Order of Glory

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Order of Glory
Order of Glory 3rd class.jpg
Order of Glory medal 3rd class
TypeA military order comprising three classes
Awarded forBravery in the face of the enemy
Presented bythe Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
EligibilityRed Army privates, corporals, sergeants and aviation junior lieutenants
StatusNo longer awarded
EstablishedNovember 8, 1943
First awardedNovember 28, 1943
TotalFirst Class – 2,656
Second Class – 46,473
Third Class – 997,815
Orderglory rib.png
Ribbon of the Order of Glory, "Georgian Ribbon".
Related Order of Labor Glory (Civilian)
Reverse of the Order of Glory 3rd class Order of Glory 3rd class REVERSE.jpg
Reverse of the Order of Glory 3rd class

The Order of Glory (Russian : Орден Славы) was a military decoration of the Soviet Union established by Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet on November 8, 1943. [1] It was awarded to soldiers and non-commissioned officers of the Red Army as well as to aviation junior lieutenants, for bravery in the face of the enemy.

Contents

While the overwhelming majority of all Order of Glory awards was for combat valor in the Second World War (or the Great Patriotic War as it is known across the countries of the former Union of Soviet Socialist Republics), there are documented instances of awards of the order's lowest class - its third class - for post-war Soviet military operations. Numbering among these were Order of Glory Third Class awards authorized for Soviet operations in support of the Korean War from 1950-1953 as well as for the Soviet military intervention in Hungary in the fall of 1956. A small number of Order of Glory Third Class awards was also made in connection with armed border clashes with the People's Republic of China in 1969. [2]

The order became defunct with the dissolution of the Soviet Union. In 1992, the Cross of St. George was revived to serve the same purpose of recognizing enlisted personnel bravery. [3]

Award statute

The original statute from the 1943 decree establishing the Order stated that: "the Order of Glory is awarded to privates and sergeants of the Red Army, and to aviation junior lieutenants, who displayed glorious feats of bravery, courage and fearlessness in combat for the Soviet Motherland." [1]

The Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of October 7, 1951 amended the ranks to read: "privates, corporals and sergeants as well as aviation junior lieutenants." [1]

The Order of Glory, which was modelled closely after the Tsarist Cross of St. George, was divided into three distinct classes. Like the Cross of St. George, a soldier would initially be recommended for the order's lowest class - in the case of the Order of Glory its third class. Subsequent distinct acts of valor could result in the soldier being recommended for the order's two remaining classes - its second and first class - which were awarded sequentially. Soldiers who received each of the order's three classes were referred to as a "Full Cavalier of the Order of Glory" (Russian : "полный кавалер ордена Славы"). In Soviet society they were accorded the same rights and privileges as those granted to personnel who had received the Hero of the Soviet Union title. All told, 2,656 Red Army soldiers (including four men who were also awarded the Hero of the Soviet Union title as well as four women) would attain Full Cavalier status. [2]

The Order of Glory was worn on the left side of the chest. In the presence of other USSR orders and medals it was worn immediately after the Order of the Badge of Honor. [1] If worn in the presence of awards of the Russian Federation, the latter have precedence. [4]

Award criteria

Below are the specific award criteria for both ground troops and aviators. [1]

For ground troops

For aviators

Award description

The badge of the "Order of Glory" was a five-pointed star with a central medallion. The order's first class was made of 950 (23 karat) gold; the order's second class was made of silver with a gilt central medallion and the order's third class was made entirely of silver. The central medallion featured the Spasskaya Tower of the Kremlin, with a red enamelled five-pointed star at its top and a red enamelled scroll at the bottom bearing the word "GLORY" (Russian : СЛАВА). Laurel branches on each side along the medal circumference stopped just short of the red star. The reverse had the Cyrillic inscription for "USSR" (Russian : СССР) within a ring with a raised rim. The award serial number was either stamped (first class awards) or engraved above the ring on the reverse of the star's upper arm.

The Order is suspended by a ring through the award's suspension loop to a standard Russian pentagonal mount covered by a 24mm-wide silk moiré ribbon of St George.

First ClassSecond ClassThird Class
OrderOfGlory1stClass.png Order of Glory 2nd Class.JPG Order of Glory 3rd class.jpg
Ribbon
Orderglory rib.png Orderglory rib.png Orderglory rib.png

Recipients (partial list)

The individuals below were recipients of the Order of Glory. [5] [6]

Full Cavaliers (all 3 classes)

Recipients of the 2nd and 3rd classes

Recipients of the 3rd class

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 "Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of November 8, 1943" (in Russian). Legal Library of the USSR. 1943-11-08. Retrieved 2012-02-25.
  2. 1 2 "Onward to Berlin! Red Army Valor in World War II - The Full Cavaliers of the Soviet Order of Glory". Teufelsberg Press. 2017-01-26. Retrieved 2017-04-18.
  3. "Law of the Russian Federation № 2557-I of March 20, 1992" (in Russian). Commission under the President of the Russian Federation on state awards. 1999-12-15. Archived from the original on January 3, 2011. Retrieved 2012-02-25.
  4. "Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of September 7, 2010 No 1099" (in Russian). Russian Gazette. 2010-09-07. Retrieved 2012-04-09.
  5. "List of recipients of the Order of Glory compiled from ru.Wikipedia". Russian Wikipedia.Missing or empty |url= (help)
  6. "List of recipients of the Order of Glory compiled from en.Wikipedia". English Wikipedia.Missing or empty |url= (help)