Oppland

Last updated

Oppland fylke
From the top osf Surtningssua looking south - panoramio.jpg
Oppland mountains
Flag of Oppland.svg
Flag
Oppland vapen.svg
Coat of arms
Oppland in Norway.svg
Oppland within Norway
Country Norway
County Oppland
Region Østlandet
County ID NO-05
Administrative centre Lillehammer
Government
   Governor Christl Kvam
  (20152019)
   County mayor Even Aleksander Hagen
  (20152019)
Area
  Total25,192 km2 (9,727 sq mi)
  Land23,787 km2 (9,184 sq mi)
Area rank#5 in Norway, 7.82% of Norway's land area
Population
 (30 September 2019)
  Total189,437 Increase2.svg
  Rank12 (4.01% of country)
  Density8/km2 (20/sq mi)
  Change (10 years)
0.2 %
Demonym(s) Opplending
Time zone UTC+01 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02 (CEST)
Official language form Neutral
Income (per capita)133,600 NOK
GDP (per capita)193,130 NOK (2001)
GDP national rank13 (2.32% of country)
Website www.oppland.no
Data from Statistics Norway
Historical population
YearPop.±%
1951160,496    
1961166,303+3.6%
1971172,479+3.7%
1981180,765+4.8%
1991182,593+1.0%
2001183,419+0.5%
2011186,087+1.5%
Source: Statistics Norway. [1]
Religion in Oppland [2] [3]
religionpercent
Christianity
89.60%
Islam
0.72%
Buddhism
0.14%
Other
9.54%

Oppland [ˈɔ̂plɑn] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen ) was until 1 January 2020 a county in Norway bordering to the counties of Trøndelag, Møre og Romsdal, Sogn og Fjordane, Buskerud, Akershus, Oslo and Hedmark. The county administration was located in Lillehammer.

Contents

Oppland was, together with Hedmark, one of the only two landlocked counties of Norway. Oppland and Hedmark counties were merged on 1 January 2020 to become the new county Innlandet.

Innlandet was one of several names proposed for the new administrative region consisting of Hedmark and Oppland. [4] [5] The two counties were re-merged after being split in 1781 (then called Hedemarkens amt and Kristians amt, respectively). Historically, the region was commonly known as "Opplandene".

Geography

Oppland extended from the lakes Mjøsa and Randsfjorden to the mountains Dovrefjell, Jotunheimen and Rondane. The county was conventionally divided into traditional districts. These are the Gudbrandsdalen, Valdres, Toten, Hadeland and Land.

Oppland included the towns Lillehammer, Gjøvik, Otta, and Fagernes, and Norway's two highest mountains, Glittertind and Galdhøpiggen, Valdres and the Gudbrand Valley being popular attractions. The Gudbrand Valley surrounds the river Gudbrandsdalslågen, and includes the area extending from Jotunheimen down to Bagn at Begna River. It is a well known place for skiing and winter sports. The main population centres in this area were Beitostølen and Fagernes. Eight of the ten highest mountains in Norway are located in the western part of Oppland.

Etymology

In Norse times the inner parts of Norway were called Upplǫnd 'the upper countries'. The first element is upp 'upper'. The last element is lǫnd, the plural form of 'land'.

In 1757 the inner parts of the great Akershus amt were separated, and given the name Oplandenes Amt. This was divided in 1781 into Christians Amt (named after the king Christian VII) and Hedemarkens Amt . The name/form was changed to Kristians Amt in 1877 (after an official spelling reform that changed ch to k - see also Kristiania, Kristiansand and Kristiansund). In 1919 the name Kristians Amt was changed (back) to Opland fylke , and the form Oppland was settled in 1950.

Coat of arms

The coat of arms were granted in 1989, and it shows two Pulsatilla vernalis .

Municipalities

Oppland Municipalities.png

Oppland County (Christians Amt) [6] has a total of 26 municipalities:

  1. Dovre
  2. Etnedal
  3. Gausdal
  4. Gjøvik
  5. Gran
  6. Jevnaker (Jævnaker)
  7. Lesja (Lesje)
  8. Lillehammer
  9. Lom
  10. Lunner
  11. Nord-Aurdal
  12. Nord-Fron
  13. Nordre Land
  1. Østre Toten
  2. Øyer (Øier)
  3. Øystre Slidre
  4. Ringebu
  5. Sel
  6. Skjåk
  7. Søndre Land
  8. Sør-Aurdal (Søndre Aurdal)
  9. Sør-Fron
  10. Vågå (Vaage)
  11. Vang
  12. Vestre Slidre
  13. Vestre Toten
Number of minorities (1st and 2nd gen.)
in Oppland by country of origin in 2017
[7]
NationalityPopulation (2017)
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland 2,421
Flag of Lithuania.svg  Lithuania 1,606
Flag of Somalia.svg  Somalia 1,209
Flag of Eritrea.svg  Eritrea 1,164
Flag of Syria.svg  Syria 817
Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark 743
Flag of Iraq.svg  Iraq 714
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 698
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 660
Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg  Bosnia-Herzegovina 624
Flag of Thailand.svg  Thailand 574
Flag of Afghanistan.svg  Afghanistan 560
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 495
Flag of Iran.svg  Iran 495
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 466
Flag of the Philippines.svg  Philippines 376
Flag of Vietnam.svg  Vietnam 365
Flag of Kosovo.svg  Kosovo 330

Districts

Cities

Parishes

Villages

Former municipalities

Related Research Articles

Gjøvik Municipality in Innlandet, Norway

Gjøvik  is a town and a municipality in Innlandet county, Norway. The administrative centre of the municipality is the town of Gjøvik.

