Okha, Russia

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Okha
Оха(Russian)
-   Town [1]   -
Map of Russia - Sakhalin Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Sakhalin Oblast in Russia
Outline Map of Sakhalin Oblast.svg
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Okha
Location of Okha in Sakhalin Oblast
Coordinates: 53°35′N142°56′E / 53.583°N 142.933°E / 53.583; 142.933 Coordinates: 53°35′N142°56′E / 53.583°N 142.933°E / 53.583; 142.933
Coat of Arms of Okha (Sakhalin oblast).png
Flag of Okha (Sakhalin oblast).png
Coat of arms
Flag
Administrative status  (as of December 2011)
Country Russia
Federal subject Sakhalin Oblast [1]
Administrative district Okhinsky District [1]
Administrative center of Okhinsky District [1]
Municipal status  (as of July 2012)
Urban okrug Okhinsky Urban Okrug [2]
Administrative center of Okhinsky Urban Okrug [2]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 23,008 inhabitants [3]
Time zone MAGT (UTC+11:00) [4]
Founded1880[ citation needed ]
Town status since 1938[ citation needed ]
Postal code(s) [5] 69449x
Dialing code(s) +7 42437 [6]
Website
Okha on Wikimedia Commons

Okha (Russian : Оха́) is a town and the administrative center of Okhinsky District of Sakhalin Oblast, Russia, located on the east coast of the far north of Sakhalin island, approximately 850 kilometers (530 mi) north of Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, near the shoreline of the Sea of Okhotsk. Population: 23,008(2010 Census); [3] 27,963(2002 Census); [7] 36,104(1989 Census). [8]

Russian language East Slavic language

Russian is an East Slavic language, which is official in the Russian Federation, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, as well as being widely used throughout Eastern Europe, the Baltic states, the Caucasus and Central Asia. It was the de facto language of the Soviet Union until its dissolution on 25 December 1991. Although nearly three decades have passed since the breakup of the Soviet Union, Russian is used in official capacity or in public life in all the post-Soviet nation-states, as well as in Israel and Mongolia.

The classification system of the types of inhabited localities in Russia, the former Soviet Union, and some other post-Soviet states has certain peculiarities compared with the classification systems in other countries.

Okhinsky District District in Sakhalin Oblast, Russia

Okhinsky District is an administrative district (raion) of Sakhalin Oblast, Russia; one of the seventeen in the oblast. Municipally, it is incorporated as Okhinsky Urban Okrug. It is located in the north of the Island of Sakhalin. The area of the district is 14,815.87 square kilometers (5,720.44 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Okha. Population : 2,847 (2010 Census); 5,526 (2002 Census); 18,612 (1989 Census).

Contents

History

It was founded shortly after the discovery of petroleum in the area in 1880, initially under the name Okhe.[ citation needed ] The name is derived from an Ainu word meaning Bad Water. Industrial exploitation of the petroleum reserves began in 1923, during the Japanese occupation of Sakhalin from 1920-1925. Town status was granted to it in 1938.[ citation needed ]

Petroleum naturally occurring flammable liquid

Petroleum is a naturally occurring, yellowish-black liquid found in geological formations beneath the Earth's surface. It is commonly refined into various types of fuels. Components of petroleum are separated using a technique called fractional distillation, i.e. separation of a liquid mixture into fractions differing in boiling point by means of distillation, typically using a fractionating column.

Ainu language language spoken in Hokkaido, Japan

Hokkaido Ainu is a language spoken by members of the Ainu people on the northern Japanese island of Hokkaido.

The town suffered significant damage in the 1995 Neftegorsk earthquake that occurred on May 28, and was used as pivotal base for rescuers deployed to Neftegorsk, which was destroyed to the extent that it was not rebuilt. A number of survivors of Neftegorsk were later transferred to Okha. Another smaller earthquake hit the town on May 10, 2005, but there were no fatalities or significant damage.

