Order of Nakhimov

Last updated
Order of Nakhimov
Order of Nakhimov (Russia).jpg
The Order of Nakhimov (Obverse)
TypeSingle grade order
Awarded forOutstanding military leadership
Presented byFlag of Russia.svg  Russian Federation
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
EligibilityNaval officers
StatusActive
EstablishedMarch 3, 1944
Order nakhimov1 rib.png
Ribbon of the Order of Nakhimov
Precedence
Next (higher) Order of Kutuzov
Next (lower) Order of Courage

The Order of Nakhimov (Russian : орден Нахимова) is a military decoration of the Russian Federation named in honour of Russian admiral Pavel Nakhimov (1802–1855) and bestowed to naval officers for outstanding military leadership. The order was established during World War II by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of March 3, 1944. [1] Following the 1991 dissolution of the USSR, the Order of Nakhimov was retained unchanged by decision of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation № 2424-1 of March 2, 1992 [2] but it was not awarded in this form. The all encompassing Decree of the President of the Russian Federation № 1099 of September 7, 2010 [3] that modernised and reorganised the entire Russian awards system away from its Soviet past amended the Order of Nakhimov to its present form, a ribbon mounted single class Order.

Contents

Soviet statute

From its establishment in 1944 until September 2010, the Order of Nakhimov was awarded in two classes to officers of the Navy for outstanding achievements in the development, implementation and prosecution of naval operations resulting in the successful repelling of an opponent's offensive or for active fleet operations that caused considerable damage to the enemy while conserving fleet assets. [1]

The Order of Nakhimov 1st class was awarded to naval officers for:

The Order of Nakhimov 2nd class was awarded to naval officers for:

The Order of Nakhimov 1st class was worn on the right side of the chest and when in the presence of other Orders of the USSR, located immediately after the Order of Kutuzov 1st class. The Order 2nd class was also worn on the right side and located immediately after the Order of Kutuzov 2nd class. [1]

Soviet and pre September 2010 award description

The Order of Nakhimov 1st class was of multi part construction consisting of a gold five pointed star displaying radiant rays, the bottom arm pointing straight down, a silver five pointed star with each arm ending in a naval sea anchor, its upper arm pointing straight up with the rays of the gold star protruding between its arms, a central gold medallion covered with dark enamel and the gold left profile relief image of the bust of admiral Nakhimov over two laurel branches at the center of the medallion, above the admiral's head along the medallion's upper circumference, the inscription in gilt letters "ADMIRAL NAKHIMOV" (Russian : АДМИРАЛ НАХИМОВ). The hammer and sickle bisected the laurel branches on the central medallion. Five triangular red rubies were affixed to the silver star, one on each arm pointing out from the central medallion's outer edge. On the reverse of the silver star, a threaded screw and a 33 mm in diameter nut arrangement for attachment to clothing. The maker's (mint) mark was located at the upper part of the gold star's reverse, the award serial number was hand etched in the lower part. The Order of Nakhimov 2nd class was of two part construction and made entirely of silver with red enamel in lieu of rubies. [1] [2]

The only noticeable difference between the Soviet and early Russian Federation variants was the abrogation of the hammer and sickle from the latter. [2]

First Class
1944–1991
Second Class
1944–1991
First Class
1992–2010
Second Class
1992–2010
Order of Nakhimov 05.jpg Order Nakhimov 2nd.jpg Order Nakhimov 1st degree.png Order of Nakhimov, 2nd degree.png
Ribbons
Order nakhimov1 rib.png Order nakhimov2 rib.png Order nakhimov1 rib.png Order nakhimov2 rib.png

Soviet recipients (partial list)

Admiral Nikolai Amel'ko, a recipient of both classes of the Order of Nakhimov RIAN archive 26151 Admiral Amelko addressing sailors.jpg
Admiral Nikolai Amel'ko, a recipient of both classes of the Order of Nakhimov
Admiral Nikolay Mikhaylovich Kharlamov, a recipient of the Order of Nakhimov 1st class Admiral Kharlamov.jpg
Admiral Nikolay Mikhaylovich Kharlamov, a recipient of the Order of Nakhimov 1st class

The Order first class was awarded 82 times, including twice to naval units, such as the 1st torpedo-boat brigade of Sevastopol and the 1st Red Banner torpedo-boat brigade of the Baltic Fleet. The Order second class was awarded 469 times, including twice to naval units.

The individuals listed below were awarded the Soviet variant of the Order of Nakhimov 1st class: [4] [5]

The individuals listed below were awarded the Soviet variant of the Order of Nakhimov 2nd class: [4] [5]

Statute of the modern award

The Order of Nakhimov is awarded to officers of the Navy for:

It may also be awarded to military units that participated in successful naval operations and to foreign citizens, soldiers of allied forces from among the officers who took part alongside soldiers of the Russian Federation in organizing and conducting successful joint operations of allied troops (forces). [3]

The Order of Nakhimov is worn on the left side of the chest and when in the presence of other Orders and medals of the Russian Federation, is located immediately after the Order of Kutuzov. [6]

Description of the modern award

The cruiser <<Moskva>> (<<Moscow>>) was awarded the Order of Nakhimov. Sevastopol, 22 Jul 2016. Cruiser <<Moskva>> awarded the Order of Nakhimov - 22 Jul 2016 - 1.jpg
The cruiser «Moskva» («Moscow») was awarded the Order of Nakhimov. Sevastopol, 22 Jul 2016.

