Ontario Highway 11

Last updated
Ontario 11.svg Trans-Canada Highway shield.svg
Highway 11
Route information
Maintained by the Ministry of Transportation of Ontario
Length1,784.9 km [1]  (1,109.1 mi)
Major junctions
South endOntario 400 crown.svg  Highway 400Barrie
Major intersectionsOntario 12 crown.svg  Highway 12Orillia
Ontario 60 crown.svg  Highway 60Huntsville
Ontario 17 crown.svg  Highway 17North Bay
Ontario 63 crown.svg  Highway 63 – North Bay
Ontario 64 crown.svg  Highway 64Marten River
Ontario 65 crown.svg  Highway 65New Liskeard
Ontario 66 crown.svg  Highway 66Kenogami Lake
Ontario 101 crown.svg  Highway 101Matheson
Ontario 17 crown.svg Ontario 61 crown.svg  Highway 17  / Highway 61Thunder Bay
Ontario 71 crown.svg  Highway 71Fort Frances
West endMN-72.svg MN 72Baudette, MN
Divisions Simcoe County, Muskoka, Parry Sound District, Nipissing District, Timiskaming District, Cochrane District, Thunder Bay District, Rainy River District
Major cities Barrie, Orillia, North Bay, Temiskaming Shores, Thunder Bay
Towns Gravenhurst, Bracebridge, Huntsville, Burk's Falls, South River, Powassan, Temagami, Englehart, Matheson, Cochrane, Kapuskasing, Hearst, Longlac, Geraldton, Nipigon, Fort Frances, Rainy River
Highway system
Ontario 10.svg Highway 10 Ontario 11B.svg Highway 11B
Former provincial highways
Highway 11A Ontario 11A.svg 

King's Highway 11, commonly referred to as Highway 11, is a provincially maintained highway in the Canadian province of Ontario. At 1,784.9 kilometres (1,109.1 mi), it is the second longest highway in the province, following Highway 17. Highway 11 begins at Highway 400 in Barrie, and arches through northern Ontario to the Ontario–Minnesota border at Rainy River via Thunder Bay; the road continues as Minnesota State Highway 72 across the Baudette-Rainy River International Bridge. North and west of North Bay (as well as for a short distance through Orillia), Highway 11 forms part of the Trans-Canada Highway. The highway is also part of MOM's Way between Thunder Bay and Rainy River.


Although many of the roads that make up the route were constructed before the highway was designated, Highway 11 became a provincial highway in 1920 when the network was formed. At the time, it only extended between Toronto and north of Orillia. In 1937, the route was extended to Hearst, northwest of Timmins. The route was extended to Nipigon by 1943. In 1965, Highway 11 was extended to Rainy River, bringing it to its maximum length. The section through Barrie and south to Toronto was decommissioned as a provincial highway in phases in the late 1990s. Since then, ongoing construction resulted in the highway being four-laned as far north as North Bay by 2012. A section concurrent with Highway 17 east of Thunder Bay was rebuilt as a divided highway in the early 2010s and work continues. The two-lane Nipigon River Bridge was replaced with a twin-span bridge that opened in 2018.



The earliest established section of Highway 11 is Yonge Street, in Toronto, though it is no longer under provincial jurisdiction. Yonge Street was built under the order of the first Lieutenant-Governor of Upper Canada (now Ontario), John Graves Simcoe. Fearing imminent attack by the United States, he sought to create a military route between York (now Toronto) and Lake Simcoe. In doing so, he would create an alternative means of reaching the upper Great Lakes and the trading post at Michilimackinac, bypassing the American border.

In late 1793, Simcoe determined the route of his new road. The following spring, he instructed Deputy Surveyor General Augustus Jones to blaze a small trail marking the route. [2] Simcoe initiated construction of the road by granting land to settlers, who in exchange were required to clear 33 feet (10 m) of frontage on the road passing their lot. [3] In the summer of 1794, William Berczy was the first to take up the offer, leading a group of 64 families north-east of Toronto to found the town of German Mills, in today's Markham. By the end of 1794, Berczy's settlers had cleared the route around Thornhill. However, the settlement was hit by a series of setbacks and road construction stalled. [4]

Work on the road resumed in 1795 when the Queen's Rangers took over. They began their work at Eglinton Avenue and proceeded north, reaching the site of St. Albans on February 16, 1796. Expansion of the trail into a road was a condition of settlement for farmers along the route, who were required to spend 12 days a year to clear the road of logs, subsequently removed by convicted drunks as part of their sentence. The southern end of the road was in use in the first decade of the 19th century, and became passable all the way to the northern end in 1816. [5]

For several years the Holland River and Lake Simcoe provided the only means of transportation; Holland Landing was the northern terminus of Yonge Street. The military route to Georgian Bay prior to, and during the War of 1812, crossed Lake Simcoe to the head of Kempenfelt Bay, then by the Nine Mile Portage to Willow Creek and the Nottawasaga River. The Penetanguishene Military Post was started before the war. However, lacking a suitable overland transport route, passage from York to Lake Huron continued via the Nottawasaga. The Penetanguishene Road, begun in 1814, replaced this route by the time the military post was opened in 1817. [6]

In 1824, work began to extend Yonge Street to Kempenfelt Bay near Barrie. A north-western extension was branched off the original Yonge Street in Holland Landing and ran into the new settlement of Bradford before turning north towards Barrie. Work was completed by 1827, making connections with the Penetanguishene Road. A network of colonization roads built in the 1830s (some with military strategy in mind) pushed settlement northeast along the shores of Lake Simcoe and north towards the shores of Georgian Bay. By 1860 the Muskoka Road penetrated the southern skirts of the Canadian Shield, advancing towards Lake Nipissing. Further extensions into Northern Ontario would await the arrival of the automobile, and consequent need for highway networks.

