|Member of the British Parliament |
for Bristol West
6 July 1945 –10 December 1950
|Preceded by||Cyril Culverwell|
|Succeeded by||Sir Walter Monckton|
|Secretary of State for the Colonies|
22 November 1942 –26 July 1945
|Prime Minister||Winston Churchill|
|Preceded by||Viscount Cranborne|
|Succeeded by||George Hall|
|Secretary of State for War|
5 January 1940 –11 May 1940
|Prime Minister||Neville Chamberlain|
|Preceded by||Leslie Hore-Belisha|
|Succeeded by||Anthony Eden|
|President of the Board of Trade|
28 May 1937 –5 January 1940
|Prime Minister||Neville Chamberlain|
|Preceded by||Walter Runciman|
|Succeeded by||Sir Andrew Duncan|
|Secretary of State for Transport|
22 February 1933 –29 June 1934
|Prime Minister||Ramsay MacDonald|
|Preceded by||John Pybus|
|Succeeded by||Leslie Hore-Belisha|
|Member of the British Parliament |
30 October 1924 –5 July 1945
|Preceded by||Sir John Weston|
|Succeeded by||William Fletcher-Vane|
|Born||4 May 1896|
London, England, UK
|Died||10 December 1950 54) (aged|
Sulhamstead, Berkshire, England, UK
(m. 1920;her d. 1942)
Kathryn Dugdale, Lady Dugdale
Oliver Frederick George Stanley, MP,(4 May 1896 – 10 December 1950), was a prominent British Conservative politician who held many ministerial posts before his relatively early death.
Stanley was the second son of Edward Stanley, 17th Earl of Derby, by his wife Lady Alice, daughter of William Montagu, 7th Duke of Manchester. Edward Stanley, Lord Stanley was his elder brother. He was educated at Eton, but did not proceed to the University of Oxford due to the outbreak of World War I.
During the First World War, Stanley was commissioned into the Lancashire Hussars, before transferring to the Royal Field Artillery in 1915. He achieved the rank of captain, and won both the Military Cross and the Croix de Guerre.
After he was demobilised, Stanley was called to the bar by Gray's Inn in 1919.In the 1924 general election he was elected as Member of Parliament (MP) for Westmorland. From 1945 he sat for Bristol West.
He soon came to the attention of the Conservative leaders and held a number of posts in the National Government of the 1930s. As Minister of Transport he was responsible for the introduction of a 30 miles per hour speed limit and driving tests for new drivers. In May 1938 whilst President of the Board of Trade he achieved a rare distinction in British politics when his brother Lord Stanley became Secretary of State for Dominion Affairs – a rare example of two brothers sitting in the same Cabinet, more so as their father, a former Conservative minister, was still alive. Nevertheless, five months later Edward died. (Another example is that of two Labour Party brothers, David Miliband and his brother Ed Miliband, who were appointed to the British Cabinet in June 2007.)
In January 1940 Stanley was appointed Secretary of State for War after the previous incumbent, Leslie Hore-Belisha, had been sacked after falling out with the leading officers. Much was expected of Stanley's tenure in this office, as his father had held it during the First World War, but four months later the government fell and Stanley was replaced by Anthony Eden. Churchill offered Stanley the Dominions Office, which Stanley turned down.Instead, Churchill made Stanley a personal link with intelligence agencies, notably as founder of the London Controlling Section. Two years later Stanley's political fortunes revived when Churchill appointed him Secretary of State for the Colonies, a post which he held until the end of the war.
After the Conservatives' massive defeat in the 1945 general election Stanley was prominent amongst those rebuilding the party and he came to be regarded as one of the most important Conservative MPs. He was a governor of The Peckham Experiment in 1949.He succeeded his father as Chancellor of the University of Liverpool. By this time, however, his health was in decline; and he died on 10 December 1950 at his home in Sulhamstead.
Had Stanley lived longer, he might well have been appointed Chancellor of the Exchequer when the Conservatives formed a government the following year.Historian Sir Charles Petrie went further, and insisted in his 1972 memoirs (A Historian Looks At His World) that "the greatest blow the Conservative Party has sustained since the late war was the premature death of Oliver Stanley. He was one of the most gifted men of the century, and would have made a very great Prime Minister. ... He was as brilliant a conversationalist as a public speaker."
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Stanley married Lady Maureen Vane-Tempest-Stewart, daughter of Charles Vane-Tempest-Stewart, 7th Marquess of Londonderry, and the Hon. Edith Chaplin, in 1920. They had one son and one daughter:
Lady Maureen died in June 1942, aged 41. Stanley survived her by eight years and died in December 1950, aged 54.
Earl of Derby is a title in the Peerage of England. The title was first adopted by Robert de Ferrers, 1st Earl of Derby, under a creation of 1139. It continued with the Ferrers family until the 6th Earl forfeited his property toward the end of the reign of Henry III and died in 1279. Most of the Ferrers property and the Derby title were then held by the family of Henry III. The title merged in the Crown upon Henry IV's accession to the throne in 1399.
Frederick Arthur Stanley, 16th Earl of Derby, styled as Hon. Frederick Stanley from 1844–86 and as Lord Stanley of Preston between 1886–93, was a Conservative Party politician in the United Kingdom who served as Colonial Secretary from 1885 to 1886 and the sixth Governor General of Canada from 1888 to 1893. An avid sportsman, he built Stanley House Stables in England and is famous in North America for presenting Canada with the Stanley Cup. Stanley was also one of the original inductees of the Hockey Hall of Fame.
John Winston Spencer-Churchill, 7th Duke of Marlborough,, styled Earl of Sunderland from 1822 to 1840 and Marquess of Blandford from 1840 to 1857, was a British Conservative cabinet minister, politician, peer, and nobleman. He was the paternal grandfather of Prime Minister Sir Winston Churchill.
