Olen, Belgium

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Olen
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Olen
Location in Belgium
Location of Olen in the province of Antwerp
OlenLocatie.png
Coordinates: 51°09′N04°51′E / 51.150°N 4.850°E / 51.150; 4.850 Coordinates: 51°09′N04°51′E / 51.150°N 4.850°E / 51.150; 4.850
CountryBelgium
Community Flemish Community
Region Flemish Region
Province Antwerp
Arrondissement Turnhout
Government
  MayorSeppe Bouquillon (CD&V)
  Governing party/ies CD&V, sp.a, Groen
Area
  Total23.17 km2 (8.95 sq mi)
Population
 (2018-01-01) [1]
  Total12,491
  Density540/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
Postal codes
2250
Area codes 014, 04
Website www.olen.be

Olen (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈoːlə(n)] ) is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Antwerp. The municipality comprises three towns, situated on a south–north axis:

Contents

In 2021, Olen had a total population of 12,600. [2] The total area is 23.10 km².

History of Uranium mining

In the 1920s and 1930s the Union Minière du Haut Katanga company, operating in the then Belgian colony of Congo, had a virtual monopoly of the world uranium market (holding most of the deposits known at the time). The uranium mined in Congo was mostly transported to the UMHK refinery for uranium ore which was located in Olen. [3] [4]

Some 1200 tonnes of uranium stored at the Olen refinery were captured by the Germans during the invasion and occupation of Belgium in 1940, and only recovered by US troops at the end of World War 2.

Notable people

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References

  1. "Wettelijke Bevolking per gemeente op 1 januari 2018". Statbel. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  2. "Bevolking per statistische sector - Sector 13029". Statistics Belgium. Retrieved 10 May 2022.
  3. Heinrich, E. Wm. (1958). Mineralogy and Geology of Radioactive Raw Materials. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc. p. 289.
  4. "Storage of historical radioactive waste in Olen well controlled". www.umicore.be. Retrieved 29 March 2021.