Order of Ushakov

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Order of Ushakov
Order of Ushakov (Russia).jpg
Order of Ushakov (obverse)
TypeSingle grade Order
Awarded forOutstanding military leadership
Presented byFlag of Russia.svg  Russian Federation
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
EligibilityCommand grade naval officers
StatusActive
EstablishedMarch 3, 1944 [1]
First awardedMay 16, 1944
Order ushakov1 rib.png
Ribbon of the Order of Ushakov
Precedence
Next (higher) Order of Suvorov
Next (lower) Order of Zhukov
Admiral Nikolay Mikhaylovich Kharlamov, a recipient of the Order of Ushakov 1st class Admiral Kharlamov.jpg
Admiral Nikolay Mikhaylovich Kharlamov, a recipient of the Order of Ushakov 1st class
Admiral of the Fleet of the Soviet Union Sergey Gorshkov, a recipient of both classes of the Order of Ushakov SG-Gorshkov.jpg
Admiral of the Fleet of the Soviet Union Sergey Gorshkov, a recipient of both classes of the Order of Ushakov

The Order of Ushakov (Russian : орден Ушакова) is a military decoration of the Russian Federation named in honour of admiral Fyodor Ushakov (1744–1817) who never lost a battle and was proclaimed patron saint of the Russian Navy. It is bestowed to command grade naval officers for outstanding leadership. The order was established in two classes during World War II by decision of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of March 3, 1944. [1] The idea was given to Joseph Stalin by admiral Nikolai Gerasimovich Kuznetsov in the summer of 1943. Following the 1991 dissolution of the USSR, the Order of Ushakov was retained unchanged by Decision of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation 2557-I of March 20, 1992 [2] but it was not awarded in this form. The all encompassing Presidential Decree 1099 of September 7, 2010 [3] that modernised and reorganised the entire Russian awards system away from its Soviet past amended the Order to its present form, a ribbon mounted single class Order.

Contents

Soviet statute

From its establishment in 1944 until September 2010, the Order of Ushakov was awarded to officers of the Navy for outstanding achievements in the development, implementation and prosecution of naval operations resulting in victory over a numerically superior enemy. [1]

The Order of Ushakov 1st class was awarded to naval officers for:

The Order of Ushakov 2nd class was awarded to naval officers for:

The Order of Ushakov 1st class was worn on the right side of the chest and when in the presence of other Orders of the USSR, located immediately after the Order of Suvorov 1st class. The Order 2nd class was also worn on the right side and located immediately after the Order of Suvorov 2nd class. [1]

Soviet and pre September 2010 award description

The Order of Ushakov 1st class was of multi part construction consisting of a five pointed star struck from platinum, an oxidised silver anchor and chain secured to the platinum star with four rivets, and a circular central medallion struck from gold superimposed on the anchor and bearing the relief image of admiral Ushakov, the background being covered in dark blue enamel, around the admiral's head, the inscription in gilt letters "ADMIRAL USHAKOV" (Russian : «АДМИРАЛ УШАКОВ»), below the admiral, laurel and oak branches bisected by the hammer and sickle. The central medallion was secured to the platinum star by two rivets and surrounded by a gilt rope. On the reverse, a threaded screw and a 33 mm in diameter nut arrangement for attachment to clothing. The award serial number was hand etched in the lower part. The Order 2nd class differed from the 1st class in the materials used in its construction, its five pointed star was made of gold while the anchor and central medallion were of silver and the oak and laurel branches were omitted. [1] [2]

The only noticeable difference between the Soviet and early Russian Federation variants was the abrogation of the hammer and sickle from the latter. [2]

First Class
1944–1991
Second Class
1944–1991
First Class
1992–2010
Second Class
1992–2010
Order of Ushakov 1st.jpg OrderOfUshakov1st.jpg OrderOfUshakov2nd.jpg
Ribbons
Order ushakov1 rib.png Order ushakov2 rib.png Order ushakov1 rib.png Order ushakov2 rib.png

Recipients of the Soviet award (partial list)

The Soviet Union's Order of Ushakov first class was awarded a total of 47 times, the second class 194 times.

The individuals listed below were awarded the Order of Ushakov 1st class: [4] [5]

The individuals listed below were awarded the Order of Ushakov 2nd class: [4] [5]

The Order of Ushakov was also bestowed to the following units and institutions: [5]

Statute of the modern award

The Order of Ushakov is awarded to command grade officers of formations and divisions of the Navy for:

The Order of Ushakov may also be awarded to military units and formations of the Navy for participation in successful naval operations. [6] It may also be awarded to foreign citizens - soldiers of allied forces from among its senior officers involved alongside troops of the Russian Federation. for organizing and conducting successful joint operations of allied troops (forces). [3]

The Russian Federation order of precedence dictates that the Order of Ushakov is to be worn on the left side of the chest, and in the presence of other orders of the Russian Federation, is to be located immediately after the Order of Suvorov. [7]

Description of the modern award

Badge of the Order of Ushakov Badge of Order of Ushakov (Russia 2010).png
Badge of the Order of Ushakov

The Order of Ushakov is a 40 mm wide blue enamelled silver cross pattée, seven silver rays of increasing size protrude from the center between each cross arm. On the obverse, a convex central blue enamelled medallion superimposed over a ship's anchor, the arms and flukes, stock and shackle visible. On the medallion, the gilded bust of Admiral Fyodor Ushakov half turned to the left. Below the medallion, on the crown and arms of the anchor, crossed gilded branches of oak and laurel. On either side of the bust, following the medallion's circumference, the gilded relief inscription "ADMIRAL USHAKOV" (Russian : «АДМИРАЛ УШАКОВ»). The maximum distance between the tips of opposing silver rays is 45 mm. The plain reverse bears only a relief "N" and a line for the award serial number. [6]

The badge of the Order is suspended by a ring through the award's suspension loop to a standard Russian pentagonal mount covered by an overlapping 24 mm wide white silk moiré ribbon with a 4 mm wide blue central stripe and two 2 mm blue edge stripes.

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 "Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of March 3, 1944" (in Russian). Legal Library of the USSR. 1944-03-03. Retrieved 2012-05-22.
  2. 1 2 3 "Decision of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation 2557-I of March 20, 1992" (in Russian). Commission under the President of the Russian Federation on state awards. 1999-12-15. Archived from the original on March 11, 2012. Retrieved 2012-05-22.
  3. 1 2 "Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of September 7, 2010 No 1099" (in Russian). Russian Gazette. 2010-09-07. Retrieved 2012-05-22.
  4. 1 2 "List of recipients of the Order of Nakhimov compiled from en.Wikipedia". English Wikipedia.Missing or empty |url= (help)
  5. 1 2 3 "List of recipients of the Order of Nakhimov compiled from ru.Wikipedia" (in Russian). Russian Wikipedia.Missing or empty |url= (help)
  6. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 "Statute of the Order of Ushakov" (in Russian). Commission under the President of the Russian Federation on state awards. 2010-09-07. Retrieved 2012-05-22.
  7. "Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of December 16, 2011 No 1631" (in Russian). Russian Gazette. 2011-12-16. Archived from the original on March 31, 2013. Retrieved 2012-02-12.