Oldsmobile Alero

Last updated

Oldsmobile Alero
Oldsmobile Alero sedan -- 03-16-2012.JPG
Overview
Manufacturer General Motors
Also calledChevrolet Alero (Europe and Israel)
ProductionApril 1998 – April 29, 2004
Model years 1999–2004
Assembly Lansing Car Assembly, Lansing, Michigan, U.S.
Body and chassis
Class Compact car
Body style 2-door coupe
4-door sedan
Layout Transverse front-engine, front-wheel drive
Platform N-body
Related
Powertrain
Engine 2.2 L Ecotec L61 I4
2.4 L LD9 I4
3.4 L LA1 V6
Transmission 5-Speed Getrag F23 manual
4-speed 4T40-E automatic
4-speed 4T45-E automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 107 in (2,718 mm)
Length186.7 in (4,742 mm)
Width70.1 in (1,781 mm)
Height54.5 in (1,384 mm)
Curb weight 2,997–3,124 pounds (1,359–1,417 kg)
Chronology
Predecessor Oldsmobile Achieva

The Oldsmobile Alero is a compact car that was produced by General Motors for its Oldsmobile division from 1999 to 2004. The Alero was introduced in 1998 as a 1999 model to replace the entry-level Achieva and Cutlass, and went into production in April 1998. All Aleros were built in the United States at Lansing, Michigan. The Alero was the last model Oldsmobile built. [1]

Contents

History

Oldsmobile Alero sedan rear Oldsmobile Alero sedan rear 6.15.18.jpg
Oldsmobile Alero sedan rear

The design of the Alero was originally previewed in 1997 with the Alero Alpha concept car, a V6-powered sport coupe that featured many design elements seen in the production Alero as well as some that were never meant for production. Its appearance was a revival of "coke bottle styling", popular during the 1960s and 1970s.

The Alero was sold either as a 4-door sedan or as a 2-door coupe. It shared its chassis and many parts, including engines, with the Pontiac Grand Am. All Aleros came in base GX, mid-level GL, or high-end GLS trim; the GL trim was split into three levels: 1, 2, and 3.

The Alero experienced minimal changes during its 5-year run. Most of these changes were either in choice of engines or options. In 2003, the Alero's daytime running lights were changed from high-beam to low-beam.

A Chevrolet Alero. Chevrolet Alero front 20080121.jpg
A Chevrolet Alero.

The Alero was also sold in select countries in Europe and in Israel between 1999 and 2001 as the Chevrolet Alero, and was only available as a sedan. The car still featured its Oldsmobile badges even though sold under the Chevrolet brand, but since most European consumers would not recognize the badging, Chevrolet badges were added to the grille and rear fascia for the 2000 model year. The Alero featured Chevrolet emblems throughout its entire run in Israel. The Alero was replaced in Europe, Israel, and Canada by the GM Daewoo-sourced Chevrolet Evanda/Epica.

The Alero's production ended with a special Final 500 Edition. These last 500 Aleros featured custom logos inspired by vintage Oldsmobile logos, dark cherry metallic paint, and a plate featuring the car's number out of 500. The final Alero Final 500 Edition (#500 of 500), a GLS 4-door, also happened to be the final Oldsmobile ever built, and was signed under its hood by the employees of the General Motors Lansing plant. The final car left the Lansing Assembly Plant on April 29, 2004 and was then given to the R.E. Olds Transportation Museum. On December 15, 2017, this car was sold at auction for $42,000 to a dealer in Florida. [2]

An Oldsmobile Alero coupe in 2007 Oldsmobile-Alero-coupe.jpg
An Oldsmobile Alero coupe in 2007

.

A preview of the planned replacement for the Alero was seen in 2001 with the unveiling of the Oldsmobile O4 concept, designed by Bertone. The car was an open-top 4-seater with European styling featuring some Oldsmobile traits, and powered by the latest Ecotec I4 engine. The name had multiple meanings, including "Oldsmobile 4-Seater" as well as implying the year 2004 as a planned date for production.

