Ontario, California

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Ontario, California
Ontario Convention Center.jpg
The Ontario Convention Center in September 2006
Flag of Ontario, California.png
Flag
Seal of Ontario, California.png
Seal
Logo of Ontario, California.png
Coat of arms
Seal of the Ontario Police Department.png
Police seal
Motto(s): 
Southern California's Next Urban Center [1]
San Bernardino County California Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Ontario Highlighted.svg
Location in San Bernardino County in the state of California
Usa edcp relief location map.png
Red pog.svg
Ontario, California
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 34°03′10″N117°37′40″W / 34.05278°N 117.62778°W / 34.05278; -117.62778 Coordinates: 34°03′10″N117°37′40″W / 34.05278°N 117.62778°W / 34.05278; -117.62778
Country Flag of the United States.svg  United States
State Flag of California.svg  California
County San Bernardino
Incorporated December 10, 1891 [2]
Named for Ontario, Canada
Government
  Type City Council / City Manager [1]
   City Council [3] Mayor Paul S. Leon
Mayor Pro Tem Ruben Valencia
Alan D. Wapner
Jim W. Bowman
Debra Dorst-Porada
   City treasurer James R. Milhiser [4]
   City manager Scott Ochoa [5]
Area
[6]
  Total49.99 sq mi (129.49 km2)
  Land49.93 sq mi (129.33 km2)
  Water0.06 sq mi (0.16 km2)  0.13%
Elevation
[7]
1,004 ft (306 m)
Population
  Total163,924
  Estimate 
(2017) [9]
175,841
  Rank 4th in San Bernardino County
29th in California
146th in the United States
  Density3,521.75/sq mi (1,359.63/km2)
Time zone UTC−8 (Pacific)
  Summer (DST) UTC−7 (PDT)
ZIP codes
91758, 91761, 91762, 91764
Area code 909
FIPS code 06-53896
GNIS feature IDs 1652764, 2411323
Primary Airport Ontario International Airport
ONT (Major/International)
Interstates I-10 (CA).svg I-15 (CA).svg
State Routes California 60.svg California 83.svg
Commuter Rail Metrolink icon.svg
Website www.ontarioca.gov

Ontario is a city located in southwestern San Bernardino County, California, 35 miles (56 km) east of downtown Los Angeles and 23 miles (37 km) west of downtown San Bernardino, the county seat. Located in the western part of the Inland Empire metropolitan area, it lies just east of Los Angeles County and is part of the Greater Los Angeles Area. As of the 2010 Census, the city had a population of 163,924, up from 158,007 at the 2000 census, making it the county's fourth most populous city after San Bernardino, Fontana, and Rancho Cucamonga.[ not verified in body ]

San Bernardino County, California County in California, United States

San Bernardino County, officially the County of San Bernardino, is a county located in the southern portion of the U.S. state of California, and is located within the Greater Los Angeles area. As of the 2010 U.S. Census, the population was 2,035,210, making it the fifth-most populous county in California, and the 12th-most populous in the United States. The county seat is San Bernardino.

Downtown Los Angeles Neighborhood of Los Angeles in Los Angeles, California

Downtown Los Angeles (DTLA) is the central business district of Los Angeles, California, as well as a diverse residential neighborhood of some 58,000 people. A 2013 study found that the district is home to over 500,000 jobs. It is also part of Central Los Angeles.

Downtown San Bernardino Neighborhood in San Bernardino, California, United States

Downtown San Bernardino is a district in the city of San Bernardino, California, in San Bernardino County, United States. It is home to city and county government buildings, and to the city's central business district. The downtown area of San Bernardino is home to multiple diplomatic missions for the Inland Empire, being one of only four California cities with multiple consulates. The governments of Guatemala and Mexico have established their consulates in the civic center. Downtown San Bernardino is bounded by I-215 to the west, Waterman Avenue to the east, Baseline Street to the north, and Mill Street to the south.

Contents

The city is home to the Ontario International Airport, which is the 15th busiest airport in the United States by cargo carried. Ontario handles the mass of freight traffic between the ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach and the rest of the country. [10] It is also the home of Ontario Mills and former home of the Ontario Motor Speedway.[ not verified in body ]

Ontario International Airport Airport in San Bernardino County in the Greater Los Angeles Area, California, United States

Ontario International Airport is a public airport two miles east of downtown Ontario, in San Bernardino County, California, about 38 miles (61 km) east of Downtown Los Angeles and 23 miles (37 km) west of Downtown San Bernardino. It is owned and operated under a joint powers agreement with the city of Ontario and San Bernardino County. The year 2007 saw the peak in passenger traffic with 7.2 million passengers. More recently, in 2015, 4.2 million passengers used the airport, slightly higher than in 2014 with 4.1 million passengers.

