Orly Airport

Last updated
Paris Orly Airport

Aéroport de Paris-Orly
Paris Aeroport logo.svg
Orly airport - Paris, August 26, 2007.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic
Operator Groupe ADP
Serves Paris, France
Location Essonne and the Val-de-Marne
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation  AMSL 291 ft / 89 m
Coordinates 48°43′24″N02°22′46″E / 48.72333°N 2.37944°E / 48.72333; 2.37944 Coordinates: 48°43′24″N02°22′46″E / 48.72333°N 2.37944°E / 48.72333; 2.37944
Website parisaeroport.fr
Map
Ile-de-France region location map.svg
Airplane silhouette.svg
LFPO
Location of airport in Île-de-France region
France location map-Regions and departements-2016.svg
Airplane silhouette.svg
LFPO
LFPO (France)
Europe blank laea location map.svg
Airplane silhouette.svg
LFPO
LFPO (Europe)
Runways
Direction LengthSurface
mft
02/202,4007,874 Concrete
06/243,65011,975 Bituminous concrete
07/253,32010,892Concrete
Statistics (2019)
Passengers31,853,049 Decrease2.svg3.8%
Cargo88,609 ton
Aircraft movements218,349
Source: French AIP, [1] French AIP at EUROCONTROL, [2] Statistics [3]

Paris Orly Airport (French : Aéroport de Paris-Orly), commonly referred to as Orly( IATA : ORY, ICAO : LFPO), is an international airport located partially in Orly and partially in Villeneuve-le-Roi, 13  km (8.1 mi) south [2] of Paris, France.

Contents

It serves as a secondary hub for domestic and overseas territories flights of Air France and as the homebase for Transavia France. Flights operate to destinations in Europe, the Middle East, Africa, the Caribbean, North America, East Asia and Southeast Asia.

Prior to the opening of Charles de Gaulle Airport in March 1974, Orly was the main airport of Paris. Even with the shift of most international traffic to Charles de Gaulle Airport, Orly remains the busiest French airport for domestic traffic and the second busiest French airport overall in passenger traffic, with 33,120,685 passengers in 2018. [3] The airport is operated by Groupe ADP under the brand Paris Aéroport. Since February 2018, the CEO of the airport has been Régis Lacote.

Location

Orly Airport covers 15.3 square kilometres (5.9 sq mi) of land. The airport area, including terminals and runways, spans over two départements and seven communes :

Management of the airport, however, is solely under the authority of Aéroports de Paris , which also manages Charles de Gaulle Airport, Le Bourget Airport, and several smaller airports in the suburbs of Paris.

History

First years

Originally known as Villeneuve-Orly Airport, the facility was opened in the southern suburbs of Paris in 1932 as a secondary airport to Le Bourget. Before this two huge airship hangars had been built there by the engineer Eugène Freyssinet from 1923 on.[ citation needed ]

World War II

As a result of the Battle of France in 1940, Orly Airport was used by the occupying German Luftwaffe as a combat airfield, stationing various fighter and bomber units at the airport throughout the occupation. [10] Consequently, Orly was repeatedly attacked by the Royal Air Force and United States Army Air Forces (USAAF), destroying much of its infrastructure, and leaving its runways with numerous bomb craters to limit its usefulness to the Germans.[ citation needed ]

After the Battle of Normandy and the retreat of German forces from the Paris area in August 1944, Orly was partially repaired by USAAF combat engineers and was used by Ninth Air Force as tactical airfield A-47. The 50th Fighter Group flew P-47 Thunderbolt fighter-bomber aircraft from the airport until September, then liaison squadrons used the airfield until October 1945. [11]

Post-war

The USAAF diagram from March 1947 shows the 6,140-foot (1,870 m) 27/207 (degrees magnetic) runway (later 03R) with 5,170-foot (1,580 m) 81/261 runway (later 08L) crossing it at its north end. The November 1953 Aeradio diagram shows four concrete runways, all 197 feet (60 m) wide: 03L 7,874 ft (2,400 m), 03R 6,069 ft (1,850 m), 08L 5,118 ft (1,560 m) and 08R 6,627 ft (2,020 m).[ citation needed ]

