Oise

Last updated
Oise
Prefecture beauvais 2.jpg
Prefecture building in Beauvais
Drapeau fr departement Oise.svg
Blason departement fr Oise.svg
Oise-Position.svg
Location of Oise in France
Coordinates: 49°23′N02°25′E / 49.383°N 2.417°E / 49.383; 2.417 Coordinates: 49°23′N02°25′E / 49.383°N 2.417°E / 49.383; 2.417
Country France
Region Hauts-de-France
Prefecture Beauvais
Subprefectures Clermont
Compiègne
Senlis
Government
   President of the General Council Nadège Lefebvre
(LR)
Area
1
  Total5,860 km2 (2,260 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2019) [1]
  Total829,419
  Rank 26th
  Density140/km2 (370/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number 60
Arrondissements 4
Cantons 21
Communes 679
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2

Oise ( /wɑːz/ WAHZ; French:  [waz] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen ); Picard : Oése) is a department in the north of France. It is named after the river Oise. Inhabitants of the department are called Oisiens (French:  [wazjɛ̃] ) or Isariens, after the Latin name for the river, Isara.

Contents

History

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1801350,854    
1821375,817+0.34%
1831397,725+0.57%
1841398,868+0.03%
1851403,857+0.12%
1861401,417−0.06%
1872396,804−0.11%
1881404,555+0.22%
1891401,835−0.07%
1901407,808+0.15%
1911411,028+0.08%
1921387,760−0.58%
1931407,432+0.50%
1936402,569−0.24%
1946396,724−0.15%
1954435,308+1.17%
1962481,289+1.26%
1968540,988+1.97%
1975606,320+1.64%
1982661,781+1.26%
1990725,603+1.16%
1999766,441+0.61%
2006792,975+0.49%
2016823,542+0.38%
source: [2]

Oise is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on March 4, 1790. It was created from part of the province of Île-de-France and Picardy.

After the coalition victory at Waterloo, the department was occupied by British troops between June 1815 and November 1818.

In March 2021, local Member of Parliament Olivier Dassault was killed in a plane crash. [3]

Geography

Oise is part of the current region of Hauts-de-France and is situated 35 km north of Paris. It is surrounded by the departments of Somme, Aisne, Seine-et-Marne, Val-d'Oise, Eure, and Seine-Maritime.

Principal towns

Most Populous Oise communes [4]
RankCommuneCantonArrondissementPopulation (2017)
1 Beauvais Beauvais-1
Beauvais-2
Beauvais 56,254
2 Compiègne Compiègne-1
Compiègne-2
Compiègne 40,199
3 Creil Creil Senlis 35,657
4 Nogent-sur-Oise Nogent-sur-Oise Senlis 20,033
5 Crépy-en-Valois Crépy-en-Valois Senlis 15,090
6 Méru Méru Beauvais 14,614
7 Senlis Senlis Senlis 14,277
8 Noyon Noyon Compiègne 13,519
9 Montataire Montataire Senlis 13,263
10 Pont-Sainte-Maxence Pont-Sainte-Maxence Senlis 12,209

Politics

Presidential elections 2nd round

ElectionWinning CandidateParty%2nd Place CandidateParty%
2022 Emmanuel Macron LREM 47.27 Marine Le Pen RN 52.73
2017 [5] Emmanuel Macron LREM 53.28 Marine Le Pen FN 46.72
2012 Nicolas Sarkozy UMP 52.66 François Hollande PS 47.34
2007 Nicolas Sarkozy UMP 58.28 Ségolène Royal PS 41.72
2002 [5] Jacques Chirac RPR 74.93 Jean-Marie Le Pen FN 25.07

Current National Assembly Representatives

ConstituencyMember [6] Party
Oise's 1st constituency Victor Habert-Dassault The Republicans
Oise's 2nd constituency Agnès Thill Union of Democrats and Independents
Oise's 3rd constituency Pascal Bois La République En Marche!
Oise's 4th constituency Éric Woerth The Republicans
Oise's 5th constituency Pierre Vatin The Republicans
Oise's 6th constituency Carole Bureau-Bonnard La République En Marche!
Oise's 7th constituency Maxime Minot The Republicans

Tourism

The major tourist attraction of the department is the Parc Astérix, which opened in 1989. Other interesting sites are Beauvais Cathedral, the Chateau de Pierrefonds, restored by Viollet-le-Duc, and the art collection of the Château de Chantilly, which is one of the largest outside Paris.

Twinned county

Oise is twinned with Bedfordshire in England.

One of the villages along the river Oise is Auvers-sur-Oise, famous for having been visited by several impressionist artists. This is where Vincent van Gogh spent his last 70 days and is his and his brother Theo's resting place.

See also

Related Research Articles

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References

  1. "Téléchargement du fichier d'ensemble des populations légales en 2019". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 28 December 2020.
  2. "Historique de l'Oise". Le SPLAF.
  3. "French MP and billionaire Olivier Dassault dies in helicopter crash". BBC News. 2021-03-07. Retrieved 2021-03-08.
  4. Téléchargement du fichier d'ensemble des populations légales en 2017, INSEE
  5. 1 2 l'Intérieur, Ministère de. "Présidentielles". interieur.gouv.fr.
  6. Nationale, Assemblée. "Assemblée nationale ~ Les députés, le vote de la loi, le Parlement français". Assemblée nationale.