Paris Orly Airport
Aéroport de Paris-Orly
|Location||Essonne and the Val-de-Marne|
|Focus city for|
|Elevation AMSL||291 ft / 89 m|
Paris Orly Airport (French : Aéroport de Paris-Orly), commonly referred to as Orly( IATA : ORY, ICAO : LFPO), is an international airport located partially in Orly and partially in Villeneuve-le-Roi, 7 NM (13 km; 8.1 mi) south of Paris, France.
French is a Romance language of the Indo-European family. It descended from the Vulgar Latin of the Roman Empire, as did all Romance languages. French evolved from Gallo-Romance, the spoken Latin in Gaul, and more specifically in Northern Gaul. Its closest relatives are the other langues d'oïl—languages historically spoken in northern France and in southern Belgium, which French (Francien) has largely supplanted. French was also influenced by native Celtic languages of Northern Roman Gaul like Gallia Belgica and by the (Germanic) Frankish language of the post-Roman Frankish invaders. Today, owing to France's past overseas expansion, there are numerous French-based creole languages, most notably Haitian Creole. A French-speaking person or nation may be referred to as Francophone in both English and French.
An IATA airport code, also known as an IATA location identifier, IATA station code or simply a location identifier, is a three-letter code designating many airports and metropolitan areas around the world, defined by the International Air Transport Association (IATA). The characters prominently displayed on baggage tags attached at airport check-in desks are an example of a way these codes are used.
The ICAOairport code or location indicator is a four-letter code designating aerodromes around the world. These codes, as defined by the International Civil Aviation Organization and published in ICAO Document 7910: Location Indicators, are used by air traffic control and airline operations such as flight planning.
It serves as a secondary hub for domestic and overseas territories flights of Air France and as the homebase for Transavia France. Flights operate to destinations in Europe, the Middle East, Africa, the Caribbean, North America, East Asia and Southeast Asia.
Air France, stylized as AIRFRANCE, is the French flag carrier headquartered in Tremblay-en-France. It is a subsidiary of the Air France–KLM Group and a founding member of the SkyTeam global airline alliance. As of 2013 Air France serves 36 destinations in France and operates worldwide scheduled passenger and cargo services to 168 destinations in 78 countries and also carried 46,803,000 passengers in 2015. The airline's global hub is at Charles de Gaulle Airport with Orly Airport as the primary domestic hub. Air France's corporate headquarters, previously in Montparnasse, Paris, are located on the grounds of Charles de Gaulle Airport, north of Paris.
Transavia Airlines S.A.S., trading as Transavia France and formerly branded as transavia.com France, is a French low-cost airline owned by Air France S.A. & Transavia Airlines C.V. based at Paris-Orly Airport. It shares its corporate design, website and operating model with its Dutch sister company, Transavia.
Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost part of Eurasia.
Prior to the opening of Charles de Gaulle Airport in March 1974, Orly was the main airport of Paris. Even with the shift of most international traffic to Charles de Gaulle Airport, Orly remains the busiest French airport for domestic traffic and the second busiest French airport overall in passenger traffic, with 33,120,685 passengers in 2018.The airport is operated by Groupe ADP under the brand Paris Aéroport. Since February 2018, the CEO of the airport has been Régis Lacote.
Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport, also known as Roissy Airport, is the largest international airport in France and the second largest in Europe. Opened in March 1974, it is named after Charles de Gaulle (1890–1970), leader of the Free French Forces during the Second World War, founder of the French Fifth Republic and President of France from 1959 to 1969.
Groupe ADP, formerly Aéroports de Paris or ADP, is an international airport operator based in Paris (France). Groupe ADP owns and manages Parisian international airports Charles de Gaulle Airport, Orly Airport and Le Bourget Airport, all gathered under the brand Paris Aéroport since 2016.
Aéroports de Paris S.A., doing business as Paris Aéroport and formerly as Aéroports de Paris or ADP, is the brand owned by Groupe ADP that applies to all Parisian international airports:
Orly Airport covers 15.3 square kilometres (5.9 sq mi) of land. The airport area, including terminals and runways, spans over two départements and seven communes :
In the administrative divisions of France, the department is one of the three levels of government below the national level, between the administrative regions and the commune. Ninety-six departments are in metropolitan France, and five are overseas departments, which are also classified as regions. Departments are further subdivided into 334 arrondissements, themselves divided into cantons; the last two have no autonomy, and are used for the organisation of police, fire departments, and sometimes, elections.