The badge of the Order Nakhimov is a 40 mm wide blue enamelled silver cross pattée with a narrow raised edge superimposed over a four pointed star, the ruby enamelled rays of which protrude between the arms of the cross and end in the shape of naval sea anchors. In the center of the obverse, a blue enamelled silver bordered medallion bearing the left profile bust of Admiral Nakhimov over laurel branches. Along the medallion’s circumference over the image of the bust, the relief silver inscription “Admiral Nakhimov” (Russian : «Aдмирал Нахимов»). The medallion is surrounded by a silver chain. [3]

The Order Nakhimov is suspended to a standard Russian pentagonal mount by a ring through the suspension loop. The mount is covered by an overlapping 24 mm wide orange silk moiré ribbon with 1 mm wide black edge stripes and a 4 mm wide central black stripe. [3]

See also

Related Research Articles

Pavel Nakhimov Russian fleet commander

Pavel Stepanovich Nakhimov was one of the most famous admirals in Russian naval history, best remembered as the commander of naval and land forces during the Siege of Sevastopol during the Crimean War.

Order of Suvorov

The Order of Suvorov is a military decoration of the Russian Federation named in honor of Russian Field Marshal Count Alexander Suvorov (1729–1800).

Order of the Red Star

The Order of the Red Star was a military decoration of the Soviet Union. It was established by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of 6 April 1930 but its statute was only defined in decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of 5 May 1930. That statute was amended by decrees of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of 7 May 1936, of 19 June 1943, of 26 February 1946, of 15 October 1947, of 16 December 1947 and by decree No 1803-X of 28 March 1980.

Order of Glory

The Order of Glory was a military decoration of the Soviet Union established by Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet on November 8, 1943. It was awarded to soldiers and non-commissioned officers of the Red Army as well as to aviation junior lieutenants, for bravery in the face of the enemy.

Order of Alexander Nevsky Award of the Russian Federation

The Order of Alexander Nevsky is an order of merit of the Russian Federation named in honour of saint Alexander Nevsky (1220–1263) and bestowed to civil servants for twenty years or more of highly meritorious service. It was originally established by the Soviet Union as a military honour during World War II, more precisely by Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of July 7, 1942. Its statute was amended by Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of February 26, 1947. It bears a similar name to the Imperial Order of St. Alexander Nevsky which had been established by Empress Catherine I of Russia in 1725, and continued to be bestowed by the heads of the House of Romanov after the 1917 Russian Revolution. The Order of Alexander Nevsky was reinstated by the Soviet Union, minus the words "Imperial" and "Saint", for award to officers of the army for personal courage and resolute leadership. The Order was retained by the new Russian Federation following the dissolution of the USSR by Decision of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation 2557-I of March 20, 1992 but was never awarded. The September 7, 2010 Decree №1099 of the President of the Russian Federation redesigned the badge of the Order closer to pre-1917 imperial model and amended the statute of the Order making it a purely civilian award.

Order of Kutuzov Military decoration of the USSR

The Order of Kutuzov is a military decoration of the Russian Federation named after famous Russian Field Marshal Mikhail Illarionovich Kutuzov (1745–1813). The Order was established during World War II to reward senior Red Army officers. The Order of Kutuzov has three classes and was retained by the Russian Federation after the Dissolution of the Soviet Union.

Order of Ushakov Russian award for outstanding naval leadership

The Order of Ushakov is a military decoration of the Russian Federation named in honour of admiral Fyodor Ushakov (1744–1817) who never lost a battle and was proclaimed patron saint of the Russian Navy. It is bestowed to command grade naval officers for outstanding leadership. The order was established in two classes during World War II by decision of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of March 3, 1944. The idea was given to Joseph Stalin by admiral Nikolai Gerasimovich Kuznetsov in the summer of 1943. Following the 1991 dissolution of the USSR, the Order of Ushakov was retained unchanged by Decision of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation 2557-I of March 20, 1992 but it was not awarded in this form. The all encompassing Presidential Decree 1099 of September 7, 2010 that modernised and reorganised the entire Russian awards system away from its Soviet past amended the Order to its present form, a ribbon mounted single class Order.

Order of Honour (Russia) State award of the Russian Federation, since 1994

The Order of Honour is a state order of the Russian Federation established by Presidential Decree No. 442 of March 2, 1994 to recognise high achievements in government, economic, scientific, sociocultural, public, sport and charitable activities. Its statute was amended by decree No. 19 of January 6, 1999 and more lately by decree No. 1099 of January 7, 2010 which defined its present status. It should not be confused with the Soviet Order of the Badge of Honour, although the current order maintains continuity with it.