The Port of Los Angeles, also called America's Port, is a port complex that occupies 7,500 acres (3,000 ha) of land and water along 43 miles (69 km) of waterfront and adjoins the separate Port of Long Beach. The port is located in San Pedro Bay in the San Pedro and Wilmington neighborhoods of Los Angeles, approximately 20 miles (32 km) south of downtown. A department of the City of Los Angeles, the Port of Los Angeles supports employment for 517,000 people throughout the LA County Region and 1.6 million worldwide. The cargo coming into the port represents approximately 20% of all cargo coming into the United States. The Port's Channel Depth is 53 feet (16 m). The port has 27 cargo terminals, 86 container cranes, 8 container terminals, and 113 miles (182 km) of on-dock rail. The LA Port imports furniture, footwear, electronics, automobile parts, and plastics. The Port exports wastepaper, pet and animal feed, scrap metal, fabrics, and soybeans. The port's major trading partners are China, Hong Kong, Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, and Vietnam. For public safety, the Port of Los Angeles utilizes the Los Angeles Port Police for police service in the port and to its local communities, the Los Angeles Fire Department (LAFD) to provide fire and EMS services to the port and its local communities, the U.S. Coast Guard for water way security at the port, Homeland Security to protect federal land at the port, the Los Angeles County Lifeguards to provide lifeguard services for open water outside the harbor while Los Angeles City Recreation & Parks Department lifeguards patrol the inner Cabrillo Beach.

Port of Long Beach

The Port of Long Beach, also known as the Harbor Department of the City of Long Beach, is the second-busiest container port in the United States, after the Port of Los Angeles, which it adjoins. Acting as a major gateway for US–Asian trade, the port occupies 3,200 acres (13 km2) of land with 25 miles (40 km) of waterfront in the city of Long Beach, California. The Port of Long Beach is located less than two miles (3 km) southwest of downtown Long Beach and approximately 25 miles (40 km) south of downtown Los Angeles. The seaport generates approximately US$100 billion in trade and employs more than 316,000 people in Southern California.

It takes its name from the Ontario Model Colony development established in 1882 by the Canadian engineer George Chaffey and his brothers William Chaffey and Charles Chaffey. [11] They named the settlement after their home province of Ontario.

Canadians citizens of Canada

Canadians are people identified with the country of Canada. This connection may be residential, legal, historical or cultural. For most Canadians, several of these connections exist and are collectively the source of their being Canadian.

George Chaffey Canadian engineer

George Chaffey was a Canadian–born engineer who with his brother William developed large parts of Southern California, including what became the community of Etiwanda and cities of Ontario, and Upland. They undertook similar developments in Australia which became the city of Mildura, and the town of Renmark and Paringa.

William Chaffey Canadian engineer and irrigation planner

William Benjamin Chaffey, CMG was a Canadian engineer and irrigation planner who with his older brother George Chaffey developed what became the cities of Etiwanda, California, Ontario, California, and Upland, California in the United States of America, as well as the cities of Mildura, Victoria and the town of Renmark, South Australia, in Australia.

History

Interior of citrus packing house in Ontario, 1905 Interior of citrus packing house, Ontario, ca.1905 (CHS-1677).jpg
Interior of citrus packing house in Ontario, 1905
The olive vat room at Graber Olive House in Ontario, California. In 1894, two years after planting olive trees in Ontario, C. C. Graber began selling vat cured olives from the pictured vat room in vats similar to the ones pictured. Graber Olive House is the oldest operating olive packer in the United States. GraberOliveHouseVatRoom.JPG
The olive vat room at Graber Olive House in Ontario, California. In 1894, two years after planting olive trees in Ontario, C. C. Graber began selling vat cured olives from the pictured vat room in vats similar to the ones pictured. Graber Olive House is the oldest operating olive packer in the United States.

