Omar Sharif

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Omar Sharif
Omar Sharif 1963.JPG
Sharif in a 1963 publicity photo.
Native name
ميشيل ديمتري شلهوب
Born
Michel Dimitri Chalhoub [1]

(1932-04-10)10 April 1932
Died10 July 2015(2015-07-10) (aged 83)
Burial placeEl-Sayeda Nafisa Cemetery
Nationality Egyptian
Other namesOmar el-Sherief, [2] [3] Omar Cherif [4]
Education Victoria College, Alexandria
Alma mater Cairo University
Occupation Actor
Years active1954–2015 [5]
Spouse(s)
Faten Hamama
(m. 1955;div. 1974)
ChildrenTarek Sharif
Awards

Omar Sharif (Arabic : عمر الشريف, Egyptian Arabic pronunciation:  [ˈʕomɑɾ eʃʃɪˈɾiːf] ; born Michel Dimitri Chalhoub [1] [miˈʃel dɪˈmitɾi ʃælˈhuːb] ; 10 April 1932 10 July 2015) was an Egyptian actor of Lebanese descent. He began his career in his native country in the 1950s, but is best known for his appearances in both English and American productions. His films included Lawrence of Arabia (1962), Doctor Zhivago (1965), and Funny Girl (1968). He was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for Lawrence of Arabia . He won three Golden Globe Awards and a César Award.

Egypt Country spanning North Africa and Southwest Asia

Egypt, officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a country in the northeast corner of Africa, whose territory in the Sinai Peninsula extends beyond the continental boundary with Asia, as traditionally defined. Egypt is bordered by the Gaza Strip and Israel to the northeast, the Gulf of Aqaba and the Red Sea to the east, Sudan to the south, Libya to the west, and the Mediterranean Sea to the north. Across the Gulf of Aqaba lies Jordan, across the Red Sea lies Saudi Arabia, and across the Mediterranean lie Greece, Turkey and Cyprus, although none share a land border with Egypt.

Actor Person who acts in a dramatic or comic production and works in film, television, theatre, or radio

An actor is a person who portrays a character in a performance. The actor performs "in the flesh" in the traditional medium of the theatre or in modern media such as film, radio, and television. The analogous Greek term is ὑποκριτής (hupokritḗs), literally "one who answers". The actor's interpretation of their role—the art of acting—pertains to the role played, whether based on a real person or fictional character. Interpretation occurs even when the actor is "playing themselves", as in some forms of experimental performance art.

The Lebanese people are the people inhabiting or originating from Lebanon. The term may also include those who had inhabited Mount Lebanon and the Anti-Lebanon mountains prior to the creation of the modern Lebanese state. The major religious groups among the Lebanese people within Lebanon are Shia Muslims (27%), Sunni Muslims (27%), Maronite Christians (21%), Greek Orthodox Christians (8%), Melkite Christians (5%), Druze (5.6%), Protestant Christians (1%). The largest contingente of Lebanese, however, comprise a diaspora in North America, South America, Europe, Australia and Africa, which is predominantly Maronite Christian.

Contents

Sharif, who spoke Arabic, English, French, Spanish and Italian fluently, was often cast as a foreigner of some sort. He bridled at travel restrictions imposed by the government of Egyptian president Gamal Abdel Nasser, leading to self-exile in Europe. He was a lifelong horse racing enthusiast, and at one time ranked among the world's top contract bridge players.

Arabic Central Semitic language

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English language West Germanic language

English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and eventually became a global lingua franca. It is named after the Angles, one of the Germanic tribes that migrated to the area of Great Britain that later took their name, as England. Both names derive from Anglia, a peninsula in the Baltic Sea. The language is closely related to Frisian and Low Saxon, and its vocabulary has been significantly influenced by other Germanic languages, particularly Norse, and to a greater extent by Latin and French.

French language Romance language

French is a Romance language of the Indo-European family. It descended from the Vulgar Latin of the Roman Empire, as did all Romance languages. French evolved from Gallo-Romance, the spoken Latin in Gaul, and more specifically in Northern Gaul. Its closest relatives are the other langues d'oïl—languages historically spoken in northern France and in southern Belgium, which French (Francien) has largely supplanted. French was also influenced by native Celtic languages of Northern Roman Gaul like Gallia Belgica and by the (Germanic) Frankish language of the post-Roman Frankish invaders. Today, owing to France's past overseas expansion, there are numerous French-based creole languages, most notably Haitian Creole. A French-speaking person or nation may be referred to as Francophone in both English and French.