However, the O4 concept was unveiled a few weeks after General Motors announced that they would be phasing out the Oldsmobile brand, meaning that production possibilities of the O4 would never be realized. Because of this, a second generation Alero was never built and the car was phased out with the Oldsmobile brand in 2004.

Trim levels

During its production, the Alero was available in four trim levels, all available in coupe or sedan body styles:

The GX was the most basic trim level of the Alero. It included such features as a 2.4 L inline four-cylinder engine, 5-speed manual transmission, an AM/FM stereo (later, AM/FM stereo with single-disc CD player) with a four-speaker sound system, 15-inch (38 cm) black-painted steel wheels with decorative wheel covers, manual windows, power door locks, full instrumentation, air conditioning, velour door panel inserts, and cloth seating surfaces. The 3.4 L V6 engine available on all other Alero trim levels was not available on the base GX trim level.

The GL was the midrange trim level of the Alero. It added the following features to the base GX trim level: an AM/FM stereo with cassette player (not applicable for later models), power windows, and 16-inch (40 cm) alloy wheels. The 3.4 L V6 engine was available as an option, though was standard equipment on the GL2 trim level. The GL1 trim level also offered the V6 engine option.

The GLS trim level was the "luxury" trim level of the Alero. It added the following features to the already well-equipped GL trim level: an AM/FM stereo with cassette and single-disc CD player (later, an MP3-decoding single-disc CD player was added), an eight-speaker "premium" sound system with amplifier, keyless entry, power driver seat, leather upholstery and a security system. The 3.4 L V6 engine was standard for this trim level.

Engines

YearsEnginePowerTorque
2002–20042.2 L Ecotec L61 I4 140 hp (104 kW)150 lb⋅ft (203 N⋅m)
1999–20012.4 L LD9 I4 150 hp (112 kW)155 lb⋅ft (210 N⋅m)
1999–20043.4 L LA1 V6 170 hp (127 kW)200 lb⋅ft (271 N⋅m)

Variant prototypes

An Oldsmobile Alero OSV in the mid-2000s Alero-OSV-Oldsman.JPG
An Oldsmobile Alero OSV in the mid-2000s

General Motors commissioned the construction of Alero prototypes either for testing or to gather public opinion on possible future plans for the Alero. These variants include:

Safety

The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) gave the 19992005 Grand Am (which was built on the same platform as the 19992004 Alero) a Poor rating in its frontal crash test for its marginal structural integrity, a possible head injury, a potential right leg injury, and poor dummy control. [3]

The following are 2003 National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) crash test ratings for the Alero.

Coupe [4]

Sedan [5]

Sales

YearSales
1999142,242
2000137,140
2001129,726
200298,979
2003109,773
200479,796

Related Research Articles

Oldsmobile Former entry-level luxury division of General Motors

Oldsmobile was a brand of American automobiles produced for most of its existence by General Motors. Originally established as "Olds Motor Vehicle Company" by Ransom E. Olds in 1897, it produced over 35 million vehicles, including at least 14 million built at its Lansing, Michigan factory alone. During its time as a division of General Motors, Oldsmobile slotted into the middle of GM's five divisions, and was noted for its groundbreaking technology and designs.

Chevrolet Impala American full-size car

The Chevrolet Impala is a full-size car built by Chevrolet for model years 1958 to 1985, 1994 to 1996, and 2000 until 2020. The Impala was Chevrolet's popular flagship passenger car and was among the better selling American-made automobiles in the United States.

Buick Skylark Series of passenger automobiles produced by Buick

The Buick Skylark is a passenger car produced by Buick. The model was made in six production runs, during 46 years, over which the car's design varied dramatically due to changing technology, tastes, and new standards implemented over the years. It was named for the species of bird called skylark.

Pontiac Sunfire Motor vehicle

The Pontiac Sunfire is a compact car by Pontiac that was introduced for the 1995 model year to replace the Sunbird. Not only was the name changed, but dramatic styling changes were included as well. The new styling was shared with the redesigned Chevrolet Cavalier. The J platform was updated structurally to meet more stringent safety standards for the 1996 model year.