The American United States Army Air Forces 1408th Army Air Force Base Unit was the primary operator at Orly Field until March 1947 when control was returned to the French Government. (The United States Air Force leased a small portion of the Airport to support Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe (SHAPE) at Rocquencourt). The Americans left in 1967 as a result of France's withdrawal from NATO's integrated military command, and all non-French NATO forces were asked to leave France. [12]

In May 1958, Pan Am Douglas DC-7Cs flew to Los Angeles in 21 hr 56 min; TWA, Air France and Pan Am flew nonstop to New York in 14 hrs 10–15 min. Air France flew to Tokyo in 31 hr 5 min via Anchorage or 44 hr 45 min on a seven-stop Lockheed Constellation (1049G model) via India. Air France's ten flights a day to London were almost all Vickers Viscounts; the only other London flight was Alitalia's daily Douglas DC-6B (BEA was at Le Bourget).[ citation needed ]

A development project voted in 2012 planned to merge the airport's south and west terminals with the construction of an 80,000-square-metre (860,000 sq ft) building to create one great terminal. [13] On 14 April 2016, the Groupe ADP rolled out the Connect 2020 corporate strategy and the commercial brand Paris Aéroport was applied to all Parisian airports, including the Orly airport. [14]

As part of the COVID-19 pandemic and its impact on aviation, the airport was closed to all commercial traffic from April 1st, 2020, to June 25th, 2020. Flights were redirected to the Charles de Gaulle Airport. During this time, the airport was still used for State flights, emergency diversions, and medical evacuations.

Terminals

Terminal 1,2,3,4 PlannouvelledenominationterminauxORLY.png
Terminal 1,2,3,4

Terminals 1 and 2

Known as the West Terminal until March 2019, these two Terminals consist of two floors and a gate area of four "fingers" rather than a brick-style layout. The ground level 0 features the arrivals facilities including 8 baggage reclaim belts as well as several service facilities and shops. The departures area is located on level 1 with more stores and restaurants located here. This central departures area is connected to three gate areas split between Orly 1 (A and B gates) and Orly 2 (C gates) . [15] 23 stands at this terminal are equipped with jet-bridges, with several of them also able to handle wide-body aircraft. [16]

Terminal 3

Inaugurated in April 2019, Terminal 3 is a junction building between Terminals 1, 2 and 4. The terminal allows customers to travel between all areas of the airport under one roof. It includes around 5,000 sqm of Duty Free shopping along with several restaurants and lounges. It houses gates D and E, with direct access to Orly 4 departure gates. [17]

Terminal 4

Formerly known as the South Terminal this innovative 1961 steel-and-glass terminal building consists of six floors. While the smaller basement level −1 as well as the upper levels 2, 3 and 4 contain only some service facilities, restaurants and office space, level 0 features the arrivals facilities as well as several shops and service counters. The airside area and departure gates are located on the upper level 1. The waiting area, which features several shops as well, houses gates E and F. [15] 15 of the terminal's departure gates are equipped with jet-bridges, some of them are able to handle wide-body aircraft. [16]