The area that is now Ontario was part of the lands used for hunting and foraging by the semi-nomadic Tongva (Gabrieleño) Native Americans, who were known to roam as far south as the western San Bernardino Mountains. At the time of Mexican and later of American settlement, active Native American settlements were scattered across the entire valley. Remains of a Serrano village were discovered[ when? ] in the neighboring foothills of the present-day city of Claremont.[ citation needed ]

Claremont, California City in California, United States

Claremont is a city on the eastern edge of Los Angeles County, California, United States, 30.3 miles (48.8 km) east of downtown Los Angeles. It is in the Pomona Valley, at the foothills of the San Gabriel Mountains, and has a population, as of the 2015 United States Census estimate, of 36,283 people.

Juan Bautista de Anza is said to have passed through the area on his 1774 expedition, and to this day a city park and a middle school bear his name. Following the 1819 establishment of San Bernardino Asistencia, which may have served as an outpost of the San Gabriel mission, it became part of a large, vaguely identified area called "San Antonio".[ citation needed ]

Juan Bautista de Anza Basque explorer and governor

Juan Bautista de Anza was born in the Spanish Provence of New Navarre in Viceroyalty of New Spain. Of Basque descent, he served as an expeditionary leader, military officer, and politician primarily in California and New Mexico under the Spanish Empire. He is credited as one of the founding fathers of Spanish California and served as an official within New Spain as Governor of the Province of New Mexico.

Spanish missions in California historic religious outposts founded by Catholic priests of the Franciscan order to evangelize Native Americans

The Spanish missions in California comprise a series of 21 religious outposts or missions established between 1769 and 1833 in today's U.S. State of California. Founded by Catholic priests of the Franciscan order to evangelize the Native Americans, the missions led to the creation of the New Spain province of Alta California and were part of the expansion of the Spanish Empire into the most northern and western parts of Spanish North America.

In 1826, Jedediah Smith passed through what is now Upland on the first overland journey to the West coast of North America via the National Old Trails Road (present-day Foothill Blvd). [12]

Jedediah Smith American explorer

Jedediah Strong Smith, was a clerk, frontiersman, hunter, trapper, author, cartographer, and explorer of the Rocky Mountains, the North American West, and the Southwest during the early 19th century. After 75 years of obscurity following his death, Smith was rediscovered as the American whose explorations led to the use of the 20-mile (32 km)-wide South Pass as the dominant point of crossing the Continental Divide for pioneers on the Oregon Trail.

National Old Trails Road auto trail

National Old Trails Road, also known as the Ocean-to-Ocean Highway, was established in 1912, and became part of the National Auto Trail system in the United States. It was 3,096 miles (4,983 km) long and stretched from Baltimore, Maryland, to California. Much of the route follows the old National Road and the Santa Fe Trail.

The 1834 secularization of California land holdings resulted in the land's transferral to private hands. In 1881, the Chaffey brothers, George and William, purchased the land (which at that time also included the present-day city of Upland) and the water rights to it. They engineered a drainage system channeling water from the foothills of Mount San Antonio (colloquially known as "Mount Baldy") down to the flatter lands below that performed the dual functions of allowing farmers to water their crops and preventing the floods that periodically afflict them. They also created the main thoroughfare of Euclid Avenue (California Highway 83), with its distinctive wide lanes and grassy median. The new "Model Colony" (called so because it offered the perfect balance between agriculture and the urban comforts of schools, churches, and commerce) was originally conceived as a dry town, early deeds containing clauses forbidding the manufacture or sale of alcoholic beverages within the town. The two named the town "Ontario" in honor of the province of Ontario in Canada, where they were born.[ citation needed ]

Ontario attracted farmers (primarily citrus) and ailing Easterners seeking a drier climate. To impress visitors and potential settlers with the "abundance" of water in Ontario, a fountain was placed at the Southern Pacific railway station. It was turned on when passenger trains were approaching and frugally turned off again after their departure. The original "Chaffey fountain", a simple spigot surrounded by a ring of white stones, was later replaced by the more ornate "Frankish Fountain", an Art Nouveau creation now located outside the Ontario Museum of History and Art.[ citation needed ]

Agriculture was vital to the early economy, and many street names recall this legacy. The Sunkist plant remains as a living vestige of the citrus era. The Chaffey brothers left to found the settlements of Mildura, Australia and Renmark, Australia, which met with varying success. Charles Frankish continued their work at Ontario.[ citation needed ]

