Okayama University

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Okayama University
岡山大学
Gang Shan Da Xue Fu Shu Tu Shu Guan Zhong Yang Guan .jpg
Okayama University Library (Tsushima Campus)
Motto"Creating and fostering higher knowledge and wisdom"
Type Public (National)
EstablishedFounded 1870
Chartered 1922
President Hirofumi Makino(M.D.)
Academic staff
1,402 full-time [1]
Administrative staff
1,201 [2]
Students14,035
Undergraduates 10,567 [3]
Postgraduates 3,468 [4]
1,343
Location, ,
Campus Urban
Colors Blue and red ocher
Website www.okayama-u.ac.jp

Okayama University(岡山大学,Okayama Daigaku) is a national university in Japan. The main campus is located in Tsushima-Naka, Okayama, Okayama Prefecture.

Japan Constitutional monarchy in East Asia

Japan is an island country in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies off the eastern coast of the Asian continent and stretches from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and the Philippine Sea in the south.

Okayama Designated city in Chūgoku, Japan

Okayama is the capital city of Okayama Prefecture in the Chūgoku region of Japan. The city was founded on June 1, 1889.

Okayama Prefecture Prefecture of Japan

Okayama Prefecture is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūgoku region on the main island of Honshu. The capital is the city of Okayama.

Contents

The school was founded in 1870 and it was established as a university in 1949.

History

The origin of the university is the Medical Training Place(医学館,Igakkan) founded in 1870 by Okayama-Han. It underwent the abolition of the han system and was developed into Okayama Prefectural Medical School(岡山県医学校) in 1880. In 1888 it was merged into a national school, the Third Higher Middle School(第三高等中学校,Daisan kōtō chūgakkō) [5] to constitute the Medical Faculty. The Medical Faculty became an independent school in 1901 and was renamed Okayama Medical Speciality School(岡山医学専門学校,Okayama igaku semmon gakkō), [6] a four-year medical school for men ages 17–21 or above. In 1922 the school was chartered as Okayama Medical College(岡山医科大学,Okayama ika daigaku), a four-year medical college for men ages 19–23 or above.

The Okayama Domain was a Japanese domain of the Edo period. It was associated with Bizen Province in modern-day Okayama Prefecture.

The abolition of the han system in the Empire of Japan and its replacement by a system of prefectures in 1871 was the culmination of the Meiji Restoration begun in 1868, starting year of Meiji period. Under the reform, all daimyōs were required to return their authority to the Emperor Meiji and his house. The process was accomplished in several stages, resulting in a new centralized government of Meiji Japan and the replacement of the old feudal system with a new oligarchy.

In 1949, after World War II, the college was merged with other national and public colleges in Okayama Prefecture to establish Okayama University, under Japan's new education system. The predecessors of the university were Okayama Medical College, the Sixth Higher School(第六高等学校,Dairoku kōtō gakkō, established in 1900), Okayama Normal School(岡山師範学校,Okayama shihan gakkō, founded in 1874), Okayama Youth's Normal School(岡山青年師範学校,Okayama seinen shihan gakkō, founded in 1922) and Okayama (Prefectural) Agricultural College(岡山農業専門学校,Okayama nōgyō semmon gakkō, established in 1946).

World War II 1939–1945 global war

World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. A state of total war emerged, directly involving more than 100 million people from over 30 countries. The major participants threw their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, blurring the distinction between civilian and military resources. World War II was the deadliest conflict in human history, marked by 50 to 85 million fatalities, most of whom were civilians in the Soviet Union and China. It included massacres, the genocide of the Holocaust, strategic bombing, premeditated death from starvation and disease, and the only use of nuclear weapons in war.

The new campus (Tsushima Campus) was the former camp of the Imperial Japanese Army (the 17th Division). After occupation army left the camp (in 1947), the students of the Sixth Higher School (whose buildings were burnt in the war) guarded the camp, residing in the former military barracks. They finally got the camp as their campus. The faculties of Okayama University, except the Medical School, were gradually removed to Tsushima Campus.

