Order of the Rising Sun

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Order of the Rising Sun
Order of the Rising Sun grand cordon badge (Japan) - Tallinn Museum of Orders.jpg
Grand Cordon badge and sash
Awarded by the Emperor of Japan
Type Order
Awarded forlong and/or especially meritorious civil or military service
StatusCurrently constituted
SovereignHis Imperial Majesty The Emperor
Grades1st through 8th Class (1875–2003)
Since 2003:
Grand Cordon
Gold and Silver Star (Rays, Principal Grade)
Gold Rays with Neck Ribbon (Cordon, Middle Grade)
Gold Rays with Rosette (Cordon, Junior Grade)
Gold and Silver Rays (Double Rays)
Silver Rays (Single Ray)
Precedence
Next (higher) Order of the Paulownia Flowers
Next (lower) Order of the Sacred Treasure
JPN Kyokujitsu-sho blank BAR.svg
US Navy Admiral Dennis C. Blair being presented the badge and sash of the order (2002). UsgovrisingsunGC.jpg
US Navy Admiral Dennis C. Blair being presented the badge and sash of the order (2002).

The Order of the Rising Sun (旭日章, Kyokujitsu-shō) is a Japanese order, established in 1875 by Emperor Meiji. The Order was the first national decoration awarded by the Japanese government, [1] created on 10 April 1875 by decree of the Council of State. [2] The badge features rays of sunlight from the rising sun. The design of the Rising Sun symbolizes energy as powerful as the rising sun [3] in parallel with the "rising sun" concept of Japan ("Land of the Rising Sun").

Contents

The order is awarded to those who have made distinguished achievements in international relations, promotion of Japanese culture, advancements in their field, development in welfare or preservation of the environment. [4] Prior to the end of World War II, it was also awarded for exemplary military service. Beginning in 2003, the two lowest rankings (7th and 8th classes) for the Order of the Rising Sun were abolished, with the highest degree becoming a separate order known as the Order of the Paulownia Flowers, with the single rank of Grand Cordon. [5]

While it is the third highest order bestowed by the Japanese government, it is however generally the highest ordinarily conferred order. The highest Japanese order, the Order of the Chrysanthemum, is reserved for heads of state or royalty, while the second highest order, the Order of the Paulownia Flowers, is mostly reserved for politicians.

The modern version of this honour has been conferred on non-Japanese recipients beginning in 1981 (although several foreigners were given the honor before World War II); and women were awarded the Order starting in 2003 (previously, women were awarded the Order of the Precious Crown). [6] The awarding of the Order is administered by the Decoration Bureau of the Cabinet Office headed by the Japanese Prime Minister. It is awarded in the name of the Emperor and can be awarded posthumously.

Classes

The Order was awarded in nine classes until 2003, when the Grand Cordon with Paulownia Flowers was made a separate order, and the lowest two classes were abolished. Since then, it has been awarded in six classes. Conventionally, a diploma is prepared to accompany the insignia of the order, and in some rare instances, the personal signature of the Emperor will have been added. As an illustration of the wording of the text, a translation of a representative 1929 diploma says:

By the grace of Heaven, Emperor of Japan, seated on the throne occupied by the same dynasty from time immemorial,

We confer the Second Class of the Imperial Order of Meiji upon Henry Waters Taft, a citizen of the United States of America and a director of the Japan Society of New York, and invest him with the insignia of the same class of the Order of the Double Rays of the Rising Sun, in expression of the good will which we entertain towards him.

In witness whereof, we have hereunto set our hand and caused the Grand Seal of State to be affixed at the Imperial Palace, Tokyo, this thirteenth day of the fifth month of the fourth year of Shōwa, corresponding to the 2,589th year from the accession to the throne of Emperor Jimmu." [7]

Insignia

The star for the Grand Cordon and Second Class is a silver star of eight points, each point having three alternating silver rays; the central emblem is identical to the badge. It is worn on the left chest for the Grand Cordon, on the right chest for the 2nd Class.

