Oegstgeest

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Oegstgeest
Oudenhofmolen Oegstgeest 04.jpg
Wind mill Oudenhofmolen in Oegstgeest
Oegstgeest Netherlands.svg
Flag
Coat of arms of Oegstgeest.svg
Coat of arms
Map - NL - Municipality code 0579 (2009).svg
Location in South Holland
Coordinates: 52°11′N4°28′E / 52.183°N 4.467°E / 52.183; 4.467 Coordinates: 52°11′N4°28′E / 52.183°N 4.467°E / 52.183; 4.467
Country Netherlands
Province South Holland
Government
[1]
  Body Municipal council
   Mayor Emile Jaensch (VVD)
Area
[2]
  Total7.97 km2 (3.08 sq mi)
  Land7.30 km2 (2.82 sq mi)
  Water0.67 km2 (0.26 sq mi)
Elevation
[3]
0 m (0 ft)
Population
 (August 2017) [4]
  Total23,810
  Density3,262/km2 (8,450/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Oegstgeestenaar
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postcode
2340–2343
Area code 071
Website www.oegstgeest.nl

Oegstgeest (Dutch pronunciation: [ˌuxstˈxeːst] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen )) is a town and municipality in the province of South Holland in the western Netherlands. Its population was 23,810 in 2017.

South Holland Province of the Netherlands

South Holland is a province of the Netherlands with a population of just over 3.6 million as of 2015 and a population density of about 1,300/km2 (3,400/sq mi), making it the country's most populous province and one of the world's most densely populated areas. Situated on the North Sea in the west of the Netherlands, South Holland covers an area of 3,403 km2 (1,314 sq mi), of which 585 km2 (226 sq mi) is water. It borders North Holland to the north, Utrecht and Gelderland to the east, and North Brabant and Zeeland to the south. The provincial capital is The Hague, while its largest city is Rotterdam.

Netherlands Constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in Europe

The Netherlands, also commonly known as Holland, is a country located mainly in Northwestern Europe. The European portion of the Netherlands consists of twelve separate provinces that border Germany to the east, Belgium to the south, and the North Sea to the northwest, with maritime borders in the North Sea with Belgium, Germany and the United Kingdom. Together with three island territories in the Caribbean Sea—Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba—it forms a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The official language is Dutch, but a secondary official language in the province of Friesland is West Frisian.

Contents

Etymology

The portion geest in the name refers to the geest lands, which were excavated in the seventeenth century for the benefit of the urban expansion of Leiden.

Geest type of slightly raised landscape

Geest is a type of landform, slightly raised above the surrounding countryside, that occurs on the plains of Northern Germany, the Northern Netherlands and Denmark. It is a landscape of sandy and gravelly soils formed as a glacial outwash plain and now usually mantled by a heathland vegetation on the glacial deposits left behind after the last ice age during the Pleistocene epoch.

About the Oegst part more uncertainty exists. Different stories go about. The name was formerly often spelled Oestgeest or Oostgeest, which could indicate the geographical location of the village: east of the geest lands. However, the oldest spelling found in a copy of a list of goods of the St. Martin's Cathedral in Utrecht from the tenth century states Osgeresgeest. This could indicate an original resident and owner of the territory: Osger.

St. Martins Cathedral, Utrecht cathedral in Utrecht

St. Martin's Cathedral, Utrecht, or Dom Church, is a Gothic church dedicated to Saint Martin of Tours, which was the cathedral of the Diocese of Utrecht during the Middle Ages. It is the country's only pre-Reformation cathedral, but has been a Protestant church since 1580.

Utrecht City and municipality in the province of Utrecht, Netherlands

Utrecht is the fourth-largest city and a municipality of the Netherlands, capital and most populous city of the province of Utrecht. It is located in the eastern corner of the Randstad conurbation, and in the very centre of mainland Netherlands, and had a population of 345,080 in 2017.

In the Middle Ages they also spoke of the Church of Kerckwerve if one referred to the Oegstgeester parish church (now the Green Church).

Middle Ages Period of European history from the 5th to the 15th century

In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages lasted from the 5th to the 15th century. It began with the fall of the Western Roman Empire and merged into the Renaissance and the Age of Discovery. The Middle Ages is the middle period of the three traditional divisions of Western history: classical antiquity, the medieval period, and the modern period. The medieval period is itself subdivided into the Early, High, and Late Middle Ages.

