Oosterbeek

Last updated
Oosterbeek
Oude kerk (PKN) Oosterbeek 2008.jpg
The Reformed Church
(Oude Kerk (Oosterbeek)  [ nl ])
Coordinates: 51°59′5″N5°50′40″E / 51.98472°N 5.84444°E / 51.98472; 5.84444
Country Netherlands
Province Gelderland
Municipality Renkum
Government
  Body Renkum Municipal council
   Mayor Mrs. A.M.J. (Agnes) Schaap [1]
Population
 (2017)
11,388 [2]
Website www.renkum.nl

Oosterbeek is a village in the eastern part of Netherlands. It is located in the municipality of Renkum in the province of Gelderland, about 5 km (3.1 mi) west of Arnhem.

Village Small clustered human settlement smaller than a town

A village is a part of a world clustered human settlement or community, larger than a hamlet but smaller than a town, with a population ranging from a few hundred to a few thousand. Though villages are often located in rural areas, the term urban village is also applied to certain urban neighborhoods. Villages are normally permanent, with fixed dwellings; however, transient villages can occur. Further, the dwellings of a village are fairly close to one another, not scattered broadly over the landscape, as a dispersed settlement.

Netherlands Constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in Europe

The Netherlands is a country located mainly in Northwestern Europe. The European portion of the Netherlands consists of twelve provinces that border Germany to the east, Belgium to the south, and the North Sea to the northwest, with maritime borders in the North Sea with Belgium, Germany and the United Kingdom. Together with three island territories in the Caribbean Sea—Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba—it forms a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The official language is Dutch, but a secondary official language in the province of Friesland is West Frisian.

Renkum Municipality in Gelderland, Netherlands

Renkum is a municipality and a town in the eastern Netherlands. The municipality had a population of 31,406 in 2017 and has a land area of 46.01 km2 (17.76 sq mi). Renkum is situated along the river Rhine. The municipality Renkum is part of the Stadsregio Arnhem-Nijmegen.

Contents

The oldest part of Oosterbeek is the Benedendorp (Lower Village), on the northern bank of the Lower Rhine. [3] One landmark in the village is the Hervormde Kerk (Reformed Church), which has certain architectural sections that date back to the second half of the 10th century.

Nederrijn Dutch part of the river Rhine

Nederrijn is the name of the Dutch part of the Rhine from the confluence at the town of Angeren of the cut-off Rhine bend of Oude Rijn and the Pannerdens Kanaal. The city of Arnhem lies on the right (north) bank of the Nederrijn, just past the point where the IJssel branches off. The Nederrijn flows on to the city of Wijk bij Duurstede, from where it continues as the Lek. The once-important but now small Kromme Rijn branch carries the name "Rhine" towards the city of Utrecht.

10th century Century

The 10th century was the period from 901 to 1000 in accordance with the Julian calendar, and the last century of the 1st millennium.

Oosterbeek was a separate municipality until 1818, when the area was divided between Doorwerth and the village of Renkum. [4] In the 19th century, several mansions were built on the higher ground to the north of the old village. One of these mansions, called De Hemelse Berg, was destroyed in 1944. Another, called Hartenstein, is now home to the Airborne Museum. The construction of smaller buildings in the same area led to the creation of the Bovendorp (Upper Village). To the north of the built-up area lies the Arnhem Oosterbeek War Cemetery.

Municipality An administrative division having corporate status and usually some powers of self-government or jurisdiction

A municipality is usually a single administrative division having corporate status and powers of self-government or jurisdiction as granted by national and regional laws to which it is subordinate. It is to be distinguished (usually) from the county, which may encompass rural territory or numerous small communities such as towns, villages and hamlets.

Doorwerth Place in Gelderland, Netherlands

Doorwerth is a village in the eastern Netherlands. It is located in the municipality of Renkum, Gelderland, about 8 km west of Arnhem and about 100 km southeast of Amsterdam.

Renkum (village) Place in Gelderland, Netherlands

Renkum is the name of a village in the municipality of Renkum.

The village is known for its involvement in the September 1944 Battle of Arnhem, during which it was heavily damaged. General Roy Urquhart of Britain had his headquarters at Hartenstein.

Battle of Arnhem Failed British airborne operation in Arnhem, Netherlands. Part of Operation Market Garden

The Battle of Arnhem was a major battle of the Second World War at the vanguard of the Allied Operation Market Garden. It was fought in and around the Dutch towns of Arnhem, Oosterbeek, Wolfheze, Driel, and the surrounding countryside from 17–26 September 1944.

Roy Urquhart British military officer

Major-General Robert Elliott "Roy" Urquhart CB DSO was a British Army officer who saw service during World War II and Malayan Emergency. He became prominent for his role as General Officer Commanding (GOC) of the 1st Airborne Division which fought with great distinction, although suffering very severe casualties, in the Battle of Arnhem during Operation Market Garden in September 1944.

