Opel Combo

Last updated

Opel Combo
Opel Combo Monrepos 2019 IMG 1929.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Opel
Production1986–present
Body and chassis
Class Panel van, leisure activity vehicle
Body style Van
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel drive
Chronology
Predecessor Bedford Beagle
Bedford Chevanne
Bedford HA
Bedford Rascal
Opel/Vauxhall Astravan H
Successor Chevrolet N200/N300 (for all Chevrolet rebadges only)

The Opel Combo is a panel van and leisure activity vehicle from the German automaker Opel. The Combo first appeared in 1993, a second generation model was introduced in 2001, and the third was manufactured from December 2011 to December 2017, based on the Fiat Doblò. The name "Combo" was previously applied as a suffix to a three-door panel van body style of Opel Kadett E from 1986 until 1993.

Contents

Opel/Vauxhall joined Groupe PSA in March 2017: the fourth generation Combo, launched in March 2018, shares the platform and bodywork of the Peugeot Rifter and Partner, as well as the Citroën Berlingo.

The Combo B and Combo C share platforms, vital components and some body panels with contemporary subcompact Opel Corsas, which used to be a typical pedigree for such a vehicle. The generations are denoted B and C in typical Opel fashion, but Holden applied the codes SB and XC respectively, reflecting the relation with SB and XC Holden Barinas (Opel Corsa B and C, respectively).

Kadett Combo (Combo A; 1986)

Kadett Combo
1991 Opel Combo 1.7D, front left (Lisbon).jpg
Opel Combo (1989–1993)
Overview
Also calledBedford Astramax
Vauxhall Astramax
Production1986–1993
AssemblyPortugal: Azambuja (General Motors Portugal)
United Kingdom: Ellesmere Port (Vauxhall Ellesmere Port)
Body and chassis
Class 3-door panel van
Platform T-body platform
Related Opel Kadett E

The Opel Kadett Combo was introduced in January 1986, and finished production in August 1993. It was based on the Opel Kadett E small family car. It was built in the United Kingdom, at Ellesmere Port by Vauxhall until January 1989. This was when the model was facelifted, with a new grille separate from the bumper (as for the Kadett).

At the same time, production was transferred to Azambuja, Portugal and the vans were now built by Opel. In Germany, it was sold with a 1.3 litre petrol engine or a 1.6 (later 1.7) litre diesel unit. [1] The 1.3 petrol unit was then changed to a 1.4.

Opel Kadett Combo 1.7 D (1986-1989), rear Opel Kadett Combo 1.7 D Heck.JPG
Opel Kadett Combo 1.7 D (1986–1989), rear

In the United Kingdom, the three door estate based van was known as both the Bedford and Vauxhall Astravan, and the high roof van as the Bedford Astramax, later sold as a Vauxhall. The changeover from Bedford to Vauxhall took place on 1 June 1990, as Bedfords were better known as a producer of heavier trucks. [2]

The Astramax was available in 365 or 560 models, or somewhat better equipped 365L/560L versions.

1990-1993 Vauxhall Astramax 365 Vauxhall Astramax 365 van.jpg
1990–1993 Vauxhall Astramax 365

Combo B (1993)

Combo B
Opel Combo front 20080625.jpg
Overview
Also calledVauxhall Combo
Holden Combo (SB)
Chevrolet Combo
Shanghai Auto Saibao
Production1993–2001
2002–2005 (China)
AssemblyPortugal: Azambuja
Body and chassis
Body style 3-door panel van
3-door LAV
Platform GM4200 platform
Related Opel Corsa B

The first generation of Combo, launched in October 1993, was based on the Opel Corsa B, launched six months earlier. The front part (up to the B-pillar) is practically identical with the Corsa (except for the roof spoiler), but the platform (and thus wheelbase and the body in general) is extended to accommodate a tall, boxy cargo compartment, capable of carrying a Europallet.

The Combo B had symmetrical twin rear doors that opened to the side (rather than a single tailgate). These are counted as a single "door" when referring to the body style as three door.

Following the increasing popularity of leisure activity vehicles, Opel launched a five passenger version of the Combo in 1995, called Opel Combo Tour. It differed from the panel van version by having the cargo section fitted with side windows, and a three passenger split folding bench seat.