Order of Military Merit (Russia) State award of the Russian Federation

The Order "For Military Merit" is a military decoration of the Russian Federation established by presidential decree № 442 of March 2, 1994 to reward military excellence. Its statute was amended three times, first on January 6, 1999 by decree № 19, then on September 7, 2010 by decree № 1099 which modernised the entire Russian awards system and finally on December 16, 2011 by Presidential Decree № 1631.

Order of Naval Merit (Russia) State award of the Russian Federation

The Order "For Naval Merit" is a state decoration of the Russian Federation bestowed for excellence in military or economic maritime endeavours. It was established on February 27, 2002 by Decree of the President of the Russian Federation № 245. Its statute was amended by presidential decree № 1099 of September 7, 2010.

Order of Zhukov State award of the Russian Federation

The Order of Zhukov is a military decoration of the Russian Federation. The order is named in honour of Marshal of the Soviet Union Georgy Zhukov (1896–1974).

Order "For Merit to the Fatherland" National award of the Russian Federation

The Order "For Merit to the Fatherland" is a state decoration of the Russian Federation. It was instituted on 2 March 1994 by Presidential Decree 442. Until the re-establishment of the Order of St. Andrew in 1998, it was the highest order of the Russian Federation. The order's status was modified on 6 January 1999 by Presidential Decree 19 and again on 7 September 2010 by Presidential Decree 1099.

Order "For Service to the Homeland in the Armed Forces of the USSR"

The Order "For Service to the Homeland in the Armed Forces of the USSR", also known as the Order "For Service to the Motherland in the Armed Forces of the USSR", was a Soviet military order awarded in three classes for excellence to military personnel.

Medal "Veteran of the Armed Forces of the USSR"

The Medal "Veteran of the Armed Forces of the USSR" was a long service award of the Armed Forces of the Soviet Union established on May 20, 1976 by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR and awarded for twenty-five years of impeccable service to troops of the army, navy, of internal forces and of border troops. Its statute was twice amended by further decrees of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, first on July 18, 1980 and lastly on January 10, 1984.

Jubilee Medal "XX Years of the Workers and Peasants Red Army" Commemorative medal of the Soviet Union

The Jubilee Medal "XX Years of the Workers' and Peasants' Red Army" was a state military commemorative medal of the Soviet Union established on January 24, 1938 by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR to denote the twentieth anniversary of the creation of the Soviet Armed Forces.

Jubilee Medal "50 Years of the Armed Forces of the USSR" Commemorative medal of the Soviet Union

The Jubilee Medal "50 Years of the Armed Forces of the USSR" was a state military commemorative medal of the Soviet Union established on December 26, 1967 by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR to denote the fiftieth anniversary of the creation of the Soviet Armed Forces. Its statute was amended on three occasions, by decrees of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of February 22, 1968, of December 19, 1969, and of July 18, 1980.

Jubilee Medal "70 Years of the Armed Forces of the USSR"

The Jubilee Medal "70 Years of the Armed Forces of the USSR" was a state military commemorative medal of the Soviet Union established on January 28, 1988 by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR to denote the seventieth anniversary of the creation of the Soviet Armed Forces.

Medal "For Impeccable Service"

The Medal "For Impeccable Service" was a Soviet military award for long service awarded to deserving members of the military personnel of the armed forces of the USSR, of the Interior Ministry of the USSR and of the Ministry for the Protection of Public Order of the USSR, to recognise ten, fifteen and twenty years of faithful and impeccable service to the state.

Medal of Nakhimov

The Medal of Nakhimov was a military decoration of the Soviet Union.

Azerbaijan Higher Naval Academy

The Azerbaijan Higher Naval Academy is an educational institution of the Azerbaijani Naval Forces. It is part of the education system of the Ministry of Defense of Azerbaijan. It was originally founded in 1939 In Soviet times, it was called the Caspian Higher Naval Red Banner School named after Sergei Kirov.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 "Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of March 3, 1944" (in Russian). Legal Library of the USSR. 1944-03-03. Retrieved 2012-05-21.
  2. 1 2 3 "Decision of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation № 2424-1 of March 2, 1992" (in Russian). Commission under the President of the Russian Federation on state awards (FAPSI). 1999-12-15. Archived from the original on March 11, 2012. Retrieved 2012-03-26.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 "Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of September 7, 2010 № 1099" (in Russian). Russian Gazette. 2010-09-07. Retrieved 2012-03-26.
  4. 1 2 "List of recipients of the Order of Nakhimov compiled from en.Wikipedia". English Wikipedia.Missing or empty |url= (help)
  5. 1 2 "List of recipients of the Order of Nakhimov compiled from ru.Wikipedia" (in Russian). Russian Wikipedia.Missing or empty |url= (help)
  6. "Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of December 16, 2011 No 1631" (in Russian). Site of the President of the Russian Federation. 2011-12-16. Archived from the original on March 31, 2013. Retrieved 2012-03-26.