1927 postcard of the Ferguson Highway Postcard Ferguson Hwy North Ontario.jpg
1927 postcard of the Ferguson Highway

Assumption and construction

In order to be eligible for federal funding, Ontario's Department of Public Highways established a network of provincial highways on February 26, 1920. What would become Highway 11 was routed along Yonge Street, its extension to the Penetanguishene Road, and the Muskoka Road as far as the Severn River. [4] It received its numerical designation in the summer of 1925. [7]

Highway 11 was initially planned as a trunk road to connect the communities of Southern Ontario to those of Northern Ontario, as a continuous route from Toronto to North Bay. In 1919, Premier of Ontario Ernest Charles Drury created the Department of Public Highways, though much of the responsibility for establishing the route he left to minister of the new cabinet position, Frank Campbell Biggs. By linking together several previously built roads such as Yonge Street, Penetanguishene Road, Middle Crossroad and the Muskoka Road, all early colonization roads in the region, a continuous route was created between Toronto and North Bay; however, the new department's jurisdiction did not extend north of the Severn River. Roads north of that point were maintained by the Department of Northern Development.

Further expansion was planned with a new highway from North Bay to Cochrane. Construction began in 1925, including reconstruction of portions of the old Muskoka Road from Severn Bridge which was officially opened on July 2, 1927. When it was opened, it was named the Ferguson Highway, in honour of Premier George Howard Ferguson (Drury's successor). This road was extended to Hearst over the next several years.

On April 1, 1937, the DND and DHO merged, and numerous roads north of the Canadian Shield were assumed as provincial highways. [8] As a result of this, Highway 11 was extended to Hearst via North Bay and the Ferguson Highway; it was now 1,024.0 kilometres (636.3 mi) long. [9] Around this time, construction began on a road to connect Highway 17 at Nipigon with the gold mines discovered near the town of Geraldton several years earlier; it was completed in 1939. [10] With the onset of World War II, the need for an east–west connection across Canada became imperative, and construction began on a link between Geraldton and Hearst, a distance of 250 kilometres (160 mi). Upon completion in 1943, Highway 11 was extended to Nipigon, and was now 1,398.0 kilometres (868.7 mi) long.

The route remained this way until the late 1950s, when construction of a new highway west from Thunder Bay towards Fort Frances began. Initially this road was designated as Highway 120. In 1959, it was instead decided to make this new link a westward extension of Highway 11. On April 1, 1960, Highway 11 assumed the route of Highway 120; this consequently created a concurrency of Highway 11 and 17 between Nipigon and west of Thunder Bay. [11] [12] [13] Now reaching as far as Atikokan, construction of a road between there and Fort Frances was carried out over the next five years. The final link, the 5.6 kilometres (3.5 mi) Noden Causeway over Rainy Lake, was opened on June 28, 1965. [14] Highway 11 was now at it peak length of 1,882.2 kilometres (1,169.5 mi). [15]

Thunder Bay Expressway

In 1963, Charles MacNaughton, minister of the Department of Highways, announced plans for the Lakehead Expressway to be built on the western edge of the twin cities of Port Arthur and Fort William (which amalgamated in 1970 to form Thunder Bay). [16] Work began in August 1965, with a contract for a 5 kilometres (3 mi) section of divided highway on the west side of the twin cities. [17] Plans called for a 28.2 kilometres (17.5 mi) at-grade expressway from South of Arthur Street to meet Highway 11 and Highway 17 northeast of the cities. [18] The first section of the expressway opened on August 29, 1967, connecting Oliver Road (then part of Highway 130) and Golf Links Road with Dawson Road (Highway 102). [19] By mid- to late 1969, the route had been extended to Highway 527 northeast of the twin cities and to Highway 11 and Highway 17 (Arthur Street) at the Harbour Expressway. [20] By late 1970, the route had been extended southward from Arthur Street to Neebing Avenue / Walsh Street West. At this time, Highway 11/17 and Highway 61 were rerouted along the completed expressway. The old routes through Thunder Bay were redesignated as Highway 11B/17B and Highway 61B. [21] [22] [23]

Downloading and changes since

In 1996–1997, the care (or rescinding of connecting link agreements) of the highway from Barrie southwards including Yonge Street, was transferred by the provincial government to county, regional, and city governments as part of significant cost reductions by the Ministry of Transportation of Ontario. This practice is called downloading, in that the financial burden will fall to a lower tier government; this is often used when a stretch of road loses its regional importance. Along with the name Yonge Street, the section in York Region is now York Regional Road 1, the section in Simcoe County is now mostly Simcoe County 4. Within the city of Toronto, which does not have a regional road numbering system, it is now known simply as Yonge Street. Highway 11 consequently assumed the 1.1-kilometre highway stub formerly known as Highway 400A, and now ends at the interchange with Highway 400 just north of Barrie's city limits.

In 2003, a major bridge failure at the Sgt. Aubrey Cosens VC Memorial Bridge at the Montreal River in Latchford caused a complete closure and significant detour.

As a result of provincial downloading of highways to municipalities in 1996 and 1997, Highway 11 now begins at the "Crown Hill" interchange with Highway 400 north of Barrie. Previously it extended south to Lake Ontario in Toronto, mostly as Yonge Street Highway 11 approaching Crown Hill.png
As a result of provincial downloading of highways to municipalities in 1996 and 1997, Highway 11 now begins at the "Crown Hill" interchange with Highway 400 north of Barrie. Previously it extended south to Lake Ontario in Toronto, mostly as Yonge Street

Highway 11 began to be upgraded beginning in the 1960s when the stretch between Barrie and Gravenhurst was upgraded to a 4 lane highway with a median barrier and right-in/right-out ramps, with a signed speed limit of 90 km/h. Upgrades continued in the 1970s between Gravenhurst and Huntsville, where the highway was built with a grass median and a mix of interchanges and at grade intersections. Major reconstruction of Highway 11 between North Bay and Huntsville began in 2003, upgrading the route from a two-lane rural highway to a four-lane road. In some sections the route was being built as an expressway with right-in/right-out ramps or at-grade intersections, while in others it was built as a full 400-series freeway.