Military base facility directly owned and operated by or for the military

A military base is a facility directly owned and operated by or for the military or one of its branches that shelters military equipment and personnel, and facilitates training and operations. A military base provides accommodations for one or more units, but it may also be used as a command center, training ground or proving ground. In most cases, military bases rely on outside help to operate. However, certain complex bases are able to endure on their own for long periods because they are able to provide food, water and other life support necessities for their inhabitants while under siege. Military bases for military aviation are called military air bases. Military bases for military ships are called naval bases.

17th Division (Imperial Japanese Army) division

The 17th Division was an infantry division in the Imperial Japanese Army. Its tsūshōgō code name was the Moon Division. The 17th Division was one of two infantry divisions newly raised by the Imperial Japanese Army immediately after the Russo-Japanese War (1904–1905). The division received its colors on 13 November 1907. Its original headquarters was in a suburb of the city of Okayama, and its troops were recruited primarily from communities in the three prefectures of Okayama, Hirohima, and Shimane. The first commander of the division was Lieutenant General Ichinohe Hyoe.

Occupation of Japan Allied occupation of Japan following WWII

The Allied occupation of Japan at the end of World War II was led by General Douglas MacArthur, the Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers, with support from the British Commonwealth. Unlike in the occupation of Germany, the Soviet Union was allowed little to no influence over Japan. This foreign presence marks the only time in Japan's history that it has been occupied by a foreign power. The country became a parliamentary democracy that recalled "New Deal" priorities of the 1930s by Roosevelt. The occupation, codenamed Operation Blacklist, was ended by the San Francisco Peace Treaty, signed on September 8, 1951, and effective from April 28, 1952, after which Japan's sovereignty – with the exception, until 1972, of the Ryukyu Islands – was fully restored.

The university at first had five faculties: Law and Letters, Education, Science, Agriculture and Medicine. The latter history of the university is as follows:

Magosaburō Ōhara Japanese businessman

Magosaburō Ōhara was a Japanese businessman and philanthropist who founded Ōhara Art Museum and the Kuraray chemical company.

Itai-itai disease was the name given to the mass cadmium poisoning of Toyama Prefecture, Japan, starting around 1912. The term "itai-itai disease" was coined by locals for the severe pains people with the condition felt in the spine and joints. Cadmium poisoning can also cause softening of the bones and kidney failure. The cadmium was released into rivers by mining companies in the mountains, which were successfully sued for the damage. Itai-itai disease is known as one of the Four Big Pollution Diseases of Japan.

Cadmium Chemical element with atomic number 48

Cadmium is a chemical element with symbol Cd and atomic number 48. This soft, silvery-white metal is chemically similar to the two other stable metals in group 12, zinc and mercury. Like zinc, it demonstrates oxidation state +2 in most of its compounds, and like mercury, it has a lower melting point than the transition metals in groups 3 through 11. Cadmium and its congeners in group 12 are often not considered transition metals, in that they do not have partly filled d or f electron shells in the elemental or common oxidation states. The average concentration of cadmium in Earth's crust is between 0.1 and 0.5 parts per million (ppm). It was discovered in 1817 simultaneously by Stromeyer and Hermann, both in Germany, as an impurity in zinc carbonate.

Okayama University badge Okayama University logo.jpg
Okayama University badge
Okayama University Communication Symbol Okayama University communication logo.jpg
Okayama University Communication Symbol

Faculties (undergraduate schools)

Faculty of Law

In 1949, Okayama University set up the department of law, economics and literature at the same time as the university was founded. In those days, this was the only faculty of law in the region of Chugoku and Shikoku. Later in 1980, Okayama University reorganized the department and separated the faculty of law which became the department of law today. Then, in 2004, Okayama University reorganized again when the law graduate course was established. As a result, there are daytime courses and nighttime courses in the faculty of law. The law department continues to be a base of education, law and politics. During 50 years, the university has produced many great graduates, especially the judicial world.