Early life

Sharif, whose adopted surname means "noble" or "nobleman", [6] [7] was born Michel Dimitri Chalhoub in Alexandria, Kingdom of Egypt, [8] [9] to a Melkite Catholic family of Lebanese descent. [10] [11] He belonged to a small ethnocultural minority known as the Levantine 'Antiochian' Greek Catholics of Egypt (Rum Katuleek), an offshoot of the Greek Orthodox Church of Antioch. [12]

Alexandria Metropolis in Egypt

Alexandria is the second-largest city in Egypt and a major economic centre, extending about 32 km (20 mi) along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea in the north central part of the country. Its low elevation on the Nile delta makes it highly vulnerable to rising sea levels. Alexandria is an important industrial center because of its natural gas and oil pipelines from Suez. Alexandria is also a popular tourist destination.

Kingdom of Egypt 1922-1953 kingdom in Northern Africa

The Kingdom of Egypt was the de jure independent Egyptian state established under the Muhammad Ali dynasty in 1922 following the Unilateral Declaration of Egyptian Independence by the United Kingdom. Until the Anglo-Egyptian treaty of 1936, the Kingdom was only nominally independent, since the British retained control of foreign relations, communications, the military and the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan. Between 1936 and 1952, the British continued to maintain military presence and political advisers, at a reduced level.

Melkite Greek Catholic Church Eastern Catholic Church

The Melkite Greek Catholic Church is an Eastern Catholic Church in full communion with the Holy See as part of the worldwide Catholic Church. It is headed by Patriarch Youssef Absi, S.M.S.P., headquartered in Cathedral of Our Lady of the Dormition, Damascus, Syria. The Melkites, Byzantine Rite Catholics, trace their history to the early Christians of Antioch, formerly part of Syria and now in Turkey, of the 1st century AD, where Christianity was introduced by Saint Peter.

His father, Joseph Chalhoub, a precious woods merchant, moved to the port city of Alexandria in the early 20th century from Zahle in Lebanon. [11] [10] Sharif was later born in Alexandria. [11] His family moved to Cairo when he was four. [13] His mother, Claire Saada was also from Zahle in Lebanon. She was a noted society hostess, and Egypt's King Farouk was a regular visitor prior to his deposition in 1952. [14]

Zahlé City in Beqaa Governorate, Lebanon

Zahlé (Arabic: (زحلة‎ is the capital and the largest city of Beqaa Governorate, Lebanon. With around 120,000 inhabitants, it is the third largest city in Lebanon after Beirut and Tripoli, and the fourth largest taking the whole urban area.

Lebanon Country in Western Asia

Lebanon, officially known as the Lebanese Republic, is a country in Western Asia. It is bordered by Syria to the north and east and Israel to the south, while Cyprus is west across the Mediterranean Sea. Lebanon's location at the crossroads of the Mediterranean Basin and the Arabian hinterland facilitated its rich history and shaped a cultural identity of religious and ethnic diversity. At just 10,452 km2, it is the smallest recognized sovereign state on the mainland Asian continent.

Cairo Capital and largest city of Egypt

Cairo is the capital of Egypt. The city's metropolitan area is one of the largest in Africa, the largest in the Middle East and 15th-largest in the world, and is associated with ancient Egypt, as the famous Giza pyramid complex and the ancient city of Memphis are located in its geographical area. Located near the Nile Delta, modern Cairo was founded in 969 AD by the Fatimid dynasty, but the land composing the present-day city was the site of ancient national capitals whose remnants remain visible in parts of Old Cairo. Cairo has long been a centre of the region's political and cultural life, and is titled "the city of a thousand minarets" for its preponderance of Islamic architecture. Cairo is considered a World City with a "Beta +" classification according to GaWC.

In his youth, Sharif studied at Victoria College, Alexandria, where he showed a talent for languages. He later graduated from Cairo University with a degree in mathematics and physics. [15] He worked for a while in his father's precious wood business before beginning his acting career in Egypt. In 1955, Sharif changed his name to Omar El-Sharif and converted to Islam in order to marry [15] [16] fellow Egyptian actress Faten Hamama. [17] [18]

Victoria College, Alexandria school in Alexandria, Egypt

Victoria College, Alexandria, was founded in 1902 under the impetus of the recently ennobled Evelyn Baring, 1st Earl of Cromer of the Barings Bank, that was heavily invested in Egyptian stability. For years the British Consul-General was ex officio on the board of Victoria College. The new college was to raise the standard of Imperial education and free it from the influences of the madrassas and the ubiquitous Jesuits, both of whom made the British foreign office uneasy. Among prominent subscribers to the project were members of the prominent internationalized Jewish and Maltese minority in Egypt including members of the Egyptian Royal family. Prior to the 1930s establishment of Baghdad College, members of the upper class of Iraq sent their children to Victoria College.