Oldsmobile Cutlass American car model

The Oldsmobile Cutlass was a range of automobiles produced by General Motors' Oldsmobile division between 1961 and 1999. At its introduction, the Cutlass was Oldsmobile's entry-level model; it began as a unibody compact car, but saw its greatest success as a body-on-frame intermediate.

Pontiac Grand Prix automobile model made by Pontiac

The Grand Prix is a line of automobiles produced by the Pontiac Division of General Motors from 1962 through 2002 for coupes and 1989–2008 for sedans. First introduced as part of Pontiac's full-size car model offering for the 1962 model year, the marque varied repeatedly in size, luxury, and performance during its production. Among the changes were positioning in the personal luxury car market segment and mid-size car offering from the second generation to the fifth generation for the sedan and from the second generation to the sixth generation from the coupe. The Grand Prix returned to a full-size car from the sixth generation to the seventh generation for the sedan, positioned below the larger Bonneville in Pontiac's model lineup.

Oldsmobile 98 Motor vehicle

The Oldsmobile 98 is the full-size flagship model of Oldsmobile that was produced from 1940 until 1996. The name — reflecting a "Series 90" fitted with an 8-cylinder engine — first appeared in 1941 and was used again after American consumer automobile production resumed post-World War II. It was, as it would remain, the division's top-of-the-line model, with lesser Oldsmobiles having lower numbers such as the A-body 66 and 68, and the B-body 76 and 78. The Series 60 was retired in 1949, the same year the Oldsmobile 78 was replaced by the 88. The Oldsmobile 76 was retired after 1950. This left the two remaining number-names to carry on into the 1990s as the bread and butter of the full-size Oldsmobile lineup until the Eighty Eight-based Regency replaced the 98 in 1997.

Oldsmobile Intrigue Motor vehicle

The Oldsmobile Intrigue is a mid-size sedan that was manufactured from 1997 through 2002 by Oldsmobile. The Intrigue's design cues were first seen in 1995 with the Oldsmobile Antares concept car, being unveiled in production form in January 1996 at the North American International Auto Show. The Intrigue was the first casualty in the three-year phase-out process of Oldsmobile; Olds' remaining models would last an additional year or two.

Chevrolet Cavalier Motor vehicle

The Chevrolet Cavalier is a line of small cars produced for the model years 1982 through 2005 by Chevrolet, and then later reintroduced in 2016 for the Chinese Market. As a rebadged variant of General Motors' J-cars, the Cavalier was manufactured alongside the Cadillac Cimarron, Buick Skyhawk, Oldsmobile Firenza, and Pontiac J2000/2000/Sunbird at GM's South Gate Assembly and Janesville Assembly plants, achieving its highest sales in 1984.

Oldsmobile Cutlass Supreme Motor vehicle

The Oldsmobile Cutlass Supreme is a mid-size car produced by Oldsmobile between 1966 and 1997. It was positioned as a premium offering at the top of the Cutlass range. It began as a trim package, developed its own roofline, and rose during the mid-1970s to become not only the most popular Oldsmobile but the highest selling model in its class.

Buick Century Line of upscale performance cars

Buick Century is the model name that was used by Buick for a line of upscale full-size cars from 1936 to 1942 and 1954 to 1958, as well as from 1973 to 2005 for mid-size cars.

Saturn Ion Model of American car made 2003-2007

The Saturn Ion is a compact car sold by Saturn between the 2003 and 2007 model years. It used the GM Delta platform. The Ion replaced the Saturn S-Series in 2002, and was replaced by the new Saturn Astra in 2008. Production of the Ion ended on March 29, 2007. The Ion was the last Saturn passenger car built at the Spring Hill, Tennessee plant which was originally linked to the company's branding, with Saturn owners attending "homecoming" events at the plant.

Chevrolet Malibu Mid-size car manufactured by Chevrolet

The Chevrolet Malibu is a mid-size car manufactured and marketed by Chevrolet from 1964 to 1983 and since 1997. The Malibu began as a trim-level of the Chevrolet Chevelle, becoming its own model line in 1978. Originally a rear-wheel-drive intermediate, GM revived the Malibu nameplate as a front-wheel-drive car in February 1997.