Academics

The faculty of law aims at educating people who can deeply understand and analyze modern society and who have the ability of logic and application. To be concrete,

  1. People who can gain a basic knowledge about each law field and who can solve problems logically with their legal mind.
  2. People who understand various view about politics and society and have a curiosity and ability to solve problems in current society.
  3. People who understand about international society and have communication skills and can we deal with information well.

Study in the department of law is mainly founded on law. But students also develop the texts of law and the knowledge of system and thinking skills to cope with the problems which really occur in society. In addition, students will develop a legal mind in this faculty. Such students can clearly analyze legal problems and quickly solve issues.

On lectures about professional fields of law and politics, people study basic knowledge and basic ways of thinking. In addition, student can take small class, seminar. They can develop the ability of arguing, thinking deeply and discovering problems. Moreover, they can improve their personality.

Through many small seminars, students are challenged to think deeply and improve their problem-solving ability.

In the department of law, students learn from actual problems which have occurred. In addition, use in discovery of the problem in the result of education research of the university society and survey of solution method, students are advancing the people and the cooperation which participate to business.

Faculty of Economics: Department of Economics (including evening course)

Modern Economic Analysis

The students of this Course learns macro and micro economics and their trends, that is, to figure out structures and movements from theoretical, empirical (statistical), and strategic points of view by taking this course. Students can better understand the contents of newspapers and economic magazines, and furthermore, interpret economic survey data of the government.

International Comparative Economics

In this course, students learn about the current economic states of major countries or regions in order to make comparisons and analyses of them, as well as each country’s economic development and history. The students of this course learn basic knowledge that is very useful to work for multinational companies in many fields, including the manufacturing, trading, or service industry.

Management and Accounting

Students who take this course work in administration, including management, organization, and strategy, and in accounting and financing, Students come to understand and develop insights into actual company operations. This course has students who want to be a certified public accountant or a licensed tax accountant.

Faculty of Science

Faculty of Medicine

Faculty of Health Sciences

Dental School (in Shikata Campus)

Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences

Faculty of Engineering

Faculty of Environmental Science and Technology

Environmental science and technology has four departments: Environmental and Mathematical Sciences, Environmental and Civil Engineering, Environmental Management Engineering, and Environmental Chemistry and Materials.

The environmental science and technology faculty began in 1995. The faculty was established to create knowledge that is a fusion of the natural, health and cultural sciences. This is the first university in Japan where such a special knowledge of environment is studied so many universities and companies have a special interest in this department.

Environmental problems are seriously influencing the world. This faculty is contributing to solving these problems, and practicing a number of important projects. For example, an environmentally-friendly resource recovery process using waste nickel hydride battery project; risk management security strategies for toxic substance disposal; advanced nano materials fullerene project; full color rewritable paper using functional capsules; ecological genetic study of clock genes that can cause speciation project.

Faculty of Agriculture

Department of Agricultural Sciences

Matching Program Course

This is cross-faculty program designed to help students create their own integrated program matching individual career and academic interests. Students can take classes from other faculties which they are interested in and original classes in this course, so students can decide their major after thinking through many experiences.

Graduate schools

Attached Institute

Nationwide Joint-use Facility

Campuses

Each campus is in the central part of Okayama-city, except the Misasa Campus

Tsushima Campus

Tsushima Campus has an Administrative Center at 1-1, Tsushima-Naka, 1-chome, Kita-Ku, Okayama/1-1, Tsushima-Naka, 2-chome, Kita-Ku, Okayama/1-1, Tsushima-Naka, 3-chome, Kita-Ku, Okayama/1-62, Tsushima-Kuwanokicho, Kita-Ku, Okayama

Shikata Campus

5-1, Shikata-cho, 2-chome, Kita-Ku, Okayama

Misasa Campus

827, Yamada, Misasa, Tottori Prefecture

Okayama University x SDGs

Sustainable Development Goals(SDG) UN SDG Logo.png
Sustainable Development Goals(SDG)
SDGs logo Sustainable Development Goals.jpg
SDGs logo

Okayama University continues to make significant strides towards realizing the Sustainable Development Goals. Why? As a niversity, our mission is to conduct research, to educate people, and to contribute to society. As we generate new knowledge, our responsibility as educators is to pass on what we know to the next generation. Beyond the classroom, we have a responsibility to bring our ideas to life in the broader world, and thereby to improve society. To us, the SDGs embody core themes of sustainability and well-being.