Cairo University public university with its main campus in Giza, Egypt

Cairo University, known as the Egyptian University from 1908 to 1940, and King Fuad I University from 1940 to 1952) is Egypt's premier public university. Its main campus is in Giza, immediately across the Nile from Cairo. It was founded on 21 December 1908; however, after being housed in various parts of Cairo, its faculties, beginning with the Faculty of Arts, were established on its current main campus in Giza in October 1929. It is the second oldest institution of higher education in Egypt after Al Azhar University, notwithstanding the pre-existing higher professional schools that later became constituent colleges of the university. It was founded and funded as the Egyptian University by a committee of private citizens with royal patronage in 1908 and became a state institution under King Fuad I in 1925. In 1940, four years following his death, the University was renamed King Fuad I University in his honor. It was renamed a second time after the Egyptian revolution of 1952. The University currently enrolls approximately 155,000 students in 22 faculties. It counts three Nobel Laureates among its graduates and is one of the 50 largest institutions of higher education in the world by enrollment.

Islam is an Abrahamic, monotheistic religion teaching that there is only one God (Allah), and that Muhammad is a messenger of God. It is the world's second-largest religion with over 1.9 billion followers or 24.4% of the world's population, commonly known as Muslims. Muslims make up a majority of the population in 50 countries. Islam teaches that God is merciful, all-powerful, and unique, and has guided mankind through prophets, revealed scriptures and natural signs. The primary scriptures of Islam are the Quran, claimed to be the verbatim word of God, and the teachings and normative examples of Muhammad.

It has been widely reported that Sharif studied acting at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art in London, [14] [15] but the academy confirmed to Al Jazeera that this is in fact not true. [19]

Royal Academy of Dramatic Art Drama school located in London, England

The Royal Academy of Dramatic Art (RADA) is a drama school in London, England that provides training for film, television and theatre. It is a member of the United Kingdom Federation of Drama Schools. It is one of the oldest drama schools in the United Kingdom, founded in 1904 by Herbert Beerbohm Tree.

London Capital of the United Kingdom

London is the capital of and largest city in England and the United Kingdom, with the largest municipal population in the European Union. Standing on the River Thames in the south-east of England, at the head of its 50-mile (80 km) estuary leading to the North Sea, London has been a major settlement for two millennia. Londinium was founded by the Romans. The City of London, London's ancient core − an area of just 1.12 square miles (2.9 km2) and colloquially known as the Square Mile − retains boundaries that follow closely its medieval limits. The City of Westminster is also an Inner London borough holding city status. Greater London is governed by the Mayor of London and the London Assembly.

Acting career

Egyptian movie star

A close up shot from Sharif's movie There is a Man in our House Produced in 1961. Omar elcherif.jpg
A close up shot from Sharif's movie There is a Man in our House Produced in 1961.

In 1954, Sharif began his acting career in Egypt with a role in The Blazing Sun . He was also in Shaytan Al-Sahra ("Devil of the Desert"). In the same year he appeared in Sira` Fi al-Wadi ("Struggle in the Valley").

He quickly rose to stardom, appearing in Our Beautiful Days (1955), The Lebanese Mission (1956) (a French film), Struggle in the Pier (1956), Sleepless (1957) ("[La Anam]"), Land of Peace (1957), Goha (1958) (a Tunisian film that marked the debut of Claudia Cardinale), Struggle on the Nile (1958), Lady of the Palace (1960), A Beginning and an End (1960), A Rumor of Love (1960), Sayyidat al-Qasr , the Anna Karenina adaptation The River of Love ("Nahr El-Hob") in 1961 and There is a Man in our House (1961). He and his wife co-starred in several movies as romantic leads. [20]

Lawrence of Arabia

Sharif's first English-language role was that of (the fictitious) Sherif Ali in David Lean's historical epic Lawrence of Arabia in 1962. Sharif was given the role when Dilip Kumar turned it down, Horst Buchholz proved unavailable and Maurice Ronet could not use the contact lenses necessary to hide his eyes. [21]

Casting Sharif in what is now considered one of the "most demanding supporting roles in Hollywood history" was both complex and risky as he was virtually unknown at the time outside Egypt. However, as historian Steven Charles Caton notes, Lean insisted on using ethnic actors when possible to make the film authentic. [22] :56 Sharif would later use his ambiguous ethnicity in other films: "I spoke French, Greek, Italian, Spanish and even Arabic", he said. [23] As Sharif noted, his accent enabled him to "play the role of a foreigner without anyone knowing exactly where I came from", which he stated proved highly successful throughout his career. [22] :56

To secure the role, Sharif had to sign a seven-film contract with Columbia at $50,000 a film. [24]

Lawrence was a box office and critical sensation. Sharif's performance earned him an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor nomination and a Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture, as well as a shared Golden Globe Award for New Star of the Year – Actor. [25] [26]

Sharif went on to star in another Hollywood blockbuster, Anthony Mann's The Fall of the Roman Empire (1964) where he played the support role of Sohaemus of Armenia.