Highway 11 crosses the 45th parallel (halfway between the equator and north pole) 600 metres north of the bridge carrying Highway 118 at interchange 182, just outside Bracebridge.

Due to a steep incline as it descends Thibeault Hill into North Bay, the southbound Algonquin Avenue segment of Highway 11 features the only runaway truck ramp on Ontario's highway system. [24] The Ministry of Transportation is currently undertaking a study of potential highway improvements in the North Bay area, which may include a new westerly realignment of this segment to bypass the hill.

In 2012, a partial cloverleaf interchange was completed at the junction of Highway 11/17 and Hodder Avenue/Copenhagen Road in Thunder Bay, the first of its type in Northwestern Ontario.

On August 9, 2012, construction of the fully divided four lane freeway between Huntsville and North Bay was completed. [25] However, as the section south of Gravenhurst is still a RIRO expressway rather than a full freeway, and the section between Gravenhurst and Huntsville has not yet had all at-grade intersections removed, the highway is not currently slated to be renumbered as Highway 411.

On November 29, 2015, the new Nipigon River Bridge opened to traffic, and the old bridge closed. [26] It was subsequently demolished to allow construction of a new bridge which will carry eastbound traffic into Nipigon. [27]

Route description

Highway 11 varies between a divided four lane urban freeway and a two lane rural road. It travels through surroundings ranging from cities, to farmland, to uninhabited wilderness. The section through northern Ontario includes several sections with no gas or service for over 160 kilometres (100 mi). Significant urban centres serviced by the route include Barrie, Orillia, Gravenhurst, Bracebridge, Huntsville, North Bay, Temiskaming Shores, Cochrane, Hearst, Nipigon, Thunder Bay, Atikokan, Fort Frances and Rainy River.

Highway 11 facing south from Highway 12 in Orillia 11 Orillia.png
Highway 11 facing south from Highway 12 in Orillia

Barrie – North Bay

Between Barrie and North Bay, Highway 11 is a four lane highway with few at-grade intersections. Although a majority of the route is built to 400-series standards, the sections between Barrie and Orillia as well as between Orillia and Gravenhurst feature Right-in Right-out (RIRO) ramps rather than interchanges.

Highway 11 begins at an interchange with Highway 400 on the north side of Barrie, travelling northeast parallel to the northwestern shore of Lake Simcoe. The four lane route, divided by a median barrier, crosses former Highway 93 (Penetanguishene Road) and passes through a generally flat rural area, though businesses line both sides of the route. At the northern end of Lake Simcoe, the highway enters Orillia, where it is built as a divided freeway. It meets and becomes concurrent with Ontario Highway 12 for 2.4 kilometres (1.5 mi). At Laclie Drive, the route exits Orillia and returns to a RIRO design with rural surroundings. It travels northward along the western shore of Lake Couchiching as far as Washago, then crosses the Severn River / Trent Severn Waterway.

Highway 11 facing north towards Bracebridge 11 NB near Bracebridge.png
Highway 11 facing north towards Bracebridge

North of the Severn River, Highway 11 travels through the Canadian Shield; large granite outcroppings are frequent and thick Boreal forest dominates the terrain. At Gravenhurst, the highway makes a sharp curve to the east then becomes a divided freeway before curving northward around Gull Lake. Near Bracebridge, it meets Highway 118 and former Highway 117. Highway 141 branches west from the route between Bracebridge and Huntsville, while Highway 60 branches east towards Algonquin Park in Huntsville. The section between Gravenhurst and Bracebridge is at freeway standards, while several at-grade intersections remain between Bracebridge and Huntsville.

The 120-kilometre (70 mi) section of Highway 11 between Huntsville and North Bay provides access to the western side of Algonquin Park. It also connects to Highway 518 at Emsdale, Highway 520 at Burk's Falls, Highway 124 at Sundridge and South River, Highway 522 at Trout Creek, Highway 534 at Powassan, and Highway 94 and Highway 654 at Callander. Most of this section is built to freeway standards, although a small number of at-grade intersections remain, primarily between Trout Creek and Callander.

North Bay – Nipigon

From its junction with Ontario Highway 17 at North Bay, the two highways share a concurrency for 4.1 kilometres to the Algonquin Avenue intersection, where Highway 17 continues west toward Sudbury and Sault Ste. Marie while Highway 11 turns north onto Algonquin Avenue. From there, Highway 11 extends northerly for 370 kilometres, passing through communities such as Temagami, Latchford, Temiskaming Shores, Englehart and Matheson en route to Cochrane, where the route turns west. From Cochrane, it passes through communities such as Smooth Rock Falls, Kapuskasing, Hearst and Greenstone, extending 613 kilometres before again meeting Highway 17 at Nipigon.

Nipigon – Rainy River

Former Highway 11B entering Cobalt Cobalt ON 1.jpg
Former Highway 11B entering Cobalt

Nearly the entire route from Nipigon to Rainy River is a two-lane, undivided road, with the exception of two twinned, four-lane segments. The first starts just west of Nipigon and ends just north of the Black Sturgeon River, for a distance of 10 kilometers. The second portion reaches a distance of 36 kilometers, from Highway 587 at Pass Lake to Balsam Street in Thunder Bay. Work is being done to twin the route from Ouimet to Dorion. Additionally, the section from Balsam Street to the Harbour Expressway is four lanes wide, but undivided. The partial cloverleaf interchange at Thunder Bay's Hodder Avenue is the only interchange in Northwestern Ontario.