Mining engineer John Tays refined the design of the novel "mule car", used from 1887 for public transportation on Euclid Avenue to 24th Street. At that point, the two mules were loaded onto a platform at the rear of the car and allowed to ride, as gravity propelled the trolley back down the avenue to the downtown Ontario terminus. Soon replaced by an electric streetcar, the mule car is commemorated by a replica in an enclosure south of C Street on the Euclid Avenue median.[ citation needed ]

Ontario was incorporated as a city in 1891, and North Ontario broke away in 1906, calling itself Upland. Ontario grew at an astronomical rate, increasing 10 times in the next half a century. The population of 20,000 in the 1960s again grew 10 times more by the year 2007. Ontario was viewed as an "Iowa under Palm trees", with a solid Midwestern/Mid-American foundation, but it had a large German and Swiss community. Tens of thousands of European immigrants came to work in agriculture, and in the early 1900s the first Filipinos and Japanese farm laborers arrived, later to display nursery ownership skills.[ citation needed ]

Ontario has over two centuries of Hispanic residents, starting from the Californio period of Spanish colonial and Mexican rule in the 1840s. However, the first wave of Mexican settlers was in the 1880s brought as workers in the railroad industry (see traquero) and another wave from the Mexican Revolution of the 1910s. Mexican Americans resided in the city's poorer central side facing State Route 60 and Chino.[ citation needed ]

Economy

Ontario Mills in March 2005. Ontario Mills sign.jpg
Ontario Mills in March 2005.

In the years following Ontario's founding, the economy was driven by its reputation as a health resort. Shortly thereafter, citrus farmers began taking advantage of Ontario's rocky soil to plant lemon and orange groves. Agricultural opportunities also attracted vintners and olive growers. The Graber Olive House, which continues to produce olives, is a city historical landmark and one of the oldest institutions in Ontario.[ citation needed ] Dairy farming is also prevalent, as it continues to be in neighboring Chino. Much of southern Ontario still contains dairy farms and other agricultural farms. However, the area is currently under planning to be developed into a mixed-use area of residential homes, industrial and business parks, and town centers, collectively known as the New Model Colony. [13]

A major pre-war industry was the city's General Electric plant that produced clothing irons. During and after World War II, Ontario experienced a housing boom common to many suburbs. The expansion of the Southern California defense industry attracted many settlers to the city. [14] With California's aerospace industry concentrated in Los Angeles and the Bay Area, the Ontario International Airport was used as a pilot training center. [15] Today, Ontario still has a manufacturing industry, the most notable of which are Maglite, which produces flashlights there. However, manufacturing has waned, and today Ontario's economy is dominated by service industries and warehousing. Major distribution centers are operated by companies such as AutoZone, Cardinal Health, MBM, Genuine Parts/NAPA, and Nordstrom. [16]

Ontario is also home to The Icee Company, clothing companies Famous Stars and Straps and Shiekh Shoes, Scripto U.S.A., and to Phoenix Motorcars, who employs over 150 employees in Ontario. [17]

Top employers

According to the City's 2014 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, [16] the top employers in the city are:

#Employer# of Employees
1 Ontario International Airport 5,000-9,999
2 Safariland 500-999
3 Sam's Club Distribution500-999
4 Securitas 500-999
5 Target Distribution500-999
6 United Parcel Service (UPS)500-999

Arts and culture

The Granada Theatre. Circa 1940. The Granada.jpg
The Granada Theatre. Circa 1940.

Built in 1925, The Granada Theatre was leased[ when? ][ why? ] to West Coast Junior Theater. By the 1940s, the theater had become part of the Fox West Coast Theater chain. The Granada Theatre was designed by noted[ opinion ] architect L.A. Smith.[ citation needed ]

Ontario has a franchise of The Dinner Detective, America's Largest Interactive Murder Mystery Dinner Show.[ citation needed ] The Los Angeles and Denver franchises were voted as the "Best Dinner Show" in 2007, 2008, 2009, and 2010.[ clarification needed ][ citation needed ]

Ontario is also the home to the second largest consumer Quilt Show in the United States, Road to California. The quilt show books over 2,400 room nights and has a recorded attendance of over 40,000 attendees. [18]

The Ontario post office contains two oil on canvas murals, The Dream depicting founder Chaffey with surveyors and The Reality which shows a view of the completed Euclid Avenue, painted by WPA muralist Nellie G. Best in 1942. [19]

Sports

Citizens Business Bank Arena Metallica 2008 Ontario California1.jpg
Citizens Business Bank Arena

The Citizens Business Bank Arena is a multipurpose arena which opened in late 2008. It is owned by Ontario, but is operated by SMG Worldwide. It is an 11,000-seat multi-purpose arena, the largest enclosed arena in the Inland Empire. Over 125 events are held annually featuring sporting competitions, concerts, and family shows.