The badge for the Grand Cordon to Sixth Classes is an eight-pointed badge bearing a central red enamelled sun disc, with gilt points (1st–4th Classes), with four gilt and four silver points (5th Class), or with silver points (6th Class); each point comprises three white enamelled rays. It is suspended from three enamelled paulownia leaves (not chrysanthemum leaves as the Decoration Bureau page claims) on a ribbon in white with red border stripes, worn as a sash from the right shoulder for the Grand Cordon, as a necklet for the 2nd and 3rd Classes and on the left chest for the 4th to 6th Classes (with a rosette for the 4th Class).

The badge for the Seventh and Eighth Classes consisted of a silver medal in the shape of three paulownia leaves, enamelled for the 7th Class and plain for the 8th Class. Both were suspended on a ribbon, again in white with red border stripes, and worn on the left chest. Both classes were abolished in 2003 and replaced by the Order of the Paulownia Flowers, a single-class order that now ranks above the Order of the Rising Sun.

Notable recipients

1st Class, Grand Cordon

2nd Class, Gold and Silver Star

3rd Class, Gold Rays with Neck Ribbon

JPN Kyokujitsu-sho 3Class BAR.svg

4th Class, Gold Rays with Rosette

JPN Kyokujitsu-sho 4Class BAR.svg

5th Class, Gold and Silver Rays

JPN Kyokujitsu-sho 5Class BAR.svg

6th Class, Silver Rays

JPN Kyokujitsu-sho 6Class BAR.svg

7th Class, Green Paulownia Leaves Medal

JPN Kyokujitsu-sho 7Class BAR.svg

In 2003, the 7th and 8th levels – named for leaves of the Paulownia tree, long used as a mon (emblem) for the highest levels of Japanese society – were moved to a new and distinct order, the single-class Order of the Paulownia Flowers . [5]

8th Class, white Paulownia Leaves Medal

JPN Kyokujitsu-sho 8Class BAR.svg

In 2003, the 7th and 8th levels – named for leaves of the Paulownia tree, long used as a mon (emblem) for the highest levels of Japanese society – were moved to a new and distinct order, the single-class Order of the Paulownia Flowers . [5]