Highways 11 and 17 run concurrently from Nipigon down to Thunder Bay, a distance of around 91 kilometers, where they swing west on the Shabaqua Highway, encountering Kakabeka Falls several kilometers later. The highway then runs in a northwestern direction to Shabaqua Corners, where the two highways split; Highway 17 continues northwest to Dryden and Kenora, while Highway 11 continues in a generally west direction, eventually reaching Highway 11B at Atikokan, approximately halfway between Thunder Bay and Rainy River. The highway continues for 132 kilometers, crosses the Noden Causeway, and reaches Fort Frances, where Highway 71 runs south across the U.S. border to International Falls. From here Highway 11 shares a concurrency with Highway 71 for 37 kilometers until the latter branches north after Emo, while Highway 11 runs parallel to the border for 51 more kilometers before ending at the town of Rainy River, where the roadway continues into Baudette, Minnesota, and ends at Minnesota State Route 11.

Business routes

Highway 11B is the designation for business routes of Highway 11, ten of which have existed over the years. Two continue to exist today, while the remaining seven have been decommissioned. With the exception of the short spur route into Atikokan, all were once the route of Highway 11 prior to the completion of a bypass alignment. All sections of Highway 11B have now been decommissioned by the province with the exception of the Atikokan route and the southernmost section of the former Tri-Town route between Cobalt and Highway 11.


Highway 11 between Barrie and Gravenhurst is currently a right-in/right-out (RIRO) expressway (local access permitted, turnarounds via special interchanges), except for a section around Orillia which is a full freeway. Another freeway section (formerly Highway 400A) does exist in Barrie with the freeway segment from the southern terminus ending at Penetanguishene Road (Simcoe Road 93). The MTO is currently planning on either converting the existing RIRO expressway to a full six-lane freeway, or bypassing it with an entirely new alignment. An environmental and fiscal study concluded that the improvements from Barrie to Gravenhurst will involve the existing route being widened with the exception of a portion south of Gravenhurst that may potentially be constructed to the east of the current road. [28]

Major intersections

The following table lists the major junctions along Highway 11, as noted by the Ministry of Transportation of Ontario. [1] Interchanges are numbered between Barrie and North Bay. 

