Olomouc Region

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Olomouc Region
Olomoucký kraj
Olomouc-Horni namesti.JPG
Olomouc
Flag of Olomouc Region.svg
Olomouc Region CoA CZ.svg
Olomoucky kraj in Czech Republic.svg
Country Czech Republic
Capital Olomouc
Districts Jeseník District, Olomouc District, Přerov District, Prostějov District, Šumperk District
Government
  GovernorJosef Suchánek (STAN)
Area
  Total5,266.57 km2 (2,033.43 sq mi)
Highest elevation
1,492 m (4,895 ft)
Population
 (2019-01-01 [1] )
  Total632,492
  Density120/km2 (310/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code CZ-OL
Vehicle registration M
Website www.kr-olomoucky.cz

Olomouc Region (Czech : Olomoucký kraj; German : Olmützer Region, pronounced [ˈɔlmʏt͡sɐ ʁeˈɡi̯oːn] ; Polish : Kraj ołomuniecki) is an administrative unit (Czech : kraj) of the Czech Republic, located in the north-western and central part of its historical region of Moravia (Morava) and in a small part of the historical region of Czech Silesia (České Slezsko). It is named for its capital Olomouc.

Contents

Olomouc region borders with the Moravian-Silesian Region (in the east), Zlín Region (in the south-east), South Moravian Region (in the south-west) and Pardubice Region (in the west). Furthermore, the region shares a 104 km long border with Poland (in the north).

Administrative divisions

The Olomouc Region is divided into 5 districts:

Olomouc districts.png
Districts of Olomouc Region
   Jeseník
   Olomouc
   Přerov
   Prostějov
   Šumperk

On the territory of the region there are 13 administrative districts of municipalities with extended powers and 20 administrative districts of municipalities with authorized local authority.

Population

Example of vernacular architecture of Hanakia Skanzen Rymice - Domkarska usedlost Symerskych.JPG
Example of vernacular architecture of Hanakia

In January 2019 the population of the Olomouc Region totalled 632,492 inhabitants. As of 2019, 50.3% of region’s population lived in municipalities with more than 4,000. Out of 402 municipalities located in the region (including one military area), 30 had a status of town. Region’s capital Olomouc is with approximately 100 thousand inhabitants the largest city. With 120.1 inhabitants per km2 the region was close to the national average of 135 inhabitants per km2. There were, of course, differences within the region: the lowest population density was in the Jeseník District. In the long term, the population of the region has been aging. The average age of population in 2019 is 42.8, which is the 4th highest among regions in the Czech Republic. [1]

Cities and towns

The table below provides the list of region's most populous cities and towns as of 1 January 2019: [2]

NamePopulationArea (km²) District
Olomouc flag.png Olomouc 100,523103 Olomouc District
Prostejov prapor.png Prostějov 43,68039 Prostějov District
Prerov.jpg Přerov 43,18659 Přerov District
Sumperk CZ flag.gif Šumperk 25,95728 Šumperk District
Flag of Hranice (okres Prerov).svg Hranice 18,05750 Přerov District
Flag of Zabreh.svg Zábřeh 13,58935 Šumperk District
Sternberk CZ flag.svg Šternberk 13,49549 Olomouc District
Unicov flag.gif Uničov 11,39648 Olomouc District
Flag of Jesenik.svg Jeseník 11,19238 Jeseník District
Litovel CZ flag.gif Litovel 9,81046 Olomouc District
Mohelnice CZ flag.svg Mohelnice 9,18946 Šumperk District
Lipnik nad Becvou CZ flag.gif Lipník nad Bečvou 8,02431 Přerov District

Geography

Aerial view of Praded Praded letecky pohled 01.jpg
Aerial view of Praděd

The total area of the region amounts to 5,267 km2, which is 6.7% of the entire area of the Czech Republic. The northern part of the region is of mountainous nature. The Jeseníky mountains are located here, including Praděd, which is the highest point of the region (1,492 m above sea level). The southern part of the region consists of the Hanakian lowland. The lowest point of the region is situated on the water level of the Morava River near to Kojetín in the Přerov District (190 m above sea level). The Morava river flows through the region and the majority of the region's territory belongs to Morava’s drainage basin. A small northern part of the region belongs to the drainage basin of Odra River, which flows to the Baltic Sea. The Olomouc Region offers a great variety of natural points of interest. Protected landscape area of the Jeseníky mountains offers a number of scenic places such as the largest Moravian peatbog Rejvíz and the 45m high Vysoký Waterfall. Another scenic place is Dlouhé Stráně water reservoir situated on the top of a hill. Protected landscape area Litovelské Pomoraví offers floodplain forests with many endangered species of plants and animals. Finally, many caves can be found in the region: Javoříčko Caves (Czech : Javoříčské jeskyně), Mladeč Caves (Czech : Mladečské jeskyně) and Zbrašov aragonite caves (Czech : Zbrašovské jeskyně). [3]