Ford Tempo Car model

The Ford Tempo and its twin, the Mercury Topaz, are compact cars that were produced by the Ford Motor Company for model years 1984 to 1994. They were downsized successors to the boxy Ford Fairmont and Mercury Zephyr twins. The Tempo and Topaz were part of a rejuvenation plan by Ford to offer more environmentally friendly, fuel efficient, and more modern styled models to compete with the European and Japanese imports. While the car sold well, its innovation and aerodynamic design paved the way for the even more groundbreaking Ford Taurus. The Tempo and Topaz were replaced for 1995 by the "world car" platform sold in North America as the Ford Contour and Mercury Mystique.

Oldsmobile Cutlass Ciera Motor vehicle

The Oldsmobile Cutlass Ciera is a mid-size car that was manufactured and marketed from the 1982 through 1996 model years by the Oldsmobile Division of General Motors. It shared the front-wheel drive A platform with the Buick Century, Pontiac 6000 and Chevrolet Celebrity. Available body styles included a 2-door coupe, 4-door sedan, and the 4-door Cutlass (Ciera) Cruiser station wagon.

Buick LeSabre American full-size car

The Buick LeSabre was a full-size car made by General Motors from 1959 to 2005. Prior to 1959, this position had been retained by the full-size Buick Special model (1936–58). The name originated with the 1951 GM Le Sabre show car designed by Harley Earl; that car is often mistakenly attributed to the Buick division but in fact it was presented as a GM vehicle without reference to a specific GM division. Buick closely related their 1956-1957 models to the GM LeSabre by replicating the top section of the rear wing into their design.. LeSabre is French for "the sabre".

Hyundai Elantra Compact car

The Hyundai Elantra or Hyundai Avante, is a compact car produced by the South Korean manufacturer Hyundai since 1990. The Elantra was initially marketed as the Lantra in Australia and some European markets. In Australia, this was due to the similarly named Mitsubishi Magna Elante model; similarly, in other markets, the name Avante is not used due to its similarity with Audi’s "Avant" designation, which is used for their line-up of station wagons. The name was standardized as "Elantra" worldwide in 2001.

Oldsmobile Achieva Motor vehicle

The Oldsmobile Achieva is a front-wheel drive compact sedan and coupe that was introduced by Oldsmobile for the 1992 model year. The Achieva was based on the GM N-body platform, which it also shared with its siblings the Pontiac Grand Am and Buick Skylark. The Achieva replaced the GM N-body Cutlass Calais after its final 1991 model year, and ended production after the 1998 model year.

Pontiac Parisienne Motor vehicle

The Pontiac Parisienne is a full-size rear-wheel drive vehicle that was sold by Pontiac on the GM B platform in Canada from 1958 to 1986 and in the United States from 1983 to 1986. Right-hand drive models were locally assembled in Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa until 1969. For most of its run, the Canadian Parisienne was nearly mechanically identical to the American Chevrolet Impala. The Parisienne wagon continued under the Safari nameplate until 1989. Parisienne or La Parisienne means a grammatically female person or thing from Paris, France.

Chevrolet Cobalt Motor vehicle

The Chevrolet Cobalt is a compact car introduced by Chevrolet in 2004 for the 2005 model year. The Cobalt replaced both the Cavalier and the Toyota-based Geo/Chevrolet Prizm as Chevrolet's compact car. The Cobalt was available as both a coupe and sedan, as well as a sport compact version dubbed the Cobalt SS. Like the Chevrolet HHR and the Saturn ION, it was based on the GM Delta platform.

References

  1. "The end of the road for Oldsmobile". HISTORY.com. April 29, 2004.
  2. https://www.autoremarketing.com/wholesale/florida-dealer-collector-takes-home-last-oldsmobile-42000
  3. "IIHS-HLDI: Oldsmobile Alero". Iihs.org. Archived from the original on May 26, 2011. Retrieved October 17, 2010.
  4. "2004 OLDSMOBILE ALERO 2-DR". Safercar.gov. United States Department of Transportation. Archived from the original on July 21, 2009. Retrieved July 21, 2009.CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  5. "2004 OLDSMOBILE ALERO 4 DR". National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. United States Department of Transportation. Retrieved February 9, 2018.

Further reading