Nord-Fron Municipality in Innlandet, Norway

Nord-Fron is a municipality in Innlandet county, Norway. It is part of the traditional region of Gudbrandsdal. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Vinstra. The old municipality of Fron was divided into Nord-Fron and Sør-Fron in 1851. In 1966, they were merged back together again, but that only lasted until 1977 when they separated once again.

Gausdal Municipality in Innlandet, Norway

Gausdal is a municipality in Innlandet county, Norway. It is part of the traditional region of Gudbrandsdal. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Segalstad bru. Follebu is a township and sub-parish in eastern Gausdal.

Østre Toten Municipality in Innlandet, Norway

Østre Toten is a municipality in Innlandet county, Norway. It is part of the traditional region of Toten. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Lena.

Vestre Toten Municipality in Innlandet, Norway

Vestre Toten is a municipality in Innlandet county, Norway. It is part of the traditional region of Toten. The administrative centre of the municipality is the small town of Raufoss.

Nordre Land Municipality in Innlandet, Norway

Nordre Land is a municipality in Innlandet county, Norway. It is part of the traditional region of Land. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Dokka.

Sør-Aurdal Municipality in Innlandet, Norway

Sør-Aurdal is a municipality in Innlandet county, Norway. It is part of the traditional region of Valdres. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Bagn.

Etnedal Municipality in Innlandet, Norway

Etnedal is a municipality in Innlandet county, Norway. It is part of the traditional region of Valdres. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Bruflat.

Nord-Aurdal Municipality in Innlandet, Norway

Nord-Aurdal is a municipality in Innlandet county, Norway. It is part of the traditional region of Valdres. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Fagernes.

Vestre Slidre Municipality in Innlandet, Norway

Vestre Slidre is a municipality in Innlandet county, Norway. It is part of the traditional region of Valdres. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Slidre. The old municipality of Slidre was divided into Vestre Slidre and Øystre Slidre in 1849.

Øystre Slidre Municipality in Innlandet, Norway

Øystre Slidre is a municipality in Innlandet county, Norway. It is part of the traditional region of Valdres. The administrative centre of the municipality is the town of Heggenes.

Valdres Folkemuseum

The Valdres Folkemuseum is a folk museum located at Storøya outside Fagernes in Nord-Aurdal in Innlandet county, Norway.

Eina

Eina is a village in Vestre Toten municipality, Innlandet county, Norway. The population is 677. The village is one of the destinations on the Gjøvik Line, between Jaren and Raufoss. Eina is located a mere 12 km south of Raufoss, and has its center just north of Einavatnet. From Einavatnet comes the river Hunnselva which travels north to Mjøsa. Some 1,500 people inhabit the area surrounding the lake, not including Eina.

Valdres Line

The Valdres Line was a Norwegian railway that connected to the Gjøvik Line at Eina with Fagernes in the district of Valdres. The first stretch opened on 23 November 1902, and the entire route was operational on October 10, 1906. The line was shut down for regular traffic as of 1 January 1989.

Torpa, Norway

Torpa is a former municipality in Oppland county, Norway.

A/S Jotunheimen og Valdresruten Bilselskap (JVB) is a transport company with headquarters in Fagernes, Nord-Aurdal in Innlandet county, Norway. In 2009, the company had a turnover of kr. 96.981.000,- and is currently the largest road transport company in Oppland based in the county. JVB has 120 employees and has daily routes in Valdres, Land and from Fagernes to Gol, Lærdal, Gjendesheim, Gjøvik and Oslo. The company mainly deals with personal transport by bus.

Langsua National Park

Langsua National Park was established in 2011. The park consists of a total protected area of 537.1-square-kilometre (207.4 sq mi). It is located in the county of Oppland in Norway, and covers parts of the municipalities Øystre Slidre, Nord-Aurdal, Nordre Land, Gausdal, Sør-Fron and Nord-Fron.

Valdres District Court is a district court located in Fagernes, Valdres, Norway. It covers the municipalities of Etnedal, Nord-Aurdal, Sør-Aurdal, Vang, Vestre Slidre and Øystre Slidre, and is subordinate Eidsivating Court of Appeal.

Innlandet County of Norway

Innlandet is a county in Norway. It was created on 1 January 2020 with the merger of the old counties of Oppland and Hedmark. The new county has an area of 52,113 square kilometres (20,121 sq mi), making it the second largest county in Norway after Troms og Finnmark county.

Toten Deanery

Toten Deanery is a deanery in the Hamar Diocese where the priest is based at Gjøvik.

References

  1. Projected population - Statistics Norway [ permanent dead link ]
  2. Statistics Norway - Church of Norway.
  3. Statistics Norway - Members of religious and life stance communities outside the Church of Norway, by religion/life stance. County. 2006-2010
  4. Magnus Newth; Ingvill Dybfest Dahl (21 February 2017). "Dette er Norges nye regioner" [These are Norway's new regions]. Verdens Gang (in Norwegian). Retrieved 9 May 2018.
  5. "Hedmark og Oppland blir ett fylke" [Hedmark and Oppland become one county] (in Norwegian). NRK. 21 February 2017. Retrieved 9 May 2018.
  6. Formannskapsdistrikt Original spellings of counties and municipalities in parentheses.
  7. "Immigrants and Norwegian-born to immigrant parents, by immigration category, country background and percentages of the population". SSB. Retrieved 9 May 2018.