Orostachys japonica

Last updated

Orostachys japonica
Orostachys japonicus1.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom:
(unranked):
(unranked):
(unranked):
Order:
Family:
Genus:
Species:
O. japonica
Binomial name
Orostachys japonica
Synonyms [1]

Cotyledon japonicaMaxim.
Cotyledon polycephalaMakino
Orostachys japonica f. polycephala(Makino) H.Ohba
Orostachys kanboensisOhwi
Orostachys polycephala(Makino) H.Hara
Sedum japonicolaMakino
Sedum polycephalum(Makino) Makino

Contents

Orostachys japonica (Japanese:爪蓮華、昭和、秀女)also known as rock pine is a species of flowering plant in the family Crassulaceae. [1] Native to East Asia. Its main habitat is on the surface of mountain rocks in Korea, Japan and China. [2] [3]

Ecology

Orostachys japonica is a biennial/perennial plant growing to 10 centimetres (3.9 in). It is in flower from September to October. The flowers are hermaphrodite. The rosette leaves shape like a spatula. [3]

Because of its growing shape which resembles a pine tree's cone, and its habit of growing on mountain rocks, it is also called rock pine. [2] It grows well in a sunny or semi-shaded(light woodland) location with a well-drained and moist soil that is low in nutrients. Its flowers bloom from September to October. The flowers are white and each flower has 5 conical petals. The flower lacks a peduncle. Its calyx is divided into 5 parts. When the flowers bloom and produce seeds, it dries out.

Orostachys Japonica 1 Orostachys Japonica 1.jpg
Orostachys Japonica 1

Medicinal uses

The leaves and stems contain several medically active constituents including fatty acid esters, Friedelin and flavonoids. [2] They are antispasmodic and cytotoxic. It strengthens the immune system of our body to produce specialized antibodies, preventing some disease. It has anti-cancer effect, suppressing the propagation of cancer cells. For this reason, it uses in the treatment of tumor and other disease. In Korea, they are used in the treatment of cancer, gingivitis, coagulation and metritis. [2]

Related Research Articles

<i>Lonicera japonica</i> Flowering shrub known as Japanese honeysuckle

Lonicera japonica, known as Japanese honeysuckle and golden-and-silver honeysuckle, is a species of honeysuckle native to eastern Asia. It is often grown as an ornamental plant, but has become an invasive species in a number of countries. Japanese honeysuckle is used in traditional Chinese medicine.

<i>Hepatica</i> Genus of flowering plants in the buttercup family Ranunculaceae

Hepatica is a genus of herbaceous perennials in the buttercup family, native to central and northern Europe, Asia and eastern North America. Some botanists include Hepatica within a wider interpretation of Anemone.

<i>Pinus koraiensis</i>

Pinus koraiensis is a species of pine known commonly as the Korean pine. It is native to eastern Asia: Korea, northeastern China, Mongolia, the temperate rainforests of the Russian Far East, and central Japan. In the north of its range, it grows at moderate elevations, typically 600 to 900 metres, whereas further south, it is a mountain tree, growing at 2,000 to 2,600 m elevation in Japan. Other common names include Chinese pinenut.

<i>Radermachera sinica</i>

Radermachera sinica, also called china doll, serpent tree or emerald tree, is an evergreen tree in the family Bignoniaceae, native to the subtropical mountain regions of southern China and Taiwan. It can reach heights of up to 30 m tall and a trunk diameter of 1 m. The leaves are bipinnate, 20 to 70 cm long and 15 to 25 cm broad, divided into numerous small glossy green leaflets 2 to 4 cm long. The flowers are white, trumpet-like, about 7 cm long, and resembling a large Bignonia flower in shape. The flowers are night-blooming and only last for one night, wilting in the morning sun. The blooms appear spring to early summer, and are highly fragrant.

<i>Camellia japonica</i>

Camellia japonica, known as common camellia, Japanese camellia, or tsubaki in Japanese, is one of the best known species of the genus Camellia. Sometimes called the rose of winter, it belongs to the family Theaceae. It is the official state flower of Alabama. There are thousands of cultivars of C. japonica in cultivation, with many different colors and forms of flowers. In the U.S. it is sometimes called japonica, a name more often used in the UK for Chaenomeles.