The arena had been the home of the Ontario Reign, a former team in the ECHL, that called the arena home from 2008 to 2015. The Los Angeles Kings affiliate plays at the 9,736-seat Citizens Business Bank Arena. In their debut season of 2008–09 they were second in the league in attendance, averaging 5856 fans per game in a crowded southern California entertainment market. [20] Minor league teams often have to build a following with success over time, but Ontario Reign fans have offered strong support of the team right out of the gate. The Reign led the ECHL in average attendance in every subsequent year.

Ontario was the host of the 2010 ECHL All-Star Game. Ontario joined Stockton (2008), Fresno (2006), and Bakersfield (2011) as California franchises hosting the league's midseason showcase. The minor league All-Star Game pumped more than $1 million into the local economy.

In January 2015, the American Hockey League, a minor league above the ECHL, announced that it was forming a new Pacific Division and would be replacing the ECHL Ontario Reign with a relocated team. As the relocating team was the LA Kings-owned Manchester Monarchs, the two franchises switched names and cities in order to keep a team name with a well established fan base.

ClubLeagueVenueEstablishedChampionships
Ontario Fury MASL, Indoor soccer Citizens Business Bank Arena 20130
Ontario Reign American Hockey League, Ice hockey Citizens Business Bank Arena 20150
Agua Caliente Clippers NBA G League, Basketball Citizens Business Bank Arena 20170

Traditions

Since 1959, Ontario has placed three-dimensional nativity scenes from the life of Jesus on the median of Euclid Avenue during the Christmas season. The scenes, featuring statues by the sculptor Rudolph Vargas, were challenged in 1998 as a violation of church-state separation under the California Constitution by atheist resident Patrick Greene, but the dispute was resolved when private organizations began funding the storage and labor involved in the set-up and maintenance of the scenery in its entirety. [21]

As means to support the nativity scenes the Ontario Chamber of Commerce started "Christmas on Euclid". This is a craft fair extravaganza is held the first Saturday in December. High end artist/merchants come to sell their creations. Euclid Avenue is closed to traffic from "G" street to Holt for area residents to enjoy shopping for Christmas present and having a delicious meal. In 2009 the Ontario Kiwanis took over management of the event.

The Christmas on Euclid Experience is a non-profit organization. The Greater Ontario Convention & Visitors Bureau produce the event annually.

The All-States Picnic, an Independence Day celebration, began in 1939 to recognize the varied origins of the city's residents. Picnic tables lined the median of Euclid Avenue from Hawthorne to E Street, with signs for each of the country's 48 states. The picnic was suspended during World War II, but when it resumed in 1948, it attracted 120,000 people. A 1941 Ripley's Believe It or Not! cartoon listed Ontario's picnic table as the "world's longest". As native Californians came to outnumber the out-of-state-born, the celebration waned in popularity until it was discontinued in 1981. It was revived in 1991 as a celebration of civic pride. [22]

For over 50 years the first Saturday in June the Ontario Kiwanis and the Ontario Rotary partner for the annual "Pancake Breakfast and Car Show". Over 10,000 inland empire residents come to eat delicious pancakes and view the over 400 cars that come to show off their gorgeous paint jobs and hope appreciate all the hard work they put into the cars.[ citation needed ]

Geography

Ontario is located at 34°3' North, 117°38' West (34.05, −117.63). [23]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 50.0 square miles (129 km2). Of that, 49.9 square miles (129 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) is water. The total area is 0.13% water.