DivisionLocationkm [1] miExitDestinationsNotes
Metropolitan Toronto Toronto (Old) −100.5−62.4 Ontario 2 crown.svg  Highway 2 (Gardiner Expressway) /
Lake Shore Boulevard
Southern terminus of Highway 11 prior to 1998, under various connecting link agreements between Toronto and Barrie. Highway 2's connecting link agreement was also repealed at this time. Yonge Street continues south for 2 blocks.
−98.9−61.5  King Street
−98.0−60.9  Dundas Street
−96.4−59.9 Ontario 5 crown.svg  Highway 5 (Bloor Street)Highway 5's connecting link agreement was repealed in 1998
−92.2−57.3  Eglinton Avenue
North York −87.0−54.1 Ontario 401 crown.svg  Highway 401
−86.0−53.4  Sheppard Avenue
Metropolitan Toronto-York boundary North York-Vaughan-Markham −81.9−50.9  Steeles Avenue Highway 11 is currently RR 1 jct.svg  Regional Road 1 through York Region
York Thornhill −77.8−48.3 Ontario 407 crown.svg  Highway 407
−77.3−48.0 Ontario 7 crown.svg  Highway 7Vaughan Highway 7 was downloaded to the Region of York in 1998.
Currently RR 7 jct.svg  Regional Road 7
Richmond Hill −73.7−45.8 RR 25 jct.svg  Regional Road 25 (Major Mackenzie Drive)
Aurora −59.2−36.8 RR 15 jct.svg  Regional Road 15 (Wellington Street)
Newmarket −53.0−32.9 Ontario 9 crown.svg  Highway 9 west (Davis Drive) – Orangeville Highway 9 was downloaded to the Region of York in 1998.
Currently RR 31 jct.svg  Regional Road 31
East Gwillimbury −49.9−31.0 RR 51 jct.svg  Regional Road 51 (Yonge Street) – Holland Landing Yonge Street turned off Highway 11
−46.2−28.7 RR 38 jct.svg  Regional Road 38 (Bathurst Street)
Simcoe Bradford −42.3−26.3 Ontario 88 crown.svg  Highway 88 (Bridge Street) – Bond Head Highway 88 was downloaded to Simcoe County in 1998. Currently Simcoe Road 88 sign.png County Road 88.
−40.9−25.4 Line 8Highway 11 is currently Simcoe Road 4 sign.png County Road 4 between Bradford and Barrie. Yonge Street (extension) rejoined Highway 11
Bradford-West Gwillimbury −30.9−19.2 Ontario 89 crown.svg  Highway 89 west – Alliston Highway 89 was downloaded to Simcoe County in 1998. Currently Simcoe Road 89 sign.png County Road 89 /
Simcoe Road 3 sign.png County Road 3 (Shore Acres Drive)
Innisfil −21.2−13.2  Simcoe Road 21 sign.png County Road 21 (Innisfil Beach Road)
Barrie −15.7−9.8 Mapleview Drive
−9.7−6.0 Ontario 27 crown.svg  Highway 27 (Essa Road)Beginning of former Highway 27 concurrency. Highway 27's connecting link agreement was repealed in 1998. Near north end of Yonge Street.
−7.5−4.7 Ontario 26 crown.svg Ontario 27 crown.svg  Highway 26  / Highway 27 (Bayfield Street)End of former Highway 27 concurrency. Highway 26's connecting link agreement was repealed in 1998.
Simcoe Oro-Medonte 0.00.0 Ontario 400 crown.svg  Highway 400 south, Barrie and Toronto Current southern terminus of Highway 11. The highway followed Penetanguishene Road southwards prior to downloading, and the first 1.1 km. was formerly the unsigned Highway 400A
1.10.68 RR 93 jct.svg  County Road 93 north (Penetanguishene Road) – Midland Formerly Highway 93; continuation of Ontario Highway 400 kilometre markers
5.73.5 Oro-Medonte Line 4
15.89.8 RR 20 jct.svg  County Road 20 (Oro-Medonte Line 11)
Orillia 23.614.7129Memorial AvenueNorthbound exit only; southbound exit and northbound entrance via Oro-Medonte Line 15
25.315.7131Ontario 12 crown.svgTrans-Canada Highway shield.svg Highway 12 south / TCH (Old Barrie Road) Whitby South end of Highway 12 concurrency
27.717.2133Ontario 12 crown.svgTrans-Canada Highway shield.svg Highway 12  / TCH (Coldwater Road) Coldwater, Midland North end of Highway 12 concurrency
29.818.5135RR 18 jct.svg  County Road 18 (West Street / Burnside Line)
31.419.5 Laclie StreetNorthbound entrance and southbound exit
Simcoe Severn 38.924.2 Bayou Road / New Brailey Line
46.729.0 RR 169 jct.svg  County Road 169 south
Severn River bridge
Muskoka Gravenhurst
64.940.3169 District Road 169 west (Muskoka Road) – Bala, Parry Sound Dead Man's Curve; no northbound entrance
69.943.4175 District Road 41 west (Bethune Road)
District Road 6 east (Doe Lake Road)
76.847.7182Ontario 118 crown.svg  Highway 118 east – Haliburton
District Road 118 west – Bracebridge, Port Carling
78.849.0184 District Road 37 (Fredrick Street / Cedar Lane)
83.651.9189 District Road 42 (Taylor Road)
87.554.4193 District Road 117 east – Dorset
Huntsville 101.863.3207Ontario 141 crown.svg  Highway 141 west – Parry Sound, Utterson
District Road 10Port Sydney
114.371.0219 District Road 3 (Aspdin Road / Main Street)Huntsville Bypass
116.672.5221 District Road 2 (West Road / Ravenscliffe Road)
118.373.5223Ontario 60 crown.svg  Highway 60 east – Ottawa   Algonquin Provincial Park
121.575.5226 District Road 3
235Ontario Highway 592.svg  Highway 592 north (Novar Road) – Emsdale Emsdale Bypass
Parry Sound Emsdale 244Fern Glen Road west / Scotia Road east / Emsdale Road  Kearney
248Ontario Highway 518.svg  Highway 518 west – Parry Sound, Sprucedale
252Doe Lake Road west / Three Mile Lake Road east
Burk's Falls 152.694.8257Ontario Highway 520.svg  Highway 520 (Ontario Street) – Magnetawan Burk's Falls Bypass
156.297.1261Ontario Street / Pickerel & Jack Lake Road  Magnetawan
Sundridge 171.6106.6276Ontario 124 crown.svg  Highway 124Parry Sound, Magnetawan Sundridge / South River Bypass
South River 178.7111.0282Machar Strong Boundary Road / Mountainview Road / Tower Road  Sundridge
184.2114.5289Ontario 124 crown.svg  Highway 124
Laurier 189.2117.6294Goreville Road / Summit Road
Trout Creek 196.6122.2301Ontario Highway 522.svg  Highway 522 west – Commanda Trout Creek Bypass
201.4125.1306Ontario Highway 522B.svg  Highway 522BPort Loring
Powassan 211.9131.7316Ontario Highway 534.svg  Highway 534 west – Nipissing, Restoule
Callander 224.9139.7329Ontario Highway 654.svg  Highway 654 (Lake Nosbonsing Road) – Nipissing To Ontario 94 crown.svg  Highway 94 north – Corbeil
Nipissing North Bay 234.0145.4338Lakeshore DriveFormerly Highway 11B north
239.7148.9344Ontario 17 crown.svgTrans-Canada Highway shield.svg Highway 17 east / TCH  Ottawa South end of Highway 17 North Bay concurrency
240.9149.7 Fisher StreetFormerly Highway 17B west
241.5150.1 Ontario 63 crown.svg  Highway 63 east (Trout Lake Road)
Cassells Street west
243.8151.5 Ontario 17 crown.svgTrans-Canada Highway shield.svg Highway 17 west / TCH  Sudbury, Sault Ste. Marie
Algonquin Avenue
North end of Highway 17 North Bay concurrency; formerly Highway 11B south
Ontario M111.svg Trans-Canada Highway designation south (east) end
244.3151.8 McKeown Avenue / Airport Road