Sharif was third-billed in Columbia's Behold a Pale Horse (1964), playing a priest in the Spanish Civil War alongside Gregory Peck and Anthony Quinn. Director Fred Zinnemann said he chose Sharif partly on the suggestion of David Lean. "He said he was an absolutely marvellous actor, 'If you possibly can, take a look at him.'" [27] Film historian Richard Schickel wrote that Sharif gave a "truly wonderful performance", especially noteworthy because of his totally different roles in Lawrence of Arabia: "It is hard to believe that the priest and the sheik are played by the same man". [28] The film, like Fall of the Roman Empire, was a commercial disappointment. [29]

Sharif was one of many stars in MGM's The Yellow Rolls-Royce (1964), playing a Yugoslav wartime patriot; the movie was a hit.

Sharif had his first lead role in a Hollywood movie when he was cast in the title part of Genghis Khan (1965). Produced by Irving Allen and directed by Henry Levin for Columbia, the $4.5 million epic was a box office disappointment. He had a supporting role in a French Marco Polo biopic, Marco the Magnificent (1965), starring Buchholz and Quinn.

Doctor Zhivago

With Geraldine Chaplin in Doctor Zhivago (1965). Geraldine Chaplin - Omar Sharif.jpg
With Geraldine Chaplin in Doctor Zhivago (1965).

While making Genghis Khan Sharif heard that Lean was making an epic love story Doctor Zhivago (1965), an adaptation of Boris Pasternak's 1957 novel. [30] Sharif was a fan of the novel and pitched himself for one of the supporting roles; Lean decided to cast him in the lead, as Yuri Zhivago, a poet and physician. [31]

Film historian Constantine Santas explained that Lean intended the film to be a poetic portrayal of the period, with large vistas of landscapes combined with a powerful score by Maurice Jarre. He noted that Sharif's role is "passive", his eyes reflecting "reality" which then become "the mirror of reality we ourselves see". [32]

In a commentary on the DVD (2001 edition), Sharif described Lean's style of directing as similar to a general commanding an army. [32] :xxviii The film was a huge hit. For his performance, Sharif won the Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama. [33] Doctor Zhivago remains one of the top ten highest-grossing films of all time after adjusting for inflation. [34]

Sharif followed it with a cameo in The Poppy Is Also a Flower (1966). He, O'Toole and Lawrence producer Sam Spiegel were reunited in The Night of the Generals (1967), playing a German officer in World War Two, his fourth movie for Columbia. The film was not a success. Neither was the Italian-French fairytale More Than a Miracle (1967), despite its co-starring Sophia Loren.

Funny Girl

Sharif was also praised for his portrayal of Nicky Arnstein in Funny Girl (1968), at Columbia. He portrayed the husband of Fanny Brice, played by Barbra Streisand in her first film role. His decision to work alongside Streisand angered Egypt's government because she was Jewish [ citation needed ], and the country condemned the film. It was also "immediately banned" in numerous Arab nations. [35] :48 Streisand herself jokingly responded, "You think Cairo was upset? You should've seen the letter I got from my Aunt Rose!" [36] Sharif and Streisand became romantically involved during the filming. [35] :18

He admitted later that he did not find Streisand attractive at first, but her appeal soon overwhelmed him: "About a week from the moment I met her", he recalled, "I was madly in love with her. I thought she was the most gorgeous girl I'd ever seen in my life...I found her physically beautiful, and I started lusting after this woman." [35] :48 [37]

Lesser films

Sharif co-starred with Catherine Deneuve in Mayerling (1968), playing Rudolf, Crown Prince of Austria.

He was reunited with Peck in a Western at Columbia, Mackenna's Gold (1969), an unsuccessful attempt to repeat the success of The Guns of Navarone (1961). At 20th Century Fox he played Che Guevara in Che! which flopped.

The Appointment (1969) teamed Sharif with Anouk Aimée and director Sidney Lumet but was not a hit. James Clavell's The Last Valley (1971) was a huge flop, despite co-starring Michael Caine. [38]

The Horsemen (1971), directed by John Frankenheimer and the last movie under his Columbia contract, also performed poorly at the box office. [39]

Sharif later said, "What killed my career was appearing in a succession of films you wouldn't turn down. They were by good directors, but they were bad films." He specifically referenced Behold a Pale Horse, The Appointment and The Horsemen. [24]

The Burglars (1971), a French crime film with Jean-Paul Belmondo and Dyan Cannon was a huge hit in France but little seen in the English speaking world. [40]

1970s

Sharif played Captain Nemo for European TV in an adaptation of Mysterious Island (1973).

Sharif appeared in a thriller alongside Julie Andrews for Blake Edwards, The Tamarind Seed (1974). He supported Richard Harris and David Hemmings in a thriller, Juggernaut (1974).

Sharif reprised the role of Nick Arnstein in the sequel to Funny Girl, Funny Lady in 1975. [41] He starred in a West German thriller Crime and Passion (1976) and had a cameo in Edwards' The Pink Panther Strikes Again (1976).

Sharif had a small role in Ashanti (1979), starring Caine and a bigger one in Bloodline (1979).

