Okayama Prefecture

Last updated
Okayama Prefecture
岡山県
Japanese transcription(s)
   Japanese 岡山県
   Rōmaji Okayama-ken
Flag of Okayama Prefecture.svg
Emblem of Okayama Prefecture.svg
Anthem: Okayama-ken no uta
Map of Japan with highlight on 33 Okayama prefecture.svg
CountryFlag of Japan.svg  Japan
Region Chūgoku (Sanyō)
Island Honshu
Capital Okayama
Subdivisions Districts: 10, Municipalities: 27
Government
   Governor Ryūta Ibaragi
Area
  Total7,114.50 km2 (2,746.92 sq mi)
  Rank 17th
Population
 (February 1, 2018)
  Total1,906,464
  Rank 21st
  Density270/km2 (690/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code JP-33
Website www.pref.okayama.jp
Symbols
BirdLesser  cuckoo (Cuculus poliocephalus)
Flower Peach   blossom (Prunus persica var. vulgaris)
TreeRed  pine (Pinus densiflora)

Okayama Prefecture (岡山県, Okayama-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūgoku region of Honshu. [1] Okayama Prefecture has a population of 1,906,464 (1 February 2018) and has a geographic area of 7,114 km2 (2,746 sq mi). Okayama Prefecture borders Tottori Prefecture to the north, Hyōgo Prefecture to the east, and Hiroshima Prefecture to the west.

Contents

Okayama is the capital and largest city of Okayama Prefecture, with other major cities including Kurashiki, Tsuyama, and Sōja. [2] [3] [4] Okayama Prefecture's south is located on the Seto Inland Sea coast across from Kagawa Prefecture on the island of Shikoku, which are connected by the Great Seto Bridge, while the north is characterized by the Chūgoku Mountains.

History

Prior to the Meiji Restoration of 1868, the area of present-day Okayama Prefecture was divided between Bitchū, Bizen and Mimasaka Provinces. Okayama Prefecture was formed and named in 1871 as part of the large-scale administrative reforms of the early Meiji period (1868–1912), and the borders of the prefecture were set in 1876. [3] [5]

Geography

Map of Okayama Prefecture
Government Ordinance Designated City City Town Village Map of Okayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Map of Okayama Prefecture
     Government Ordinance Designated City     City     Town     Village

Okayama Prefecture borders Hyōgo Prefecture, Tottori Prefecture, and Hiroshima Prefecture. [3] It faces Kagawa Prefecture in Shikoku across the Seto Inland Sea and includes 90 islands in the sea.

Okayama Prefecture is home to the historic town of Kurashiki. Most of the population is concentrated around Kurashiki and Okayama. The small villages in the northern mountain region are aging and declining in population - more than half of the prefecture's municipalities are officially designated as depopulated. [6]

As of 1 April 2014, 11% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Daisen-Oki and Setonaikai National Parks; the Hyōnosen-Ushiroyama-Nagisan Quasi-National Park; and seven Prefectural Natural Parks. [7]

Cities

Okayama City Okayama city view from Sankunjinja remains.JPG
Okayama City
Tsuyama Tsuyama Castle01s5s5000.jpg
Tsuyama
Takahashi Takahashi -01.jpg
Takahashi
Niimi Niimi city.jpg
Niimi

Fifteen cities are located in Okayama Prefecture:

NameArea (km2)PopulationMap
Rōmaji Kanji
Flag of Akaiwa, Okayama.svg Akaiwa 赤磐市209.4344,498 Akaiwa in Okayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Asakuchi Okayama.JPG Asakuchi 浅口市66.4635,022 Asakuchi in Okayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Bizen Okayama.JPG Bizen 備前市258.2335,610 Bizen in Okayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Ibara, Okayama.svg Ibara 井原市243.3641,460 Ibara in Okayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kasaoka, Okayama.svg Kasaoka 笠岡市136.0350,160 Kasaoka in Okayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kurashiki, Okayama.svg Kurashiki 倉敷市355.63483,576 Kurashiki in Okayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Maniwa, Okayama.svg Maniwa 真庭市828.4344,265 Maniwa in Okayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Mimasaka Okayama.JPG Mimasaka 美作市429.1928,502 Mimasaka in Okayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Niimi Okayama.JPG Niimi 新見市793.2730,583 Niimi in Okayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Okayama, Okayama.svg Okayama (capital)岡山市789.92720,841 Okayama in Okayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Setouchi Okayama.JPG Setouchi 瀬戸内市125.5137,934 Setouchi in Okayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Soja, Okayama.svg Sōja 総社市21267,059 Soja in Okayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Takahashi Okayama.JPG Takahashi 高梁市547.0131,556 Takahashi in Okayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Tamano Okayama.JPG Tamano 玉野市103.6160,101 Tamano in Okayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Tsuyama, Okayama.svg Tsuyama 津山市506.36102,294 Tsuyama in Okayama Prefecture Ja.svg