Essonne is a French department in the region of Île-de-France. It is named after the Essonne River.
Paray-Vieille-Poste is a commune in the Essonne department in Île-de-France in northern France. Paris-Orly Airport is partially located in the commune.
Wissous is a commune in the Essonne department in Île-de-France in northern France. Paris-Orly Airport is partially located in the commune.
Management of the airport, however, is solely under the authority of Aéroports de Paris , which also manages Charles de Gaulle Airport, Le Bourget Airport, and several smaller airports in the suburbs of Paris.
Originally known as Villeneuve-Orly Airport, the facility was opened in the southern suburbs of Paris in 1932 as a secondary airport to Le Bourget. Before this two huge airship hangars had been built there by the engineer Eugène Freyssinet from 1923 on.[ citation needed ]
As a result of the Battle of France in 1940, Orly Airport was used by the occupying German Luftwaffe as a combat airfield, stationing various fighter and bomber units at the airport throughout the occupation. [ citation needed ]As a result, Orly was repeatedly attacked by the Royal Air Force and United States Army Air Forces (USAAF), destroying much of its infrastructure, and leaving its runways with numerous bomb craters to limit its usefulness to the Germans.
After the Battle of Normandy and the retreat of German forces from the Paris area in August 1944, Orly was partially repaired by USAAF combat engineers and was used by Ninth Air Force as tactical airfield A-47. The 50th Fighter Group flew P-47 Thunderbolt fighter-bomber aircraft from the airport until September, then liaison squadrons used the airfield until October 1945.
The USAAF diagram from March 1947 shows the 6,140-foot (1,870 m) 27/207 (degrees magnetic) runway (later 03R) with 5,170-foot (1,580 m) 81/261 runway (later 08L) crossing it at its north end. The November 1953 Aeradio diagram shows four concrete runways, all 197 feet (60 m) wide: 03L 7,874 ft (2,400 m), 03R 6,069 ft (1,850 m), 08L 5,118 ft (1,560 m) and 08R 6,627 ft (2,020 m).[ citation needed ]
The American United States Army Air Forces 1408th Army Air Force Base Unit was the primary operator at Orly Field until March 1947 when control was returned to the French Government. (The United States Air Force leased a small portion of the Airport to support Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe (SHAPE) at Rocquencourt). The Americans left in 1967 as a result of France's withdrawal from NATO's integrated military command, and all non-French NATO forces were asked to leave France.
In May 1958 Pan Am Douglas DC-7Cs flew to Los Angeles in 21 hr 56 min; TWA, Air France and Pan Am flew nonstop to New York in 14 hrs 10–15 min. Air France flew to Tokyo in 31 hr 5 min via Anchorage or 44 hr 45 min on a seven-stop Lockheed Constellation (1049G model) via India. Air France's ten flights a day to London were almost all Vickers Viscounts; the only other London flight was Alitalia's daily Douglas DC-6B (BEA was at Le Bourget).[ citation needed ]
A development project voted in 2012 planned to merge the airport's south and west terminals with the construction of an 80,000-square-metre (860,000 sq ft) building to create one great terminal. On 14 April 2016, the Groupe ADP rolled out the Connect 2020 corporate strategy and the commercial brand Paris Aéroport was applied to all Parisian airports, including the Orly airport.
Known as the West Terminal until March 2019, these two Terminals consist of two floors and a gate area of four "fingers" rather than a brick-style layout. The ground level 0 features the arrivals facilities including 8 baggage reclaim belts as well as several service facilities and shops. The departures area is located on level 1 with more stores and restaurants located here. This central departures area is connected to four gate areas named halls 1–4 which contain departure gates 10A–10P, 20A–20L, 31A–31F and 40A–40G respectively.23 stands at this terminal are equipped with jet-bridges, with several of them also able to handle wide-body aircraft.
The new three-level Terminal, inaugurated in April 2019, is a junction building between Terminals 1, 2 and 4, and allows customers to travel between all areas of the airport under one roof. It includes 5,000 sqm of Duty Free shopping along with new restaurants and lounges.