History

Oegstgeest is one of the earliest inhabited places along the coast. Evidence of a Batavian settlement from the second century was found in 1946 in an extension of a coastal dune in the Elgeesterpolder, although it is not certain whether this location remained permanently inhabited in the centuries after that.

By the 9th century there was already a little church in the same location as the current Little Green Church (Groen Kerkje) which, according to legend, was dedicated by Willibrord. The existence of this church is an indication that there may have been a community there.

Willibrord Roman Catholic bishop and saint from Northumbria

Willibrord was a Northumbrian missionary saint, known as the "Apostle to the Frisians" in the modern Netherlands. He became the first Bishop of Utrecht and died at Echternach, Luxembourg.

From the 11th to the 14th century, Oegstgeest enjoyed a period of progress. This ended when Leiden was granted city rights. The carrying out of trades and construction were no longer permitted within a certain distance from the city. In 1399, the heerlijkheid of Oegstgeest and that of Poelgeest were merged because their declining populations could no longer afford to pay the required taxes to the Count of Holland.

Oegstgeest in 1867. Oegstgeest 1867.png
Oegstgeest in 1867.
Oud Poelgeest. Oud Poelgeest Oegstgeest.jpg
Oud Poelgeest.

Until the 19th century the boundary of Oegstgeest extended right to the city walls and moats of Leiden. But in the 19th and 20th century, it conceded more and more of its territory to the rapidly expanding city of Leiden.

Before the early 20th century, Oegstgeest had a rural character and did not have a centre of population. It consisted of several unconnected smaller settlements. Only after 1900 were new neighbourhoods built between the settlements. First Wilhelminapark was built, followed by Prins Hendrikpark (circa 1915), Buitenlust or Indische Buurt (1925), Julianapark, Oranjepark, and Emmapark (1920-1950), and Grunerie and the area between Emmalaan and Lange Voort (1950s). In the 1980s and 1990s, the Haaswijk and Morsebel neighbourhoods were built, followed by Poelgeest in the 2000s. In 2006 construction started on a new neighbourhood, Nieuw Rhijngeest. In 2017 there will be a new housepark being built, at the current location of the footballclub ASC, called Park Duivenvoorde. Therefore ASC will move to the old location of the cricketclub of Oegstgeest.

Geography

Dutch topographic map of the municipality of Oegstgeest, June 2015 Gem-Oegstgeest-OpenTopo.jpg
Dutch topographic map of the municipality of Oegstgeest, June 2015

The municipality of Oegstgeest covers an area of 7.97 km2 (3.08 sq mi) of which 0.67 km2 (0.26 sq mi) is water. Oegstgeest lies just to the north of Leiden, with which it is conjoined in a conurbation and formed the Leiden region. Oegstgeest is a separate municipality, but it is effectively a suburb of Leiden. The municipality of Katwijk is to the west, the municipality of Teylingen to the north, the Kaag Lakes (Kagerplassen) to the northeast and Leiderdorp to the east.

Notable residents

Oegstgeest is the birthplace of the famous Dutch writer Jan Wolkers as well as stand up comedian Theo Maassen. Marinus van der Lubbe lived there. The first president of Suriname, Johan Ferrier, lived in Oegstgeest at the time of his death. Pieter Van Quackenbosch was born here, before moving to the city of Albany, New York (formerly New Beverwyck). The composer Jan van Gilse died in Oegstgeest and is buried in an unmarked grave nearby.

Culture

Sports

Oegstgeest has 3 soccer clubs: VV Oegstgeest, VV UDO and ASC. At the latter you can also play cricket. FIKS is the local korfball team. At LOHC you can play hockey and the neighboring OLTC (founded 1886) is the tennis club of the municipality. Oegstgeest has 1 Volleyball club called VCO.

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References

  1. "College van burgemeester en wethouders" [Board of mayor and aldermen] (in Dutch). Gemeente Oegstgeest. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  2. "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten" [Key figures for neighbourhoods]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
  3. "Postcodetool for 2342AN". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  4. "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 27 October 2017. Retrieved 27 October 2017.