Organization of Iranian People's Fedaian (Majority)

Last updated
Organization of Iranian People's Fadaian (Majority)
AbbreviationOIPFM
Chair of the Political and Executive CommitteeBehruz Khaligh
FoundedJune 1980;39 years ago (1980-06) [1]
Split from Organization of Iranian People's Fedai Guerrillas
Headquarters Cologne, Germany [2]
Ideology Social democracy
Communism (Historic)
Anti-Imperialism (Historic)
Political position Left-wing
National affiliation Union of People's Fedaian of Iran
Website
fadai.org

The Organization of Iranian People's Fadaian (Majority) (Persian : سازمان فدائیان خلق ایران (اکثریت), romanized: Sāzmān-e fedaiyān-e khalq-e Irān (aksariat); lit.Organization of self-sacrificers of the people of Iran) is an Iranian left-wing opposition political party in exile. The OIPFM advocates for an Iranian secular republic and the overthrow the current Islamic Republic of Iran government.

Persian language Western Iranian language

Persian, also known by its endonym Farsi, is a Western Iranian language belonging to the Iranian branch of the Indo-Iranian subdivision of the Indo-European languages. It is a pluricentric language predominantly spoken and used officially within Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan in three mutually intelligible standard varieties, namely Iranian Persian, Dari Persian and Tajiki Persian. It is also spoken natively in the Tajik variety by a significant population within Uzbekistan, as well as within other regions with a Persianate history in the cultural sphere of Greater Iran. It is written officially within Iran and Afghanistan in the Persian alphabet, a derivation of the Arabic script, and within Tajikistan in the Tajik alphabet, a derivation of Cyrillic.

Romanization of Persian or Latinization of Persian is the representation of the Persian language with the Latin script. Several different romanization schemes exist, each with its own set of rules driven by its own set of ideological goals.

Fedayeen is a term used to refer to various military groups willing to sacrifice themselves for a larger campaign.

Contents

An offshoot of the Organization of Iranian People's Fedai Guerrillas, it was considered the largest communist organization of Iran from 1980 to 1991. [3] The party currently holds Social democratic views. [4]

Organization of Iranian Peoples Fedai Guerrillas

The Organization of Iranian People's Fedai Guerrillas, simply known as Fadaiyan-e-Khalq was a Marxist-Leninist underground guerrilla organization in Iran.

History

During the period of 1981–83, OIPFM was principally supportive of the Islamic government's policies in various aspects, including the conflict with Iraq, anti-American positions, and certain aspects of their economic reforms; however they were not legally permitted to pursue activities. During these years, several of its members received death sentences and hundreds were imprisoned. In 1983 most of the group's members fled abroad.

Iran–Iraq War 1980–1988 war between Iran and Iraq

The Iran–Iraq War began on 22 September 1980, when Iraq invaded Iran, and it ended on 20 August 1988, when Iran accepted the UN-brokered ceasefire. Iraq wanted to replace Iran as the dominant Persian Gulf state, and was worried that the 1979 Iranian Revolution would lead Iraq's Shi'ite majority to rebel against the Ba'athist government. The war also followed a long history of border disputes, and Iraq planned to annex the oil-rich Khuzestan Province and the east bank of the Arvand Rud.

On 23 October 2007, the OIPFM held an official meeting with European representatives in the European Parliament and then, both in October 2009 and in July 2010, it held a joint meeting with four other Iranian parties with a European delegation in Brussels. [5] [6] [7] In 2016, it united with another Iranian Left Party called the Union of People's Fedaian of Iran.

European Parliament Directly elected parliament of the European Union

The European Parliament (EP) is the legislative branch of the European Union and one of its seven institutions. Together with the European Commission and the Council of the European Union it exercises the tripartite legislative function of the European Union. The Parliament is composed of 751 members (MEPs), intended to become 705 starting from the 2019–2024 legislature because of specific provisions adopted about Brexit, who represent the second-largest democratic electorate in the world and the largest trans-national democratic electorate in the world.

The Union of People's Fedaian of Iran is a socialist organization that publishes a monthly magazine called Iran Today.

See also

Iranian Peoples Fedai Guerrillas

The Iranian People's Fedai Guerrillas, also known as Dehghani faction after its leader Ashraf Dehghani, is an Iranian communist organization that split from the Organization of Iranian People's Fedai Guerrillas (OIFPG) in 1979, dropping the word 'organization' from its name.

The Organization of Iranian People's Fadaian (Majority) is an Iranian left-wing opposition political party in exile. The OIPFM advocates for an Iranian secular republic and the overthrow the current Islamic Republic of Iran government.

Organization of Iranian People's Fedai Guerrillas–Majority Left Wing (PIPFG–MLW) was a small pro-minority circle within the majority faction of the Iranian communist party Fedai Guerrillas. It was formed in April 1980, but decided to remain in the majority faction and published its position in the internal bulletin Be Pish. Following expel of its leader from the central committee, it broke away from the majority faction in October 1980.

Related Research Articles

Peoples Mujahedin of Iran Iranian political party

The People's Mojahedin Organization of Iran, or the Mojahedin-e Khalq, is an Iranian political-militant organization based on Islamic and socialist ideology. It advocates overthrowing the Islamic Republic of Iran leadership and installing its own government. It was the "first Iranian organization to develop systematically a modern revolutionary interpretation of Islam – an interpretation that differed sharply from both the old conservative Islam of the traditional clergy and the new populist version formulated in the 1970s by Ayatollah Khomeini and his government". The MEK is considered the Islamic Republic of Iran's biggest and most active political opposition group.