Class unknown

JPN Kyokujitsu-sho blank BAR.svg

See also

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  152. "Vaage, Nora Sørensen. Svein Bolling: Kirsti Koch Christensen, 2005". Archived from the original on 9 January 2016.
  153. "Japan Award for Professor Corbett".
  154. Harvard Gazette: Japanese government honors Professor Edwin A. Cranston. 14 May 2009.
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  156. "Ceremony Confers Japanese Decoration Upon Professor Emeritus of University of Toronto". Consulate-General of Japan in Toronto. Retrieved 24 February 2017.
  157. International Who's Who (2004) . Routledge. 2003. p.  447. ISBN   978-1857432176.
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  160. "Japan honors Clint Eastwood in spring decorations," Archived 5 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine Japan Today. 29 April 2008.
  161. 1 2 "Wybrane epizody w historii stosunków japońsko-polskich Polish Embassy" (PDF).
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  163. "California Ethnomusicologist Dr. Robert Garfias to Receive Japan's Order of the Rising Sun Award," Archived 18 November 2008 at the Wayback Machine Alliance for California Traditional Arts (ACTA) Archives.
  164. Weatherhead East Asian Institute, The Reed; "Carol Gluck Receives Top Honors from the Japanese Government," Columbia News, 6 October 2006.
  165. 1 2 Honor awarded in 1926: Adam Mathew web. Archived 4 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine
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  168. "former Commissioner of the Netherlands Foreign Investment Agency and Advisor to the SieboldHuis". Embassy. Retrieved 5 November 2011.
  169. "Order of the Rising Sun Awarded to Professor Helen Hardacre".
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  171. "Hidasi Judit nyelvész, kommunikációs professzor kitüntetése" (in Hungarian). Magyar-Japán Gazdasági Klub. 9 November 2005. Archived from the original on 29 June 2016. Retrieved 11 July 2016.
  172. Honor awarded 1906: Perry, Warren. (1983). "Hoad, Sir John Charles (1856–1911)" in Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 9.
  173. WHOI Scientist Honored by Japanese Government WHOI 1 May 2003
  174. 1973, 3rd order of merit in Japanese honors system (Kunsantō), 1982 4th rank, court honor (jushii, posthumous)
  175. UBC Reports UBC Professor Emeritus Awarded Order of the Rising Sun of Japan Archived 7 February 2011 at the Wayback Machine . 4 December 2003.
  176. "Japan grants high honor to UH professor".
  177. Embassy of Japan in Poland: Odznaczenie rządu japońskiego dla dr. hab. Romualda Huszczy, prof. UW, prof. UJ Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine
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  179. Thiébaud, Jean-Marie. "L'Ordre du Soleil levant (Japon):Titulaires français et étrangers". www.editions-harmattan.fr. Retrieved 8 March 2021.
  180. NNDB: Order of the Rising Sun; Kosho Kempo, Kano Jigoro Archived 13 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine
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  182. Perera, Suharshi. "Woman: An icon in the literary world," Archived 4 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine Daily News (Sri Lanka). 9 August 2007.
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  184. "Mr. Nghiem Vu Khai, Chairman of Vietnam - Japan Fraternity, receives Order of the Rising Sun 3rd Class". 21 August 2014. Retrieved 24 July 2016.
  185. "Alumni Association NEWS : Our alumni as the awardee of Spring, 2004 has been announced!! Harue Kitamura, decorated (class of '52)". ritsumei.ac.jp. Ritsumeikan University. 30 April 2004.
  186. "MIS Honors & Awards". National Japanese American Historical Society. MIS Association of Northern California. Retrieved 29 February 2020.
  187. "American Honored by the Japanese," The New York Times. 22 October 1899.
  188. "Pax Britannica (3rd Class)", Time, 16 May 1932.
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  191. "Norman Macrae". The Telegraph. London. 22 January 2010. Retrieved 12 October 2011.
  192. "Mike M. Masaoka papers, 1931–1991". Archives West. University of Utah Libraries, Special Collections. 2019. Retrieved 29 February 2020.
