
|Alma mater||University of Oslo|
|Awards||Order of St. Olav|
|Years of service||1948|
Odvar Nordli( listen )[ needs Norwegian IPA ] (3 November 1926 –9 January 2018) was a Norwegian politician from the Labour Party. He was the 28th prime minister of Norway from 1976 to 1981 during the Cold War.  Before serving as Prime Minister,Nordli served as the minister of Local Government from 1971 to 1972.
After serving as prime minister,Nordli served as the vice president of the Storting from 1981 until 1985,and was also a member of the Norwegian Nobel Committee from 1985 until 1996.
The son of a railroad worker,Eugen Nordli (1904–1992) and housewife Marie (1902–1984),born Jørgensen,Nordli grew up in Tangen in Stange,Hedmark.  After World War II he served in the Independent Norwegian Brigade Group in Germany,part of the Allied forces occupying post-war Germany. 
By education he became a certified accountant before entering politics,and worked in this field until 1961.  He served as deputy mayor of Stange municipality from 1951 to 1963. 
He was elected to the Norwegian Parliament from Hedmark in 1961,and was re-elected on five occasions.  He had previously served in the position of deputy representative during the terms 1954–1957 and 1958–1961. 
Nordli became a cabinet member in 1971,serving as Minister of Local Government in the first cabinet Bratteli. 
At the Labour Party Congress in 1975 both Nordli and Reiulf Steen candidated to replace Trygve Bratteli as new leader. A compromise was worked out that made Steen the new party leader while Nordli was designated as the party's new prime minister. This became a strained arrangement and they never cooperated well. 
Nordli became Prime Minister in 1976,heading the cabinet Nordli which succeeded the second cabinet Bratteli.  He had to govern through several tough cases like the so-called double-resolution over NATO and the national controversy over the damming of the Alta-Kautokeino river.  
In social policy,Nordli's premiership in 1978 saw improved sickness benefits to 100% wage compensation from day one of sickness for up to 52 weeks.  The previous law had not had any compensation for ordinary workers for the first 3 days and 90% compensation after that time.  The same year the Abortion Act of 1975 was liberalized and women were granted the right to decide on their own to have an abortion until the end of week 12 after gestation.  In the original act approval of a committee of doctors had been required in order to have an abortion. 
The Nordli cabinet under Minister of Finance Per Kleppe continued a Keynesian fiscal policy with deficit spending where Norway loaned abroad against future oil income.  Wages increased more than in other countries,leading to Norwegian businesses becoming less competitive. In September 1978 the government through a provisional law made a general ban against increases in wages and prices.  The law was in effect through 1979.  The cabinet also partly reversed the expansive fiscal policy. 
As for foreign relations during the Nordli premiership,Norway established a 200 nautical miles exclusive economic zone in 1977 where Norway claimed exclusive rights to marine resources. This caused complications with Russia that also had a 200 nm fishery zone.  In 1978,Maritime law minister,Jens Evensen stated that Norway and Russia agreed on a one year Grey Zone Agreement which was subsequently renewed until it was replaced with a permanent agreement in 2010. 
The 1977 Norwegian parliamentary election less than a year into Nordli's premiership was a success for Nordli and the Labour Party which continued in position,but the 1979 Norwegian local elections was a set-back,partly due to the economic situation and it weakened Nordli's position. 
Nordli got health problems about two years into his premiership  and in 1981 his doctor advised him to take a sick leave.  This leaked to the media before Nordli had made any decision and as a result he was soon after replaced by Gro Harlem Brundtland and another Labour cabinet,Brundtland's First Cabinet. 
After retiring as prime minister in 1981,he was elected vice president of the Storting. He served as vice president until 1985. 
His career ended with the post of County Governor of Hedmark,which he held from 1981 until his retirement in 1993.  He was also a member of the Norwegian Nobel Committee from 1985 to 1993. 
After retiring,Nordli had a number of books published which included autobiographical writings and lighter stories about politics,daily life and nature. 
Nordli met his wife Marit Haraseth (27 April 1932–3 October 2010) during a Hedmark divisional comittee Labour Party youth wing meet.  They married in 1953,had two daughters and lived in Stange until their respective deaths in 2010 as well as in 2018. 
Nordli died on 9 January 2018 of prostate cancer in Oslo at the age of 92.    His state funeral was held on 19 January 2018.   
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