<i>Platycodon</i>

Platycodon grandiflorus is a species of herbaceous flowering perennial plant of the family Campanulaceae, and the only member of the genus Platycodon. It is native to East Asia. It is commonly known as balloon flower, Chinese bellflower, or platycodon.

<i>Kerria japonica</i>

Kerria japonica, also known as the Japanese marigold bush or miracle marigold bush in the northern New England area and as yamabuki (山吹) in Japan, is a deciduous shrub in the rose family Rosaceae, native to China, Japan and Korea. It is named after William Kerr, who introduced the cultivar 'Pleniflora'. It is the sole species in the genus Kerria; its genus name is also used as a common name (kerria).

<i>Kadsura japonica</i>

Kadsura japonica, commonly known as the kadsura vine or simply kadsura, is a plant species native to Japan in woodlands. The larvae of the moth Caloptilia kadsurae feed on K. japonica in the main Japanese islands and Ryukyu Islands.

<i>Viola glabella</i> Species of flowering plant in the family Violaceae

Viola glabella, the stream violet or pioneer violet, is usually found along streams or in moist woods in northeastern Asia and northwestern North America.

Indoor bonsai

Indoor bonsai are bonsai cultivated for the indoor environment. Traditionally, bonsai are temperate climate trees grown outdoors in containers. Tropical and sub-tropical tree species can be cultivated to grow and thrive indoors, with some suited to bonsai aesthetics shaped as traditional outdoor or wild bonsai.

<i>Prunus tomentosa</i>

The Nanjing cherry is a species of Prunus native to northern and western China, Korea, Mongolia, and possibly northern India. Other common names for P. tomentosa include Korean cherry, Manchu cherry, downy cherry, Shanghai cherry, Ando cherry, mountain cherry, Chinese bush cherry, or Chinese dwarf cherry.

<i>Iris japonica</i>

Iris japonica is a native of China and Japan. It is a species in the genus Iris, in the subgenus Limniris and within the Lophiris section. It is a rhizomatous perennial plant, with pale blue, lavender or white flowers with an orange or yellow crest. It is cultivated as an ornamental plant in temperate regions.

Zanthoxylum coreanum, the Korean lime tree, is a rare shrub that only grows in Korea and China. In Korea it is called wang-cho-pi tree and is used for many purposes.

<i>Lilium concolor</i>

Lilium concolor is a species of flowering plant in the lily family which occurs naturally in China, Japan, Korea and Russia. Its relationship with other species is not clear, although it has some similarities to Lilium pumilum.

<i>Achyranthes japonica</i>

Achyranthes japonica, commonly known as Oriental chaff flower or Japanese chaff flower, is a perennial member of the genus Achyranthes in the family Amaranthaceae. It can be discovered on the roadside and its main distribution is in Korea and Japan.

<i>Adenophora triphylla</i>

Adenophora triphylla, also known as Japanese lady bell, is one of the 62 species of Adenophora. It is a flowering plant in the family Campanulaceae that is distributed mainly over the Korean Peninsula, Japan, and China.

<i>Aristolochia contorta</i>

Aristolochia contorta, commonly known as northern pipevine, also known as birthwort, is a climbing perennial shrub.

<i>Chonemorpha fragrans</i> Species of flowering plant in the family Apocynaceae

Chonemorpha fragrans, the frangipani vine or climbing frangipani, is a plant species in the genus Chonemorpha. It is a vigorous, generally evergreen, climbing shrub producing stems 30 metres or more long that can climb to the tops of the tallest trees in the forests of Southeast Asia. It has scented, white flowers and large shiny leaves. and it is native to China, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Sri Lanka and Thailand. It is very commonly used in Ayurveda and it is also cultivated mostly worldwide in frost free places.

<i>Protea nana</i> Species of flowering plant in the family Proteaceae

Protea nana, also known as the mountain rose or mountain-rose sugarbush, is a flowering shrub which belongs within the genus Protea.

References

  1. 1 2 "Orostachys japonica (Maxim.) A.Berger". Plants of the World Online. The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. n.d. Retrieved August 22, 2020.
  2. 1 2 3 4 Medicinal Plants In the Republic of Korea. Natural Products research institute (Seoul National University). p. 187.
  3. 1 2 "Flora of China on-line". FOC Vol.8 241000249. Flora of China on-line. Archived from the original on 15 October 2013. Retrieved 8 October 2013.