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  194. George, Stuart (2014). "Mifune, Kyuzo". A Supplementary Dictionary of Sports Personalities. Oxford Reference. Oxford University Press. ISBN   9780191752186 . Retrieved 15 October 2018.
  195. L.K. Herbert-Gustar and P.A. Nott published a biography of Milne John Milne, Father of Modern Seismology in 1980 p. 120 ISBN   0-904404-34-X
  196. Paul Kabrna "John Milne – the Man who Mapped the Shaking Earth" ISBN   978-0-9555289-0-3 Published by Craven & Pendle Geological Society in March 2007.pp68
  197. Quiñones, Eric. "Earl Miner, Specialist in English and Japanese Literature, dies at age 77" Princetonian Weekly Bulletin. 5 May 2004; Europa Publications. (2003). International Who's Who of Authors and Writers 2004, p. 388.
  198. Honor awarded 1998: "McClellan Named Sterling Professor of Japanese", Archived 27 July 2010 at the Wayback Machine Yale Office of Public Affairs. 3 February 1999.
  199. "H.E. Neak Oknha Seang Nam Receives Japan's Decoration".
  200. "The Government of Japan honors former Honorary Consul-General of Japan in Nashville", Consulate-General of Japan at Nashville website. 4 June 2008.
  201. Kenrick, Vivienne. "Personality Profile: Ian Nish," [ permanent dead link ]Japan Times. 18 September 2004.
  202. "Government of Japan Honors Dr. Setsuko Matsunaga Nishi," Asian American Federation. 2009.
  203. "2018 Ceremony of Condecoration, Dr. Susumu Nisizaki".
  204. www.ideo.pl, Ideo Sp. z o.o. "Dr Jerzy Nowacki uhonorowany japońskim orderem państwowym – Aktualności o polskiej nauce, badaniach, wydarzeniach, polskich uczelniach i instytutach badawczych". www.naukawpolsce.pap.pl. Archived from the original on 9 January 2016.
  205. Embassy of Ireland in Japan: Irish Pianist decorated by the Government of Japan Archived 18 February 2013 at archive.today
  206. "Recipients of Spring 2015 Decorations". Consulate-General of Japan in Los Angeles. Retrieved 9 July 2015.
  207. "UH professor receives medal from Emperor of Japan". University of Hawaiʻi System News. 24 May 2016. Retrieved 8 June 2018.
  208. Taiichi Ohno's Workplace Management, Jon Miller (trans.), Gemba Press 2007, p. xii
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  214. "John Powles built important ties between Canada and Japan". 24 November 2001. Archived from the original on 23 March 2010. Retrieved 16 March 2010.
  215. "Japan's emperor honors uw professor for his work". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Seattle. 25 March 1999. pp. B2.
  216. ""Hiroshima and the Historians:" Kenneth B. Pyle gives the Griffith and Patricia Way Lecture". Youtube. Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  217. Order of the Rising Sun awarded to Professor Mark Ramseyer
  218. Sadia Rashid receives award
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  221. "Rustum Roy, vita for health groups". Rustum Roy. Archived from the original on 30 September 2011. Retrieved 5 November 2011.
  222. Embassy of Japan in the U.K.: Japanese Government honors Lord David Sydney Rowe-Beddoe," 18 December 2008.
  223. "David Russell". STEP Journal. 18 (6): 6. June 2010. Retrieved 1 April 2013.[ better source needed ]
  224. "Website of Raaj Sah". Website of Raaj Sah. Retrieved 11 November 2019.
  225. "An announcement about the honor. Japanese government's English summary of the honor. The Imperial Japanese Scroll". Internet Archive. Retrieved 11 November 2019.
  226. "2008 Emily Sano Awarded Order of the Rising Sun". Consulate-General of Japan in San Francisco. Retrieved 1 July 2008.
  227. "SF US Embassy Japan Archives" . Retrieved 30 November 2015.
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  229. "Nippu Jiji 1936.06.04 Edition 03 – Hoji Shinbun Digital Collection". hojishinbun.hoover.org. Retrieved 23 March 2019.
  230. "University of Hawaiʻi Presents Honorary Degree to Edward George Seidensticker". Current News. University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa. Retrieved 12 October 2011.
  231. Xunzhi, Luo (17 September 2014). "Long Way to Go: Japan celebrates 100th birthday of Chinese Go Master". Macao Magazine. macaulink. Archived from the original on 5 October 2016. Retrieved 4 October 2016.