Marten River 300.9187.0 Ontario 64 crown.svg  Highway 64 west – Sturgeon Falls
Timiskaming Coleman 380.4236.4 Ontario 11B crown.svg  Highway 11B north – Cobalt South end of Tri-Town Bypass
Temiskaming Shores 389.9242.3 Ontario Highway 558.svg  Highway 558 (Municipal Road) – Haileybury
396.6246.4 Ontario 65 crown.svg  Highway 65 east (Whitewood Avenue) – New Liskeard South end of Highway 65 concurrency
399.3248.1 Ontario 65 crown.svg  Highway 65 west – Matachewan North end of Highway 65 concurrency; north end of Tri-Town Bypass; formerly Highway 11B south
Hilliard 411.1255.4 Ontario Highway 569.svg  Highway 569 (Hilliardtown Road) – Couttsville
Harley 417.1259.2 Ontario Highway 562.svg  Highway 562 west – Thornloe
Earlton 426.0264.7 Ontario Highway 571.svg  Highway 571 south
Heaslip 434.7270.1 Ontario Highway 569.svg  Highway 569 east to Ontario Highway 624.svg  Highway 624
Englehart 440.9274.0 Ontario Highway 560.svg  Highway 560
Unorganized Timiskaming 459.6285.6 Ontario 112 crown.svg  Highway 112 east – Dane
478.6297.4 Ontario 66 crown.svgTrans-Canada Highway shield.svg Highway 66  / TCH  Matachewan, Kirkland Lake
Kenogami Lake 479.6298.0 Ontario Highway 568.svg  Highway 568 east
Unorganized Timiskaming 493.5306.6 Ontario Highway 570.svg  Highway 570 east – Sesekinika
Cochrane Unorganized Cochrane 521.1323.8 Ontario Highway 572.svg  Highway 572 east – Holtyre
Matheson 535.6332.8 Ontario 101 crown.svg  Highway 101 east (Fourth Avenue) – Quebec borderSouth end of Highway 101 concurrency
Unorganized Cochrane 542.0336.8 Ontario 101 crown.svg  Highway 101 west – Timmins North end of Highway 101 concurrency
556.3345.7 Ontario Highway 577.svg  Highway 577 south (Shillington Road) – Shillington
556.6345.9 Ontario Highway 577.svg  Highway 577 north – Iroquois Falls
Porquis Junction 569.0353.6 Ontario 67 crown.svg  Highway 67 north – Iroquois Falls
Nellie Lake 575.9357.8 Ontario Highway 578.svg  Highway 578 (Nellie Lake Road)
Cochrane 615.5382.5 Ontario Highway 652.svg Ontario Highway 579.svg  Highway 652  / Highway 579 north (Third Avenue)directional signage changes
Unorganized Cochrane 625.0388.4 Ontario Highway 636.svg  Highway 636 north – Frederick
633.5393.6 Ontario Highway 668.svg  Highway 668 north – Hunta
Driftwood 644.1400.2 Ontario Highway 655.svg  Highway 655 south – Timmins
Smooth Rock Falls 670.1416.4 Ontario Highway 634.svg  Highway 634 north – Fraserdale, Abitibi Canyon
Moonbeam 712.6442.8 Ontario Highway 581.svg  Highway 581 north
Kapuskasing 727.3–
  Kapuskasing Connecting Link
Hearst 829.4515.4 Ontario Highway 583.svg  Highway 583 north
830.0515.7 6th StreetBeginning of Hearst Connecting Link
830.6516.1 Ontario Highway 583.svg  Highway 583 south (9th Street) – Mead
831.8516.9 15th StreetEnd of Hearst Connecting Link
Unorganized Cochrane 865.0537.5 Ontario Highway 663.svg  Highway 663 north – Calstock
893.8555.4 Ontario Highway 631.svg  Highway 631 south – White River
Thunder Bay Greenstone 1,025.9637.5 Ontario Highway 625.svg  Highway 625 south – Caramat
1,074.9667.9 Ontario Highway 584.svg  Highway 584 north – Geraldton, Nakina
1,130.5702.5 Ontario Highway 801.svg  Highway 801 north – Auden
1,153.1716.5 Ontario Highway 580.svg  Highway 580 north (Leitch Road)
Nipigon 1,232.3765.7 Ontario 17 crown.svgTrans-Canada Highway shield.svg Highway 17 east / TCH  Sault Ste. Marie East end of Highway 17 Thunder Bay concurrency
1,236.3768.2 Ontario Highway 585.svg  Highway 585 north (Cameron Falls Road) – Cameron Falls, Pine Portage
Unorganized Thunder Bay 1,244.7773.4 Ontario Highway 628.svg  Highway 628 east – Red Rock
1,260.2783.1 Ontario Highway 582.svg  Highway 582 south (Hurkett Road) – Hurkett
1,264.5785.7 Ontario Highway 582.svg  Highway 582 east (Hurkett Road) – Hurkett
1,300.8808.3 Ontario Highway 587.svg  Highway 587 south (Pass Lake Road) – Pass Lake
1,330.8826.9 Ontario Highway 527.svg  Highway 527 north – Armstrong
Thunder Bay 1,334.6829.3 Hodder AvenueFormerly Highway 11B  / Highway 17B west
1,341.0833.3 Ontario 102 crown.svg  Highway 102 west (Dawson Road) – Kaministiquia
1,347.0837.0 Ontario 61 crown.svg  Highway 61 south – Duluth
Harbour Expressway east
Unorganized Thunder Bay 1,359.2844.6 Ontario 130 crown.svg  Highway 130 (Arthur Street West) – Rosslyn
1,368.6850.4 Ontario Highway 588.svg  Highway 588 south – Stanley
Kakabeka Falls 1,374.9854.3 Ontario Highway 590.svg  Highway 590 (Hymers Road)
Unorganized Thunder Bay 1,390.1863.8 Ontario 102 crown.svg  Highway 102 east (Dawson Road)
Shabaqua Corner 1,411.1876.8 Ontario 17 crown.svgTrans-Canada Highway shield.svg Highway 17 west / TCH  Dryden, Kenora West end of Highway 17 Thunder Bay concurrency
Shebandowan 1,431.9889.7 Ontario Highway 586.svg  Highway 586 south (Shelter Bay Road)
Rainy River Unorganized Rainy River 1,517.9943.2 Ontario Highway 633.svg  Highway 633 – Quetico Centre
1,524.9947.5 Ontario Highway 623.svg  Highway 623 north (Sapawe Road) – Shapawe
1,546.4960.9 Ontario 11B crown.svg Highway 11B  Atikokan To Highway 622
1,662.11,032.8 Ontario Highway 502.svg  Highway 502 north (Manitou Road)
Fort Frances 1,688.31,049.1 
Beginning of Fort Frances Connecting Link
1,690.91,050.7 Ontario 71 crown.svg  Highway 71 south – International Falls East end of Highway 71 concurrency
1,692.91,051.9 Ontario Highway 602.svg  Highway 602 south
End of Fort Frances Connecting Link
Unorganized Rainy River 1,702.11,057.6 Ontario Highway 611.svg  Highway 611 southBeginning of Highway 611 concurrency
1,704.11,058.9 Ontario Highway 611.svg  Highway 611 northEnd of Highway 611 concurrency
Devlin 1,713.91,065.0 Ontario Highway 613.svg  Highway 613 north
Emo 1,726.61,072.9 Ontario Highway 602.svg  Highway 602 south
Unorganized Rainy River 1,732.81,076.7 Ontario 71 crown.svgTrans-Canada Highway shield.svg Highway 71 north / TCH  Kenora West end of Highway 71 concurrency
Ontario M111.svg Trans-Canada Highway designation west end
Stratton 1,751.71,088.5 Ontario Highway 617.svg  Highway 617 north
Pinewood 1,763.51,095.8 Ontario Highway 619.svg  Highway 619 north
Unorganized Rainy River 1,773.11,101.8 Ontario Highway 621.svg  Highway 621 north – Gameland
Rainy River 1,782.01,107.3 Beginning of Rainy River Connecting Link
1,784.61,108.9 Ontario Highway 600.svg  Highway 600 north (B Street)End of Rainy River Connecting Link
Canada–United States border
(Baudette–Rainy River Border Crossing)
1,784.91,109.1 Baudette–Rainy River International Bridge across Rainy River
 MN-72.svg MN 72 south Baudette Continuation into Minnesota; to MN-11.svg MN 11
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Route map