Although Combo's primary market was Europe, it has also been sold on other continents, in markets where GM traditionally use Opel derived models. As the Azambuja Opel plant in Portugal is the sole production site of all Combos, all those models were replaced gradually with the Combo C in 2001.

The Combo was also produced in relatively small numbers by SAIC subsidiary SAIC-Yizheng as the "Shanghai Auto (Shangqi) Saibao SAC6420", equipped with the same 1.6 litre engine and five speed manual transmission as the Buick Sail. Built from 2002 until 2005, there was also a DeLuxe version available, with alloy wheels and other extras. [3]

Holden in Australia launched the SB series Combo in February 1996. [4] It offered the 1.4 litre C14NZ engine, upgraded to C14SE specification in 1997. Sales continued until 2002, although the last SB Combos were built in 2001, but complianced as models of 2002. Production of the Combo A ended in August 2001.

Names and markets

Engines

Combo C (2001)

Combo C
Opel Combo front 20080701.jpg
Opel Combo (2001–2003)
Overview
Also calledVauxhall Combo
Holden Combo (XC)
Chevrolet Combo
Production2001–2011
Assembly
Body and chassis
Body style 4/5-door panel van
4/5-door LAV
Platform Gamma platform
Related Opel Corsa C
Opel Meriva A
Chevrolet Montana
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,715 mm (106.9 in)
Length4,332 mm (170.6 in)
Width1,685 mm (66.3 in)
Height1,800 mm (70.9 in)

The second generation was launched at the Frankfurt Motor Show, in September 2001. [6] While most competitors severed their connections with their subcompact brethren, Opel decided to base the vehicle on the Corsa again. The use of subcompact Gamma platform constrained the overall width of the vehicle. While the general body shape was updated to fashionable "flush" look, the front part (up to the A-pillar) is shared with the Corsa.

Compared to previous generation, the Combo C gained sliding rear side doors (versions with either single passenger side door or double doors are available). Sales began in October 2001.

An Opel Combo Tour version was also introduced, followed by Opel Combo Tour Tramp (Combo Tour Arizona in some markets), in an effort to attract leisure activity vehicle buyers. Combo Tour Tramp/Arizona was thought as a more off road recreational vehicle.

It features enhanced suspension tuning, increased ground clearance, chassis protection covers and numerous styling details that differentiate it from standard Combo Tours, with the intention to conjure a sturdy, outdoor sports related image. The Combo Tour was not offered by Vauxhall in the United Kingdom. Commercial van versions retained the symmetrical twin rear doors, while the Tour versions have an option of a single tailgate (opening to the top). The tailgate is standard on Tour Tramp/Arizona.

In December 2006, the Azambuja, Portugal factory closed down, [7] and the production of the Opel Combo transferred to Zaragoza, Spain in 2007. [8] Holden in Australia launched the XC series Combo in September 2002. [9] It offered the 1.6 litre Z16SE engine, upgraded to 1.4 litre Z14XEP specification in December 2004 for the MY05 update.

Although production ended in the end of 2011, Holden in Australia and New Zealand stockpiled sufficient Combo inventory to last until 2013, with the final 2011 build vehicles complianced in the beginning of 2012. In August 2013, CarAdvice announced that the Holden Combo had been quietly discontinued, and will not be replaced by the Combo D, available to European customers. [10]

Production of the Combo C ended in the end of 2011, in time for the December 2011 launch of the Combo D, which is based on the Fiat Doblò. [11]

Names and markets

Engines

Combo D (2011)

Combo D
Opel Combo 1.6 CDTI Edition (D) - Frontansicht, 18. Marz 2012, Wuppertal.jpg
Overview
Also called Fiat Doblò
Vauxhall Combo
Ram ProMaster City
Production2011–2017 [12]
AssemblyTurkey: Bursa (Tofaş)
Body and chassis
Class Panel van/Leisure activity vehicle
Body style 4/5-door panel van
4/5-door LAV
Platform SCCS platform
Related Fiat Linea
Fiat 500L
Opel Meriva B
Powertrain
Engine 1.4 L Fire I4 (petrol)
1.4 L Fire Turbojet I4 (CNG)
1.6 L CDTI I4 (diesel)
Transmission 5-speed manual
6-speed manual
5-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase SWB: 2,755 mm (108.5 in)
LWB: 3,105 mm (122.2 in)
LengthSWB: 4,390 mm (172.8 in)
LWB: 4,740 mm (186.6 in)
WidthSWB: 1,832 mm (72.1 in)
LWB: 1,832 mm (72.1 in)
HeightSWB: 1,845 mm (72.6 in)
LWB: 1,880 mm (74.0 in)

The third generation Combo was manufactured from December 2011 to December 2017, and was based on the Fiat Doblò. The third generation Combo was manufactured in Turkey by Tofaş. [13] Sales began in January 2012.