Economy

Olomoucke syrecky, a ripened soft cheese made in Lostice Olomoucke tvaruzky (3).jpg
Olomoucké syrečky, a ripened soft cheese made in Loštice

The region's economy focuses on traditional agriculture, processing industry and services. Conditions for further development of the region are its attractive location, transport accessibility, developed infrastructure, enough qualified labour force and entry of foreign investors. In 2011, the total economically active population of the Olomouc Region was 307.2 thousand people, of which 283.9 thousand were employed and 23.3 thousand unemployed. The unemployment rate in late 2013 was 9%. The Olomouc Region is an industrial area with developed services. The economy of the Hanakian districts is more stable and diverse than the economy of the Jeseník District and northern part of the Šumperk District. The latter two districts belong to economically weaker regions due to their position, transport accessibility and disturbance of social and economic life after the Second World War (displacement of German population). The gross domestic product of the Olomouc Region amounted to 4.7% of the nation GDP in 2011. The GDP per capita of the region reaches 76.5% of the national average. The average monthly wage of employees in businesses based in the region reached 21,727 CZK (EUR 780) in late 2013. Significant sectors of the region’s economy are agriculture, food industry, textile and clothing industry, manufacture of machinery, optics and optical equipment. In 2011, there were 138,970 businesses, organisations and entrepreneurs based in the region. Most of them were private entrepreneurs registered according to the trade law (76.6%) and business companies (8.4%). 157 industrial enterprises had 100 or more employees, employing in total 41,222 employees.

Agriculture

The share of arable land was 39.4% in 2011 but was showing a decreasing trend over past years while the share of non-agricultural land has been increasing and reached 46.9% in 2011. Southern and central parts of the region belong to areas with the most fertile land. Crop yields (barley, wheat, rape and industrial sugar beet) reach the highest amounts of the entire country.

Transport

Transport accessibility of the region is provided by 3,582 km of roads, of which only 12.3% are first class roads. The motorways with two lanes connect Olomouc with Brno (I/46), Ostrava (I/35 followed by D1) and the Pardubice Region (I/35). Once finished, the d1 motorway will connect Brno with Ostrava and will cross the southern part of Olomouc Region. There is 601 km of railways in the region. Important rail junctions are in Olomouc and Přerov. The railway network is spread equally all over the Region´s territory. Road network is denser in the southern flat part of the Region. Near to the city of Olomouc there is an airport for small airliners, which obtained status of an international airport.

Tourism

The Olomouc Region belongs to regions with the smallest number of accommodation establishments. In 2009 there were 338 collective accommodation establishments. These were placed primarily in the Jeseník District and the Šumperk District that are most visited by tourists. [3]

Quality of life

In 2011, 14,347 crimes were committed in the region, of which 6,744 (47%) were solved. Compared to other regions of the Czech Republic, the environment of Olomouc Region can be marked as relatively less damaged. The values of specific emissions do not reach the average national values. Mountain areas and foothills have excellent air quality and are important sources of drinking water.

Health care

In 2011 the region counted 9 hospitals, 16 specialized therapeutic institutions and other health establishments by 2,897 physicians and 6,466 paramedical workers. Health care is provided also in many spa establishments that are placed all over the region. Well known spas are in Jeseník, Velké Losiny, Teplice nad Bečvou, Slatinice, Skalka, etc.

Education

In 2011, the network of school establishments consists of 367 nursery schools, 369 basic schools, 20 grammar schools, 81 programmes vocational training and 8 higher schools. The second oldest university in the Czech Republic, the Palacký University (Czech : Univerzita Palackého), is situated in Olomouc. It is attended by over 23,000 students. [3]

Places of interest

National costume of Hanakia Hanacky kroj zeny 1.jpg
National costume of Hanakia

International relations

Olomouc Region cooperates with: [4]

Related Research Articles

Moravia Historical region in the Czech Republic

Moravia is a historical region in the east of the Czech Republic and one of three historical Czech lands, with Bohemia and Czech Silesia.

Moravian-Silesian Region Region of the Czech Republic

The Moravian-Silesian Region, is one of the 14 administrative regions of the Czech Republic. Before May 2001, it was called the Ostrava Region. The region is located in the north-eastern part of its historical region of Moravia and in most of the Czech part of the historical region of Silesia. The region borders the Olomouc Region to the west and the Zlín Region to the south. It also borders two other countries – Poland to the north and Slovakia to the east.

South Moravian Region Region of the Czech Republic

The South Moravian Region is an administrative unit of the Czech Republic, located in the south-western part of its historical region of Moravia. The region's capital is Brno, the nation's 2nd largest city. South Moravia is bordered by the South Bohemian Region (west), Vysočina Region (north-west), Pardubice Region (north), Olomouc Region, Zlín Region (east), Trenčín and Trnava Regions, Slovakia and Lower Austria, Austria (south).