National Council of Resistance of Iran The National Council of Resistance of Iran (NCRI), is a broad coalition of democratic Iranian organizations, groups and personalities, aiming to establish a democratic and non-nuclear republic in Iran, based on the separation of religion and state.

The National Council of Resistance of Iran is an Iranian political organization based in France. The organization has appearance of a broad-based coalition; however many analysts consider NCRI and the People's Mujahedin of Iran (MEK) to be synonymous, taking the former to be an umbrella organization or alias for the latter, and recognize NCRI as an only "nominally independent" political wing or front for MEK. Both organizations are considered to be led by Massoud Rajavi and his wife Maryam Rajavi.

Ashraf Dehghani is amongst the best known Iranian female communist revolutionaries, and is a member of the Iranian People's Fedai Guerrillas.

Hafte Tir bombing

On 28 June 1981, a powerful bomb went off at the headquarters of the Iran Islamic Republic Party (IRP) in Tehran, while a meeting of party leaders was in progress. Seventy-three leading officials of the Islamic Republic were killed, including Chief Justice Ayatollah Mohammad Beheshti. The Islamic Republic of Iran first blamed SAVAK and the Iraqi regime. Two days later, the People's Mujahedin of Iran was accused by Ruhollah Khomeini. The Nationalist Equality Party claimed responsibility for the attack, and several people were executed for the incident including four Iraqi agents, and Mehdi Tafari. Iran's security forces blamed the United States and "internal mercenaries".

Reza Alamouti was an Iranian political activist, considered to be known as one of the youngest Central Committee Members of the Organization of Iranian People's Fedai Guerrillas (OIPFG) in the 1990s. He is also known as one of the first Iranian Socialist Feminist activists who introduced the Iranian left: a new Iranian Socialist movement that distanced itself from Stalinism and adopted more of a Trotskyist Agenda.

Left-wing guerrilla groups of Iran

Several left-wing guerrilla groups attempting to overthrown the pro-Western regime of Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi were notable and active in Iran from 1971 to 1979. The groups shared a commitment to armed struggle, but differed in ideology. Most were Marxist in orientation, but the largest group — People's Mujahedin of Iran — was founded as an Islamic socialist organization. The left-wing movement is meant to overthrow conservative or capitalist systems and replace them with Marxist–Leninist, socialist, or anarchist societies.

Organizations of the Iranian Revolution

Many organizations, parties and guerrilla groups were involved in the Iranian Revolution. Some were part of Ayatollah Khomeini's network and supported the theocratic Islamic Republic movement, while others did not and were suppressed. Some groups were created after the fall of the Pahlavi Dynasty and still survive; others helped overthrow the Shah but no longer exist.

Assembly of Experts for Constitution former Institution of the Revolution in Iran

Assembly of Experts for Constitution, also translated the Assembly for the Final Review of the Constitution (AFRC), was a constituent assembly in Iran, elected in the summer of 1979 to write a new constitution for the Islamic Republic Government. It convened on August 18 to consider the draft constitution written earlier, completed its deliberations rewriting the constitution on November 15, and saw the constitution it had written approved by referendum on December 2 and 3, 1979, by over 98 percent of the vote.

The Labour Party of Iran is a Hoxhaist Communist party whose leadership is exiled in Germany. It is against the Iranian government and is a member of the International Conference of Marxist-Leninist Parties and Organizations.

Socialism in Iran

Socialism in Iran or Iranian socialism is a political ideology that traces its beginnings to the 20th century and encompasses various political parties in the country. Iran experienced a short Third World Socialism period at the zenith of the Tudeh Party after the abdication of Reza Shah and his replacement by his son, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi. After failing to reach power, this form of third world socialism was replaced by Mosaddegh's populist, non-aligned Iranian nationalism of the National Front party as the main anti-monarchy force in Iran, reaching power (1949–1953), and it remained with that strength even in opposition until the rise of Islamism and the Iranian Revolution. The Tudehs have moved towards basic socialist communism since then.

Fedaian Organisation (Minority)

Fedaian Organisation or Organization of Fadaiyan (Minority) is an Iranian exiled Marxist-Leninist organisation. A small remainder faction of the disintegrated Organization of Iranian People's Fedai Guerrillas (Minority) led by Akbar Kāmyābi, the group is now based in Europe. They co-founded Union of People's Fedaian of Iran in 1994.

Farrokh Negahdar is an Iranian leftist political activist.

References

  1. Hiro, Dilip (2013). "Fedai Khalq". A Comprehensive Dictionary of the Middle East. Interlink Publishing. pp. 483–9. ISBN   9781623710330.
  2. Canada: Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada, Iran: Information on the Organization of Iranian People's Fedaian (Majority) (OIPFM), its activities and treatment of its members and supporters by government authorities, 24 September 2003, IRN42015.E, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/403dd1fa8.html [accessed 10 May 2018]
  3. Kazemzadeh, Masoud (2008). "Opposition groups". In Kamrava, Mehran; Dorraj, Manochehr (eds.). Iran Today: An Encyclopedia of Life in the Islamic Republic. 2. Greenwood Press. p. 366. ISBN   978-0-313-34161-8.
  4. Vahabzadeh, Peyman (28 March 2016) [7 December 2015]. "FADĀʾIĀN-E ḴALQ". In Yarshater, Ehsan (ed.). Encyclopædia Iranica . Bibliotheca Persica Press. Retrieved 1 August 2016.
  5. "The Union Of People's Fedaian Of Iran" . Retrieved 7 May 2016.
  6. Tudeh Party
  7. "kar-online - کار آنلاین". kar-online - کار آنلاین. Retrieved 7 May 2016.