|Owner||Osaka Municipal Government through Osaka Metro Co., Ltd|
|Locale||Keihanshin region, Japan|
|Transit type|| Tram ( de jure ) |
Metro; AGT ( de facto )
|Number of lines||8 (+ 1 People Mover)|
|Number of stations|| 123 |
133 (incl. People Mover)
|Daily ridership||2,464,000 (FY2013)|
|Began operation||May 20, 1933|
|Operator(s)|| Osaka Municipal Transportation Bureau (1933–March 31, 2018) |
Osaka Metro Co. (April 1, 2018–present; 100% owned by the Osaka Municipal Government)
|System length||129.9 km (80.7 mi) |
137.8 km (85.6 mi) (incl.
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8+1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
|Electrification||Third rail lines: 750 V DC, third rail |
Sakaisuji Line and linear motor metro lines: 1,500 V DC, overhead lines
|Top speed||70 km/h (43 mph)|
The Osaka Metro (大阪メトロ , Ōsaka Metoro) is a major rapid transit system in the Osaka Metropolitan Area of Japan, operated by the Osaka Metro Company, Ltd. It serves the city of Osaka and the adjacent municipalities of Higashiosaka, Kadoma, Moriguchi, Sakai, Suita, and Yao. Osaka Metro forms an integral part of the extensive mass transit system of Greater Osaka (part of the Kansai region), having 123 out of the 1,108 rail stations (2007) in the Osaka-Kobe-Kyoto region. In 2010, the greater Osaka region had 13 million rail passengers daily (see Transport in Keihanshin) of which the Osaka Municipal Subway (as it was then known) accounted for 2.29 million.
Osaka Metro is the only subway system in Japan to be legally classified as a tramway, whereas all other subway systems in Japan are legally classified as railways. Despite this, it has characteristics typical of a full-fledged metro system.
The network's first service, the Midōsuji Line from Umeda to Shinsaibashi, opened in 1933.As a north–south trunk route, it is the oldest and busiest line in the whole network. Both it and the main east–west route, the Chūō Line, were later extended to the north and east, respectively. These extensions are owned by other railway companies, but both Osaka Metro and these private operators run their own set of trains through between the two sections.
All but one of the remaining lines of the network, including the Yotsubashi Line, Tanimachi Line, and Sennichimae Line, are completely independent lines with no through services. The lone exception is the Sakaisuji Line, which operates through trains to existing Hankyu Railway lines and is the only line to operate through services to existing railway lines that are not isolated from the national rail network (which is the case with the Midōsuji and Chūō Lines).
Nearly all stations have a letter number combination, the letter identifying the line served by the station and the number indicating the relative location of the station on the line. For example, Higobashi Station on the Yotsubashi Line is also known as Y12. This combination is heard in bilingual Japanese-English automated next-station announcements on board all trains, which also provide information on local businesses near the station. Only Hankyu stations served by the Sakaisuji Line do not follow this convention.
|Ōsaka-shi Kōsoku Denki Kidō kabushiki gaisha|
lit. "Osaka Municipal Rapid Electric Tramway Share Company"
|Type||Private (municipally owned) KK|
|Predecessor||Osaka Municipal Transportation Bureau|
|Founded||June 1, 2017 (incorporation)|
April 1, 2018 (effective corporatization of Osaka Municipal Transportation Bureau)
|Founder||Osaka Municipal Government|
|Owner||Osaka Municipal Government (100%)|
Number of employees
|Subsidiaries||Osaka City Bus Corporation|
The network is operated by a municipally owned stock company trading as the Osaka Metro Company, Ltd. the Osaka Municipal Subway ; under the Bureau's management, the subway was the oldest publicly operated subway network in Japan, having begun operations in 1933. A proposal to corporatize the Osaka subway was sent to the city government in February 2013 and was given final approval in 2017. The rationale behind corporatization is that it would bring private investors to Osaka and could help revive Osaka's economy. The Osaka Metro Co. was incorporated on June 1, 2017, and took over operations on April 1, 2018.The Osaka Metro Co. is the direct legal successor to the Osaka Municipal Transportation Bureau, which operated the subway as
The Osaka Metro Co. also operates all city buses in Osaka, through its majority-owned subsidiary, the Osaka City Bus Corporation.