Airlines and destinations

AirlinesDestinations
Aeroflot Moscow–Sheremetyevo
Air Algérie Algiers, Annaba, Batna, Béjaïa, Biskra, Constantine, Oran, Setif, Tlemcen
Air Caraïbes Cancun (begins 17 October 2020), [18] Cayenne, Fort-de-France, Havana, Pointe-à-Pitre, Port-au-Prince, Punta Cana, Santiago de Cuba, Santo Domingo–Las Americas, Sint Maarten
Seasonal: San Salvador (Bahamas)
Air Corsica Ajaccio, Bastia, Calvi, Figari
Air Europa Madrid, Palma de Mallorca
Air France Ajaccio, Algiers, Bastia, Biarritz, Bordeaux, Brest, Calvi, Cayenne, Clermont-Ferrand, Figari, Fort-de-France, Lyon, Madrid, Marseille, Montpellier, Munich, Nantes, New York–JFK, Nice, Pau, Perpignan, Pointe-à-Pitre, Saint-Denis de la Réunion, Toulon, Toulouse
Seasonal: Geneva, Ibiza
Air France Hop Aurillac, Brive, Calvi, Castres, Figari, La Rochelle, Lourdes/Tarbes
Air Malta Malta
Alitalia Milan–Linate
Amelia International Rodez
Chalair Aviation Agen, Limoges, Quimper
Corsair International Fort-de-France, Havana, Mauritius, Miami, Montréal–Trudeau, New York–JFK, Pointe-à-Pitre, Saint-Denis de la Réunion, Varadero
Seasonal: Abidjan
easyJet Berlin–Tegel, Bristol, Faro, Geneva, Milan–Linate, Naples, Nice, Pisa, Rome–Fiumicino, Toulouse, Venice
Seasonal: Athens, Brindisi, Cagliari, Dubrovnik, Mykonos, Olbia, Palermo, Rhodes, Split
easyJet Switzerland Geneva
French Bee Newark (begins 12 July 2020), [19] [20] Papeete, Saint-Denis de la Réunion, San Francisco
Iberia Madrid
Icelandair Reykjavík–Keflavík
La Compagnie Newark
Level Fort-de-France, Newark, Pointe-à-Pitre
Seasonal: Montréal–Trudeau
Lufthansa Munich
Pegasus Airlines Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen
Rossiya Airlines Moscow–Sheremetyevo
Royal Air Maroc Agadir, Casablanca, Fes, Marrakech, Oujda, Rabat, Tangier
Seasonal: Essaouira, Nador, Ouarzazate
S7 Airlines Moscow–Domodedovo [21]
TAP Air Portugal Lisbon, Porto
Transavia Amsterdam
Transavia France Agadir, Algiers, Alicante, Amsterdam, Athens, Barcelona, Bari, Beirut, Béjaïa, Budapest, Casablanca, Constantine, Djerba, Dublin, Essaouira, Faro, Lisbon, Madrid, Málaga, Malta, Marrakech, Monastir, Naples, Oran, Oujda, Porto, Prague, Rabat, Reykjavík–Keflavík, Riga, Setif, Seville, Tel Aviv, Thessaloniki, Tirana, Tlemcen, Tunis, Valencia, Venice, Verona
Seasonal: Amman–Queen Alia, Ancona, Boa Vista, Chania, Corfu, Dakhla, Dubrovnik, Edinburgh, Eilat, Fes, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Heraklion, Kalamata, Kos, Mykonos, Olbia, Ouarzazate, Palermo, Pula, Santorini, Split, Tangier, Tivat, Zadar
TUI fly Belgium Seasonal: Agadir, Casablanca, Fuerteventura, Marrakech, Oujda, Rabat, Tangier, Tenerife–South
Tunisair Djerba, Monastir, Sfax, Tunis
Twin Jet Le Puy
Vueling Alicante, Barcelona, Florence, Lanzarote, Lisbon, Málaga, Milan–Malpensa, Porto, Rome–Fiumicino, Tenerife–South, Valencia
Wizz Air Budapest, Warsaw–Chopin

Other facilities

AOM French Airlines had its head office in Orly Airport Building 363 in Paray-Vieille-Poste. [22] [23] [24] After AOM and Air Liberté merged in 2001, [25] the new airline, Air Lib, occupied building 363. [26]

Ground transportation

Terminal South Orly South Terminal.jpg
Terminal South
Terminal South Vue Orly Sud Tour VORDME Orly.jpg
Terminal South
Interior of Terminal South RDC Aerogare Orly Sud.jpg
Interior of Terminal South
Interior of Terminal West Etage1 Orly Ouest.jpg
Interior of Terminal West

Train

Car

Orly Airport is connected to the A106 autoroute (spur route of the A6 autoroute).