Climate

The climate of Ontario is influenced by Bsh semi-arid conditions, with very hot summers and warm winters. Santa Ana Winds hit the area frequently in autumn and winter. Extremes range from 114 °F (46 °C) down to 25 °F (−4 °C). According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Ontario has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csa" on climate maps. [24]

Climate data for Ontario International Airport, California (1981-2010)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)90
(32)
89
(32)
94
(34)
101
(38)
103
(39)
108
(42)
114
(46)
109
(43)
112
(44)
107
(42)
98
(37)
86
(30)
114
(46)
Average high °F (°C)65.2
(18.4)
65.8
(18.8)
69.9
(21.1)
74.0
(23.3)
78.9
(26.1)
85.5
(29.7)
92.2
(33.4)
93.6
(34.2)
89.1
(31.7)
80.6
(27.0)
72.7
(22.6)
65.6
(18.7)
77.8
(25.4)
Average low °F (°C)43.8
(6.6)
45.3
(7.4)
47.2
(8.4)
50.5
(10.3)
55.5
(13.1)
59.0
(15.0)
63.3
(17.4)
64.7
(18.2)
62.6
(17.0)
55.2
(12.9)
47.0
(8.3)
42.7
(5.9)
53.1
(11.7)
Record low °F (°C)25
(−4)
31
(−1)
33
(1)
33
(1)
42
(6)
46
(8)
56
(13)
56
(13)
51
(11)
43
(6)
32
(0)
28
(−2)
25
(−4)
Average precipitation inches (mm)3.31
(84)
3.39
(86)
2.32
(59)
0.94
(24)
.30
(7.6)
.12
(3.0)
.09
(2.3)
.13
(3.3)
.27
(6.9)
.64
(16)
1.21
(31)
2.32
(59)
15.04
(382.1)
Source: NOAA [25]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1890 683
1900 7225.7%
1910 4,274492.0%
1920 7,28070.3%
1930 13,58386.6%
1940 14,1974.5%
1950 22,87261.1%
1960 46,617103.8%
1970 64,11837.5%
1980 88,82038.5%
1990 133,17949.9%
2000 158,00718.6%
2010 163,9243.7%
Est. 2017175,841 [9] 7.3%
U.S. Decennial Census [26]

2010

The 2010 United States Census [27] reported that Ontario had a population of 163,924. The population density was 3,278.1 people per square mile (1,265.7/km²). The racial makeup of Ontario was 83,683 (51.0%) White (18.2% Non-Hispanic White), [28] 10,561 (6.4%) African American, 1,686 (1.0%) Native American, 8,453 (5.2%) Asian, 514 (0.3%) Pacific Islander, 51,373 (31.3%) from other races, and 7,654 (4.7%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 113,085 persons (69.0%).

The Census reported that 163,166 people (99.5% of the population) lived in households, 411 (0.3%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 347 (0.2%) were institutionalized.

There were 44,931 households, out of which 23,076 (51.4%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 23,789 (52.9%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 7,916 (17.6%) had a female householder with no husband present, 3,890 (8.7%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 3,470 (7.7%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 384 (0.9%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 6,741 households (15.0%) were made up of individuals and 2,101 (4.7%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.63. There were 35,595 families (79.2% of all households); the average family size was 3.98.

The population was spread out with 49,443 people (30.2%) under the age of 18, 19,296 people (11.8%) aged 18 to 24, 49,428 people (30.2%) aged 25 to 44, 34,703 people (21.2%) aged 45 to 64, and 11,054 people (6.7%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29.9 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.8 males.

There were 47,449 housing units at an average density of 948.9 per square mile (366.4/km²), of which 24,832 (55.3%) were owner-occupied, and 20,099 (44.7%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.0%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.8%. 90,864 people (55.4% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 72,302 people (44.1%) lived in rental housing units.

During 2009–2013, Ontario had a median household income of $54,249, with 18.1% of the population living below the federal poverty line. [28]

2000

As of the census [29] of 2000, there were 158,007 people, 43,525 households, and 34,689 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,173.9 inhabitants per square mile (1,225.5/km²). There were 45,182 housing units at an average density of 907.6 per square mile (350.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 47.8% White, 7.5% African American, 1.1% Native American, 3.9% Asian, 0.4% Pacific Islander, 34.1% from other races and 5.3% were from two or more races. 59.9% were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 43,525 households out of which 49.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.9% were married couples living together, 15.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.3% were non-families. 15.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.6 and the average family size was 4.0.

In the city, the population was spread out with 34.4% under the age of 18, 11.2% from 18 to 24, 32.4% from 25 to 44, 16.1% from 45 to 64, and 5.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $42,452, and the median income for a family was $44,031. Males had a median income of $31,664 versus $26,069 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,244. 15.5% of the population and 12.2% of families were below the poverty line. 19.1% of those under the age of 18 and 7.6% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.

