Organization of Iranian People's Fedaian (Majority)

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Organization of Iranian People's Fadaian (Majority)
Chair of the Political and Executive CommitteeBehruz Khaligh
FoundedJune 1980;39 years ago (1980-06) [1]
Split from Organization of Iranian People's Fedai Guerrillas
Headquarters Cologne, Germany [2]
Ideology Social democracy
Communism (Historic)
Anti-Imperialism (Historic)
Political position Left-wing
National affiliation Union of People's Fedaian of Iran

The Organization of Iranian People's Fadaian (Majority) (Persian : سازمان فدائیان خلق ایران (اکثریت), romanized: Sāzmān-e fedaiyān-e khalq-e Irān (aksariat); lit.Organization of self-sacrificers of the people of Iran) is an Iranian left-wing opposition political party in exile. The OIPFM advocates for an Iranian secular republic and the overthrow the current Islamic Republic of Iran government.

Persian language Western Iranian language

Persian, also known by its endonym Farsi, is a Western Iranian language belonging to the Iranian branch of the Indo-Iranian subdivision of the Indo-European languages. It is a pluricentric language predominantly spoken and used officially within Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan in three mutually intelligible standard varieties, namely Iranian Persian, Dari Persian and Tajiki Persian. It is also spoken natively in the Tajik variety by a significant population within Uzbekistan, as well as within other regions with a Persianate history in the cultural sphere of Greater Iran. It is written officially within Iran and Afghanistan in the Persian alphabet, a derivation of the Arabic script, and within Tajikistan in the Tajik alphabet, a derivation of Cyrillic.

Romanization of Persian or Latinization of Persian is the representation of the Persian language with the Latin script. Several different romanization schemes exist, each with its own set of rules driven by its own set of ideological goals.

Fedayeen is a term used to refer to various military groups willing to sacrifice themselves for a larger campaign.


An offshoot of the Organization of Iranian People's Fedai Guerrillas, it was considered the largest communist organization of Iran from 1980 to 1991. [3] The party currently holds Social democratic views. [4]

Organization of Iranian Peoples Fedai Guerrillas

The Organization of Iranian People's Fedai Guerrillas, simply known as Fadaiyan-e-Khalq was a Marxist-Leninist underground guerrilla organization in Iran.


During the period of 1981–83, OIPFM was principally supportive of the Islamic government's policies in various aspects, including the conflict with Iraq, anti-American positions, and certain aspects of their economic reforms; however they were not legally permitted to pursue activities. During these years, several of its members received death sentences and hundreds were imprisoned. In 1983 most of the group's members fled abroad.

Iran–Iraq War 1980–1988 war between Iran and Iraq

The Iran–Iraq War began on 22 September 1980, when Iraq invaded Iran, and it ended on 20 August 1988, when Iran accepted the UN-brokered ceasefire. Iraq wanted to replace Iran as the dominant Persian Gulf state, and was worried that the 1979 Iranian Revolution would lead Iraq's Shi'ite majority to rebel against the Ba'athist government. The war also followed a long history of border disputes, and Iraq planned to annex the oil-rich Khuzestan Province and the east bank of the Arvand Rud.

On 23 October 2007, the OIPFM held an official meeting with European representatives in the European Parliament and then, both in October 2009 and in July 2010, it held a joint meeting with four other Iranian parties with a European delegation in Brussels. [5] [6] [7] In 2016, it united with another Iranian Left Party called the Union of People's Fedaian of Iran.

European Parliament Directly elected parliament of the European Union

The European Parliament (EP) is the legislative branch of the European Union and one of its seven institutions. Together with the European Commission and the Council of the European Union it exercises the tripartite legislative function of the European Union. The Parliament is composed of 751 members (MEPs), intended to become 705 starting from the 2019–2024 legislature because of specific provisions adopted about Brexit, who represent the second-largest democratic electorate in the world and the largest trans-national democratic electorate in the world.

The Union of People's Fedaian of Iran is a socialist organization that publishes a monthly magazine called Iran Today.

See also

Iranian Peoples Fedai Guerrillas

The Iranian People's Fedai Guerrillas, also known as Dehghani faction after its leader Ashraf Dehghani, is an Iranian communist organization that split from the Organization of Iranian People's Fedai Guerrillas (OIFPG) in 1979, dropping the word 'organization' from its name.

The Organization of Iranian People's Fadaian (Majority) is an Iranian left-wing opposition political party in exile. The OIPFM advocates for an Iranian secular republic and the overthrow the current Islamic Republic of Iran government.

Organization of Iranian People's Fedai Guerrillas–Majority Left Wing (PIPFG–MLW) was a small pro-minority circle within the majority faction of the Iranian communist party Fedai Guerrillas. It was formed in April 1980, but decided to remain in the majority faction and published its position in the internal bulletin Be Pish. Following expel of its leader from the central committee, it broke away from the majority faction in October 1980.

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  1. Hiro, Dilip (2013). "Fedai Khalq". A Comprehensive Dictionary of the Middle East. Interlink Publishing. pp. 483–9. ISBN   9781623710330.
  2. Canada: Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada, Iran: Information on the Organization of Iranian People's Fedaian (Majority) (OIPFM), its activities and treatment of its members and supporters by government authorities, 24 September 2003, IRN42015.E, available at: [accessed 10 May 2018]
  3. Kazemzadeh, Masoud (2008). "Opposition groups". In Kamrava, Mehran; Dorraj, Manochehr (eds.). Iran Today: An Encyclopedia of Life in the Islamic Republic. 2. Greenwood Press. p. 366. ISBN   978-0-313-34161-8.
  4. Vahabzadeh, Peyman (28 March 2016) [7 December 2015]. "FADĀʾIĀN-E ḴALQ". In Yarshater, Ehsan (ed.). Encyclopædia Iranica . Bibliotheca Persica Press. Retrieved 1 August 2016.
  5. "The Union Of People's Fedaian Of Iran" . Retrieved 7 May 2016.
  6. Tudeh Party
  7. "kar-online - کار آنلاین". kar-online - کار آنلاین. Retrieved 7 May 2016.