Ordre des Palmes Académiques

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Order of Academic Palms
Commandeur de l'Ordre des Palmes Academiques avers.jpg
Commander's neck badge and ribbon
Awarded by Ministry of National Education of the French Republic
Type Order of merit
EstablishedDecoration: 1808
Order: 1955
Awarded forDistinguished contributions to education or culture
StatusCurrently constituted
Grand Master President Emmanuel Macron
Chancellor Jean-Michel Blanquer, the Minister of National Education
GradesCommander, 1st Class
Officer, 2nd Class
Member/Knight, 3rd Class
Precedence
Next (higher) Médaille de la Résistance
Next (lower) Order of Agricultural Merit
Palmes academiques Commandeur ribbon.svg
Commander
Palmes academiques Officier ribbon.svg
Officer
Palmes academiques Chevalier ribbon.svg
Member/Knight
The three graded ribbon bars of the Order

The Ordre des Palmes académiques (French for "Order of Academic Palms") is a national order bestowed by the French Republic to distinguished academics and figures in the world of culture and education. Originally established in 1808 by Emperor Napoleon as a decoration to honour eminent members of the University of Paris, it was changed into its current form as an order of merit on 4 October 1955 by President René Coty. [1]

French language Romance language

French is a Romance language of the Indo-European family. It descended from the Vulgar Latin of the Roman Empire, as did all Romance languages. French evolved from Gallo-Romance, the spoken Latin in Gaul, and more specifically in Northern Gaul. Its closest relatives are the other langues d'oïl—languages historically spoken in northern France and in southern Belgium, which French (Francien) has largely supplanted. French was also influenced by native Celtic languages of Northern Roman Gaul like Gallia Belgica and by the (Germanic) Frankish language of the post-Roman Frankish invaders. Today, owing to France's past overseas expansion, there are numerous French-based creole languages, most notably Haitian Creole. A French-speaking person or nation may be referred to as Francophone in both English and French.

Order (distinction) visible honour awarded to an individual recipient

An order is a visible honour awarded by a sovereign state, monarch, dynastic royal house or organisation to a person, typically in recognition of individual merit, that often comes with distinctive insignia such as collars, medals, badges, and sashes worn by recipients.

France Republic with mainland in Europe and numerous oversea territories

France, officially the French Republic, is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories. The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories include French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country's 18 integral regions span a combined area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.3 million. France, a sovereign state, is a unitary semi-presidential republic with its capital in Paris, the country's largest city and main cultural and commercial centre. Other major urban areas include Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.

Contents

History

Decoration

The early Palmes académiques was instituted on 17 March 1808 and was bestowed only upon teachers or professors. [1] [2] In 1850, the decoration was divided into two known classes:

In 1866, the scope of the award was widened to include major contributions to French national education and culture made by anyone, including foreigners. It was also made available to any French expatriates making major contributions to the expansion of French culture throughout the rest of the world.[ citation needed ]

Order

Since 1955, [2] the Ordre des Palmes académiques has comprised three grades, each grade having a fixed number of recipients:

A rosette is a small, circular device that is typically presented with a medal. The rosettes are either worn on the medal to denote a higher rank, or for situations where wearing the medal is deemed inappropriate, such as on a suit. Rosettes are issued in nations such as Belgium, France, Italy and Japan. Rosettes are also sometimes called bowknots, due to their shape. Moreover, a large rosette is sometimes pinned onto the ribbon which suspends a medal, typically the Officer 's badge of certain orders of chivalry.

Decisions on nominations and promotions are decided by the Minister of National Education. For those not connected to state-sponsored public education, or the Ministry of National Education, these honours are announced on 1 January, New Year's Day. For all others, they are made on 14 July, which is French National Day.[ citation needed ]

Notable recipients

French recipients

Isabelle Bogelot Isabelle Bogelot.jpg
Isabelle Bogelot

Foreign recipients

Insignia

Member/Knight (Chevalier)Officer (Officier)Commander (Commandeur)
Chevalier palmes academiques.jpg Ordre des Palmes academiques.jpg Commandeur de l'Ordre des Palmes Academiques avers.jpg
Palmes academiques Chevalier ribbon.svg Palmes academiques Officier ribbon.svg Palmes academiques Commandeur ribbon.svg

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 "Décret n°55-1323 du 4 octobre 1955 portant institution d'un ordre des Palmes académiques". Legifrance. French Republic. Retrieved February 17, 2017.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "Les Palmes académiques, la plus ancienne distinction civile". Le Parisien. February 22, 2010. Retrieved February 18, 2017.
  3. 1 2 Hieronymussen, Poul Ohm (1970). Orders, medals, and decorations of Britain and Europe in colour. London, U.K.: Blandford Press. p. 162. ISBN   9780713704457. OCLC   768124951.
  4. "MONIQUE ADOLPHE". Académie royale de médecine de Belgique. Retrieved February 18, 2017.
  5. Evangelista, Nick (1994). The Encyclopedia of the Sword. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 14. ISBN   9780313278969. OCLC   29954316.
  6. Lawrence, Francis L. Leadership in Higher Education: Views from the Presidency (New Brunswick, New Jersey: Transaction Publishers, 2006), 345.
  7. Javad Tatabai Archived 2013-11-05 at the Wayback Machine , Institut d'études avancées de Paris
  8. "Former deputy minister Wentworth dies". The Namibian . 5 June 2014.[ dead link ]

Further reading