Engines

1.41.4 Turbo1.4 CNG Turbo ecoFLEX1.3 CDTI1.6 CDTI1.6 CDTI2.0 CDTI
Date02/2012–08/201706/2014–08/201702/2012–08/201702/2012–03/201603/2016–08/201702/2012–03/201502/2012–03/201604/2015–06/201709/2016–08/201702/2012–08/201704/201502/2012–03/2016
EngineR4-PetrolR4-CNGR4-Diesel
Displacement 1368 cm³1248 cm³1598 cm³1956 cm³
max. Power
@ rpm
70 kW (95 hp)/
6000
88 kW (120 hp)/
5000
66 kW (90 hp)/
4000
70 kW (95 hp)/
4000
66 kW (90 hp)/
4000
70 kW (95 hp)/
4000
74 kW (100 hp)/
3650
77 kW (105 hp)/
4000
88 kW (120 hp)/
3500
99 kW (135 hp)/
3500
max. Torque
@ rpm
127 Nm/
4500
206 Nm/
3000
206 Nm/
3000
200 Nm/
1500
290 Nm/
1500
200 Nm/
1500
300 Nm/
1750
290 Nm/
1500
320 Nm/
1750
320 Nm/
1500
Speed161 km/h172 km/h158 km/h159 km/h
(161 km/h)
158 km/h
[158 km/h]
158 km/h164 km/h160 km/h
(164 km/h)
172 km/h
(176 km/h)
179 km/h
CO2-Emission
combined in g/km
169–177
(163–171)
169–179134136
(129)
136
(123)
145–156
[141–157]
(138–148)
([133–147])
137
(124)
145–156
(138–148)
134–158
(120–133)
136–149
(124–140)
156–163
(150–157)
emissionEuro 5 / Euro 6Euro 6Euro 5 / Euro 6Euro 5Euro 6Euro 5Euro 6Euro 5 / Euro 6Euro 6Euro 6Euro 5

Combo E (2018)

Combo E
Opel Combo E XL IMG 3307.jpg
Opel Combo Life
Overview
Also called Peugeot Rifter
Citroën Berlingo
Toyota ProAce City
Vauxhall Combo/Combo Life
Production2018–present
Model years 2019–present
AssemblyPortugal: Mangualde (PSA Mangualde Plant)
Spain: Vigo (PSA Vigo Plant) [14]
Body and chassis
Class Leisure activity vehicle (M)
Body style 4/5-door panel van
5-door LAV
Platform PSA EMP2 platform
Powertrain
Engine 1.2 L Petrol THP
1.5 L diesel HDi/CDTI
Transmission 5&6-speed manual
EAT8 Automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,780–2,970 mm (109–117 in)
Length4,400–4,750 mm (173–187 in)

The fourth generation Combo was unveiled at the 2018 Geneva Motor Show. It is a sister model to the Citroën Berlingo and Peugeot Rifter and Partner, as Groupe PSA bought Opel in March 2017.

Related Research Articles

Vauxhall Chevette Motor vehicle

The Vauxhall Chevette supermini or compact car was manufactured by Vauxhall in the United Kingdom from 1975 to 1984. It was Vauxhall's version of the "T-Car" small-car family from Vauxhall's parent General Motors (GM), and based primarily on the Opel Kadett C. The family also included the Isuzu Gemini in Japan, the Holden Gemini in Australia, the Chevrolet Chevette in the United States, Canada, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador and Argentina, and in the U.S. and Canada it was also rebadged as the Pontiac Acadian/Pontiac T1000.

Vauxhall Astra A small family car built by Vauxhall

The Vauxhall Astra is a medium car that has been sold by Vauxhall since 1979. It is currently produced in Ellesmere Port in the United Kingdom.