  232. Program on Lord Sempill and Japanese espionage, BBC 24 May 2012
  233. Hermann, Evelyn (1996). Shinichi Suzuki: A Man and His Music. Alfred Music.
  234. "Conferral of the Order of the Rising Sun, Gold Rays with Neck Ribbon Upon Dr. George Joji Tanabe, Jr., Professor Emeritus of the Department of Religion, University of Hawaii at Manoa" (PDF). Consulate General of Japan at Honolulu. Retrieved 15 February 2014.
  235. 淡中忠郎. 20世紀日本人名事典 (20th-century people in Japan: A biographical dictionary) (in Japanese). Kotobank. Retrieved 20 December 2020.
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  237. http://epa.oszk.hu/00900/00995/00006/pdf/szitasz.pdf
  238. "Filipino recipients of Japanese decorations and Japanese recipients of Philippine decorations | GOVPH".
  239. "Vaughan, Thomas - Biography". www.pwrc.usgs.gov.
  240. Rp.pl. "Andrzej Wajda kawalerem Orderu Wschodzącego Słońca - Archiwum Rzeczpospolitej". archiwum.rp.pl.
  241. "2017 Fall Conferment of Decorations of Foreign Nationals". Consulate-General of Japan in Boston. Retrieved 9 December 2017.
  242. "Japanese Government Honors Professor Paul Watanabe with Order of the Rising Sun". UMass Boston News. Retrieved 9 December 2017.
  243. Embassy of Japan in Belgium: Decoration Awarding Ceremony of Prof. Dr. W.F. Vande Walle Archived 28 May 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  244. http://www.mofa.go.jp/mofaj/gaiko/protocol/pdfs/h21_sp.pdf
  245. Pike, John. "Situation Report – Charles Wolf, Jr". sitrep.globalsecurity.org.
  246. Apolonio, Eric B. (14 June 2012). "Emperor Akihito honors Ateneo prof for promoting Philippine-Japan friendship". TV5 News and Information. Archived from the original on 8 August 2014. Retrieved 7 August 2014.
  247. "Hank Aaron presented with Order of the Rising Sun". ESPN. 14 January 2016.
  248. "Ferran Adrià recibe la Orden del Sol Naciente". El País (in Spanish). EFE. 11 December 2015. Retrieved 5 May 2016.
  249. "Toshiko Akiyoshi". Berkeley Agency. Retrieved 5 November 2011.
  250. "Библиотека изображений "РИА Новости" :: Галерея". Visualrian.com. Retrieved 5 November 2011.[ permanent dead link ]
  251. Founder of center for Japonology in Lithuania, first Japanese translator, Japanese teacher and popularizer of Japanese culture in Lithuania Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine
  252. "Martha Argerich - IMG Artists" Archived 26 June 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  253. "Prof. Andrej Bekeš, PhD, conferred a high-ranking Japanese order". 12 January 2009. Retrieved 9 August 2017. Embassy of the Republic of Slovenia in Tokyo.
  254. Honor awarded 1909: "Receives Guests Attired in Kimono", The San Francisco Call. 29 November 1909. p. 22.
  255. Jortner, David; Foley, Kathy (Fall 2001). "James R. Brandon". Asian Theatre Journal. University of Hawai'i Press. 28 (2): 350. JSTOR   41306497.
  256. "UMass Presidents William Penn Brooks". Massachusetts.edu. Archived from the original on 11 January 2014. Retrieved 5 November 2011.
  257. "Sir Bobby Charlton awarded Japanese Order". jfa.or.jp. Retrieved 4 April 2014.
  258. http://www.fresnobee.com/entertainment/performing-arts/donald-munro/article46549670.html#storylink=cpy
  259. "President and founder, Japan-America Society of New Hampshire and founder, Portsmouth Peace Treaty Forum". Archived from the original on 22 January 2012.
  260. "Odznaczenie rządu japońskiego dla pani Bogny Barbary Dziechciaruk-Maj, dyrektor Muzeum Sztuki i Techniki Japońskiej Manggha". www.japonia.org.pl.
  261. "Japanese designer behind iconic soy sauce bottle dies at 85". ABS-CBN Corporation. 9 February 2015. Retrieved 11 February 2015.
  262. 1 2 https://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2008/11/03/national/more-than-4000-people-including-75-foreigners-to-be-decorated/
  263. Glentzer, Molly (6 May 2013). "Japanese government honors Glen Gondo" . Retrieved 30 November 2015.
  264. "York University Professor Conferred the Order of the Rising Sun, Gold Rays with Rosette" Consulate-General of Japan in Toronto, 2018.
