Olikoye Ransome-Kuti

Last updated

Olikoye Ransome-Kuti (30 December 1927 – 1 June 2003) was a paediatrician, activist, and health minister of Nigeria. [1]

Contents

Early life and education

Reverend Israel and Funmilayo beside him, Dolu is behind and Fela in foreground, baby in arms is Beko, Olikoye is to the right 1940s family Ransome Kuti.png
Reverend Israel and Funmilayo beside him, Dolu is behind and Fela in foreground, baby in arms is Beko, Olikoye is to the right

Olikoye Ransome-Kuti was born in Ijebu Ode on 30 December 1927, in present-day Ogun State, Nigeria. His mother, Funmilayo Ransome-Kuti, was a prominent political campaigner and women's rights activist, and his father, Reverend Israel Oludotun Ransome-Kuti, a Protestant minister and school principal, was the first president of the Nigeria Union of Teachers. [2] His brother Fela would grow up to be a popular musician and a founder of Afrobeat, while another brother, Beko, would become an internationally known doctor and political activist. Ransome-Kuti attended Abeokuta Grammar School, University of Ibadan and Trinity College Dublin (1948–54). [3]

Ijebu Ode Place in Ogun, Nigeria

Ijebu-Ode is a town in Ogun State, South-West Nigeria, close to the A121 highway. The city is located 110 km by road north-east of Lagos; it is within 100 km of the Atlantic Ocean in the eastern part of Ogun State and possesses a warm tropical climate.

Ogun State State in Nigeria

Ogun State is a state in southwestern Nigeria. Created in 1976, it borders Lagos State to the south, Oyo and Osun states to the north, Ondo to the east and the Republic of Benin to the west. Abeokuta is the capital and largest city in the state. The state's nickname is "Gateway to Nigeria". It was created in February 1976 from the former Western State. The 2006 census recorded a total population of 3,751,140 residents.

Funmilayo Ransome-Kuti Nigerian activist

Chief Funmilayo Ransome-Kuti, MON, otherwise known as Funmilayo Anikulapo-Kuti, was a teacher, political campaigner, women's rights activist and traditional aristocrat in Nigeria. She served with distinction as one of the most prominent leaders of her generation. She was also the first woman in the country to drive a car. Ransome-Kuti's political activism led to her being described as the doyen of female rights in Nigeria, as well as to her being regarded as "The Mother of Africa." Early on, she was a very powerful force advocating for the Nigerian woman's right to vote. She was described in 1947, by the West African Pilot, as the "Lioness of Lisabi" for her leadership of the women of the Egba people on a campaign against their arbitrary taxation. That struggle led to the abdication of the high king Oba Ademola II in 1949.

Career

He was a house physician at General Hospital, Lagos. He was senior lecturer at the University of Lagos from 1967 to 1970 and appointed Director of child health at the College of Medicine, University of Lagos and became Head of Department of Paediatrics from 1968 to 1976. He was professor of paediatrics at the College of Medicine, University of Lagos until his retirement in 1988. [4] [5] He worked as senior house officer at Great Ormond Street Hospital, London, and as a locum in Hammersmith Hospital in the 1960s.

University of Lagos Nigerian public university

The University of Lagos – popularly known as Unilag – is a federal government owned research university in Lagos State, southwestern Nigeria.

Lagos University Teaching Hospital (LUTH) is a tertiary hospital in Idi-Araba, Surulere, Lagos State, the administrative division of Nigeria. The hospital established in 1962 and is affiliated with the University of Lagos College of Medicine

Great Ormond Street Hospital Hospital in London

Great Ormond Street Hospital is a children's hospital located in the Bloomsbury area of the London Borough of Camden, and a part of Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Foundation Trust.

In the 1980s, he joined the government of General Ibrahim Babangida as the health minister. In 1983 along with two other Nigerians, he founded one of Nigeria's largest health focused NGOs - Society for Family Health Nigeria primarily concerned with family planning and child health services at the time. In 1986, he conveyed word of Nigeria's first AIDS case, a 14-year-old girl who had been diagnosed with HIV. He was minister until 1992, when he joined the World Health Organization as its Deputy Director-General.

Ibrahim Babangida Head of State of Nigeria

Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida, is a retired Nigerian Army General who was President of Nigeria from 27 August 1985 to 26 August 1993. He previously served as the chief of army staff from January 1984 to August 1985. Babangida was a key player in most of the military coups in Nigeria.