Opel Astra Motor vehicle

The Opel Astra is a compact car/small family car engineered and manufactured by the German automaker Opel since 1991, currently at its fifth generation. It was launched in September 1991 in hatchback, saloon, and station wagon forms. A sedan delivery/panel and a convertible also appeared in the early 1990s. These bodystyles were later followed by a coupé in 2004, the sporty Astra OPC appeared in 2005, the Twin Top retractable hardtop convertible replaced the soft top convertible in 2006, while the Caravan was rebadged Astra Sports Tourer from 2009 onwards.

Opel Vectra Compact executive car manufactured by Opel

The Opel Vectra is a mid-size car that was engineered and produced by the German automaker Opel from 1988 until 2008. The Vectra was also sold by the Vauxhall marque in the United Kingdom as the Vauxhall Cavalier from 1988 to 1995 and as the Vauxhall Vectra from 1995 to 2008, and it was also sold by Holden in Australia as the Holden Vectra, and by Chevrolet in Latin America as the Chevrolet Vectra.

Opel Kadett German small car model

The Opel Kadett is a small family car produced by the German automobile manufacturer Opel from 1936 until 1940 and then from 1962 until 1991, when it was succeeded by the Opel Astra.

Opel Zafira Multi-purpose vehicle

The Opel Zafira, also known as the Zafira Tourer since 2011, is a compact MPV produced by the German car manufacturer Opel from 1999 to 2019. It was also marketed under the marque Vauxhall in the United Kingdom until June 2018, the Holden marque in Australia until June 2005, and under a number of other market specific brands and names. It is the model of the Opel brand based on the chassis of the Astra small family car.

Opel Tigra Motor vehicle

The Opel Tigra name has been applied to two different cars engineered and produced by the German automaker Opel, both based on different iterations of the Corsa supermini, the first built in Spain, the second in France. The first Tigra was a small 2+2 coupé, produced from 1994 to 2001. The later compact hard topped convertible roadster model was introduced in May 2004.

Fiat Doblò panel van and leisure activity vehicle produced by Italian automaker Fiat since 2000

The Fiat Doblò is a panel van and leisure activity vehicle produced by Italian automaker Fiat since 2000. It was unveiled at the Paris Motor Show in October 2000.

The Circle L is an automobile engine produced by GM Powertrain Poland in Poland. It is a 1.7 L; 102.9 cu in (1,686 cc) Diesel inline-four engine originally designed by Isuzu but now owned by General Motors. The engine is used in Europe by GM's Opel subsidiary and by Honda.

Opel Meriva Motor vehicle

The Opel Meriva is a front-engined, front-wheel-drive five door, five passenger MPV manufactured and marketed by the German automaker Opel on its Corsa platform, from May 2003 until June 2017 across two generations — as a mini MPV in its first generation under the Meriva A nameplate and in its second generation as a compact MPV, the latter as the Meriva B.

Chevrolet Sail Motor vehicle

The Chevrolet Sail is a supermini car produced by the Chinese-American joint venture SAIC-GM. Launched in 2001, it was sold as the Buick Sail, both in sedan and wagon form which were both based on Opel Corsa B. Since 2005, as the brand Chevrolet was officially introduced in China, the car received a facelift and its name was changed to Chevrolet Sail and Sail SRV.

Ecotec is a General Motors (GM) and Opel Automobile GmbH (Opel) trademark that refers to a series of emissions technologies that were implemented throughout a range of GM engines. ECOTEC can refer to the following diesel and petrol engines originally produced by General Motors:

The Family 1 is a straight-four piston engine that was developed by Opel, a former subsidiary of General Motors and now a subsidiary of PSA Group, to replace the Opel cam-in-head engines for use on mid-range cars from Opel/Vauxhall. Originally produced at the Aspern engine plant, production was moved to the Szentgotthard engine plant in Hungary with the introduction of the DOHC version. GM do Brasil at São José dos Campos, GMDAT at Bupyeong and GM North America at Toluca also build these engines.

Multijet is Fiat Chrysler Automobiles' term for its current common rail direct injection turbodiesel engine range. Most of the Fiat, Alfa Romeo, Lancia range as well as certain Chrysler, RAM Trucks, Jeep and Maserati vehicles are equipped with Multijet engines. Ownership of some Fiat Multijet designs is shared with General Motors as part of a settlement of the failed merger between the two auto conglomerates. GM Powertrain Torino group in Turin, Italy manages their interest in these engines. Some PSA Peugeot Citroën diesel engines are also rebadged JTD units, and vice versa. Fiat's common rail diesel engine is also known as JTD, an initialism of Jet Turbo Diesel.

