Olyokminsk

Last updated

Olyokminsk

Олёкминск
Town under district jurisdiction [1]
Other transcription(s)
  YakutӨлүөхүмэ
Coat of Arms of Olekminsk (Yakutia) (1790).png
Coat of arms
Location of Olyokminsk
Olyokminsk
Russia edcp location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Olyokminsk
Location of Olyokminsk
Yakutia notext.svg
Red pog.svg
Olyokminsk
Olyokminsk (Sakha Republic)
Coordinates: 60°22′N120°25′E / 60.367°N 120.417°E / 60.367; 120.417 Coordinates: 60°22′N120°25′E / 60.367°N 120.417°E / 60.367; 120.417
Country Russia
Federal subject Sakha Republic [1]
Administrative district Olyokminsky District [1]
Town Olyokminsk [1]
Founded1635 [1]
Town status since1783
Government
  HeadSemyon Fedulov
Elevation
150 m (490 ft)
Population
  Total9,494
  Estimate 
(2018) [3]
9,213 (−3%)
   Capital ofOlyokminsky District [1] , Town of Olyokminsk [1]
   Municipal district Olyokminsky Municipal District [4]
  Urban settlementOlyokminsk Urban Settlement [4]
   Capital ofOlyokminsky Municipal District [5] , Olyokminsk Urban Settlement [4]
Time zone UTC+9 (MSK+6   OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg [6] )
Postal code(s) [7]
678100, 678139
Dialing code(s) +7 41138
OKTMO ID98641101001
Olyokminsk population
2010 Census 9,494 [2]
2002 Census 10,003 [8]
1989 Census 11,478 [9]
1979 Census 10,595 [10]

Olyokminsk (Russian:Олёкминск,IPA:  [ɐˈlʲɵkmʲɪnsk] ; Yakut : Өлүөхүмэ, Ölüöxümə) is a town and the administrative center of Olyokminsky District in the Sakha Republic, Russia, located on the left bank of the Lena River, 651 kilometers (405 mi) southwest of Yakutsk, the capital of the republic. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 9,494. [2]

Contents

History

It was founded in 1635 [1] as an ostrog by the Cossacks led by Pyotr Beketov, sited on the left bank of the Lena opposite the mouth of the Olyokma River.[ citation needed ] The outpost was later moved a few kilometers upstream, to a location less prone to flooding in spring.

As the junction for river traffic on the Lena and Olyokma, it was the base for Russian expeditions further east and eventually became a trade center on the river route to Yakutsk. Town status was granted to it in 1783.[ citation needed ]

Decembrists Nikolay Chizhov and Andrey Andreyev were exiled here.

During World War II, an airfield was built here for the Alaska-Siberian (ALSIB) air route used to ferry American Lend-Lease aircraft to the Eastern Front. [11]

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Olyokminsk serves as the administrative center of Olyokminsky District. [1] As an inhabited locality, Olyokminsk is classified as a town under district jurisdiction. [1] As an administrative division, it is, together with four rural localities, incorporated within Olyokminsky District as the Town of Olyokminsk. [1] As a municipal division, the Town of Olyokminsk is incorporated within Olyokminsky Municipal District as Olyokminsk Urban Settlement. [4]

Economy and infrastructure

Timber processing and a power plant are the focus of the town's economy, along with farming in the surrounding area.

Transportation

Olyokminsk is served by the Olyokminsk Airport ( IATA : OLZ).

Culture and sights

The town is notable for a number of surviving pre-20th century wooden architecture, including the Alexander Nevsky Chapel (1891) and Cathedral of Our Savior (1860).

Climate

Olyokminsk has a subarctic climate (Köppen climate classification Dfc). Winters have temperatures averaging from −34.6 to −26.6 °C (−30.3 to −15.9 °F) in January, while summers have average temperatures from +12.0 to +24.9 °C (53.6 to 76.8 °F) in July. In the summer months of June, July, and August, it is not uncommon for temperatures to surpass +30 °C (86 °F) during the day. Precipitation is significantly higher in summer than at other times of the year. Although summers are similar to republic capital Yakutsk, winters are less severe courtesy of the lower latitude. As a result, Olyokminsk is rare for the Sakha Republic cities in that it has recorded subfreezing temperatures during January and February. Those episodes are rare and very short-lived.