  265. "Recent Awards," Archived 19 January 2009 at the Wayback Machine Florida International University, Asian Studies. 29 April 2007.
  266. Consulate General of Japan in New York, "Government of Japan to Honor Dr. Asao Hirano," Archived 3 October 2011 at the Wayback Machine 2001.
  267. "令和元年春の叙勲" [conferring of decorations in Reiwa 1 (2019) spring](PDF) (in Japanese). Cabinet Office (Japan) . Retrieved 3 April 2020.
  268. Mr. Michael Arnold Hodgkin has been awarded "The Order of the Rising Sun, Gold Rays with Rosette" for his contribution to promoting friendly relations and mutual understanding between Japan and Australia. "2019 Autumn Conferment of Decorations on Foreign Nationals". Embassy of Japan in Australia. 5 November 2019.
  269. "Alumni William (Miller Kisselman) Imbrie, D.D.". The Princeton Seminary Bulletin. 23 (2): 572. 1929.
  270. "Randall Jones Order of the Rising Sun" (PDF). OECD. Retrieved 29 April 2014.
  271. "Consulate General of Japan in New York's Office". Ny.us.emb-japan.go.jp. Retrieved 5 November 2011.
  272. "Puppet animation producer dies". The Japan Times . 28 August 2010. Retrieved 29 August 2010.
  273. "British Judo Association". Britishjudo.org.uk. Archived from the original on 18 July 2011. Retrieved 5 November 2011.
  274. Honor awarded 1984: Bergan, Ronald. "A satirical eye on Japan: Keisuke Kinoshita, film director; born December 5, 1912; died December 30, 1998," The Guardian (Manchester). 5 January 1999.
  275. "Włodzimierz Kwieciński odznaczony Orderem Wschodzącego Słońca, Złote Promienie z Rozetą"
  276. Lasorda honored by Japan, MLB.com , 3 December 2008
  277. Central News Agency. "Taiwanese aquatic breeding expert wins Japan's Nikkei Asia Prize". taiwannews.com.tw. Taiwan News. Retrieved 30 May 2019.
  278. "Alfred F. MAJEWICZ, professor tytularny zwyczajny, doktor habilitowany" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 May 2013. Retrieved 15 January 2013.
  279. "Leiji Matsumoto, Shigeru Mizuki Earn Government Honors". Anime News Network. 1 November 2011. Retrieved 5 November 2011.
  280. "Mayor Hazel McCallion Awarded the Order of the Rising Sun". City of Mississauga. 10 June 2014. Retrieved 18 June 2014.
  281. "Rokusaburo Michiba". FutureToday Inc. Archived from the original on 7 May 2013. Retrieved 5 November 2011.
  282. "Mission Inn Hands on History, Frank A. Miller Order of the Rising Sun". Archived from the original on 28 August 2010.
  283. "Conferral of the Order of the Rising Sun, Gold Rays with Rosette upon Mr. Shiro Floyd Mori, National Executive Director Emeritus and former National President of the Japanese American Citizens League (JACL)". Embassy of Japan to the United States. 6 November 2012. Archived from the original on 24 October 2012. Retrieved 7 November 2012.
  284. "Maestro Kent Nagano Awarded Order of the Rising Sun". Consulate-General of Japan in San Francisco. 7 December 2008. Archived from the original on 13 May 2012.
  285. NAMCO AMERICA INC – Masaya Nakamura receives prestigious award Archived 23 July 2008 at the Wayback Machine coinopTODAY.com, 25 October 2007 (retrieved 2007-25-10)
  286. Honor awarded 1915: Kita, Atsushi (2005). Dr. Noguchi's Journey: A Life of Medical Search and Discovery, p. 196.
  287. "Embassy of Japan in Belgium". www.be.emb-japan.go.jp.
  288. "Ivica Osim dobio priznanje vlade Japana". OSLOBODJENJE.
  289. "2018 Spring Conferment of Decoration on Foreign Nationals" Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan, 2018.
  290. "The Conferral of the Order of the Rising Sun, Gold Rays with Rosette upon Dr Edwina Palmer" (PDF) (Press release). Wellington, New Zealand: Embassy of Japan in New Zealand. 3 November 2018. Retrieved 5 November 2018.
  291. "Golgo 13's Saito, Sunset on 3rd St.'s Saigan Win Medals". Anime News Network . 28 April 2010. Retrieved 6 November 2015.
  292. Anime News Network: "Frederik L. Schodt Wins The Order of the Rising Sun Award," 29 April 2009.
  293. Pierson, Delvan L. (1918). The Missionary Review of the World, January to December 1917. pp. xiv.
  294. https://www.mofa.go.jp/files/000533919.pdf
  295. "Embassy of Japan in India: Press Releases from the Embassy". www.in.emb-japan.go.jp.
  296. Yoshimura, Toshio. (1981). George Shima, Potato King and Lover of Chinese Classics, p. 53.
