Department of Oruro
Santuario de la Virgen del Socavón, Carnaval de Oruro, 2007
Location within Bolivia
|• Governor||Edson Oczachoque (MAS-IPSP)|
|• Total||53,588 km2 (20,690 sq mi)|
|• Density||9.2/km2 (24/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC-4 (BOT)|
|HDI (2017)||0.700 |
high · 5th
|Languages||Spanish, Quechua, Aymara|
Oruro (Spanish pronunciation: [oˈɾuɾo] ; Quechua: Uru Uru; Aymara: Ururu) is a department in Bolivia, with an area of 53,588 km2 (20,690 sq mi). Its capital is the city of Oruro. According to the 2012 census, the Oruro department had a population of 494,178.
The department is divided into 16 provinces which are further subdivided into municipalities and cantons.
|Province||Map #||Area (km2)||Population |
|Ladislao Cabrera||12||8,818||14,678||Salinas de Garci Mendoza|
|Puerto de Mejillones||16||785||2,076||La Rivera|
|Sajama||14||5,790||9,390||Curahuara de Carangas|
|San Pedro de Totora||9||1,487||5,531||Totora|
|Sebastian Pagador||6||1,972||13,153||Santiago de Huari|
|Sud Carangas||11||3,536||7,231||Santiago de Andamarca|
Note: Eduardo Abaroa Province (#5) is both north of and south of Sebastián Pagador Province (#6).
The chief executive office of Bolivia departments (since May 2010) is the governor; until then, the office was called the prefect, and until 2006 the prefect was appointed by the President of Bolivia. The current governor, Santos Tito of the Movement for Socialism – Political Instrument for the Sovereignty of the Peoples, was elected on 4 April 2010.
The chief legislative body of the department is the Departmental Legislative Assembly, a body also first elected on 4 April 2010. It consists of 33 members: 16 elected by each of the department's provinces; 16 elected based on proportional representation; and minority indigenous representative selected by the Uru-Chipaya people.
|Gubernatorial Candidate||Party||Votes for Governor||Percentage||Assembly Members by Territory||Votes for Assembly by Population||Percentage||Assembly Members by Population||Total Assembly Members|
|Santos Tito||Movement for Socialism||107.576||59,6%||15||83.220||56,1%||10||25|
|Iver Pereira Vásquez||Without Fear Movement||53.111||29,4||1||47.319||31,9%||5||6|
|National Unity Front||13.933||7,7%||0||12.277||8,3%||1||1|
|Guillermo Zolá Eugenio||Nationalist Revolutionary Movement||5.800||3,2%||0||5.612||3,8%||0||0|
|Indigenous Representatives||Elected through usos y costumbres||1|
|Total votes||221.414||87,5% of registered voters||16||221.356||87,4% of registered voters||16||33|
|Source: Corte Nacional Electoral, Acto de Computo Nacional, Boletín 22: Explicación asignación de escaños departamentales|
The languages spoken in the department are mainly Spanish, Quechua and Aymara. The following table shows the number of those belonging to the recognized group of speakers.
|Native and Spanish||188,963||2,739,407|
|Spanish and foreign||153,439||4,115,751|
Chuquisaca is a department of Bolivia located in the center south. It borders on the departments of Cochabamba, Tarija, Potosí, and Santa Cruz. The departmental capital is Sucre, which is also the constitutional capital of Bolivia.
Cochabamba, from Quechua qucha or qhucha, meaning "lake", pampa meaning "plain", is one of the nine departments of Bolivia. It is known to be the "granary" of the country because of its variety of agricultural products from its geographical position. It has an area of 55,631 km2. Its population in the 2012 census was 1,758,143. Its capital is the city of Cochabamba, known as the "City of Eternal Spring" and "The Garden City" because of its spring-like temperatures all year.