"I lost money on gambling, buying horses, things like that," he later said. "So I made those movies which I knew were rubbish... I'd call my agent and tell him to accept any part, just to bail myself out." [24]

1980s

Sharif had a lead part in a spy spoof, S*H*E (1980) and was second-billed (after James Coburn) in The Baltimore Bullet (1980). He had supporting parts in a Chevy Chase comedy Oh! Heavenly Dog (1981) and a Ryan O'Neal thriller Green Ice (1981), and a small role in the comedy Top Secret! (1984).

He appeared on stage in a production of The Sleeping Prince in 1983, saying he "appeared in the bad films of great directors". [42]

Sharif worked steadily in television, appearing in Peter the Great (1986), and Anastasia: The Mystery of Anna (1986) (as Nicholas II of Russia). He had supporting parts in Grand Larceny (1987) and The Possessed (1988). His first notable credit in a while was Mountains of the Moon (1990) but Sharif's part was only small.

1990s

Sharif was reunited with O'Toole a third time in The Rainbow Thief (1990). He went to Egypt for War in the Land of Egypt (1991) and France for Mayrig (1991) with Claudia Cardinale, an autobiographical tale for Henri Verneuil. The latter was popular enough for a sequel, 588 rue paradis (1992).

Sharif could also be seen in Memories of Midnight (1991), Beyond Justice (1992), Catherine the Great (as Alexei Razumovsky), Gulliver's Travels (1996), Heaven Before I Die (1997), and Mysteries of Egypt (1998).

He had his first decent role in a big Hollywood film in a long time with The 13th Warrior (1999). The outcome of the film's production disappointed Sharif so much that he temporarily retired from film acting, not taking a role in another major film until 2003's Monsieur Ibrahim :

I said to myself, 'Let us stop this nonsense, these meal tickets that we do because it pays well.' I thought, 'Unless I find a stupendous film that I love and that makes me want to leave home to do, I will stop.' Bad pictures are very humiliating, I was really sick. It is terrifying to have to do the dialogue from bad scripts, to face a director who does not know what he is doing, in a film so bad that it is not even worth exploring." [43]

Monsieur Ibrahim and later films

Sharif at the Venice Film Festival in 2009. Omar Sharif 66eme Festival de Venise (Mostra) 4.jpg
Sharif at the Venice Film Festival in 2009.

Sharif did have a small role in The Parole Officer (2001). In 2003 he said, "I went 25 years without making a good film." [24]

In 2003, Sharif received acclaim for his leading role in Monsieur Ibrahim , a French-language film adaptation of the novel Monsieur Ibrahim et les fleurs du Coran , as a Muslim Turkish merchant who becomes a father figure for a Jewish boy. [44] [45] For this performance, Sharif received the César Award for Best Actor. [46]

Sharif said of the film:

It has nice big chunks of dialogue, which is what I like to do, rather than riding horses or camels. I'd turned down everything and stopped working for four years. I said, 'I'm going to stop doing that rubbish and keep some dignity.' But when I read the script for 'Monsieur Ibrahim,' I phoned the producers immediately. I said, 'Hang on, I'm coming, wait for me.' My problem is finding parts. When you're young and successful, they write or adapt parts for you. But when you're an old chap, let's be frank, you don't sell tickets anymore. If they need an old Englishman, American or Italian, there are plenty of actors around. So what's open for me? Old Arabs. And that's what I play in this film. [24]

Sharif's later film roles included performances in Hidalgo (2004), Imperium: Saint Peter (2005) playing the title role for Italian television, and One Night with the King (2005) (again with O'Toole).

Sharif could be seen in The Ten Commandments (2006).

In Egypt he starred in Hassan and Marcus (2008) with Adel Emam' and was in The Traveller (2009). He had support roles in The Last Templar (2009) and Rock the Casbah (2013). [47]

Sharif's final role was as lead actor in the short science education film 1001 Inventions and the World of Ibn Al-Haytham , which was directed by Ahmed Salim and was released as part of the United Nations' International Year of Light campaign, operated by UNESCO. [48] [49]

Contract bridge career

Sharif playing contract bridge in the Netherlands, 1967. Nl-HaNA 2.24.01.05 920-9139 Omar Sharif bridge.jpg
Sharif playing contract bridge in the Netherlands, 1967.

Sharif said bridge was his personal passion and at one time was ranked among the world's top 50 contract bridge players. At the 1964 World Bridge Olympiad he represented the United Arab Republic bridge squad and in 1968 he was playing captain of the Egyptian team in the Olympiad. [50]

In 1967 he formed the Omar Sharif Bridge Circus to showcase bridge to the world and invited professional players including members of the Italian Blue team, which won 16 World championship titles, to tour and promote the game via exhibition matches including one watched by the Shah of Iran. [51] Touring through Europe, the Circus attracted thousands of spectators who watched the matches via Bridge-O-Rama, a new technology (and predecessor to the modern-day VuGraph) that displayed bidding and cardplay on television monitors. Players included Benito Garozzo, (considered by many as the greatest bridge player of all time) plus his Italian compatriots Pietro Forquet and Giorgio Belladonna and Frenchman Claude Delmouly.