Buses and coaches

Accidents and incidents

See also

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References

Citations

  1. LFPO – PARIS ORLY. AIP from French Service d'information aéronautique , effective 18 June 2020.
  2. 1 2 "EAD Basic – Error Page" . Retrieved 2 June 2015.
  3. 1 2 "Aéroport de Paris – Orly". Les Aéroports Français, Statistiques annuelles (in French). Paris: Union des aéroports Français. Archived from the original on 5 September 2017. Retrieved 28 July 2016.
  4. "Plan de Wissous Archived 2010-08-16 at the Wayback Machine ." Wissous. Retrieved on 6 October 2009.
  5. "Plans, cartes et vue aérienne." Athis-Mons. Retrieved on 6 October 2009.
  6. "Plan interactif Archived 2007-06-17 at the Wayback Machine ." Chilly-Mazarin. Retrieved on 6 October 2009.
  7. "Plan Archived 2009-11-04 at the Wayback Machine ." Morangis. Retrieved on 6 October 2009.
  8. "Plan de la ville Archived 2009-06-29 at the Wayback Machine ." Villeneuve-le-Roi. Retrieved on 6 October 2009.
  9. "Plan d'Orly Archived 2008-11-18 at the Wayback Machine ." Orly. Retrieved on 6 October 2009.
  10. "The Luftwaffe, 1933–45" . Retrieved 2 June 2015.
  11. Johnson, David C. (1988), U.S. Army Air Forces Continental Airfields (ETO), D-Day to V-E Day; Research Division, USAF Historical Research Center, Maxwell AFB, Alabama.
  12. McAuliffe, Jerome J. (2005). US Air Force in France 1950–1967. San Diego, California: Milspec Press, Chapter 14, Paris-USAF Operations. ISBN   978-0-9770371-1-7.
  13. Julien Chadeyron (25 October 2012). "The new face of Orly airport in 2018!". Mister10.com. Retrieved 22 March 2018.
  14. Charlotte Turner (19 April 2016). "ADP reveals rebrand and opens Orly South Pier". Trbusiness.com. Retrieved 22 March 2018.
  15. 1 2 "Terminal maps" . Retrieved 2 June 2015.
  16. 1 2 [Google Maps]
  17. "Orly 1 2 3 4". www.parisaeroport.fr.
  18. "Air Caraïbes ajoute Cancun à son réseau | Air Journal".
  19. Van Donselaar, Tim (12 September 2019). "Corsair and French Bee Become Latest Airlines on Paris-New York Route". Aeronautics Online Aviation News and Media. Retrieved 13 September 2019.
  20. Liu, Jim. "French Bee moves Newark launch to July 2020". Routesonline. Retrieved 5 June 2020.
  21. Liu, Jim. "S7 Airlines plans Moscow – Paris service from late-June 2020". Routesonline. Retrieved 13 April 2020.
  22. "World Airline Directory 1999." Flight International . 2000. 363.
  23. "Nos coordonnées agences en "France Métropolitaine "." AOM French Airlines. Retrieved on 15 May 2010. "SIEGE Bâtiment 363 B.P. 854 94 551 ORLY AEROGARE CEDEX"
  24. "Résultat de votre recherche." Le Journal officiel électronique authentifié. Retrieved on 15 May 2010. "Siège social : compagnie Air Lib, bâtiment 363, zone centrale à l’aéroport d’Orly, 91550 Paray-Vieille-Poste."
  25. "Découvrir Air Liberté." Air Liberté. 23 February 2002. Retrieved on 15 May 2010. "Le 22 Septembre 2001, AOM et AIR LIBERTE ont donné naissance à une nouvelle compagnie aérienne qui porte désormais le nom AIR LIB."
  26. "World Airline Directory." Flight International . 12–18 March 2002. 57.
  27. "F-BATH Hull-loss description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 27 February 2014.
  28. "Accident description PP-VJZ". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 22 September 2011.
  29. Germano da Silva, Carlos Ari César (2008). "No céu de Paris". O rastro da bruxa: história da aviação comercial brasileira no século XX através dos seus acidentes 1928–1996 (in Portuguese) (2 ed.). Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS. pp. 285–290. ISBN   978-85-7430-760-2.

Bibliography

Commons-logo.svg Media related to Paris-Orly Airport at Wikimedia Commons
Wikivoyage-Logo-v3-icon.svg Paris Orly Airport travel guide from Wikivoyage