Osaka Metro stations are denoted by the Osaka Metro Co.'s corporate logo, a white-on-dark-blue icon placed at ground-level entrances, depicting an "M" (for "Metro") based on a coiled ribbon, which would form an "O" (for "Osaka") when viewed from the side, with the "Osaka Metro" wordmark set in the Gotham typeface. "Osaka Metro" (in Latin characters) is the official branding in Japanese, and is always represented as such in official media. (News outlets have been seen to use 大阪メトロ, presumably to better flow with article text.) Individual lines are represented by a public-facing name (e.g. “Midōsuji Line” for Line No. 1) and a specific color, as well as a single Latin letter, which is paired with a different number at each station for easy identification (see below). Icons for each line (featured in station wayfinding signage) are represented by a solid roundel in the line color, superimposed with the line's letter-designation in Parisine.
An older branding (also used on the tram network run by the city until 1969) is the "Mio-Den" mark, which depicts an old-fashioned depth-marker, (澪標, mio-tsukushi), the logo for Osaka City, over the kanji for electricity (電, den), short for “electric train” (電車, densha). This mark is still present on newer trainsets and staff uniforms as a connection to the subway network's roots.
When it was run by the Osaka Municipal Transportation Bureau, the subway used a logo known as the “Circle-Ko” (マルコ, Maru-Ko) symbol, which is a katakana “ko” (コ) for “transport” (交通, kōtsū) superimposed over a circular capital “O” for “Osaka” (see infobox, above). This remains on many trainsets and at stations, but is slated for replacement with the Osaka Metro logo as the changeover progresses.
Currently, there are eight lines, operating on 129.9 kilometers (80.7 mi) and serving 123 stations; there is also a 7.9-kilometer (4.9 mi)-long, 10-station automated people mover line known as the "New Tram".
|Red||Via trackage rights||Kitakyū Namboku Line||北大阪急行電鉄||1970||1970||5.9 km (3.7 mi)||4|
|Line 1||Midōsuji Line||御堂筋線||1933||1987||24.5 km (15.2 mi)||20|
|Purple||Line 2||Tanimachi Line||谷町線||1967||1983||28.1 km (17.5 mi)||26|
|Blue||Line 3||Yotsubashi Line||四つ橋線||1942||1972||11.4 km (7.1 mi)||11|
|Green||Line 4||Chūō Line ( Yumehanna )||中央線||1997||–||2.4 km (1.5 mi)||1|
|1961||1985||15.5 km (9.6 mi)||13|
|Via trackage rights||Keihanna Line ( Yumehanna )||近鉄けいはんな線||1986||2006||18.8 km (11.7 mi)||8|
|Pink||Line 5||Sennichimae Line||千日前線||1969||1981||12.6 km (7.8 mi)||14|
|Brown||Via trackage rights||Hankyu Senri Line||阪急千里線||1969||–||13.6 km (8.5 mi)||11|
|Hankyu Kyoto Main Line||阪急京都本線||1969||–||41.1 km (25.5 mi)||22|
|Line 6||Sakaisuji Line||堺筋線||1969||1993||8.5 km (5.3 mi)||10|
|Lime||Line 7||Nagahori Tsurumi-ryokuchi Line||長堀鶴見緑地線||1990||1997||15.0 km (9.3 mi)||17|
|Orange||Line 8||Imazatosuji Line||今里筋線||2006||–||11.9 km (7.4 mi)||11|
|TOTAL||Total Length||Total Stations|
|TOTAL (Subway only – not incl. trackage rights portions):||129.9 km (80.7 mi)||123|
|Subway incl. Kitakyu and Keihanna trackage rights portions):||154.6 km (96.1 mi)||133|
|Automated people mover|
|New Tram||Nankō Port Town Line||南港ポートタウン線||1997||–||0.7 km (0.43 mi)||1|
|1981||2005||7.2 km (4.5 mi)||9|
|TOTAL (Subway, incl. People Mover):||137.8 km (85.6 mi)||133|
In addition, there are five line extensions and one new line that are planned. However, on August 28, 2014, the Osaka Municipal Transportation Bureau met about creating the extensions of the later five of the six lines listed below, and have stated considering the current cost of the new extensions (and the possibly of privatization at the time), the government has also considered using light rail transit or bus rapid transit instead.Osaka Metro is now experimenting with bus rapid transit on the route of the Imazatosuji Line extension, with “Imazato Liner” service between Imazato and Yuzato-Rokuchōme slated to begin in April 2019.