Towns and villages

These are the towns and villages in each district:

NameArea (km2)PopulationDistrictTypeMap
Rōmaji Kanji
Flag of Hayashima Okayama.svg Hayashima 早島町7.6212,671 Tsukubo District Town Hayashima in Okayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kaganino Okayama.JPG Kagamino 鏡野町419.6914,651 Tomata District Town Kagamino in Okayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kibichuo Okayama.JPG Kibichūō 吉備中央町268.7311,989 Kaga District Town Kibichuo in Okayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kumenan Okyama.JPG Kumenan 久米南町78.654,962 Kume District Town Kumenan in Okayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Misaki Okayama.JPG Misaki 美咲町232.1517,776 Kume District Town Misaki in Okayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Nagi Okayama.JPG Nagi 奈義町69.545,861 Katsuta District Town Nagi in Okayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Nishiawakura Okayama.JPG Nishiawakura 西粟倉村57.931,437 Aida District Village Nishiawakura in Okayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Satosho Okayama.JPG Satoshō 里庄町12.2311,204 Asakuchi District Town Satosho in Okayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Shinjo Okayama.JPG Shinjō 新庄村67.1951 Maniwa District Village Shinjo in Okayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Shoo Okayama.png Shōō 勝央町54.0911,237 Katsuta District Town Shouou in Okayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Wake Okayama.svg Wake 和気町144.2114,191 Wake District Town Wake in Okayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Yakage Okayama.JPG Yakage 矢掛町90.6214,041 Oda District Town Yakage in Okayama Prefecture Ja.svg

Mergers

Demographics

Per Japanese census data, [8] and, [9] Okayama prefecture has had continual negative population growth since 2005

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1920 1,218,000    
1930 1,284,000+5.4%
1940 1,329,000+3.5%
1950 1,661,000+25.0%
1960 1,670,000+0.5%
1970 1,707,000+2.2%
1980 1,871,000+9.6%
1990 1,926,000+2.9%
2000 1,950,828+1.3%
2010 1,945,276−0.3%
2020 1,920,739−1.3%

Education

Universities

High schools

Transportation

Rail

Tramways

Roads

Expressways

National highways

Airport

Culture

Association with Momotarō legend

Okayama Prefecture is closely associated with the folklore hero, Momotarō. This tale is said to have roots in the legendary story of Kibitsuhiko-no-mikoto and Ura which explains that the Prince Ura of Kudara used to live in Kinojo (castle of the devil) and was a cause of trouble for the people living in the village. The emperor's government sent Kibitsuhiko-no-mikoto (Momotarō) to defeat Ura. The city of Okayama holds an annual Momotarō-matsuri, or Momotarō Festival. [4] [11]

Sports

City Light Stadium. Momotaro Stadium 01.jpg
City Light Stadium.

The sports teams listed below are based in Okayama.

Football

Volleyball

Basketball

Tourism

Okayama Korakuen Park and Okayama Castle Okayama Korakuen Garden01.jpg
Okayama Korakuen Park and Okayama Castle
Hiruzen Plateau and Hiruzen Joyful Park in Maniwa Joyful Park 01.jpg
Hiruzen Plateau and Hiruzen Joyful Park in Maniwa
Hinase Island and Seto Inlandsea in Bizen Harbor View Park Hinase Bizen Okayama Pref Japan03bs.jpg
Hinase Island and Seto Inlandsea in Bizen
Bitchu Matsuyama Castle in Takahashi Bitchu Matsuyama Casle observatory202111-1.jpg
Bitchu Matsuyama Castle in Takahashi

Some tourist attractions are:

Notable people

Notes

  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Okayama-ken" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 745 , p. 745, at Google Books; "Chūgoku" at p. 127 , p. 127, at Google Books.
  2. Nussbaum, "Okayama" at p. 745 , p. 745, at Google Books.
  3. 1 2 3 "Okayama Prefecture". Encyclopedia of Japan. Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. OCLC   56431036. Archived from the original on August 25, 2007. Retrieved 2012-08-01.
  4. 1 2 "岡山(県)" [Okayama Prefecture]. Nihon Daihyakka Zensho (Nipponika) (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. OCLC   153301537. Archived from the original on August 25, 2007. Retrieved 2012-08-15.
  5. Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780 , p. 780, at Google Books.
  6. Okayama official website Archived 2013-01-02 at the Wayback Machine accessed Nov. 2007
  7. "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment. 1 April 2014. Archived (PDF) from the original on 21 April 2012. Retrieved 19 February 2015.
  8. "Okayama (Japan): Prefecture, Major Cities & Towns - Population Statistics, Maps, Charts, Weather and Web Information". www.citypopulation.de.
  9. "Japan Prefectures Population from 1920 and Area". www.demographia.com.
  10. "岡山県作陽高等学校". www.sakuyo-h.ed.jp. Archived from the original on 11 January 2018. Retrieved 24 April 2018.
  11. "Okayama History". Archived from the original on 22 May 2012. Retrieved 24 June 2012.
  12. "Yuko Arimori's profile".
  13. "Shin Koyamada's IMDB Biography". Archived from the original on 2013-03-27.

