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|Osaka Higashi Line|
|Owner||Osaka Soto-Kanjo Railway Co., Ltd.|
|Operator(s)|| JR-West |
|Rolling stock|| 221 series EMU|
207 series EMU
321 series EMU
|Line length||20.2 km (12.6 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)|
|Electrification||1,500 V DC (overhead lines)|
|Operating speed||120 km/h (75 mph)|
The Osaka Higashi Line (おおさか東線, Ōsaka-Higashi-sen) (Literally: Osaka East Line) is a railway line in Osaka, Japan, operated by the West Japan Railway Company (JR-West). The line connects Ōsaka Station in northern Osaka with Kyūhōji Station in Yao, forming an arc around the northern and eastern suburbs of the city. Before being named on August 23, 2007, the line was constructed with the tentative name "Osaka Outer Loop Line (大阪外環状線, Ōsaka-soto-kanjōsen)".
The line is constructed and owned by the Osaka Soto-Kanjo Railway Co., Ltd. (大阪外環状鉄道株式会社, Ōsaka Sotokanjō Tetsudō Kabushiki Kaisha) as a Category-3 railway business under the Railway Business Act of Japan. JR-West and JR Freight operate trains as Category-2 railway business.[ citation needed ] The Kita-Umeda extension opened on March 18, 2023, replacing the above-ground Umeda Freight Line.
Conceived in the 1950s during Japan's explosive postwar economic growth, it was planned as a grand "outer loop" of the city, using existing freight lines to link Amagasaki with Shin-Osaka, Suita, Awaji, Hanaten, Kami, Uriwari and Sugimotochō, with a newly constructed segment into Osaka's (then primarily industrial) Nankō Port Town. However, with JNR's financial situation deteriorating catastrophically (culminating in its privatization) and continuing issues surrounding land acquisition and squatting by local residents on railway property, the plan was cut back to Shin-Osaka and Kami, terminating at Kyūhōji in the south.[ citation needed ] (The Hanwa Freight Line, which would have carried the southern segment from Kami to Sugimotochō, was officially abandoned by JR Freight in 2009.) The line connects Shin-Osaka Station in northern Osaka with Kyūhōji Station in Yao, forming an arc around the northern and eastern suburbs of the city.
The southern part opened on 15 March 2008.  But because of problems with the illegal occupation of a site, construction of the northern part was delayed.  Construction of the northern segment started in 2011 and the section between Shin-Osaka and Hanaten has opened on 16 March 2019.  
Incorporated into the second phase of the Osaka Higashi Line project is the construction of underground platforms at Osaka Station (known as Umekita).  The project provides the basis for the future Naniwasuji Line while also providing a small shortcut on current services on the Haruka and Kuroshio limited express trains.
In February 2023, track switching work took place between the 11th and 13th of that month.  The underground platforms began operation later in the year on 18 March. 
Local trains stop at all stations. For limited express Mahoroba, please see their respective article.
|Status||No.||Station||Japanese||Distance (km)||Direct Rapid||Transfers||Location|
JR Kōbe Line (JR-A47)
JR Takarazuka Line (JR-G47)
Osaka Loop Line (JR-O11)
From Osaka-umeda Station:
From Osaka-Umeda Station:
From Umeda Station:
From Higashi-Umeda Station:
From Nishi-Umeda Station:
From Kitashinchi Station:
|JR-F02||Shin-Ōsaka||新大阪||-||0.0||●|| JR Kyoto Line (JR-A46) |
Osaka Metro Midōsuji Line (M13)
|JR-F04||JR-Awaji||JR淡路||1.3||3.3|||||From Awaji Station:||Higashiyodogawa-ku, Osaka|
|JR-F06||JR-Noe||JR野江||2.2||7.6|||||From Noe Station:|
Keihan Main Line (KH-05)
From Noe-Uchindai Station:
Osaka Metro Tanimachi Line (T16)
|JR-F07||Shigino||鴫野||1.8||9.4||||| Katamachi Line (Gakkentoshi Line, JR-H40) |
Osaka Metro Imazatosuji Line
|JR-F08||Hanaten||放出||1.6||11.0||●||Katamachi Line (Gakkentoshi Line, JR-H39)||Tsurumi-ku, Osaka|
|JR-F09||Takaida-Chūō||高井田中央||1.7||12.7||●||From Takaida Station:|
Osaka Metro Chuo Line (C22)
|JR-F10||JR Kawachi-Eiwa||JR河内永和||1.6||14.3||●||From Kawachi-Eiwa Station |
A Kintetsu Nara Line (A07)
|JR-F11||JR Shuntokumichi||JR俊徳道||0.6||14.9|||||From Shuntokumichi Station:|
D Osaka Line (D07)
|JR-F15||Kyūhōji||久宝寺||1.6||20.2||●||Yamatoji Line (Kansai Main Line)||Yao, Osaka|
|Rapid service through to Nara via the Yamatoji Line|
The 103 and 201 series trains are based at Nara Depot, the 207 series trains are based at Aboshi Depot, while the 223-6000 series trains were based at Miyahara Depot.
Locomotives seen hauling freight trains include the DD51, DE10, EF66, EF81 and EF210.[ citation needed ]
Umeda Station is a railway station in Kita-ku in the northern commercial center of Osaka, Japan. It is the busiest station in western Japan, serving 2,343,727 passengers daily in 2005.
The Osaka Loop Line is a railway loop line in Japan operated by the West Japan Railway Company. It encircles central Osaka.
Hanshin Electric Railway Co., Ltd. is a Japanese private railway company owned by Hankyu Hanshin Toho Group that links Osaka and Kobe. It also owns the Hanshin Tigers baseball team.
Ōsaka Station is a major railway station in the Umeda district of Kita-ku, Osaka, Japan, operated by West Japan Railway Company. It forms as one of the city's main railway terminals to the north, the other being Shin-Ōsaka.
The Hankyu Kyoto Main Line is a railway line in Japan operated by the private railway operator Hankyu Railway. It connects Osaka-umeda Station in Osaka and Kyoto-kawaramachi Station in Kyoto.
Kyōto Station is a major railway station and transportation hub in Kyōto, Japan. It has Japan's second-largest station building and is one of the country's largest buildings, incorporating a shopping mall, hotel, movie theater, Isetan department store, and several local government facilities under one 15-story roof. It also housed the Kyōto City Air Terminal until August 31, 2002.
The Hanwa Line is a commuter rail line in the Osaka-Kobe-Kyoto Metropolitan Area, owned and operated by West Japan Railway Company. The 61.3 km (38.1 mi) line runs between Osaka and Wakayama, Japan and has a 1.7 km branchline in a southern Osaka suburb. The name is taken from the second syllable of Osaka and the first syllable of Wakayama.
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The Osaka Metro Midōsuji Line is a rapid transit line in Osaka, Japan, operated by Osaka Metro. Constructed under Midōsuji, a major north-south street, it is the oldest line in the Osaka subway system and the second oldest in Japan, following the Tokyo Metro Ginza Line. Its official name is Rapid Electric Tramway Line No. 1 (高速電気軌道第1号線), while the Osaka Municipal Transportation Bureau refers to it as Osaka City Rapid Railway Line No. 1 (大阪市高速鉄道第1号線), and in MLIT publications it is referred to as Line No. 1 . On line maps, stations on the Midōsuji Line are indicated with the letter "M".
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