  297. Honor awarded 1999: Whiting, David. "Obituary: Tatsuzo Shimaoka; Japanese potter steeped in folk traditions who became a cultural ambassador," The Guardian (Manchester). 17 January 2008.
  298. "春の褒章660人・22団体 落語家の春風亭小朝さんら" [Decorations in spring: 660 people and 22 organizations] (in Japanese). Cabinet Office (Japan). 28 April 2020. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  299. "Image gallery: medal". British Museum.
  300. "Piksi za "Blic": Meni orden, Srbiji priznanje". Blic. Retrieved 30 April 2015.
  301. "舘ひろしが旭日小綬章を受章「思いもかけぬ栄誉」" [Hiroshi Tachi receives Order of the Rising Sun]. Nikkan Sports . Retrieved 3 November 2020.
  302. "George Takei, bio notes". Georgetakei.com. Archived from the original on 22 September 2001. Retrieved 5 November 2011.
  303. Honor awarded 1942: Tsuji, Masanobu. (1997). Japan's Greatest Victory, Britain's Worst Defeat, p. 108.
  304. Honor conferred 1964: North Austin Tae Kwan Do: "Chronology of the Life of Morihei Ueshiba, Founder of Aikido."
  305. "Japan Imperial Decoration The Order of the Rising Sun, Gold Rays with Rosette conferred upon Judge Raymond S. Uno, Former President of National Japanese American Citizens League (JACL)".
  306. Honor awarded 1996: Columbia University, Department of East Asian Languages and Cultures, Faculty Profiles
  307. 1 2 Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Japan): 2010 Spring Conferment of Decorations on Foreign Nationals, p. 8.
  308. Sadao Watanabe official website: biography Archived 14 November 2016 at the Wayback Machine
  309. "秋の叙勲、渡哲也さんら4193人 旭日大綬章に御手洗氏" [2013 Autumn medal] (in Japanese). The Nikkei. 3 November 2013. Retrieved 15 August 2020.
  310. "Conferral of the Order of the Rising Sun, Gold Rays with Rosette, upon translator William Scott Wilson" (PDF). Consulate-General of Japan in Miami. Retrieved 8 December 2015.
  311. Archived 26 July 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  312. Founder of TOWA Corporation, Kyoto Japan
  313. Archived 26 July 2010 at architectural-body.com (Error: unknown archive URL)
  314. "Apdovanojimas : Embassy of Japan in Lithuania". www.lt.emb-japan.go.jp.
  315. "George Geddie (1869–1961) – WikiTree FREE Family Tree". www.wikitree.com. Retrieved 21 March 2018.
  316. "平成29年春の叙勲" (PDF). www8.cao.go.jp.
  317. Endo, Ellen (5 November 2012). "Mikwaya CEO Hashimoto Passes at 69". Rafu Shimpo . Retrieved 2 December 2012.
  318. Gronczewska, Anna. "Szyfrant, który sprawił cud".
  319. https://dentistry.umkc.edu/scholarships-top-a-record-1-million-banquet-honors-generous-donors
  320. Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan; 2012 Autumn Conferment of Decorations on Foreign Nationals, p. 6.
  321. Cordileone, Elvira. "Kenzo Mori: An impact on two shores," The Star (Toronto). 22 January 2007.
  322. Chinen, Karleen C. (2012). Hawaii's AJA Pioneers: One hundred profiles commemorating the centennial of the Hawaii Hochi. Honolulu: Hawaii Hochi. pp. 18–19.
  323. Unpaginated editors' chronology appended to Kiyoshi Nishiyama, Shunkō shūshoku (春光秋色) / Seasonal Aspects of Japan (Tokyo: Asahi Sonorama, 1979) (in Japanese and English).
  324. "Was a celebration From Kishida Masuo's official website". 11 February 2012. Retrieved 28 March 2013.(岸田益雄公式ページ - 祝賀会でした)
  325. "和道流空手道連盟". www.wado-ryu.jp. Archived from the original on 7 December 2013. Retrieved 4 August 2013.
  326. "London Gazette issues 33043-p2919".
  327. "Major Douglas Estment Randall, MC". Queensland Family Trees. Retrieved 30 November 2015.
  328. Honor awarded 1884: . "The Pacific Commercial Advertiser" (Honolulu). 26 August 1884.
  329. Hernández A., Lysalex (28 November 2012). "Inés Sánchez recibirá condecoración de Japón" [Inés Sánchez to Receive Decoration from Japan]. La Nación (in Spanish). San José. Retrieved 27 April 2020.
  330. "Otra condecoración para la diputada Alicia Terada" (in Spanish). 9 August 2017. Retrieved 27 July 2021.
  331. "Conferment Ceremony of 2015 Autumn Imperial Decorations for Foreign Recipients". Embassy of Japan in Malaysia. 4 December 2015. Retrieved 4 October 2016.
  332. "Congratulations to Mr. Garrett Serikawa and Dr. Dennis Ogawa!" (PDF). Legacies. Vol. 23 no. 1. Spring 2017. p. 7.
