Opéra bouffe (French pronunciation: [ɔpeʁa buf] , plural: opéras bouffes) is a genre of late 19th-century French operetta, closely associated with Jacques Offenbach, who produced many of them at the Théâtre des Bouffes-Parisiens that gave its name to the form.
Opéras bouffes are known for elements of comedy, satire, parody and farce. The most famous examples are La belle Hélène , Barbe-bleue (Bluebeard), La Vie parisienne , La Périchole and La Grande-Duchesse de Gérolstein .
Henri Meilhac was a French dramatist and opera librettist, best known for his collaborations with Ludovic Halévy on Georges Bizet's Carmen and on the works of Jacques Offenbach, as well as Jules Massenet's Manon.
Alexandre Charles Lecocq was a French composer, known for his opérettes and opéras comiques. He became the most prominent successor to Jacques Offenbach in this sphere, and enjoyed considerable success in the 1870s and early 1880s, before the changing musical fashions of the late 19th century made his style of composition less popular. His few serious works include the opera Plutus (1886), which was not a success, and the ballet Le cygne (1899). His only piece to survive in the regular modern operatic repertory is his 1872 opéra comique La fille de Madame Angot. Others of his more than forty stage works receive occasional revivals.
Claude Terrasse was a French composer of operettas.
Claude Arrieu was a prolific French composer. Claude Arrieu was the pseudonym used by Ann Marie Simon.
The Bouffes du Nord is a theatre at 37 bis, boulevard de la Chapelle, in the 10th arrondissement of Paris located near the Gare du Nord. It has been listed since 1993 as a monument historique by the French Ministry of Culture.
Émile Louis Fortuné Pessard was a French composer.
Étienne Victor Tréfeu , was a French librettist, song writer and theatre manager. He is best known for his work with Jacques Offenbach. He originally came to prominence as a writer of popular songs. In 1873 he became the administrator of the Théâtre de la Gaîté in Paris.
The Théâtre des Variétés is a theatre and "salle de spectacles" at 7–8, boulevard Montmartre, 2nd arrondissement, in Paris. It was declared a monument historique in 1975.
Events from the year 1866 in France.
Louis Varney was a French composer.
Charles-Louis-Étienne Nuitter was a French librettist, translator, writer and librarian born in Paris, France, on 24 April 1828. He died there on 23 February 1899 after suffering a stroke a few days before.
Édouard-Théodore Nicole, known as Léonce, was a 19th-century French actor and singer.
Henri Charles Antoine Gaston Serpette was a French composer, best known for his operettas. After winning the prestigious Prix de Rome as a student at the Paris Conservatoire, he was expected to pursue a career in serious music. Instead, he turned to operetta, writing more than twenty full-length pieces between 1874 and 1900. He accepted some conducting work and also served as a critic and journalist on a number of French newspapers and magazines.
Draner, actually Jules Joseph Georges Renard, was a Belgian painter, Illustrator and cartoonist. Living from 1861 in Paris, Draner worked as an illustrator for numerous famous newspapers and sketched late costumes for different famous theatrical houses and opera-houses. He is also considered to be an early Belgian comics artist.
Léon Battu was a French dramatist, born 1829 in Paris, where he died on 22 November 1857.
Maurice Ordonneau was a French dramatist and composer. The son of a merchant of eau de vie, Maurice Ordonneau was a prolific author in creating theatrical works. He composed, often with the collaboration of other playwrights, composers and musicians, a great number of operettas, opéra-bouffes, comedies and vaudevilles.
Adolphe Jaime, called Jaime fils, was a 19th-century French vaudevillist and librettist. He was the son of Ernest Jaime (1804–1884), also a playwright.
Alfred Duru was a 19th-century French playwright and operetta librettist who collaborated on more than 40 librettos for the leading French composers of operetta: Hervé, Offenbach, Lecocq and Audran.
Eugène Gaston Mestépès was a 19th-century French librettist, playwright and theatre director.
La princesse de Trébizonde is an opéra bouffe with music by Jacques Offenbach and text by Étienne Tréfeu and Charles-Louis-Étienne Nuitter. The work was first given in two acts at the Theater Baden-Baden on 31 July 1869 and subsequently presented in a revised three act version at the Théâtre des Bouffes-Parisiens on 7 December of the same year.