Oroua was a parliamentary electorate in the Manawatū-Whanganui region of New Zealand from 1902 to 1938.
The Representation Act 1900 had increased the membership of the House of Representatives from general electorates 70 to 76, and this was implemented through the 1902 electoral redistribution. In 1902, changes to the country quota affected the three-member electorates in the four main centres. The tolerance between electorates was increased to ±1,250 so that the Representation Commissions (since 1896, there had been separate commissions for the North and South Islands) could take greater account of communities of interest. These changes proved very disruptive to existing boundaries, and six electorates were established for the first time, including Oroua, and two electorates that previously existed were re-established.
In the 1902 election, polling booths were in Feilding, Halcombe, Kimbolton, Ruahine, Pohangina, Ashhurst, and other places.
In the 1907 electoral redistribution, a major change that had to be allowed for was a reduction of the tolerance to ±750 to those electorates where the country quota applied. The North Island had once again a higher population growth than the South Island, and three seats were transferred from south to north. In the resulting boundary distribution, every existing electorate was affected, and some were abolished, including the Oroua electorate. These changes took effect with the 1908 election.
The electorate was first created for the 1902 election. Frank Lethbridge won the 1902 election against Arthur Henry Tompkins.Lethbridge had since the 1896 election represented the Rangitikei electorate. When he retired in 1908, David Guthrie became the next representative. Guthrie joined the Reform Party when it formed in 1909 and held the Oroua electorate until he retired in 1925.
John Gordon Eliott of the Reform Party succeeded Guthrie in the 1925 election and represented Oroua for one parliamentary term, as he was defeated by John Cobbe of the United Party in the 1928 election.Cobbe became part of the National Party when the United and Reform Parties amalgamated in 1936. Cobbe held the electorate until it was abolished in 1938, and then continued to represent the Manawatu electorate.
The electorate was represented by four Members of Parliament:
|1902 election||Frank Lethbridge|
|1908 election||David Guthrie|
|1925 election||John Gordon Eliott|
|1928 election||John Cobbe|
|(Electorate abolished 1938; see Manawatu)|
|Labour||William Henry Oliver||2,383||27.22|
|Reform||John Gordon Eliott||3,679||45.48|
The 1902 New Zealand general election was held on Tuesday, 25 November, in the general electorates, and on Monday, 22 December in the Māori electorates to elect a total of 80 MPs to the 15th session of the New Zealand Parliament. A total number of 415,789 (76.7%) voters turned out to vote.
John George Cobbe was a New Zealand politician of the Liberal Party, United Party and the National Party.
Mount Victoria is a former New Zealand electorate, centred on the inner-city suburb of Mount Victoria in the southern suburbs of Wellington. It existed from 1946 to 1954, and was represented by one Member of Parliament, Jack Marshall.
Gisborne is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It existed from 1908 to 1996, and it was represented by 12 Members of Parliament.
Waitemata was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, from 1871 to 1946, and then from 1954 to 1978. It was represented by 18 members of parliament.
Manukau is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate in the south Auckland Region. It existed from 1881 to 1978, with a break from 1938 to 1954. It was represented by nine Members of Parliament. Two by-elections were held in the electorate.
Grey Lynn is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate, in the city of Auckland. It existed from 1902 to 1978, and was represented by nine Members of Parliament.
Pahiatua is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate in the Wairarapa region. It existed from 1896 to 1996, and was represented by nine Members of Parliament, including Prime Minister Keith Holyoake for 34 years.
Ruahine is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate, from 1972 to 1978.
Ohinemuri is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It existed from 1896 to 1928, and was represented by five Members of Parliament.
Stratford is a former parliamentary electorate, in Taranaki, New Zealand. It existed from 1908 to 1946, and from 1954 to 1978. It was represented by six Members of Parliament.
Kaipara is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate north of Auckland that existed from 1902 to 1946, and from 1978 to 1996.
Chalmers, originally Port Chalmers, was a parliamentary electorate in the Otago Region of New Zealand, from 1866 to 1938 with a break from 1896 to 1902. It was named after the town of Port Chalmers, the main port of Dunedin and Otago.
Waipawa was a parliamentary electorate in the Hawke's Bay Region of New Zealand, from 1881 to 1946.
Wellington North was, from 1905 to 1946, a parliamentary electorate within the area encompassing New Zealand's capital, Wellington. The electorate was represented by four Members of Parliament.
Courtenay was a parliamentary electorate in Canterbury, New Zealand from 1902 to 1908. The electorate was represented by one Member of Parliament, Charles Lewis.
Manawatu was a parliamentary electorate in the Manawatū-Whanganui region of New Zealand that existed during three periods between 1871 and 1996.
Waimate was a parliamentary electorate in the Canterbury region of New Zealand from 1881 to 1893 and from 1946 to 1957. It was represented by three Members of Parliament.
Taumarunui was a parliamentary electorate in the King Country in the Manawatū-Whanganui region of New Zealand from 1908 to 1919. The electorate was represented by two Members of Parliament.
The 15th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1902 general election in November and December of that year.