The Society for Family Health (SFH) Nigeria is a non governmental organisation (NGO), incorporated in 1985, focused on providing malaria prevention and treatment, HIV prevention, maternal and child health, sexual and reproductive health, family planning, cervical cancer screening and prevention and safe water systems. SFH uses social marketing, behaviour change communication and research working in partnership with the Government of Nigeria and community-based organisations.

HIV human retrovirus, cause of AIDS

The human immunodeficiency viruses (HIV) are two species of Lentivirus that causes HIV infection and over time acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). AIDS is a condition in humans in which progressive failure of the immune system allows life-threatening opportunistic infections and cancers to thrive. Without treatment, average survival time after infection with HIV is estimated to be 9 to 11 years, depending on the HIV subtype. In most cases, HIV is a sexually transmitted infection and occurs by contact with or transfer of blood, pre-ejaculate, semen, and vaginal fluids. Non-sexual transmission can occur from an infected mother to her infant during pregnancy, during childbirth by exposure to her blood or vaginal fluid, and through breast milk. Within these bodily fluids, HIV is present as both free virus particles and virus within infected immune cells.

He held various teaching positions, including a visiting professorship at Baltimore's Johns Hopkins University's school of hygiene and public health. He wrote extensively for medical journals and publications.

Johns Hopkins University Private research university in Baltimore, Maryland

Johns Hopkins University is a private research university in Baltimore, Maryland. Founded in 1876, the university was named for its first benefactor, the American entrepreneur, abolitionist, and philanthropist Johns Hopkins. His $7 million bequest —of which half financed the establishment of Johns Hopkins Hospital—was the largest philanthropic gift in the history of the United States up to that time. Daniel Coit Gilman, who was inaugurated as the institution's first president on February 22, 1876, led the university to revolutionize higher education in the U.S. by integrating teaching and research. Adopting the concept of a graduate school from Germany's ancient Heidelberg University, Johns Hopkins University is considered the first research university in the United States. Over the course of several decades, the university has led all U.S. universities in annual research and development expenditures. In fiscal year 2016, Johns Hopkins spent nearly $2.5 billion on research.

He won both the Leon Bernard Foundation Prize and the Maurice Pate Award, in 1986 and in 1990 respectively.

Maurice Pate American humanitarian

Maurice Pate was an American humanitarian and businessman. Pate served as the first executive director of the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) from 1947 until his death in 1965, after being proposed by the Chairman Ludwik Rajchman.

Death

Olikoye Ransome-Kuti died on 1 June 2003. He was survived by his wife of 50 years Sonia and three children. [5]

Related Research Articles

Fela Kuti Nigerian musician and activist

Fela Anikulapo Kuti, also professionally known as Fela Kuti, or simply Fela, was a Nigerian multi-instrumentalist, musician, composer, pioneer of the Afrobeat music genre and human rights activist. At the height of his popularity, he was referred to as one of Africa's most "challenging and charismatic music performers."

Femi Kuti Nigerian musician and singer-songwriter

Olufela Olufemi Anikulapo Kuti, popularly known as Femi Kuti, is a Nigerian musician born in London and raised in Lagos. He is the eldest son of afrobeat Fela Kuti and a grandchild of political campaigner, women's rights activist and traditional aristocrat Funmilayo Ransome Kuti.

Sefi Atta is a prize-winning Nigerian author and playwright.

Dr. Bekolari Ransome-Kuti was a Nigerian medical doctor known for his work as a human rights activist.

The Egba people are a subgroup of the Yoruba people, an ethnic group of western Nigeria, majorly from the central part of Ogun State that is Ogun central senatorial district.

John Nicolas Rea, 3rd Baron Rea, commonly known as Nicolas Rea, is a British peer, doctor and politician.

The Ransome-Kuti family is a Nigerian Yoruba family noted for its contributions to Nigerian art, religion, education, medicine and politics.

Abeokuta City in Ogun State, Nigeria

Abeokuta is the largest city and state capital of Ogun State in southwest Nigeria. It is situated on the east bank of the Ogun River, near a group of rocky outcrops in a wooded savanna; 77 kilometres (48 mi) north of Lagos by railway, or 130 kilometres (81 mi) by water. As of 2006, Abeokuta and the surrounding area had a population of 449,088.