In 1970, Sharif and the circus went to London's famous Piccadilly Hotel for an 80-rubber match against British experts Jeremy Flint and Jonathan Cansino. The stakes were £1 per point, huge stakes even by today's standards. The event was to present bridge as a rich, exciting spectacle and to break through into television to bring the game within the reach of millions. The Circus ultimately won the match by 5,470 points, but Sharif still incurred a net loss after paying all related expenses.

The Circus, under the management of Mike Ledeen, toured Canada and the U.S. in 1970—71. Sharif's team joined with the Dallas Aces for a seven-city tour of Chicago, Winnipeg, Los Angeles, Minneapolis-St. Paul, Dallas, Detroit and Philadelphia. In each city, a team of local experts participated in the exhibition.

In 1975, sponsored by the Lancia division of Fiat, Sharif and members of the Italian Blue Team faced off in four challenge matches against American teams. Sharif's team won in Chicago, but was defeated in New York, Los Angeles and Miami.

The Omar Sharif World Individual Championship held in 1990 offered the largest total purse ($200,000) in the history of bridge. [52] [53]

In 1997, he was a member of the Committee of Honour for the Bermuda Bowl on the first time it was held in an Arab Country, Tunisia. He competed in a transnational team (with French, German and Lebanese players) and finished 11th. In 1999 he played in a French senior team at the European Championships in Malta, finishing second. In 2000 at Maastricht, he joined Egypt's senior team, finishing in ninth place. [54]

With Charles Goren and later Tannah Hirsch, Sharif contributed to a syndicated newspaper bridge column for the Chicago Tribune . [55]

He was also both author and co-author of several books on bridge and licensed his name to a bridge video game, Omar Sharif Bridge, initially released in an MS-DOS version and Amiga version in 1992 and is still sold in Windows and mobile platform versions. [56] He was also the hand analyst commentator for the Epson worldwide bridge contests.

Sharif was a regular in casinos in France. [57]

By 2000 Sharif had stopped playing bridge entirely. Having once proudly declared the game his passion, he now considered it an addiction: "I didn't want to be a slave to any passion anymore. I gave up card playing altogether, even bridge and gambling." Sharif, however, continued to license his name to bridge software games, and co-authored a book with bridge writer David Bird, "Omar Sharif Talks Bridge". Written in 2004, it includes some of his most famous deals and bridge stories. [58]

Personal life

Family and personal relationships

A scene from the movie Land of Peace (1957). Ard elsalam.jpg
A scene from the movie Land of Peace (1957).

Sharif lived in Egypt from his birth in 1932 until he moved to Europe in 1965. [59] He recounted that in 1932, his father "wasn't a wealthy man", but "earned quite a bit of money". [60] Before the Egyptian Revolution of 1952, King Farouk frequented Sharif's family home, and became a friend and card-game partner of Sharif's mother. His mother was an elegant and charming hostess who was all too delighted with the association because it gave her the privilege of "consorting only with the elite" of Egyptian society. Sharif also recounted that his father's timber business was very successful during that time in ways that Sharif describes as dishonest or immoral. [61] By contrast, after 1952, Sharif stated that wealth changed hands in Egypt under Nasser's nationalisation policies [62] and his father's business "took a beating".

In 1954, Sharif starred in the film Struggle in the Valley with Faten Hamama, who shared a kiss with him although she had previously refused to kiss on screen. [63] The two fell in love; Sharif converted to Islam, changed his name, and married her. [64] They had one son, Tarek Sharif, born in 1957 in Egypt, who appeared in Doctor Zhivago as Yuri at the age of eight. The couple separated in 1966 and their marriage ended in divorce in 1974. [65] Sharif never remarried; he stated that after his divorce he never fell in love with another woman again. [65]

Sharif was also one of the ambassadors of Egypt's bid for the 2010 FIFA World Cup which lost out to South Africa.

The Nasser government imposed travel restrictions in the form of "exit visas", so Sharif's travel to take part in international films was sometimes impeded, something he found to be intolerable. [65] These restrictions influenced Sharif's decision to remain in Europe between his film shoots, a decision that cost him his marriage, though the couple remained friends. It was a major crossroad in Sharif's life and changed him from an established family man to a committed bachelor living in European hotels. When commenting about his fame and life in Hollywood, Sharif said, "It gave me glory, but it gave me loneliness also. And a lot of missing my own land, my own people and my own country". [65] When Sharif's affair with Streisand was made public in the Egyptian press, his Egyptian citizenship was almost withdrawn by the Egyptian government because of Streisand's being Jewish [66] and a vocal supporter of Israel, which was then in a state of war with Egypt. [67]