Opel Signum German car model

The Opel Signum is a large front-engine, front-wheel drive, five-passenger, five-door hatchback manufactured and marketed by the German car manufacturer Opel from 2003 to 2008, exclusively over a single generation, derived from the Opel Vectra. Marketed almost exclusively in Europe, a rebadged Signum was marketed in the United Kingdom as the Vauxhall Signum. The Signum used the long wheelbase version of the GM Epsilon platform also used by the Opel Vectra Caravan.

Opel Performance Center (OPC) is a division of the German automobile manufacturer Opel, initially set up as a subsidiary in 1997. The main focus of OPC is the development of performance derivatives of the Opel range, such as the hot hatch Corsa OPC and Astra OPC.

The Family II is a straight-4 piston engine that was originally developed by Opel in the 1970s, debuting in 1979. Available in a wide range of cubic capacities ranging from 1598 to 2405cc, it simultaneously replaced the Opel OHV, Opel CIH and Vauxhall Slant-4 engines, and was GM Europe's core powerplant design for much of the 1980s.

Opel Insignia Mid-size/large family car manufactured by Opel

The Opel Insignia is a mid-size/large family car engineered and produced by the German car manufacturer Opel, currently in its second generation. Production of the Insignia started in August 2008, replacing the Vectra and Signum. The vehicle is sold under the Vauxhall marque in the United Kingdom as the Vauxhall Insignia. It has also been sold by Holden in Australia as the Holden Insignia and later as the Holden Commodore, from 2018 onwards. In 2011, the Buick marque in North America launched a derivative version of the Opel Insignia known as the Buick Regal.

Opel Corsa Supermini car manufactured by Opel

The Opel Corsa is a supermini car engineered and produced by the German automobile manufacturer Opel since 1982. It has been sold under a variety of other brands and also spawned various other derivatives.

General Motors Fiat Small platform Automobile platform

The Small Platform or SCCS platform, was developed by Fiat for subcompact, front wheel drive, four wheel drive cars and some Opel models like the Opel Corsa. It was first used on the Fiat Grande Punto, which was unveiled in 2005. Vehicles based on this platform are assembled in Italy, Germany, Spain, Serbia, Turkey and Russia.

References

  1. Lastauto Omnibus Katalog 1990 , p. 153
  2. Weatherley, Brian, ed. (31 May 1990). "Retirement for Bedford name". Commercial Motor . Sutton, Surrey: Reed Business Publishing Group. 172 (4371): 24. ISSN   0010-3063.
  3. De Feyter, Tycho (8 December 2011). "Spotted in China: Shanghai Auto Saibao panel van". CarNewsChina.com.
  4. "Holden's Unique New Combo Delivers Unbeatable Van Value, Car-Like Comfort And Safety". AutoWeb. 13 February 1996. Archived from the original on 10 August 2014. Retrieved 9 August 2014.
  5. "Opel. Opel in Portugal". Car-cat.com. Retrieved 19 July 2010.
  6. "World premiere at the Frankfurt Motor Show: Opel Combo Tour". The Auto Channel. 22 August 2001. Retrieved 11 May 2015.
  7. Patel, Pritesh; Scott, Candida (18 April 2007). "Opel Antwerp Loses Out on Next Astra Production Allocation, Strikes Begin". IHS Inc. Retrieved 12 May 2015.
  8. "Zaragoza Plant. Facts and Figures". Opel. Retrieved 12 May 2015.
  9. Pettendy, Marton (18 July 2011). "First look: Opel outs next Combo". GoAuto. Retrieved 9 August 2014.
  10. Beissmann, Tim (8 August 2013). "Holden Combo discontinued, no plans for replacement". CarAdvice. Retrieved 9 August 2013.
  11. "Fiat and Opel/Vauxhall Sign Contract for Combo Successor". Vauxhall. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 12 May 2015.
  12. Autonews production
  13. "Fiat to Build Combo for Opel". autoevolution.com. Retrieved 2 December 2010.
  14. https://www.welt.de/motor/modelle/article163045739/Welches-Opel-Modell-wird-als-Erstes-geopfert.html