|Founded||late 1963 initial activity |
April 1971 as the unified organization
|Merger of||Jazani-Ẓarifi Group and Aḥmadzāda-Puyān-Meftāḥi Group|
|Succeeded by|| Organization of Iranian People's Fedaian (Majority) |
Organization of Iranian People's Fedai Guerrillas (Minority)
Iranian People's Fedai Guerrillas
|Anthem||Aftabkaran-e-Jangal (lit. Sunplanters of Jungle)|
|Participant in Black September, Iranian Revolution, Iran hostage crisis, Consolidation of the Iranian Revolution|
|Group(s)||Urban team, rural team|
|Leaders|| Hamid Ashraf (KIA) |
Ashraf Dehghani (POW)
|Battles and war(s)||Siahkal incident|
The Organization of Iranian People's Fedai Guerrillas (OIPFG; Persian : سازمان چريکهای فدايی خلق ايران, romanized: Sāzmān-e čerikhā-ye Fadāʾi-e ḵalq-e Irān), simply known as Fadaiyan-e-Khalq (Persian : فداییان خلق, romanized: Fadāʾiān-e ḵalq, lit. 'Popular Selfsacrificers') was a Marxist-Leninist underground guerrilla organization in Iran.
Persian, also known by its endonym Farsi, is a Western Iranian language belonging to the Iranian branch of the Indo-Iranian subdivision of the Indo-European languages. It is a pluricentric language predominantly spoken and used officially within Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan in three mutually intelligible standard varieties, namely Iranian Persian, Dari Persian and Tajiki Persian. It is also spoken natively in the Tajik variety by a significant population within Uzbekistan, as well as within other regions with a Persianate history in the cultural sphere of Greater Iran. It is written officially within Iran and Afghanistan in the Persian alphabet, a derivation of the Arabic script, and within Tajikistan in the Tajik alphabet, a derivation of Cyrillic.
Romanization of Persian or Latinization of Persian is the representation of the Persian language with the Latin script. Several different romanization schemes exist, each with its own set of rules driven by its own set of ideological goals.
Literal translation, direct translation, or word-for-word translation is the rendering of text from one language to another one word at a time with or without conveying the sense of the original whole.
Ideologically, the group pursued an Anti-imperialist agenda and embraced armed propaganda to justify its revolutionary armed struggle against Iran's monarchy system,and believed in Materialism. They rejected reformism, and were inspired by thoughts of Mao Zedong, Che Guevara, and Régis Debray.
The Pahlavi dynasty was the last ruling house of the Imperial State of Iran from 1925 until 1979, when the Persian monarchy was overthrown and abolished as a result of the Iranian Revolution. The dynasty was founded by Reza Shah Pahlavi in 1925, a former brigadier-general of the Persian Cossack Brigade, whose reign lasted until 1941 when he was forced to abdicate by the Allies after the Anglo-Soviet invasion of Iran. He was succeeded by his son, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the last Shah of Iran.
Materialism is a form of philosophical monism which holds that matter is the fundamental substance in nature, and that all things, including mental states and consciousness, are results of material interactions. According to philosophical materialism, mind and consciousness are by-products or epiphenomena of material processes without which they cannot exist. This concept directly contrasts with idealism, where mind and consciousness are first-order realities to which matter is subject and material interactions are secondary.
Reformism is a political doctrine advocating the reform of an existing system or institution instead of its abolition and replacement. Within the socialist movement, reformism is the view that gradual changes through existing institutions can eventually lead to fundamental changes in a society’s political and economic systems. Reformism as a political tendency and hypothesis of social change grew out of opposition to revolutionary socialism, which contends that revolutionary upheaval is a necessary precondition for the structural changes necessary to transform a capitalist system to a qualitatively different socialist economic system.
They criticized the National Front and the Liberation Movement as " Petite bourgeoisie paper organizations still preaching the false hope of peaceful change".Fedai Guerrillas initially criticized the Soviet Union and the Tudeh Party as well, however they later abandoned the stance as a result of cooperation with the socialist camp.
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Petite bourgeoisie, also petty bourgeoisie, is a French term referring to a social class comprising semi-autonomous peasantry and small-scale merchants whose politico-economic ideological stance in times of socioeconomic stability is determined by reflecting that of a haute ("high") bourgeoisie, with which the petite bourgeoisie seeks to identify itself and whose bourgeois morality it strives to imitate.
Bijan Jazani, known as the "intellectual father" of the organization, contributed to its ideology by writing a series of pamphlets such as "Struggle against the Shah's Dictatorship", "What a Revolutionary Must Know" and "How the Armed Struggle Will Be Transformed into a Mass Struggle?". The pamphlets were followed by Masoud Ahmadzadeh's treatise "Armed Struggle: Both a Strategy and a Tactic" and "The Necessity of Armed Struggle and the Rejection of the Theory of Survival" by Amir Parviz Pouyan.
Bijan Jazani is a major figure among modern Iranian Socialist intellectuals.
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Amir Parviz Pouyan was an Iranian Theoretician, a revolutionary guerrilla, a Communist organizer and founder of Organization of Iranian People's Fedai Guerrillas in Iran. On 24 May 1971, Pooyan was killed during an armed action when Pooyan and his companion Rahmatullah Piro Naziri came under fire by the SAVAK for their participation in revolutionary guerrilla activities.
Organization of Iranian People's Fedai Guerrillas–Majority Left Wing (PIPFG–MLW) was a small pro-minority circle within the majority faction of the Iranian communist party Fedai Guerrillas. It was formed in April 1980, but decided to remain in the majority faction and published its position in the internal bulletin Be Pish. Following expel of its leader from the central committee, it broke away from the majority faction in October 1980.
Organization of Iranian People's Fedai Guerrillas (Minority) was an Iranian Marxist-Leninist organisation. An offshoot of the Organization of Iranian People's Fedai Guerrillas, it split from the majority faction, adhering to its original militant policy of opposing the Tudeh Party and challenging the Islamic Republic.
Organization of Iranian People's Fedai Guerrillas – Followers of the Identity Platform is an Iranian communist group, based in exile. It was formed in 1983, as a split from the Organization of Iranian People's Fedai Guerrillas (Minority).
The Organization of Iranian People's Fedai Guerrillas, simply known as Fadaiyan-e-Khalq was a Marxist-Leninist underground guerrilla organization in Iran.
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