United Kingdom Country in Europe

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain, is a sovereign country located off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland, and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state, the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east, the English Channel to the south and the Celtic Sea to the south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world. The Irish Sea lies between Great Britain and Ireland. The United Kingdom's 242,500 square kilometres (93,600 sq mi) were home to an estimated 66.0 million inhabitants in 2017.

Oosterbeek is also the location of the Hotel de Bilderberg, where the Bilderberg Group first met in 1954.


Oosterbeek School

Willem Roelofs (1867): Landscape with cattle in Oosterbeek (Gelderland province), Amsterdam Museum. SA 698-Landschap te Oosterbeek-Landschap met vee (provincie Gelderland).jpg
Willem Roelofs (1867): Landscape with cattle in Oosterbeek (Gelderland province), Amsterdam Museum.
The location of the Renkum municipality in the Netherlands. LocatieRenkum.png
The location of the Renkum municipality in the Netherlands.

The Oosterbeek School is known as the birthplace of Dutch Impressionism, along with the nearby village of Wolfheze. [6] Art historians call this the Barbizon of the North. The school's most successful period was from 1841 until 1870, before the artists turned to Laren, [7] Kortenhoef, [8] Egmond aan Zee, [9] Katwijk aan Zee, [10] Scheveningen, and Noordwijk, [11] where they founded new art colonies or painters' villages. During this time, they established the Pulchri Studio in The Hague and opened the second Golden Age of Dutch painting. Consequently, they became the forerunners of the Modern art movement in the Netherlands.

Impressionism 19th-century art movement

Impressionism is a 19th-century art movement characterized by relatively small, thin, yet visible brush strokes, open composition, emphasis on accurate depiction of light in its changing qualities, ordinary subject matter, inclusion of movement as a crucial element of human perception and experience, and unusual visual angles. Impressionism originated with a group of Paris-based artists whose independent exhibitions brought them to prominence during the 1870s and 1880s.

Wolfheze Place in Gelderland, Netherlands

Wolfheze is a village in the Dutch province of Gelderland. It is located in the municipality of Renkum, 10 km northwest of the city of Arnhem.

Barbizon Commune in Île-de-France, France

Barbizon is a commune (town) in the Seine-et-Marne department in north-central France. It is located near the Fontainebleau Forest.

Artists who were part of the movement near Oosterbeek include Gerard Bilders, Paul Gabriël, Barend Cornelis Koekkoek, Jacob Maris, Matthijs Maris, Willem Maris, Anton Mauve, Hendrik Mesdag, Willem Roelofs, and Jan Hendrik Weissenbruch.

Transport

Oosterbeek has a railway station that opened on 16 May 1845. It is on the Amsterdam–Arnhem railway (Rhijnspoorweg). Outside the station is a bus stop on a route that also goes to Arnhem.

Airborne March

The commemorative Airborne March is held in Oosterbeek every year on the first Saturday of September. The event started in 1947 and involves thousands of people, who walk 10 kilometers, 15 kilometers, or 25 kilometers. A 40-kilometer distance was added in the early 21st century. [12]

Well-known people

Football trainer Ronald Koeman used to live in Oosterbeek. Photo by Paul Blank. Ronald Koeman 3.jpg
Football trainer Ronald Koeman used to live in Oosterbeek. Photo by Paul Blank.

Photos

Related Research Articles

Arnhem City and municipality in Gelderland, Netherlands

Arnhem is a city and municipality situated in the eastern part of the Netherlands. It is the capital of the province of Gelderland and located on both banks of the rivers Nederrijn and Sint-Jansbeek, which was the source of the city's development. Arnhem had a population of 156,600 in 2017 and is one of the larger cities of the Netherlands. The municipality is part of the Arnhem–Nijmegen metropolitan area which has a combined 736,500 inhabitants.

Gelderland Province of the Netherlands

Gelderland, also known as Guelders in English, is a province of the Netherlands, located in the central eastern part of the country. With a land area of nearly 5,000 km2, it is the largest province of the Netherlands and shares borders with six other provinces and Germany.

Wageningen Municipality in Gelderland, Netherlands

Wageningen is a municipality and a historic town in the central Netherlands, in the province of Gelderland. It is famous for Wageningen University, which specialises in life sciences. The municipality had a population of 38,405 in 2017, of which many thousands are students from over 150 countries.

Bergen, North Holland Municipality in North Holland, Netherlands

Bergen is a municipality and a town in the Netherlands, in the province of North Holland. Its North Sea beaches make it a popular destination for tourists. In 2001, the municipality was formed from a merger of the former municipalities of Egmond, Schoorl, and the smaller community of Bergen proper that had existed since 1811.

Katwijk Municipality in South Holland, Netherlands

Katwijk is a coastal municipality and town in the province of South Holland, which is situated in the mid-western part of the Netherlands.

