Order of the Polar Star

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Royal Order of the Polar Star
Kungliga Nordstjärneorden
Sweden Order of the North Star.JPG
Cross and star of the order
Awarded by the monarch of Sweden
TypeFive grade order of merit
Royal house Bernadotte
MottoNescit Occasum (It knows no decline)
EligibilityUntil 1975: Swedish and foreign persons
Since 1975: Foreign citizens and members of the Swedish Royal Family
Awarded forUntil 1975: Civic merits, for devotion to duty, for science, literary, learned and useful works and for new and beneficial institutions.
After 1975: Services to Sweden
StatusCurrently constituted
Sovereign King Carl XVI Gustaf
Chancellor Svante Lindqvist [1]
GradesCommander Grand Cross (KmstkNO)
Commander 1st Class (KNO1kl)
Commander (KNO)
Knight/Member 1st Class (RNO1kl/LNO1kl)
Knight/Member (RNO/LNO)
Statistics
First induction1748
Precedence
Next (higher) Royal Order of the Sword
Next (lower) Royal Order of Vasa
Order of the Polar Star - Ribbon bar, pre 1975.svg
1748 - 1975 (all recipients)
2013 - present (Swedish princes only)
Order of the Polar Star - Ribbon bar.svg
1975 - present (foreign recipients)
Ribbon bars of the order
Cross and riband of a Commander Grand Cross Order of the Polar Star Grand Cross.jpg
Cross and riband of a Commander Grand Cross
Collar of the Order of the Polar Star and the badge of the order Keten van de Poolsterorde Zweden 1748.jpg
Collar of the Order of the Polar Star and the badge of the order

The Royal Order of the Polar Star (Swedish: Kungliga Nordstjärneorden) is a Swedish order of chivalry created by King Frederick I on 23 February 1748, together with the Order of the Sword and the Order of the Seraphim.

Contents

The Order of the Polar Star was until 1975 intended as a reward for Swedish and foreign "civic merits, for devotion to duty, for science, literary, learned and useful works and for new and beneficial institutions".

Its motto is, as seen on the blue enameled centre of the badge, Nescit Occasum, a Latin phrase meaning "It knows no decline". This is to represent that Sweden is as constant as a never setting star. The Order's colour is black. This was chosen so that when wearing the black sash, the white, blue and golden cross would stand out and shine as the light of enlightenment from the black surface. The choice of black for the Order's ribbon may also have been inspired by the black ribbon of the French Order of St. Michael, which at the time the Order of the Polar Star was instituted was also awarded to meritorious civil servants. At present, the ribbon of the Order is blue with yellow stripes near the edges (i.e., the national colors, but the reverse of the Order of the Sword's yellow ribbon with blue stripes near the edges). Women and clergy men are not called knight or commander but simply as Member (Ledamot).

After the reorganization of the orders in 1975 the order is only awarded to foreigners and members of the royal family. It is often awarded to foreign office holders (such as prime and senior ministers) during Swedish state visits. It is also awarded to junior members of royal families who would not qualify for the more prestigious Royal Order of the Seraphim.

Grades

The Order has five degrees:

  1. Commander Grand Cross (KmstkNO) Wears the badge on a collar (chain) or on a sash on the right shoulder, plus the star on the left chest;
  2. Commander 1st Class (KNO1kl) Wears the badge on a necklet, plus the star on the left chest;
  3. Commander (KNO) Wears the badge on a necklet;
  4. Knight 1st Class (RNO1kl/LNO1kl [note] ) Wears the badge on a ribbon on the left chest;
  5. Knight (RNO/LNO [note] ) Wears the badge on a ribbon on the left chest.

Note: ^ Clergymen and women become ledamöter (Members) instead of knights.

This order also has a medal, "the Polar Star Medal".

Insignia and habit

Ribbon bars (since 1975)
Order of the Polar Star (after 1975) - Commander Grand Cross.svg
Commander Grand Cross
Order of the Polar Star (after 1975) - Commander 1st Class.svg
Commander 1st Class
Order of the Polar Star (after 1975) - Commander.svg
Commander
Order of the Polar Star (after 1975) - Knight 1st Class.svg
Knight 1st Class
SWE Order of the Polar Star (after 1975) - Knight 2nd Class BAR.png
Knight

See also

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References

  1. "Hovkalender 2019". Riksmarskalkämbetet (Office of the Marshal of the Realm), p. 23.Cite journal requires |journal= (help)

Bibliography

  • (in Swedish) Per Nordenvall, Kungliga Serafimerorden 17481998. Stockholm : Kungl. Maj:ts orden, 1998. ISBN   978-91-630-6744-0
  • Order of the Polar Star, Royal Court of Sweden
  • Orders and Decorations of Europe in Color by Paul Hieronymussen and protographed by Aage Struwing; English translation by Christine Crowley. The MacMillan Company. New York, 1967. Originally published as Europaeiske Ordner I Faever @ Politikens Forlag, 1966. Color plates # 28-32; text pp. 126–127.
  • The Orders of Chivalry from the Original Statutes of the Various Orders of Knighthood and other Sources of Information by J. H. Lawrence-Archer. London: W. H. Allen and Company, 13 Waterloo Place, Pall Mall, S. W. Publishers to the India Office. 1887.