Formerly known as the South Terminal this innovative 1961 steel-and-glass terminal building consists of six floors. While the smaller basement level −1 as well as the upper levels 2, 3 and 4 contain only some service facilities, restaurants and office space, level 0 features the arrivals facilities as well as several shops and service counters. The airside area and departure gates are located on the upper level 1. The waiting area, which features several shops as well, houses gates A1–A10 and A40–A42 and is furthermore connected to the gate areas Hall A (gates A11–A27) and Hall B (gates B2–B20) to each side of the building.15 of the terminal's departure gates are equipped with jet-bridges, some of them are able to handle wide-body aircraft.
|Aigle Azur||Algiers, Annaba, Bamako, Beirut, Béjaïa, Campinas, Conakry, Constantine, Faro, Funchal, Lisbon, Milan–Malpensa, Moscow–Domodedovo, Oran, Porto, Sétif, Tlemcen|
|Air Algérie||Algiers, Annaba, Batna, Béjaïa, Biskra, Constantine, Oran, Setif, Tlemcen|
|Air Caraïbes|| Cayenne, Fort-de-France, Havana, Pointe-à-Pitre, Port-au-Prince, Punta Cana, Santiago de Cuba, Santo Domingo–Las Americas, Sint Maarten |
Seasonal: San Salvador (Bahamas)
|Air Corsica||Ajaccio, Bastia, Figari|
|Air Europa||Madrid, Palma de Mallorca|
|Air France||Ajaccio, Bastia, Biarritz, Bordeaux, Brest, Calvi, Cayenne, Clermont-Ferrand, Figari, Fort-de-France, Lyon, Marseille, Montpellier, Nantes, New York–JFK, Nice, Pau, Perpignan, Pointe-à-Pitre, Quimper (ends 1 September 2019), Saint-Denis de la Réunion, Toulon, Toulouse|
|Corsair International|| Fort-de-France, Havana, Mauritius, Miami, Montréal–Trudeau, Pointe-à-Pitre, Saint-Denis de la Réunion, Varadero |
|easyJet|| Berlin–Tegel, Faro, Geneva, Milan–Linate, Naples, Nice, Pisa, Rome–Fiumicino, Toulouse, Venice |
Seasonal: Athens, Brindisi, Cagliari, Dubrovnik, Mykonos, Olbia, Palermo, Rhodes, Split
|French Bee||Papeete, Saint-Denis de la Réunion, San Francisco|
|HOP!||Aurillac, Brive, Calvi, Castres, Figari, La Rochelle, Lourdes/Tarbes|
|Level|| Fort-de-France, Las Vegas (begins 30 October 2019), Newark, Pointe-à-Pitre |
|Norwegian Air Shuttle|| Copenhagen, Helsinki, Stockholm–Arlanda |
|Pegasus Airlines||Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen|
|Royal Air Maroc|| Agadir, Casablanca, Essaouira, Fes, Marrakech, Ouarzazate, Oujda, Rabat, Tangier |
|TAP Air Portugal||Lisbon, Porto|
|Transavia France|| Agadir, Alicante, Amsterdam, Athens, Barcelona, Beirut, Budapest, Casablanca, Djerba, Dublin, Essaouira, Faro, Lisbon, Madrid, Málaga, Malta, Marrakech, Monastir, Naples, Oujda, Porto, Prague, Rabat, Reykjavík–Keflavík, Seville, Tel Aviv, Tirana, Tunis, Valencia, Venice, Verona, Vienna |
Seasonal: Boa Vista, Chania, Corfu, Dakhla, Dubrovnik, Edinburgh, Eilat–Ramon, Fes, Fuerteventura (begins 2 November 2019), Funchal, Heraklion, Kos, Lanzarote (begins 2 November 2019), Mykonos, Olbia, Palermo, Santorini, Split, Tangier, Thessaloniki, Tivat, Zadar
|TUI fly Belgium||Seasonal: Agadir, Casablanca, Fuerteventura (begins 10 November 2019), Marrakech, Oujda, Rabat, Tangier, Tenerife–South (begins 10 November 2019)|
|Tunisair||Djerba, Monastir, Sfax, Tunis|
|Twin Jet||Le Puy|
|Vueling|| Alicante, Barcelona, Copenhagen, Florence, Lanzarote, Lisbon, Málaga, Milan–Malpensa, Porto, Rome–Fiumicino, Tenerife–South, Valencia |
Seasonal: Menorca, Palma de Mallorca
AOM French Airlines had its head office in Orly Airport Building 363 in Paray-Vieille-Poste.After AOM and Air Liberté merged in 2001, the new airline, Air Lib, occupied building 363.
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