Orleans, New York

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Orleans, New York
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Orleans
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Orleans
Coordinates: 44°14′39″N75°58′37″W / 44.24417°N 75.97694°W / 44.24417; -75.97694 Coordinates: 44°14′39″N75°58′37″W / 44.24417°N 75.97694°W / 44.24417; -75.97694
Country United States
State New York
County Jefferson
Government
  Type Town Council
   Town Supervisor Donna Chatterton (D)
   Town Council
Area
[1]
  Total77.72 sq mi (201.31 km2)
  Land71.25 sq mi (184.53 km2)
  Water6.48 sq mi (16.77 km2)
Elevation
381 ft (116 m)
Population
 (2010)
  Total2,789
  Estimate 
(2016) [2]
2,767
  Density38.84/sq mi (14.99/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
  Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
FIPS code 36-045-55398
GNIS feature ID0979319
Website www.townoforleans.com

Orleans is a town in Jefferson County, New York, United States. The population was 2,789 at the 2010 census, [3] up from 2,463 at the 2000 census. The town is located in the northern part of the county and is north of Watertown. Orleans is named after the commune of Orléans in France.

Contents

History

The Oneida tribe granted land, a 100-square-mile (260 km2) tract, in the town to Peter Penet in 1788. The town was first settled around 1806.

The community of La Fargeville was founded around 1816 by the construction of a mill on the Chaumont River.

The town of Orleans was formed from part of the town of Brownville in 1821 at the same time as some other new towns.

Fordham University was founded as St. Johns College in La Fargeville in 1838 by a purchase of the lands and home of John La Farge. The college moved to New York City after a few years.

The Irwin Brothers Store and Stone Mills Union Church are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. [4]

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 78.0 square miles (202.1 km2), of which 71.4 square miles (185.0 km2) are land and 6.6 square miles (17.1 km2), or 8.48%, are water. [3] Part of the town is located on the St. Lawrence River and includes part of Wellesley Island, containing Dewolf Point State Park. The north town line is the international border with Canada (Ontario).

Interstate 81, a major divided highway, passes through the town to the Canada–US border. New York State Route 12 follows the south bank of the St. Lawrence River and intersects New York State Route 180, a north-south highway, at Fishers Landing. New York State Route 411 is an east-west highway in the south part of Orleans.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1830 3,101
1840 3,001−3.2%
1850 3,2658.8%
1860 2,934−10.1%
1870 2,445−16.7%
1880 2,318−5.2%
1890 2,196−5.3%
1900 2,3677.8%
1910 2,160−8.7%
1920 1,869−13.5%
1930 1,790−4.2%
1940 1,664−7.0%
1950 1,8078.6%
1960 1,9829.7%
1970 1,927−2.8%
1980 2,0074.2%
1990 2,24812.0%
2000 2,4639.6%
2010 2,78913.2%
2016 (est.)2,767 [2] −0.8%
U.S. Decennial Census [5]

As of the census [6] of 2000, there were 2,465 people, 928 households, and 703 families residing in the town. The population density was 34.7 people per square mile (13.4/km2). There were 2,084 housing units at an average density of 29.3 per square mile (11.3/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 97.20% White, 0.77% African American, 0.77% Native American, 0.20% Asian, 0.24% Pacific Islander, 0.16% from other races, and 0.65% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.57% of the population.

There were 928 households, out of which 35.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.1% were married couples living together, 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.2% were non-families. 19.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 27.2% under the age of 18, 6.7% from 18 to 24, 29.6% from 25 to 44, 24.3% from 45 to 64, and 12.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 102.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.8 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $36,458, and the median income for a family was $41,471. Males had a median income of $28,828 versus $22,132 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,315. About 8.8% of families and 12.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.9% of those under age 18 and 7.5% of those age 65 or over.

Communities and locations in Orleans

Communities and inhabited locations

Geographic locations

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New York State Route 180 (NY 180) is a north–south state highway in the northwestern part of Jefferson County in the U.S. state of New York. The southern terminus of the route is at NY 3 in the Hounsfield hamlet of Baggs Corner, located 7 miles (11 km) west of downtown Watertown. The northern terminus is at NY 12 in the Orleans hamlet of Fishers Landing. NY 180 is part of the Seaway Trail from its southern terminus at Baggs Corner to its junction with NY 12E at the Brownville hamlet of Limerick.

New York State Route 411 (NY 411) is an east–west state highway in Jefferson County, New York, in the United States. The western terminus of the route is at an intersection with NY 180 in the community of La Fargeville in the town of Orleans. Its eastern terminus is at a junction with NY 37 in the adjacent town of Theresa just west of the village of Theresa.

Thousand Island Park, New York Census-designated place in New York, United States

Thousand Island Park is a hamlet and census-designated place (CDP) in the town of Orleans, Jefferson County, New York, United States, in the Thousand Islands region on the St. Lawrence River. The community includes the Thousand Island Park Historic District, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1982. As of the 2010 census, the population was 31 permanent residents, although there were 323 housing units, indicating a much greater seasonal population.

References

  1. "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 5, 2017.
  2. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  3. 1 2 "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Orleans town, Jefferson County, New York". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved August 31, 2018.
  4. "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places . National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  5. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  6. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.