Marquess of Londonderry, of the County of Londonderry, is a title in the Peerage of Ireland.
The Carlton Club is a London private members' club which was the original home of the Conservative Party before the creation of Conservative Central Office. Membership of the club is by nomination and election only.
Charles William Vane, 3rd Marquess of Londonderry,, was an Irish soldier in the British army, a politician, and a nobleman. As a soldier he fought in the French Revolutionary Wars, in the suppression of the Irish Rebellion of 1798, and in the Napoleonic wars. He excelled as a cavalry commander on the Iberian Peninsula under John Moore and Arthur Wellesley.
Charles Stewart Henry Vane-Tempest-Stewart, 7th Marquess of Londonderry,, styled Lord Stewart until 1884 and Viscount Castlereagh between 1884 and 1915, was a British peer and politician. He is best remembered for his tenure as Secretary of State for Air in the 1930s and for his 'understanding' of Nazi Germany in the 1930s. In 1935 he was removed from the Air Ministry but retained in the Cabinet as Lord Privy Seal and Leader of the House of Lords.
Sir James Fergusson, 6th Baronet was a British soldier, Conservative politician and colonial administrator.
Edith Helen Vane-Tempest-Stewart, Marchioness of Londonderry, DBE was a noted and influential society hostess in the United Kingdom between World War I and World War II, a friend of the first Labour prime minister, Ramsay MacDonald. She was a noted gardener and a writer and editor of the works of others.
James Gray Stuart, 1st Viscount Stuart of Findhorn, was a Scottish Unionist politician. He was joint-Parliamentary Secretary to the Treasury in Winston Churchill's war-time coalition government and later served as Secretary of State for Scotland under Churchill and then Sir Anthony Eden from 1951 to 1957. In 1959 he was elevated to the peerage as Viscount Stuart of Findhorn.
George Charles Spencer-Churchill, 8th Duke of Marlborough, DL, styled Earl of Sunderland until 1857 and Marquess of Blandford between 1857 and 1883, was a British peer.
Hugh William Fortescue, 5th Earl Fortescue,, styled Viscount Ebrington from 1905 until 1932, of Castle Hill in the parish of Filleigh, of Weare Giffard Hall, both in Devon and of Ebrington Manor in Gloucestershire, was a British peer, military officer, and Conservative politician.
George Henry Robert Charles William Vane-Tempest, 5th Marquess of Londonderry, KP, styled Viscount Seaham between 1823 and 1854 and known as The Earl Vane between 1854 and 1872, was a British aristocrat, businessman, diplomat and Conservative politician.
Marcus Oswald Hornby Lecky Birley, known as Mark Birley, was a British entrepreneur known for his investments in the hospitality industry.
David Field Beatty, 2nd Earl Beatty, DSC,, styled Viscount Borodale from 1919 to 1936, was a British Conservative Party politician.
Frances Anne Vane, Marchioness of Londonderry was a wealthy English heiress and noblewoman. She was the daughter of Sir Henry Vane-Tempest, 2nd Baronet. She married Charles William Stewart, 1st Baron Stewart. She became a marchioness in 1822 when Charles succeeded his half-brother as 3rd Marquess of Londonderry. Through her daughter Frances Anne, she is the great-grandmother of Winston Churchill.
Charles Stewart Vane-Tempest-Stewart, 6th Marquess of Londonderry,, styled Viscount Castlereagh between 1872 and 1884, was a British Conservative politician, landowner and benefactor, who served in various capacities in the Conservative administrations of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. After succeeding his father in the marquessate in 1884, he was Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland between 1886 and 1889. He later held office as Postmaster General between 1900 and 1902 and as President of the Board of Education between 1902 and 1905. A supporter of the Protestant causes in Ulster, he was an opponent of Irish Home Rule and one of the instigators of the formal alliance between the Conservative Party and the Liberal Unionists in 1893.
Frances Anne Spencer-Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough, VA was an English noblewoman, the wife of British peer and statesman John Spencer-Churchill, 7th Duke of Marlborough. One of her sons, Lord Randolph Churchill, was the father of Prime Minister Sir Winston Churchill. She had a total of 11 children, and her principal home was the monumental Blenheim Palace, which she rejuvenated with her "lavish and exciting entertainments", and transformed into a "social and political focus for the life of the nation". She was invested as a Lady of the Royal Order of Victoria and Albert for her efforts at famine relief in Ireland.
The Vane, later Vane-Tempest Baronetcy, of Long Newton in the County of Durham, was a title in the Baronetage of Great Britain. It was created on 13 July 1782 for Reverend Henry Vane. He was a descendant of Sir Henry Vane the Elder, also the ancestor of the Dukes of Cleveland. Vane married Frances. He was succeeded by his son, the second Baronet. He succeeded to the substantial Tempest estates on the death of his maternal uncle, John Tempest, and assumed by Royal licence the additional surname of Tempest in accordance with his uncle's will. Vane-Tempest represented both the city and county of Durham in Parliament and was a well-known sportsman. He married Anne MacDonnell, 2nd Countess of Antrim. They had one child Lady Frances Anne, who married Lord Charles Stewart, later 3rd Marquess of Londonderry, who assumed the surname of Vane in lieu of his patronymic. Vane-Tempest died in 1813 when the baronetcy became extinct.
Edward Herbert Jessel, 2nd Baron Jessel CBE, was a British politician.
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
| Member of Parliament for Westmorland |
| Member of Parliament for Bristol West |
| Minister of Transport |
| Minister of Labour |
| President of the Board of Trade |
The Viscount Halifax
| President of the Board of Education |
The Earl Stanhope
| Secretary of State for War |
| Secretary of State for the Colonies |