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Sir Oliver Napier
|Leader of the Alliance Party|
Servingwith Bob Cooper
|Succeeded by||Phelim O'Neill|
|Preceded by||Phelim O'Neill|
|Succeeded by||John Cushnahan|
|Born||11 July 1935|
Belfast, Northern Ireland
|Died||2 July 2011 75) (aged|
Belfast, Northern Ireland
|Alma mater||Queen's University Belfast|
Sir Oliver Napier (11 July 1935 – 2 July 2011 ) was the first leader of the Alliance Party of Northern Ireland. In 1974 he served as the first and only Legal Minister and head of the Office of Legal Reform in the Northern Ireland power-sharing executive set up by the Sunningdale Agreement.
The Alliance Party of Northern Ireland (APNI) is a liberal and centrist political party in Northern Ireland. It has long been Northern Ireland's fifth-largest party overall, with eight seats in the Northern Ireland Assembly, but placed third in first preference votes in the most recent election, winning one of the three Northern Ireland seats in the European Parliament.
The Sunningdale Agreement was an attempt to establish a power-sharing Northern Ireland Executive and a cross-border Council of Ireland. The Agreement was signed at Sunningdale Park located in Sunningdale, Berkshire, on 9 December 1973. Unionist opposition, violence and a loyalist general strike caused the collapse of the Agreement in May 1974.
Napier was educated at St. Malachy's College, Belfast and the Queen's University of Belfast before starting work as a solicitor.
St. Malachy's College, in Belfast, Northern Ireland, is the oldest Catholic diocesan college on the island of Ireland. The College motto is 'Gloria Ab Intus', 'Glory from within'.
Belfast is the capital and largest city of Northern Ireland, standing on the banks of the River Lagan on the east coast of Ireland. It is the largest city in Northern Ireland and second-largest on the island of Ireland, after Dublin. It had a population of 333,871 as of 2015.
Napier joined the Ulster Liberal Party, rising to become Vice President by 1969. That year, he led a group of four party members who joined the New Ulster Movement, accepting the post of joint Chairman of its political committee. The Liberal Party promptly expelled him, but, working with Bob Cooper, he used his position to establish a new political party, the Alliance Party of Northern Ireland, which sought to become a political force that could command support from across the divided communities of the province, but remaining pro-union.This aimed to offer an alternative to what Napier described as the sectarianism of the Ulster Unionist Party. Despite his faith he was a supporter of the Union.
The Ulster Liberal Party was a liberal political party in Northern Ireland, supporting a unionist position and linked to the British Liberal Party.
The New Ulster Movement (NUM) was a political pressure group in Northern Ireland which aimed to promote moderate and non-sectarian policies and to help candidates who supported Terence O'Neill, the Northern Ireland Prime Minister, in the election on 24 February 1969.
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He served as the party's joint leader from 1970 until 1972, then as its sole leader from 1973 to 1984.Under his leadership Alliance participated in successive assemblies that sought to solve the debate on the province's position, including the Northern Ireland Assembly, 1973 in which Napier was a minister in the power-sharing Executive. In 1979 he came closer to winning a seat in the Westminster Parliament than any other Alliance candidate up to that point when he was less than a thousand votes behind Peter Robinson's winning total in Belfast East in a tight three-way marginal. This record was beaten in 2010, when Naomi Long ousted Robinson from the same seat. When Napier stepped down as leader in 1984 he received many plaudits for his work. The following year he was knighted and in 1989 he stood down from Belfast City Council, seemingly to retire.
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However, in 1995 he returned to the political fray when he contested the North Down by-election for the Alliance, standing again in the 1997 general election.
The 1995 North Down by-election, in the North Down constituency, was held on 15 June, following the death of James Kilfedder, who had represented the constituency since the 1970 general election. Kilfedder had formed the Ulster Popular Unionist Party in 1980, but the party disintegrated on his death.
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In 1996 he was elected to the Northern Ireland Peace Forum for North Down.
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Prior to his death Oliver Napier was the last prominent member of the Ulster Liberal Party.
Napier served on the Board of Governors of the first integrated school in Northern Ireland, Lagan College.
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|Northern Ireland Assembly (1973)|
|New assembly|| Assembly Member for East Belfast |
|Northern Ireland Constitutional Convention|
|New convention|| Member for East Belfast |
|Northern Ireland Assembly (1982)|
|New assembly|| MPA for East Belfast |
|Northern Ireland Forum|
|New forum|| Member for North Down |
|Party political offices|
|New title|| Joint Leader of the Alliance Party of Northern Ireland |
With: Bob Cooper
Phelim O'Neill (acting)
Phelim O'Neill (acting)
| Leader of the Alliance Party (NI) |