Sharif became friends with Peter O'Toole during the making of Lawrence of Arabia . They appeared in several other films together and remained close friends. He was also good friends with Egyptologist Zahi Hawass. Actor and friend Tom Courtenay revealed in an interview for the 19 July 2008 edition of BBC Radio's Test Match Special that Sharif supported Hull City Association Football Club and in the 1970s he would telephone their automated scoreline from his home in Paris for score updates. Sharif was given an honorary degree by the University of Hull in 2010 and he used the occasion to meet Hull City football player Ken Wagstaff. [68] Sharif also had an interest in horse racing spanning more than 50 years. He was often seen at French racecourses, with Deauville-La Touques Racecourse being his favourite. Sharif's horses won a number of important races and he had his best successes with Don Bosco, [69] who won the Prix Gontaut-Biron, Prix Perth and Prix du Muguet. [70] He also wrote for a French horse racing magazine. [71]

In later life, Sharif lived mostly in Cairo with his family. [65] In addition to his son, he had two grandsons, Omar (born 1983 in Montreal) and Karim. [65] The younger Omar Sharif is also an actor. [72]

His position on the 2011 Egyptian revolution

Sharif was very supportive of the 2011 Youth revolution in his home country and asked for the resignation of Hosni Mubarak, stating: "Given that the entire Egyptian people don't want him and he's been in power for 30 years, that's enough." [73]

Health problems and death

Sharif had a triple heart bypass operation in 1992 and suffered a mild heart attack in 1994. Until his bypass, Sharif smoked 100 cigarettes a day. He quit smoking after the operation.

In May 2015, it was reported that Sharif was suffering from Alzheimer's disease. [74] His son Tarek Sharif said that his father was becoming confused when remembering some of the biggest films of his career; he would mix up the names of his best-known films, Doctor Zhivago and Lawrence of Arabia , often forgetting where they were filmed.

On 10 July 2015, less than six months after his former wife's death at the same age, Sharif died after suffering a heart attack at a famous psychiatric hospital in Cairo called The Behman Hospital. [75]

On 12 July 2015, Sharif's funeral was held at the Grand Mosque of Mushir Tantawi in eastern Cairo. The funeral was attended by a group of Sharif's relatives, friends and Egyptian actors, his coffin draped in the Egyptian flag and a black shroud. His coffin was later taken to the El-Sayeda Nafisa cemetery in southern Cairo, where he was buried. [76]

Awards

At the 35th Academy Awards, Sharif was nominated for Best Supporting Actor for his role as Sherif Ali in Lawrence of Arabia but lost to Ed Begley. He won two Golden Globe awards in the same year for his role. In 1966, he won a third Golden Globe award for the titular role in the film Doctor Zhivago . In November 2005, Sharif was awarded the inaugural [77] Sergei Eisenstein Medal by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) in recognition of his significant contributions to world film and cultural diversity. The medal, which is awarded very infrequently, is named after Russian director Sergei Eisenstein. Only 25 have been struck, as determined by the agreement between UNESCO, Russia's Mosfilm and the Vivat Foundation. [78]