Pardubice Region Region of the Czech Republic

Pardubice Region is an administrative unit of the Czech Republic, located mainly in the eastern part of its historical region of Bohemia, with a small part in northwestern Moravia. It is named after its capital Pardubice. As an administrative unit, Pardubice Region has existed three times in the course of history. It was established for the first time in 1850, and extended from Český Brod to the Bohemian-Moravian border. In its second existence, it was one of 19 regions as they were set between 1949 and 1960. After 1960, Pardubice became the capital of Pardubice district, which was part of the Eastern Bohemian Region. The Pardubice Region, as it is now, was reestablished in 2000.

Zlín Region Region of the Czech Republic

Zlín Region is an administrative unit of the Czech Republic, located in the south-eastern part of the historical region of Moravia. It is named after its capital Zlín. Together with the Olomouc Region it forms a cohesion area of Central Moravia. It is located in the eastern part of the Czech Republic, where the borders with Slovakia are formed by its eastern edge. It borders the South Moravian Region in the southwest, the Olomouc Region in the northwest and the Moravian-Silesian Region in the north. Culturally, the region is composed of parts of three traditional Moravian regions: Hanakia, the Moravian Slovakia and the Moravian Wallachia, as the city of Zlín lies roughly at their tripoint.

Bruntál Town in Czech Republic

Bruntál is a town in the Moravian-Silesian Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 16,000 inhabitants. It is located in the historical region of Czech Silesia. A suitable position in the middle of the Jeseníky Mountains provides ample tourism opportunities to the town, which offers sites of cultural interest that include a Baroque castle and many historical buildings.

Šumperk Town in Olomouc, Czech Republic

Šumperk is a town in the Olomouc Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 26,000 inhabitants. It is the centre of the north of Moravia and, due to its location, is known as "The Gate to the Jeseníky mountains."

This article deals with historic administrative divisions of Czechoslovakia up to 1992, when the country was split into the Czech Republic and Slovakia and the divisions were changed.

Javorník (Jeseník District) Town in Olomouc, Czech Republic

Javorník is a town in the Jeseník District in the Olomouc Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 2,800 inhabitants. It lies in the foothills of Golden Mountains. The centre of the town is historically significant and is protected by law as Urban monument zone.

Lipník nad Bečvou Town in Olomouc, Czech Republic

Lipník nad Bečvou is a town in Přerov District in the Olomouc Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 8,000 inhabitants. The historic centre of Lipník nad Bečvou is well preserved and historically significant and is protected by law as urban monument reservation.

Velké Losiny Municipality in Olomouc, Czech Republic

Velké Losiny is a spa municipality and village in Šumperk District in the Olomouc Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 2,600 inhabitants.

Olomouc District District in Olomouc, Czech Republic

Olomouc District is a district (okres) within the Olomouc Region of the Czech Republic. Its capital is the city of Olomouc.

Šumperk District District in Olomouc, Czech Republic

Šumperk District is a district (okres) within the Olomouc Region of the Czech Republic Its administrative centre is the town of Šumperk.

Jeseník District District in Olomouc, Czech Republic

Jeseník District is a district (okres) in the Olomouc Region of the Czech Republic. Its seat is the town of Jeseník. With approximately 38,000 inhabitants it is the least populated district of the Czech Republic.

Haná

Haná or Hanakia is an ethnographic region in central Moravia in the Czech Republic. Its core area is located along the eponymous river of Haná, around the towns of Vyškov and Prostějov, but in common perception it roughly corresponds to the whole Upper Morava Vale, with Olomouc as its natural centre. In terms of the actual administrative division, Hanakia covers the most of Olomouc Region and adjacent parts of South Moravian Region and Zlín Region.

Jindřichov (Šumperk District) Municipality in Olomouc, Czech Republic

Jindřichov is a municipality and village in Šumperk District in the Olomouc Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 1,200 inhabitants.

Malá Morava Municipality in Olomouc, Czech Republic

Malá Morava is a village and municipality (obec) in Šumperk District in the Olomouc Region of the Czech Republic.

Desná (Morava)

Desná is a river situated in Olomouc region of Czech Republic, left tributary of the Morava. It is 43.4 km long, and its basin area is 338 km2.

References

  1. 1 2 "Population of territorial units of the Czech republic". Czech Statistical Office. Retrieved 2019-04-30.
  2. "Population of municipalities of the Czech republic". Czech Statistical Office. Retrieved 2019-04-30.
  3. 1 2 3 Characteristics of the Olomoucký Region, Available online at: http://www.czso.cz/csu/2010edicniplan.nsf/engt/F80031C6B4/$File/71101110chen.pdf
  4. "Mezinárodní kontakty" (in Czech). Olomoucký kraj. Retrieved 2019-08-21.

Coordinates: 49°43′N17°07′E / 49.72°N 17.11°E / 49.72; 17.11