On August 6, 1986, Olyokminsk recorded its highest ever temperature of +37.7 °C (99.9 °F). [12] The record low for Olyokminsk was −60.1 °C (−76.2 °F) in 1907. [13] July is the only month when temperatures never dropped below 0 °C (32 °F) and December is only month when temperatures have never reached 0 °C (32 °F).

Climate data for Olyokminsk
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)2.0
(35.6)
1.0
(33.8)
11.2
(52.2)
18.8
(65.8)
31.1
(88.0)
35.4
(95.7)
36.5
(97.7)
37.7
(99.9)
26.6
(79.9)
18.2
(64.8)
6.1
(43.0)
−0.7
(30.7)
37.7
(99.9)
Average high °C (°F)−26.8
(−16.2)
−20.4
(−4.7)
−8.3
(17.1)
3.3
(37.9)
13.3
(55.9)
22.2
(72.0)
24.9
(76.8)
21.1
(70.0)
11.5
(52.7)
−0.8
(30.6)
−16.6
(2.1)
−26.1
(−15.0)
−0.2
(31.6)
Daily mean °C (°F)−30.7
(−23.3)
−25.9
(−14.6)
−15.4
(4.3)
−2.9
(26.8)
7.1
(44.8)
15.3
(59.5)
18.4
(65.1)
14.6
(58.3)
6.1
(43.0)
−5.0
(23.0)
−20.8
(−5.4)
−29.9
(−21.8)
−5.8
(21.6)
Average low °C (°F)−34.6
(−30.3)
−30.7
(−23.3)
−22.2
(−8.0)
−9.2
(15.4)
1.0
(33.8)
8.5
(47.3)
12.1
(53.8)
8.8
(47.8)
1.4
(34.5)
−9.0
(15.8)
−24.9
(−12.8)
−33.7
(−28.7)
−11.0
(12.1)
Record low °C (°F)−60.1
(−76.2)
−57.6
(−71.7)
−47.4
(−53.3)
−35.1
(−31.2)
−16.1
(3.0)
−4.7
(23.5)
0.2
(32.4)
−4.7
(23.5)
−13.7
(7.3)
−32.1
(−25.8)
−49.1
(−56.4)
−57.2
(−71.0)
−60.1
(−76.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches)17
(0.7)
11
(0.4)
9
(0.4)
10
(0.4)
32
(1.3)
39
(1.5)
58
(2.3)
50
(2.0)
40
(1.6)
21
(0.8)
21
(0.8)
18
(0.7)
326
(12.9)
Average rainy days000.23151615151650.1085.3
Average snowy days2723181130.1002202727158.1
Average relative humidity (%)80797160576369747577828072
Mean monthly sunshine hours 381162112492682953082411529360172,048
Source 1: pogoda.ru.net, [13]
Source 2: NOAA (sun only, 1961-1990) [14]

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References

Notes

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic
  2. 1 2 3 Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  3. "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  4. 1 2 3 4 Law #173-Z #353-III
  5. Law #172-Z #351-III
  6. "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  7. Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  8. Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000](XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  9. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 via Demoscope Weekly.
  10. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 г. Национальный состав населения по регионам России [All Union Population Census of 1979. Ethnic composition of the population by regions of Russia](XLS). Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 года [All-Union Population Census of 1979] (in Russian). 1979 via Demoscope Weekly (website of the Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics.
  11. Igor Lebedev. Aviation Lend-Lease to Russia. Nova Publishers, 1997, pp. 44–49
  12. "Station Details: OLEKMINSK, RS, GHCND:RSM00024944". NOAA Climate Data Online. Retrieved June 10, 2013. (Select year to 1986, month to 8 and click "View Data" to verify)
  13. 1 2 "Weather And Climate - Climate Olekminsk" (in Russian). Retrieved January 20, 2013.
  14. "Climate Normals for Olekminsk". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration . Retrieved January 20, 2013.

Sources