Babatunde Osotimehin Health minister of Nigeria

Babatunde Osotimehin was a Nigerian physician, who served as Minister of Health, and in 2011 became the Executive Director of the United Nations Population Fund, holding the rank of Under-Secretary-General of the United Nations, reappointed in August 2014 until his death. Osotimehin's interests were youth and gender, and he advocated for reproductive health and reproductive rights, particularly within the context of the HIV epidemic. One of his strengths was his reliance on data and evidence.

Isaac Ladipo Oluwole (1892–1953) was a Nigerian doctor who made important improvements to the public health services in Nigeria.

CMS Grammar School, Lagos

The CMS Grammar School in Bariga, a suburb of Lagos in Lagos State, is the oldest secondary school in Nigeria, founded on 6 June 1859 by the Church Missionary Society. For decades it was the main source of African clergymen and administrators in the Lagos Colony.

Chukwuedu Nwokolo Medical Doctor

Chukwuedu Nathaniel II Nwokolo was an internationally distinguished tropical diseases, nutrition, human, medical, biological and life sciences expert; plus research scientist, scholar, pioneer medical doctor, author, humanitarian and acclaimed professor of medicine. He was Nigerian, and is listed in the Who's Who in Nigeria series by Newswatch. Nwokolo was outstandingly recognised worldwide for discovering and mapping out the area of paragonimiasis lung disease in Eastern Nigeria, with a study of the disease in Africa and clinical research for its control. Nwokolo founded SICREP: Sickle Cell Research Programme to effectively fight the disease in Nigeria and globally.

St. Nicholas Hospital, Lagos Hospital in Lagos State, Nigeria

St. Nicholas Hospital is a private hospital located in Lagos Island in Lagos, Nigeria. It was founded in 1968 by Moses Majekodunmi. The hospital is in a building of the same name located at 57 Campbell Street near Catholic Mission Street. It has other facilities at different locations in Nigeria. Their other locations are: St. Nicholas Hospital, Maryland, St. Nicholas Clinics, Lekki Free Trade Zone, St. Nicholas Clinics, 7b Etim Inyang Street, Victoria Island.

Fatiu Ademola Akesode (1940–2001) was a Nigerian professor of paediatrics, educational administrator, and former vice chancellor of Lagos State University Lagos State, Nigeria.

Lagos Island General Hospital is the oldest hospital in Nigeria.

Isaac Folorunso AdewoleFAS is a Nigerian professor of gynaecology and obstetrics. Since November 2015 he has been the Minister of Health in the Cabinet of President Muhammadu Buhari. He is a former vice-chancellor of the University of Ibadan and president of the African Organisation for Research and Training in Cancer. Prior to his appointment as the 11th substantive vice-chancellor of the university, he served as provost at the College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, the largest and oldest medical school in Nigeria. His research interest is in the area of human papillomavirus, HIV, and gynaecologic oncology, a specialised field of medicine that focuses on cancers of the female reproductive system, including ovarian cancer, uterine cancer, vaginal cancer, cervical cancer, and vulvar cancer. Adewole is a member of the governing council of Adeleke University and chairs the National Panel on Cervical Cancer Control Policy. He is the only Nigerian professor appointed as member of the Council of the Association of Commonwealth Universities. He was appointed to serve as a member of the international advisory board of the African Cancer Institute, a comprehensive cancer centre in sub-Saharan black Africa.

Enitan Ransome-Kuti is a Nigerian Army personnel and son of the late human rights activist Beko Ransome-Kuti. Prior to his dismissal from the Nigerian Army on October 15, 2015, he served as the Commander of the Multinational Joint Task Force.

Arese Carrington

Arese Carrington is a medical doctor, international public health consultant and human rights activist. She specializes in international public health programming and women's issues.

References

  1. Shola Adenekan (June 1, 2003). "Olikoye Ransome-Kuti". United Kingdom: The Guardian. Retrieved March 1, 2015.
  2. "Analysis" (PDF). World Music. Archived from the original (pdf) on 2011-07-07.
  3. Shola Adenekan, "Olikoye Ransome-Kuti: He Broke the Silence Surrounding HIV/Aids in Nigeria and Highlighted the Country's Plight", The New Black Magazine.
  4. Abiodun Rafiu (2003). "Olukoye Ransome-Kuti". British Medical Journal. 326 (7403): 1400. PMC   1126279 .
  5. 1 2 "Prof Olikoye Ransome-Kuti". Hallmark of Labour Foundation. Retrieved March 2, 2015.