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Niimi City in Chūgoku, Japan

Niimi is a city located in northwestern Okayama Prefecture, Japan.

Mimasaka Province Former province of Japan

Mimasaka Province or Sakushu was a province of Japan in the part of Honshū that is today northeastern Okayama Prefecture. Mimasaka bordered Bitchū, Bizen, Harima, Hōki, and Inaba Provinces.

Bitchū Province Former province of Japan

Bitchū Province was a province of Japan on the Inland Sea side of western Honshū, in what is today western Okayama Prefecture. It was sometimes called Bishū (備州), with Bizen and Bingo Provinces; those three provinces were settled in the late 7th Century, dividing former Kibi Province. Bitchu bordered Hōki, Mimasaka, Bizen, and Bingo Provinces.

Sanyo Broadcasting Television station in Okayama and Kagawa

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Maniwa City in Chūgoku, Japan

Maniwa is a city located in north-central Okayama Prefecture, Japan. Its northernmost border meets that of Tottori Prefecture.

Sanyō region Historical region of Japan

The San'yō Region is an area in the south of Honshū, the main island of Japan. It consists of the southern part of the Chūgoku region, facing the Seto Inland Sea. The name San'yō means "southern, sunny () side of the mountains" and contrasts with the San'in or "northern, shady (in) side of the mountains".

Okayama Station Railway station in Okayama, Japan

Okayama Station is a railway station in Kita-ku, Okayama, Okayama Prefecture, Japan. The station is operated by West Japan Railway Company.

Okayama Designated city in Chūgoku, Japan

Okayama is the capital city of Okayama Prefecture in the Chūgoku region of Japan. The city was founded on June 1, 1889. As of February 2017, the city has an estimated population of 720,841 and a population density of 910 persons per km2. The total area is 789.88 square kilometres.

Niimi Station Railway station in Niimi, Okayama Prefecture, Japan

Niimi Station is a JR West station located in Niimi, Okayama Prefecture, Japan. It offers connecting service to the Geibi, Hakubi, and Kishin Lines.

Bitchū-Kōjiro Station Railway station in Niimi, Okayama Prefecture, Japan

Bitchū-Kōjiro Station is a JR West station located on the west side of Niimi, Okayama Prefecture, Japan. It offers connecting service to the Geibi and Hakubi Lines.

Sanyōdō Seto Inland Sea side of Chūgoku

San'yōdō (山陽道) is a Japanese geographical term. It means both an ancient division of the country and the main road running through it. The San'yōdō corresponds for the most part with the modern conception of the San'yō region. This name derives from the idea that the southern side of the central mountain chain running through Honshū was the "sunny" side, while the northern side was the "shady" side.

Hakubi Line Railway line in Japan

The Hakubi Line is a railway line operated by West Japan Railway Company in the mountainous area of the Chūgoku region of Japan. It begins at the south end of Okayama Prefecture at Kurashiki Station in Kurashiki, passing through Niimi Station on the west side of Niimi, and terminating at Hōki-Daisen Station in Yonago, Tottori Prefecture, linking Okayama Prefecture and Yonago across the Chūgoku Mountains. The Hakubi Line follows the Takahashi River between Kurashiki and Niimi, and the Hino River between Shōyama and Hōki-Daisen.

Kurashiki Station Railway station in Kurashiki, Okayama Prefecture, Japan

Kurashiki Station is a JR West Sanyō Main Line and Hakubi Line railway station located in 1-1 1-chōme, Achi, Kurashiki, Okayama Prefecture, Japan. All Sanyō Main Line and Hakubi Line express and limited express trains stop at this station. The Mizushima Coastal Railway Kurashiki-shi Station is near the station.

Honshi-Bisan Line Railway line in Japan

The Honshi-Bisan Line is a Japanese railway line which connects Kurashiki in Okayama Prefecture with Utazu in Kagawa Prefecture. It is owned and operated jointly by West Japan Railway Company and Shikoku Railway Company. The line is the central section of the Seto-Ōhashi Line, a service connecting Okayama and Takamatsu; as a result, the Honshi-Bisan Line is rarely referred to by itself, but rather as a part of the larger Seto-Ōhashi Line service.

References

Coordinates: 34°42′N133°51′E / 34.700°N 133.850°E / 34.700; 133.850