The King's Highway 11 Ontario (West).png
Western half of King's Highway 11
The King's Highway 11 Ontario (East).png
Eastern half of King's Highway 11


See also

Related Research Articles

Trans-Canada Highway Transcontinental highway system in Canada

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Yonge Street Historic road in Ontario

Yonge Street is a major arterial route in the Canadian province of Ontario connecting the shores of Lake Ontario in Toronto to Lake Simcoe, a gateway to the Upper Great Lakes. Until 1999, the Guinness Book of World Records repeated the popular misconception it was 1,896 km (1,178 mi) long, making it the longest street in the world; this was due to a conflation of Yonge Street with the rest of Ontario's Highway 11. Yonge Street is only 86 kilometres (53 mi) long.

Simcoe County County in Ontario, Canada

Simcoe County is located in the central portion of Southern Ontario, Canada. The county is just north of the Greater Toronto Area, stretching from the shores of Lake Simcoe in the east to Georgian Bay in the west. Simcoe County forms part of the Greater Golden Horseshoe area, a densely populated and industrialized region, centred on the Greater Toronto Area.

Bradford, Ontario Community in Ontario, Canada

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Oro-Medonte Township in Ontario, Canada

Oro-Medonte is a township in south-central Ontario, Canada, on the northwestern shores of Lake Simcoe in Simcoe County.

Springwater, Ontario Township in Ontario, Canada

Springwater is a township in central Ontario, Canada, in Simcoe County, near Barrie. It is the county seat of Simcoe County.

Ontario Highway 17 Ontario provincial highway

King's Highway 17, more commonly known as Highway 17, is a provincially maintained highway and the primary route of the Trans-Canada Highway through the Canadian province of Ontario. It begins at the Manitoba boundary, 50 km (31 mi) west of Kenora, and the main section ends where Highway 417 begins just west of Arnprior. A small disconnected signed section of the highway still remains within the Ottawa Region between County Road 29 and Grants Side Rd. This makes it Ontario's longest highway.

King's Highway 427, also known as Highway 427 and colloquially as the 427, is a 400-series highway in the Canadian province of Ontario that runs from the Queen Elizabeth Way (QEW) and Gardiner Expressway in Toronto to Major Mackenzie Drive in Vaughan. It is Ontario's second busiest freeway by volume and the third busiest in North America, behind Highway 401 and Interstate 405 in California. Like Highway 401, a portion of the route is divided into a collector-express system with twelve to fourteen continuous lanes. Notable about Highway 427 are its several multi-level interchanges; the junctions with the QEW/Gardiner Expressway and Highway 401 are two of the largest interchanges in Ontario and were constructed between 1967 and 1971, while the interchanges with Highway 409 and Highway 407 were completed in 1992 and 1995, respectively.

King's Highway 400, commonly referred to as Highway 400, historically as the Toronto–Barrie Highway, and colloquially as the 400, is a 400-series highway in the Canadian province of Ontario linking the city of Toronto in the urban and agricultural south of the province with the scenic and sparsely populated central and northern regions. The portion of the highway between Toronto and Lake Simcoe roughly traces the route of the Toronto Carrying-Place Trail, a historic trail between the Lower and Upper Great Lakes. North of Highway 12, in combination with Highway 69, it forms a branch of the Trans-Canada Highway (TCH), the Georgian Bay Route, and is part of the highest-capacity route from southern Ontario to the Canadian West, via a connection with the mainline of the TCH in Sudbury. The highway also serves as the primary route from Toronto to southern Georgian Bay and Muskoka, areas collectively known as cottage country. The highway is patrolled by the Ontario Provincial Police and has a speed limit of 100 km/h (62 mph), except for the section south of the 401, where the speed limit is 80 km/h (50 mph).