Egmond aan Zee Place in North Holland, Netherlands

Egmond aan Zee is a village on the North Sea coast in the Dutch province of North Holland. It is a part of the municipality of Bergen, about 9 km west of Alkmaar.

Egmond-Binnen Place in North Holland, Netherlands

Egmond-Binnen is a village in the Dutch province of North Holland. It is a part of the municipality of Bergen, and lies about 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) southwest of Alkmaar.

Hague School artistic movement

The Hague School is a group of artists who lived and worked in The Hague between 1860 and 1890. Their work was heavily influenced by the realist painters of the French Barbizon school. The painters of the Hague school generally made use of relatively somber colors, which is why the Hague School is sometimes called the Gray School.

Katwijk aan Zee Woonkern in South Holland, Netherlands

Katwijk aan Zee is a seaside resort located on the North Sea at the mouth of the Oude Rijn. It is situated in the municipality of Katwijk and the province of South Holland.

Arnhem–Nijmegen metropolitan area metropolitan area in the Netherlands

The Arnhem–Nijmegen metropolitan area is a former Dutch plusregio, public body and intermunicipal institution, founded in 1988, for the co-operation in the areas of housing, transport and economics in the conurbation consisting of the Dutch cities of Nijmegen and Arnhem as well as the bordering municipalities of Berg en Dal, Beuningen, Doesburg, Duiven, Heumen, Lingewaard, Montferland, Mook en Middelaar, Overbetuwe, Renkum, Rheden, Rijnwaarden, Rozendaal, Westervoort, Wijchen, and Zevenaar. All except Mook en Middelaar (Limburg) are in the province of Gelderland. Its aim is regional cooperation. In 2011, a total of 736,107 people were living in the municipalities(1,000 km2).

Airborne March Commemorative March Battle of Arnhem

The Airborne March is the annual Dutch commemorative event in remembrance of the Battle of Arnhem in September 1944, that began in 1947 and always takes place on the first Saturday in September at Oosterbeek near Arnhem in The Netherlands. Just over 34,800 people took part in the 68th edition of the march in 2014.

Airborne Museum Hartenstein museum in Oosterbeek, the Netherlands

The Airborne Museum ‘Hartenstein’ in Oosterbeek, The Netherlands is dedicated to the Battle of Arnhem in which the Allied Forces attempted to form a bridgehead on the northern banks of the Rhine river in September 1944. Hartenstein served as the headquarters of the British 1st Airborne Division. In the museum an extensive and diverse collection is displayed consisting of original weaponry, genuine uniforms and equipment used in the battle. The numerous photos and films on display provide a realistic picture which is enhanced by interviews with Allied soldiers. In addition the museum has an award-winning Airborne Experience exhibition, that depicts the area around Arnhem and Oosterbeek during the battle. The museum also provides German and civilian perspectives.

Arnhem Centraal railway station railway station

Arnhem Centraal is the largest railway station in the city of Arnhem, Netherlands. It was opened on 14 May 1845 and is located on the Amsterdam–Arnhem railway, the Arnhem–Leeuwarden railway and the Arnhem–Nijmegen railway. The station opened at the same time as the Amsterdam–Arnhem railway, that continues into Germany via the Oberhausen–Arnhem railway.

Heelsum Place in Gelderland, Netherlands

Heelsum is a village in the Dutch province of Gelderland. It is located in the municipality of Renkum, west of Arnhem.

Jan Hillebrand Wijsmuller Dutch painter

Jan Hillebrand Wijsmuller was a Dutch painter. He belongs to The 2. Golden Age of Dutch Painting.

References

  1. Renkum. "Burgemeester en wethouders – Gemeente Renkum". www.renkum.nl.
  2. Renkum. "Feiten en cijfers – Gemeente Renkum". www.renkum.nl.
  3. Stenvert, R. et al. (2000). Monumenten in Nederland: Gelderland, p. 268–271. Zwolle: Waanders Uitgevers. ISBN   90-400-9406-3
  4. Ad van der Meer and Onno Boonstra, Repertorium van Nederlandse gemeenten , KNAW, 2006.
  5. "Renkum (Municipality, Gelderland, Netherlands) – Population Statistics and Location in Maps and Charts". www.citypopulation.de. Retrieved 2016-02-12.
  6. Wolfheze is away nearly 5 km.
  7. This colony is known under the name of Laren School.
  8. This colony is known under the name of Kortenhoef School.
  9. This colony is known under the name of Egmond School.
  10. This colony is known under the name of Katwijk School.
  11. Artists came over from The Hague or Katwijk for painting.
  12. "Airborne Wandeltocht – Airborne Wandeltocht Oosterbeek". www.airbornewandeltocht.nl (in Dutch).

Coordinates: 51°59′N5°51′E / 51.983°N 5.850°E / 51.983; 5.850