Okayama University continues to make significant strides towards realizing the Sustainable Development Goals. Why? As a university, our mission is to conduct research, to educate people, and to contribute to society. As we generate new knowledge, our responsibility as educators is to pass on what we know to the next generation. Beyond the classroom, we have a responsibility to bring our ideas to life in the broader world, and thereby to improve society. To us, the SDGs embody core themes of sustainability and well-being.

The SDGs are focused on preserving the global environment and creating an equitable human society in which no-one is left behind. They are ambitious goals for the future of humanity, and their achievement will require communities and organizations around the world to work together. As the goals address unprecedented modern challenges at an unprecedented scale, solutions will require new forms of knowledge and technology, which we as a university are uniquely equipped to provide. We also bear the responsibility of preparing people with the skills and information necessary to find solutions to humanity’s most pressing problems.

Okayama University has an especially strong commitment to laying the foundations for the continual evolution of human society. We were honored to become the first Asian UNESCO chair, in recognition of our efforts in the field of ESD, or Education for Sustainable Development. Our mission through UNESCO is the continual development and promotion of knowledge and innovation to address sustainability challenges both here in Okayama and around the globe.

We are seeking to create and intensify partnerships with engaged people and institutions like never before. Together, we can realize these goals and redefine the vanguard of sustainability and well-being. We’re excited to get started.

Notable alumni

Sahachiro Hata Japanese bacteriologist

Sahachirō Hata was a prominent Japanese bacteriologist who assisted in developing the Arsphenamine drug in 1909 in the laboratory of Paul Ehrlich.

Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine One of five Nobel Prizes established in 1895 by Alfred Nobel

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, administered by the Nobel Foundation, is awarded yearly for outstanding discoveries in the fields of life sciences and medicine. It is one of five Nobel Prizes established in his will in 1895 by Swedish chemist Alfred Nobel, the inventor of dynamite. Nobel was interested in experimental physiology and wanted to establish a prize for scientific progress through laboratory discoveries. The Nobel Prize is presented at an annual ceremony on 10 December, the anniversary of Nobel's death, along with a diploma and a certificate for the monetary award. The front side of the medal displays the same profile of Alfred Nobel depicted on the medals for Physics, Chemistry, and Literature. The reverse side is unique to this medal. The most recent Nobel prize was announced by Karolinska Institute on 1 October 2018, and has been awarded to American James P. Allison and Japanese Tasuku Honjo – for their discovery of cancer therapy by inhibition of negative immune regulation.

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References

  1. excluding the teachers at the attached schools. "Number of Staff" (pdf). Okayama University. 2007-05-01. Retrieved 2008-03-29.[ permanent dead link ]
  2. including the teachers at the attached schools. "Number of Staff" (pdf). Okayama University. 2007-05-01. Retrieved 2008-03-29.[ permanent dead link ]
  3. "Number of Students (at the Faculties)" (pdf). Okayama University. 2007-05-01. Retrieved 2008-03-29.[ dead link ]
  4. "Number of Students (at the Graduate Schools)" (pdf). Okayama University. 2007-05-01. Retrieved 2008-03-29.[ dead link ]
  5. The Third Higher Middle School was headquartered in Osaka (-1889) / Kyoto (1889-).
  6. "Historical Sketch" (pdf). Okayama University. Retrieved 2008-03-29.[ dead link ]

Coordinates: 34°41′20″N133°55′12″E / 34.68889°N 133.92000°E / 34.68889; 133.92000