1995 Neftegorsk earthquake May 1995 earthquake on Russian island of Sachalin

The 1995 Neftegorsk earthquake occurred on 28 May at 1:04 local time on northern Sakhalin Island in the Russian Far East. It was the most destructive earthquake known within the current territory of Russia, with a magnitude of Ms 7.1 and maximum Mercalli intensity of IX (Violent) that devastated the oil town of Neftegorsk, where 2,040 of its 3,977 citizens were killed, and another 750 injured.

Neftegorsk, formerly Vostok before 1970, was an urban-type settlement in Sakhalin Oblast, Russia. It was devastated on May 28, 1995 by an earthquake, which measured 7.6 on the Richter scale, killing 2,040 people out of a total population of 3,197. An oil-producing town in northern Sakhalin, all buildings in Neftegorsk suffered extensive damage and many were completely destroyed, as they had been built with low quality concrete and were not designed to withstand seismic activity. The majority of the victims were killed by the rubble of their apartment buildings collapsing. Neftegorsk was almost totally flattened, and it was decided not to be rebuilt, instead a memorial was constructed in the area. Many survivors were relocated to other towns in Sakhalin such as Okha, Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, and Nogliki, while others left Sakhalin for the mainland.

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Okha serves as the administrative center of Okhinsky District and is subordinated to it. [1] As a municipal division, the town of Okha and ten rural localities of Okhinsky District are incorporated as Okhinsky Urban Okrug. [2]

Economy

Okha, along with the oblast's administrative center Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, is the center of Sakhalin's petroleum industry. An oil pipeline and gas main runs from Okha to Komsomolsk-on-Amur on the Russian mainland. A number of oil wells exist in close proximity to the town, mainly controlled by the company Rosneft.

An oblast is a type of administrative division of Belarus, Bulgaria, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Ukraine, and the former Soviet Union and Kingdom of Yugoslavia.

Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk City in Sakhalin Oblast, Russia

Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk is a city in Sakhalin island, and the administrative center of Sakhalin Oblast, Russia. It is located in the Far East part of Russia, situated north of Japan. Gas and oil extraction as well as processing are amongst the main industrial manufactures on the island. It is also a place of working of major US oil companies such as ExxonMobil. It was called Vladimirovka (Влади́мировка) from 1882 to 1905, then Toyohara from 1905 to 1946. Population: 181,728 (2010 Census); 175,085 (2002 Census); 159,299 (1989 Census).

Komsomolsk-on-Amur City in Khabarovsk Krai, Russia

Komsomolsk-on-Amur is a city in Khabarovsk Krai, Russia, located on the left bank of the Amur River in the Russian Far East. It is located on the Baikal-Amur Mainline, 356 kilometers (221 mi) northeast of Khabarovsk. As of 2010, it had a population of 263,906 (2010 Census); 281,035 (2002 Census); 315,325 (1989 Census).

Transportation

The town is the northern end point for the island's road system. There was a rail connection to the island's narrow-gauge rail network at Nogliki; however, this was closed in 2006.

Nogliki Urban-type settlement in Sakhalin Oblast, Russia

Nogliki is an urban locality and the administrative center of Nogliksky District of Sakhalin Oblast, Russia, located near the eastern coast of the Sakhalin Island, about 6 kilometers (3.7 mi) inland from the Sea of Okhotsk shoreline and about 600 kilometers (370 mi) north of Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk. Population: 10,231 (2010 Census); 10,729 (2002 Census); 11,546 (1989 Census).

There is an airport in Okha with service to Khabarovsk and Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk.

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References

Notes

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 Law #25-ZO
  2. 1 2 3 Law #524
  3. 1 2 Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service . Retrieved June 29, 2012.
  4. Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time , as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of July 03, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  6. Телефонные коды Сахалина - Dialing codes of Sakhalin (in Russian)
  7. Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000](XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014.
  8. Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014.

Sources