Oruro Department

Last updated

Department of Oruro
Carnavales Oruro dia II (68).JPG
Santuario de la Virgen del Socavón, Carnaval de Oruro, 2007
Flag of Oruro.svg
Flag
Escudo Oruro.jpg
Coat of arms
Oruro in Bolivia.svg
Location within Bolivia
CountryFlag of Bolivia.svg  Bolivia
Capital Oruro
Provinces16
Government
  GovernorEdson Oczachoque (MAS-IPSP)
Area
  Total53,588 km2 (20,690 sq mi)
Population
 (2012 census)
  Total494,178
  Density9.2/km2 (24/sq mi)
Time zone UTC-4 (BOT)
HDI (2017)0.700 [1]
high · 5th
Languages Spanish, Quechua, Aymara
Website www.oruro.gob.bo

Oruro (Spanish pronunciation:  [oˈɾuɾo] ; Quechua: Uru Uru; Aymara: Ururu) is a department in Bolivia, with an area of 53,588 km2 (20,690 sq mi). Its capital is the city of Oruro. According to the 2012 census, the Oruro department had a population of 494,178.

Contents

Provinces of Oruro

The department is divided into 16 provinces which are further subdivided into municipalities and cantons.

ProvinceMap #Area (km2)Population
(2012 census)
Capital
Oruro 001.png
Carangas 10  5,47211,041 Corque
Cercado 2  5,766309,277 Oruro
Eduardo Avaroa 5  4,01533,248 Challapata
Ladislao Cabrera 12  8,81814,678 Salinas de Garci Mendoza
Litoral 13  2,89410,409 Huachacalla
Nor Carangas 8  8705,502 Huayllamarca
Pantaleón Dalence 3  1,21029,497 Huanuni
Poopó 4  3,06116,775 Poopó
Puerto de Mejillones 16  7852,076 La Rivera
Sabaya 15  5,88510,924 Sabaya
Sajama 14  5,7909,390 Curahuara de Carangas
San Pedro de Totora 9  1,4875,531 Totora
Saucarí 7  1,67110,149 Toledo
Sebastian Pagador 6  1,97213,153 Santiago de Huari
Sud Carangas 11  3,5367,231 Santiago de Andamarca
Tomás Barrón 1  3565,267 Eucaliptus

Note: Eduardo Abaroa Province (#5) is both north of and south of Sebastián Pagador Province (#6).

Government

The chief executive office of Bolivia departments (since May 2010) is the governor; until then, the office was called the prefect, and until 2006 the prefect was appointed by the President of Bolivia. The current governor, Santos Tito of the Movement for Socialism – Political Instrument for the Sovereignty of the Peoples, was elected on 4 April 2010.

The chief legislative body of the department is the Departmental Legislative Assembly, a body also first elected on 4 April 2010. It consists of 33 members: 16 elected by each of the department's provinces; 16 elected based on proportional representation; and minority indigenous representative selected by the Uru-Chipaya people.

Gubernatorial CandidatePartyVotes for GovernorPercentageAssembly Members by TerritoryVotes for Assembly by PopulationPercentageAssembly Members by PopulationTotal Assembly Members
  Santos Tito Movement for Socialism 107.57659,6%1583.22056,1%1025
 Iver Pereira Vásquez Without Fear Movement 53.11129,4147.31931,9%56
  National Unity Front 13.9337,7%012.2778,3%11
 Guillermo Zolá Eugenio Nationalist Revolutionary Movement 5.8003,2%05.6123,8%00
Indigenous RepresentativesElected through usos y costumbres 1
 Valid votes180.42081,5%148.42867,1%
 Blank votes28.05512,762.22230,2%
 Null votes12.9395,8%10.7064,8%
 Total votes221.41487,5% of registered voters16221.35687,4% of registered voters1633
Source: Corte Nacional Electoral, Acto de Computo Nacional, Boletín 22: Explicación asignación de escaños departamentales

Languages

The languages spoken in the department are mainly Spanish, Quechua and Aymara. The following table shows the number of those belonging to the recognized group of speakers. [2]

LanguageDepartmentBolivia
Quechua 134,2892,281,198
Aymara 127,0861,525,321
Guaraní 38362,575
Another native1,94349,432
Spanish 342,3326,821,626
Foreign6,878250,754
Only native30,745960,491
Native and Spanish188,9632,739,407
Spanish and foreign153,4394,115,751

Notable people

Places of interest

See also

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Sud Carangas Province

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References

  1. "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 13 September 2018.
  2. obd.descentralizacion.gov.bo Archived 18 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine (Spanish)

Coordinates: 18°40′S67°40′W / 18.667°S 67.667°W / -18.667; -67.667