The La Paz Department of Bolivia comprises 133,985 square kilometres (51,732 sq mi) with a 2012 census population of 2,706,359 inhabitants. It is situated at the western border of Bolivia, sharing Lake Titicaca with adjacent Peru. It contains the Cordillera Real, which reaches altitudes of 6.6 kilometers (4.1 mi). Northeast of the Cordillera Real are the Yungas, the steep eastern slopes of the Andes Mountains that make the transition to the Amazon River basin to the northeast. The capital of the department is the city of La Paz and is the administrative city and seat of government/national capital of Bolivia.
Potosí is a department in southwestern Bolivia. It comprises 118,218 km2 with 823,517 inhabitants. The capital is the city of Potosí. It is mostly a barren, mountainous region with one large plateau to the west, where the largest salt flat in the world, Salar de Uyuni, is located.
Aroma is one of the twenty provinces of the Bolivian La Paz Department. It is situated in the southern parts of the department. Its seat is Sica Sica.
Caranavi Province is one of the twenty provinces of the Bolivian La Paz Department and is situated in the department's eastern parts. The province was created by Law 1401 on 16 December 1992 from a portion of what was then Nor Yungas Province. The creation of the province had been a local cause embraced by Ramiro Revuelta, a Deputy in the national legislature who was assassinated on November 28, 1992.
Antonio Quijarro is a province in the central parts of the Bolivian Potosí Department situated at the Salar de Uyuni. Its seat is Uyuni.
Sabaya is a province in the central parts of the Bolivian Oruro Department. Its seat is Sabaya.
Carangas is a province in the northern parts of the Bolivian department of Oruro.
Litoral is a province in the southwestern parts of the Bolivian Oruro Department. Its seat is Huachacalla.
Pantaleón Dalence is a province in the eastern parts of the Bolivian Oruro Department. Its seat is Huanuni. The province was named after the jurist Pantaleón Dalence Jiménez.
Sajama is a province in the northwestern parts of the Bolivian Oruro Department.
San Pedro de Totora is a province in the northern parts of the Bolivian department of Oruro.
Sud Carangas is a province in the central parts of the Bolivian department of Oruro.
Poopó Municipality is the first municipal section of the Poopó Province in the Oruro Department, Bolivia. Its capital is Poopó.
Machacamarca is a small town in the Pantaléon Dalence Province in the Oruro Department in Bolivia. It is the seat of the Machacamarca Municipality and of the Machacamarca Canton. At the time of census 2001 it had a population of 2,206. The town is situated south of Oruro near the south-eastern shore of Lake Uru Uru at the road and railway that lead to Poopó.
K'isi K'isini is a 5,536-metre-high (18,163 ft) mountain in the Cordillera Occidental in the Andes of Bolivia. It is located in the Oruro Department, Sajama Province, Curahuara de Carangas Municipality, Sajama Canton. K'isi K'isini is situated inside the boundaries of the Sajama National Park, south-east of the Parina Quta and Pomerape volcanoes and north of the Bolivian route 4 that leads to the Chungara–Tambo Quemado mountain pass on the border with Chile.
Machu Such'i Qhuchi or Machu Such'i Q'uchi is a mountain in the Apolobamba mountain range in the Bolivian Andes, about 5,679 metres (18,632 ft) high. It is situated near the Peruvian border in the La Paz Department, Franz Tamayo Province, Pelechuco Municipality, east of Such'i Lake.
Wayna Potosí is a mountain in the Andes of Bolivia, about 4,969 metres (16,302 ft) high. It is located in the Oruro Department, Sajama Province, Turku Municipality, Turku Canton, northwest of Turku (Turco). The Turku River originates near the mountain. It is a left tributary of the Lauca River.
Chachakumani is a 4,712-metre-high (15,459 ft) mountain in the Cordillera Occidental in the Andes of Bolivia. It is situated in the Oruro Department, Sajama Province, in the west of the Turco Municipality. Chachakumani lies south of Muru Qullu, northeast of Umurata and Kuntur Ikiña and southeast of Uqi Uqini. The Jaruma River flows between Muru Qullu and Chachakumani. It is a tributary of the Sajama River.