Filmography

Film
YearTitleRoleNotes
1954 Shaytan al-Sahra [79] Also known as Devil of the Sahara
Sira` Fi al-Wadi AhmedAlso known as The Blazing Sun, Struggle in the Valley and Fight in the Valley
1955 Ayyamna al-Holwa AhmedAlso known as Our Best Days
1956 La Châtelaine du Liban MokrirAlso known as The Lebanese Mission; credited as Omar Cherif
Sira` Fi al-Mina RagabAlso known as A Fight Within the Port
1957 La Anam AzizAlso known as Sleepless and No Tomorrow
Ard al-Salam AhmedAlso known as Land of Peace
1958 Goha GohaCredited as Omar Cherif
Shatie el asrarMamdohAlso known as Beach of Secrets
Ghaltet habibiSalahAlso known as My Lover's Fault
1959 Siraa fil Nil [80] MuhassabAlso known as Struggle on the Nile
Sayyidat al-Qasr AdelAlso known as Lady of the Palace
Min ajal emraaShokriAlso known as For a Woman
Maweed maa maghoulMadgiAlso known as An Appointment with the Unknown
Fadiha fil ZamalekAhmedAlso known as Scandel in Zamalek
1960Nahna el talamizaAdelAlso known as We Are the Students
Lawet el hubAlso known as Love Sickness
1961Gharam el assiadAlso known as Masters' Love
Bidaya wa Nihaya HassanienAlso known as A Beginning and an End
Esha'a hob HusseinAlso known as A Rumor of Love
Nahr al-Hob KhalidAlso known as The River of Love
Hobi al-Wahid Captain AdelAlso known as My Only Love
Fi Baytouna Ragoul [80] IbrahimAlso known as في بيتنا رجل and A Man in our House
1962 Lawrence of Arabia Sherif Ali Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture
Golden Globe Award for New Star of the Year – Actor
Nominated Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor
1964 The Fall of the Roman Empire Sohamus
Behold a Pale Horse Francisco
The Yellow Rolls-Royce Davich
1965 Genghis Khan Genghis Khan
Marco the Magnificent Sheik Alla Hou, 'The Desert Wind'
Doctor Zhivago Dr. Yuri Andreyevich Zhivago Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama
El mamalik
1966 The Poppy Is Also a Flower Dr. Rad
1967 The Night of the Generals Major Grau
More Than a Miracle Prince Rodrigo Fernandez
1968 Funny Girl Nicky Arnstein
Mayerling Archduke Rudolf
1969 Mackenna's Gold John Colorado
The Appointment Frenderico Fendi
Che! Che Guevara
Trois hommes sur un chevalUn turfisteUncredited
1971 The Last Valley Vogel
The Horsemen Uraz
The Burglars Abel ZachariaSimultaneously shot in French as Le Casse with the same cast
1972Le Droit d'aimerPierre
1973 The Mysterious Island Captain Nemo
1974 The Tamarind Seed Feodor Sverdlov
Juggernaut Captain Alex Brunel
1975 Funny Lady Nicky Arnstein
1976 Ace Up My Sleeve Andre FerrenAlso known as Crime and Passion
The Pink Panther Strikes Again Egyptian AssassinCameo; uncredited
1979 Ashanti: Land of No Mercy Prince Hassan
Bloodline Ivo Palazzi
1980 S*H*E [81] Baron Cesare MagnascoAlso known as S*H*E: Security Hazards Expert
The Baltimore Bullet The Deacon
Oh! Heavenly Dog Malcolm Bart
1981 Green Ice Meno Argenti
Inchon Indian officerCameo; uncredited
1983Ayoub
1984 Top Secret! Agent Cedric
1987 Grand Larceny Rashid Saud
1988 The Possessed StepanAlso known as Les Possédés
Les Pyramides bleues  [ fr ] [82] AlexAlso known as The Novice
Keys to FreedomJonathan
1989 Al-aragoz [83] Mohamed Gad El KareemAlso known as The Puppeteer
1990 Mountains of the Moon Arab chief in CairoUncredited
Viaggio d'amoreRico
The Rainbow Thief Dima
1991 War in the Land of Egypt Also known as El Mowaten Masri and An Egyptian Citizen
Mayrig Hagop
1992 588 rue paradis HagopAlso known as Mother
Beyond Justice Emir Beni-Zair
Tengoku no TaizaiTsai Mang Hua
1993 Dehk we le'b we gad we hob [80] Also known as Laughter, Games, Seriousness and Love
1997 Heaven Before I Die Khalil Gibran
1998 Mysteries of Egypt GrandfatherDocumentary
1999 The 13th Warrior Melchisideck
2001Censor
The Parole Officer Victor
2003 Monsieur Ibrahim Monsieur Ibrahim César Award for Best Actor
2004 Hidalgo Sheikh Riyadh
2006Fuoco su di mePrincipe Nicola
One Night with the King Prince Memucan
2008 10,000 BC NarratorVoice
Hassan & Marcus Hassan / MorcusAlso known as Hassan wa Morcus
2009 The Traveller Older HassanCommonly known as Al Mosafer
J'ai oublié de te dire [84] JaumeAlso known as I Forgot to Tell You
2013 A Castle in Italy Himself
Rock the Casbah Moulay Hassan
2015 1001 Inventions and the World of Ibn Al-Haytham GrandfatherFilm lead role [5] (final film role)
Television
YearTitleRoleNotes
1973 The Mysterious Island Captain NemoTV miniseries; also known as L'Ile Mysterieuse
1980 Pleasure Palace Louis LefevreTV movie
1984The Far PavilionsKoda DadTV miniseries, based on The Far Pavilions
1985Vicious CircleJoseph GarcinTV play
Edge of the Wind [85] McCorquodaleTV play by Don Webb, with John Mills and Lucy Gutteridge
1986 Peter the Great Prince Feodor Romodanovsky TV miniseries
HaremSultan HassanTV miniseries
Anastasia: The Mystery of Anna Czar Nicholas II TV miniseries
1991 Memories of Midnight Constantin DemirisTV movie
1992 Mrs. 'Arris Goes to Paris Marquis HippoliteTV Movie
1995 Catherine the Great Razumovsky TV movie
1996 Gulliver's Travels The SorcererTV miniseries
2001Shaka Zulu: The CitadelThe KingTV movie
2005 Imperium: Saint Peter Saint Peter TV movie
2006 The Ten Commandments Jethro TV miniseries
2007Hanan W HaneenRaoufEgyptian TV series, also known as Tenderness and Nostalgia
2008 The Last Templar KonstantineTV series

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Bibliography