Government

Local government

The city is governed by a five-member council: Mayor Paul S. Leon, who was elected as mayor in 2005, re-elected in November 2006 and is the first Hispanic to serve in that position in the history of Ontario, Mayor pro Tem Ruben Valencia, Council Members: Alan D. Wapner, Jim W. Bowman and Debra Dorst- Porada. Council Members Wapner and Bowman being the longest tenured members on the council. Council Member Bowman being the only member of the council who is a lifelong resident of Ontario (over 60 years).

The Ontario City Library following its 2006 reopening after extensive remodeling Ontario City Library05apr2006.jpg
The Ontario City Library following its 2006 reopening after extensive remodeling

According to the city's most recent Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the city's various funds had $399.4 million in revenues, $305.3 million in expenditures, $1,606.0 million in total assets, $317.6 million in total liabilities, and $412.4 million in cash and investments. [30]

The structure of the management and coordination of city services is: [31]

City DepartmentDirector
City ManagerScott Ochoa
Assistant City ManagerAl C. Boling
Deputy City ManagerDavid Sheasby
City AttorneyJohn E. Brown
Police ChiefDerek Williams
Fire ChiefRay Gayk
Community & Public Services DirectorTito Haes
Utilities General ManagerScott Burton
Housing and Municipal Services DirectorJulie Bjork
Economic Development DirectorJohn P. Andrews
Information Technology DirectorElliott Ellsworth
Development DirectorScott Murphy
Finance DirectorArmen Harkalyan

State and federal representation

In the California State Legislature, Ontario is in the 20th Senate District , represented by Democrat Connie Leyva, and in the 52nd Assembly District , represented by Democrat Freddie Rodriguez. [32]

In the United States House of Representatives, Ontario is in California's 35th congressional district , represented by Democrat Norma Torres. [33]

Education

Ontario has 25 public elementary schools, six public middle schools and five public high schools under the combined oversight of four school districts. There are also several private schools throughout the city as well as two private military schools. Ontario also has nine trade schools. The University of La Verne College of Law is located in downtown Ontario. National University, Argosy University, San Joaquin Valley College and Chapman University have a satellite campus near the Ontario Mills mall. Ontario Christian is located there. Gateway Seminary has a campus in Ontario.

Tourism

The Ontario Mills mall was home to the last Kenny Rogers Roasters operating within the United States. It closed December 31, 2011. [34]

The Greater Ontario Convention & Visitors Bureau is the official destination marketing organization for the cities of Ontario and Rancho Cucamonga, California to visitors nationally and internationally. With support from the hospitality industry, the Greater Ontario Convention & Visitors Bureau implemented a Tourism Marketing District and adopted an aggressive five-year strategic plan focusing on marketing initiatives to bring visitors to the region, build brand and destination awareness while enhancing the local economy. [35]

Infrastructure

A Metrolink train at the East Ontario Station EOntarioStation.JPG
A Metrolink train at the East Ontario Station

Transportation

The Ontario International Airport provides domestic and international air travel. Because of the many manufacturing companies and warehouses in the city, the airport also serves as a major hub for freight, especially for FedEx and UPS.

Because Ontario is a major hub for passengers and freight, the city is also served by several major freeways. Interstate 10 and the Pomona Freeway (State Route 60) run east–west through the city. Interstate 10 is north of the Ontario airport while the Pomona freeway is south of the airport. Interstate 15 runs in the north–south directions at the eastern side of the city. State Route 83, also known as Euclid Avenue, also runs in the north–south direction at the western side of the city.

The city maintains an Amtrak station which is served by the Sunset Limited and Texas Eagle lines. Ontario also has a Metrolink station off of Haven Avenue. It connects Ontario with much of the Greater Los Angeles area, Orange County and the San Fernando Valley. Public bus transportation is provided by Omnitrans.

Cemeteries

The Bellevue Memorial Park is located on West G Street. [36] [37] Spanish–American War Congressional Medal of Honor recipient Frank Fulton Ross is buried there. [38]

Notable people

Sister cities

Ontario has five sister cities around the world. [49] They are:

See also

Notes and references

Notes

  1. However, according to the official website by the city of Winterthur, Ontario is not one of its partner cities.

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