Olyokminsky District

Last updated
Olyokminsky District

Олёкминский улус
Other transcription(s)
  SakhaӨлүөхүмэ улууhа
Olyokma river.jpg
Olyokma river, Olyokminsky District
Flag of Olyokminsky rayon (Yakutia).png
Flag
Coat of Arms of Olekminsk rayon (Yakutia).png
Coat of arms
Olyokminsky District
Location of Olyokminsky District in the Sakha Republic
Coordinates: 60°23′N120°26′E / 60.383°N 120.433°E / 60.383; 120.433 Coordinates: 60°23′N120°26′E / 60.383°N 120.433°E / 60.383; 120.433
Country Russia
Federal subject Sakha Republic [1]
EstablishedJanuary 9, 1930 [2]
Administrative center Olyokminsk [3]
Area
[3]
  Total160,800 km2 (62,100 sq mi)
Population
  Total26,785
  Estimate 
(2018) [5]
24,893 (-7.1%)
  Density0.17/km2 (0.43/sq mi)
   Urban
35.4%
   Rural
64.6%
Administrative structure
   Administrative divisions 1 Towns under district jurisdiction, 1 Settlements, 21 Rural okrugs
   Inhabited localities [3] 1 Cities/towns, 1 Urban-type settlements [6] , 52 Rural localities
Municipal structure
   Municipally incorporated asOlyokminsky Municipal District [7]
   Municipal divisions [8] 1 Urban settlements, 22 Rural settlements
Time zone UTC+9 (MSK+6   OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg [9] )
OKTMO ID98641000

Olyokminsky District (Russian : Олёкминский улу́с; Yakut : Өлүөхүмэ улууһа, Ölüöxüme uluuha) is an administrative [1] and municipal [7] district (raion, or ulus), one of the thirty-four in the Sakha Republic, Russia. It is located in the southwest of the republic and borders with Verkhnevilyuysky District in the north, Gorny and Khangalassky Districts in the northeast, Aldansky District in the east, Neryungrinsky District in the southeast, Zabaykalsky Krai in the southwest, Irkutsk Oblast and Lensky District in the west, and with Suntarsky District in the northwest. The area of the district is 160,800 square kilometers (62,100 sq mi). [3] Its administrative center is the town of Olyokminsk. [3] Population: 26,785(2010 Census); [4] 27,563 (2002 Census); [10] 30,938(1989 Census). [11] The population of Olyokminsk accounts for 35.4% of the district's total population. [4]

Contents

Geography

The main rivers of the district include the Lena with its tributaries, the largest of which is the Olyokma. The Olyokma Nature Reserve is in the district.

Climate

Average January temperature ranges from −30 to −35 °C (−22 to −31 °F) and average July temperature ranges from +12 °C (54 °F) in the mountains to +18 °C (64 °F) in the valleys. [2] Average annual precipitation is 200–300 millimeters (7.9–11.8 in). [2]

History

The district was established on January 9, 1930. [2]

Demographics

As of the 2002 Census, the ethnic composition was as follows:[ citation needed ]

Economy

The economy of the district is based mostly on agriculture and mining. There are deposits of gold and construction materials in the district. The only deposit of charoite known in the world is located on the district's territory.[ citation needed ]

Inhabited localities

Municipal composition
Towns / CitiesPopulationMaleFemaleInhabited localities in jurisdiction
Olyokminsk
(Олекминск)
10,7345,224 (48.7%)5,510 (51.3%)
Urban settlementsPopulationMaleFemaleInhabited localities in jurisdiction
Torgo
(Торго)
00 (n/a %)0 (n/a %)
Rural settlementsPopulationMaleFemaleRural localities in jurisdiction*
Abaginsky Nasleg
(Абагинский)
1,190559 (47.0%)631 (53.0%)
Dabansky Nasleg
(Дабанский)
535263 (49.2%)272 (50.8%)
Delgeysky Nasleg
(Дельгейский)
569272 (47.8%)297 (52.2%)
Zharkhansky National Nasleg
(Жарханский национальный)
1,373685 (49.9%)688 (50.1%)
Kindigirsky National Nasleg
(Киндигирский национальный)
354163 (46.0%)191 (54.0%)
Kyllakhsky Nasleg
(Кыллахский)
1,146583 (50.9%)563 (48.1%)
Kyachchinsky Nasleg
(Кяччинский)
411228 (55.5%)183 (44.5%)
Malzhagarsky Nasleg
(Мальжагарский)
1,089560 (51.4%)529 (48.6%)
Machinsky Nasleg
(Мачинский)
407239 (58.7%)168 (41.3%)
Neryuktyayinsky 1-y Nasleg
(Нерюктяйинский 1-й)
1,436703 (49.0%)733 (51.0%)
Neryuktyayinsky 2-y Nasleg
(Нерюктяйинский 2-й)
956451 (47.2%)505 (52.8%)
Olyokminsky Nasleg
(Олекминский)
1,027486 (47.3%)541 (%)
Sanyyakhtakhsky Nasleg
(Саныяхтахский)
987532 (53.9%)455 (46.1%)
Solyansky Nasleg
(Солянский)
433224 (51.7%)209 (48.3%)
Troitsky Nasleg
(Троицкий)
353187 (53.0%)166 (47.0%)
Tyantsky National Nasleg
(Тянский национальный)
499272 (54.5%)227 (45.5%)
Ulakhan-Mungkunsky Nasleg
(Улахан-Мунгкунский)
394209 (53.0%)185 (47.0%)
Uritsky Nasleg
(Урицкий)
313159 (20.8%)154 (49.2%)
Khorinsky Nasleg
(Хоринский)
812410 (50.5%)402 (49.5%)
Chapayevsky Nasleg
(Чапаевский)
932513 (55.0%)419 (45.0%)
Charinsky National Nasleg
(Чаринский национальный)
215109 (50.7%)106 (49.3%)
VillagesPopulationMaleFemaleVillages in jurisdiction*
Zarechny Village
(Заречный)
620327 (52.7%)293 (47.3%)

Divisional source: [12]
Population source: [4]
*Administrative centers are shown in bold

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Zarechny, Sakha Republic Selo in Sakha Republic, Russia

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References

Notes

  1. 1 2 Constitution of the Sakha Republic
  2. 1 2 3 4 Center of the Socioeconomic and Political Monitoring. Olyokminsky District Archived September 21, 2012, at the Wayback Machine (in Russian)
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic
  4. 1 2 3 4 Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  5. "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  6. The count of urban-type settlements may include the work settlements, the resort settlements, the suburban (dacha) settlements, as well as urban-type settlements proper.
  7. 1 2 Law #172-Z #351-III
  8. Law #173-Z #354-III
  9. "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  10. Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000](XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  11. "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 via Demoscope Weekly.
  12. Olyokminsky Ulus (Raion) Official website of the Sakha Republic

Sources