  333. Scott, Ellen (9 November 2017). "85-year-old Doreen receives prestigious award for her contribution to sumo wrestling". Metro. Retrieved 16 March 2018.
  334. Imada, Vaughn (24 August 2015). "2015 Members of USJF Hall of Fame". United States Judo Federation. Archived from the original on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 30 November 2015.
  335. "Reception in Honor of Mr. Seiichi Tanaka, Grand Master of San Francisco Taiko Dojo", Consulate-General of Japan in San Francisco, 13 February 2014 Archived 23 October 2015 at the Wayback Machine
  336. "Obituary". British Medical Journal. 2 (3844): 496. 1934. PMC   2445123 . PMID   20778528.
  337. Honor awarded 1983: "Origami artist of stunning originality who became an ambassador for Japanese culture and his art". The Times (London). 30 March 2005; Lister, David. "Obituary: Akira Yoshizawa; Japanese craftsman who singlehandedly revived the art of origami," The Guardian (Manchester). 8 April 2005.
  338. Honor awarded on 1971: Henshall, Mary. "Pioneer Portraits: Henry and Fumiko Fujii," Idaho Yesterdays., Spring, 1975, pp. 20–27; Washington State University Libraries: "Furthering friendship between Japan and the United States, April 1971" Archived 9 June 2015 at the Wayback Machine
  339. "Fudeko receives Japan's Order of the Rising Sun". Western Advocate. 29 April 2013. Retrieved 1 October 2015.
  340. Orliński, Bolesław. "Moje wrażenia z lotu do Tokjo" Lwów 1933, p. 79.
  341. "Browning, Ralph (Tom)". AVHoF.org. 5 Pints Productions. Retrieved 14 August 2018.
  342. Honor awarded in 1906: "Cruiser 'Livia' in Kobe to Greet Italians", Osaka Mainichi. 28 July 1922.
  343. Men & Women of America: A Biographical Dictionary of Contemporaries. New York: L.R. Hamersly. 1910. p.  362.
  344. Craig, Albert M. (2010). The heritage of Japanese Civilization. Boston: Prentice Hall. pp. Author Bio. ISBN   978-0-13-600524-7.
  345. Ohio University Libraries. "Scholars and Librarians in East Asian Studies (North America) - William Theodore de Bary". Archived from the original on 6 October 2016. Retrieved 21 April 2011.
  346. "Uncle Bob", Time, 10 September 1945.
  347. "A. John Ellis". Simon Fraser University . Archived from the original on 19 March 2014.
  348. Arlington National Cemetery: Granville Roland Foretscue
  349. Cynthia Peters (4 April 2006). "Frank B. Gibney, 81, One of the Nation's Preeminent Experts on Asia and President of the Pacific Basin Institute at Pomona College, Has Died". Pomona College. Archived from the original on 16 May 2011. Retrieved 21 April 2011.
  350. Jeszcze jeden globtroter? Archived 13 June 2010 at the Wayback Machine
  351. Honor awarded 1891: Penicuik Community Development Trust (UK): Cargill Gilston Knott
  352. Professor Wiesław Kotański (1915–2005) wybitny uczony, japonista, wychowawca pokoleń Archived 24 May 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  353. "amb. Henryk LIPSZYC" (PDF).
  354. Macrae, Norman (1999). John Von Neumann: The Scientific Genius who Pioneered the Modern Computer, Game Theory, Nuclear Deterrence, and Much More. American Mathematical Society. p. 406. ISBN   978-0-8218-2676-8.
  355. Ozaki, Yukio. (2001). The Autobiography of Ozaki Yukio: The Struggle for Constitutional Government in Japan, p. 393.
  356. Honor awarded 1918: RAF web page
  357. Honor awarded 1994: Weatherhead East Asian Institute, The Reed
  358. "Former state legislator Kip Tokuda dies while fishing". The Seattle Times . Archived from the original on 25 August 2013.
  359. Honor awarded 1874: "A Victory for the Chinese; Japanese Driven with Heavy Loss from Ping-yang", The New York Times, 22 August 1894.
  360. emabe.pl. "WIADOMOŚCI - Spotkanie z prof. Franciszkiem Ziejką".
  361. Russian : «Полный послужной список Корпуса Инженер Механиков Генерал-Майора Зарубина 1-го» (ЦГАВМФ СССР Фонд 406 опись 3 дело 960 лист 21 (оборотный)); English: "A full track record of Mechanical Engineering Corps Major-General Zarubin 1st" (Central State Archive of the Navy of the Soviet Union (Russian State Naval Archives now), Fond 406 inventory 3 file 960 sheet 21 (reverse side)).

Further reading