King's Highway 27, commonly referred to as Highway 27, is a provincially maintained highway in the Canadian province of Ontario, much of which is now cared for by the city of Toronto, York Region and Simcoe County. The Ministry of Transportation of Ontario was once responsible for the length of the route, when it ran from Long Branch to Highway 93 in Waverley. Highway 27 followed a mostly straight route throughout its length, as it passed through the suburbs of Toronto, then north of Kleinburg the vast majority of the highway was surrounded by rural farmland. Today, only the southernmost 1.6 km (1 mi) from Highway 427 north to Mimico Creek is under provincial jurisdiction.

Northern Railway of Canada

The Northern Railway of Canada was a railway in the province of Ontario, Canada. It was the first steam railway to enter service in what was then known as Upper Canada. It was eventually acquired by the Grand Trunk Railway, and is therefore a predecessor to the modern Canadian National Railway (CNR). Several sections of the line are still used by CNR and GO Transit.

Thunder Bay Expressway Limited-access highway in Thunder Bay

The Thunder Bay Expressway is a four-lane highway with signalized intersections running on the western edge of Thunder Bay, in the Canadian province of Ontario. The route carries portions of Highway 61 as well as the concurrency of Highway 11 and Highway 17 around the city, from south of Arthur Street to Highway 527 northeast of it.

King's Highway 12, commonly referred to as Highway 12 and historically known as the Whitby and Sturgeon Bay Road, is a provincially maintained highway in the Canadian province of Ontario. The highway connects the eastern end of the Greater Toronto Area (GTA) with Kawartha Lakes, Orillia and Midland before ending at Highway 93. It forms the Central Ontario Route of the Trans-Canada Highway system from north of Sunderland to Coldwater. Highway 12 connects several small towns along its 146 km (91 mi) route, and bypasses a short distance from many others. It is signed as a north–south route between Whitby and Orillia, and as an east–west route from there to Midland. The rural portions of the highway feature a posted speed limit of 80 km/h (50 mph), often dropping to 50 km/h (31 mph) through built-up areas. The entire route is patrolled by the Ontario Provincial Police.

King's Highway 400A, once known as the Highway 400 Extension, was a 400-series highway in the Canadian province of Ontario that was unsigned and is now the southern end of Highway 11. The short 1.1-kilometre (0.7 mi) freeway link connected Highway 400 with Highway 11 and Simcoe County Road 93, formerly Highway 93. The highway was created in late 1959 by the opening of Highway 400 to Coldwater, although it has always featured Highway 400 signage in the southbound direction and Highway 11 signage northbound.

Ontario Highway 93 Ontario provincial highway

King's Highway 93, commonly referred to as Highway 93, is a provincially maintained highway in the Canadian province of Ontario. Located entirely within Simcoe County, the highway extends 23.9 kilometres (14.9 mi) from an interchange with Highway 400 in Springwater, just south of the community of Hillsdale, to an intersection with Highway 12 at the town limits of Midland. The route follows the historic Penetanguishene Road, an early colonization road which served to connect Lake Simcoe with Georgian Bay, thus providing an overland route from Lake Huron to Lake Ontario via Yonge Street.

Middle Crossroad in the township of Oro-Medonte in Simcoe County, Ontario was a pioneer colonization road and now carries the traffic of Ontario Highway 11 north of Barrie, between the Crown Hill interchange and the City of Orillia.

King's Highway 169, commonly referred to as Highway 169, was a provincially maintained highway in the Canadian province of Ontario. The highway connected Highway 12 at Brechin, southeast of Orillia, with Highway 69 at Foot's Bay. The 91.40 km (56.79 mi) route included an 18.20 km (11.31 mi) concurrency with Highway 11 between Washago and Gravenhurst. Located within Simcoe County and the District Municipality of Muskoka, the highway also provided access to the community of Bala.

Highway 11B is the designation for ten business routes of Highway 11 in the Canadian province of Ontario. All but one was the original route of Highway 11 through the town or city that it served, and was subsequently given the 11B designation when a newer bypass route was constructed to reduce traffic pressure on the urban street network. Seven of the nine sections of Highway 11B have now been decommissioned by the Ministry of Transportation, with the exception of the Atikokan route and the southernmost section of the former Tri-Town route between Cobalt and Highway 11.

Ontario Highway 90 Former Ontario provincial highway

King's Highway 90, commonly referred to as Highway 90, was a provincially maintained highway in the Canadian province of Ontario. The route connected Barrie with the town of Angus and CFB Borden. The highway was designated in 1937. During the early 1960s, the highway was realigned within Barrie in order to have it interchange with Highway 400; originally the route followed Tiffin Street. At the beginning of 1998, the entire highway was transferred to the City of Barrie and Simcoe County; it is now known as Simcoe County Road 90.


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  2. Stamp, Robert M. (1991). Early Days in Richmond Hill: A History of the Community to 1930 Chapter 1: The Road through Richmond Hill. Richmond Hill Public Library Board. Retrieved November 10, 2017.
  3. Peppiatt, Liam. "Chapter 16: The Children's Friend". Robertson's Landmarks of Toronto Revisited. Archived from the original on September 22, 2018. Retrieved March 5, 2016.
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  16. Engineering and Contract Record (Report). Vol. 76. Hugh C. MacLean publications. 1963. p. 121. Retrieved September 12, 2010. The long-awaited Lakehead Expressway moved to the brink of reality when Ontario Highways Minister Charles S. MacNaughton announced a new cost-sharing formula for the twin cities portion. This fixes the expressway cost at $15,770,000.
  17. A.T.C. McNab (September 27–30, 1965). "Ontario". Proceedings of the... Convention. Canadian Good Roads Association. p. 91.[ clarification needed ]
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  28. "Highway 11: Washago to Gravenhurst". highway11study.ca. Province of Ontario. October 3, 2012. Archived from the original on January 14, 2014. Retrieved 1 December 2018.

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