With Osaka being the host of Expo 2025, there are also plans to extend the Chuo Line northwest onto Yume-shima (the event's planned site), with a terminus on Sakura-jima north of Universal Studios Japan. Provisions were put in place for such an extension when the existing road tunnel between Cosmosquare and Yume-shima was built, but the current state of the artificial island (with only industrial facilities and a lone convenience store for workers) meant it would have been unlikely to proceed had Osaka lost its bid.
|Line 3||Yotsubashi Line||Nishi-Umeda||Jūsō, later towards Shin-Ōsaka||2.9 km (to Jūsō)|
|Line 4||Chūō Line||Cosmosquare||Yumeshima||(TBD)|
|Line 5||Sennichimae Line||Minami-Tatsumi||towards Mito||(TBD)|
|Line 7||Nagahori Tsurumi-ryokuchi Line||Taishō||Tsurumachi Yonchōme (vicinity)||5.5 km|
|Line 8||Imazatosuji Line||Imazato||Yuzato Rokuchōme||6.7 km|
|(TBD)||-||Line 9||Shikitsu–Nagayoshi Line (provisional)||Suminoekōen||Kire-Uriwari||6.9 km|
Osaka Municipal Subway rolling stock use two types of propulsion systems. The vast majority of lines use trains with conventional electric motors, but the two newest lines, the Nagahori Tsurumi-ryokuchi Line and Imazatosuji Line, use linear motor-powered trains, which allow them to use smaller trains and tunnels, reducing construction costs. These two lines have half-height automatic platform gates installed at all station platforms, as does the Sennichimae Line.
Also, unlike other rapid transit networks in Japan, most Osaka subway lines use a third rail electrification system for trains. Only three lines use overhead catenary: the Sakaisuji Line, to accommodate through services on Hankyu trackage; and the linear-motor Nagahori Tsurumi-ryokuchi and Imazatosuji Lines. Also unusually, all lines use standard gauge; there are no narrow gauge sections of track due to the network being almost entirely self-enclosed.
Osaka Metro charges five types of fares for single rides, based on the distance traveled in each journey.Some discount fares exist.
|Rates (in yen)|
On April 8, 1970, a gas explosion occurred during the construction of the Tanimachi Line at Tenjimbashisuji Rokuchōme Station, killing 79 people and injuring 420. 10 metres (33 ft) tall and destroying 495 houses and buildings.The gas leaked out from a detached joint and filled the tunnel and exploded, creating a fire column over
Suita is a city located in northern Osaka Prefecture, Japan. As of October 1, 2016, the city has an estimated population of 378,322 and a population density of 9,880 persons per km². The total area is 36.11 km².
Chūō-ku is one of 24 wards of Osaka, Japan. It has an area of 8.88 km2, and a population of 60,085. It houses Osaka's financial district, as well as the Osaka Prefecture offices and principal shopping and tourist areas.
Namba Station is a name shared by two railway stations in the Namba district of Chūō-ku, Osaka, Japan. One is owned by Nankai Electric Railway, while the other is by the Osaka Metro. The names of both stations are written in hiragana on signage within the stations, because the kanji "難波" can be also read "Naniwa". However, the name of both stations officially employs kanji, printed on train tickets.
Tennōji Station is a railway station on the JR West Osaka Loop Line, Hanwa Line, Yamatoji Line, Osaka Metro Midōsuji Line, and Tanimachi Line, located in Tennōji-ku and Abeno-ku, Osaka, Japan, and Tennōji-ekimae Station is a railway station on the tram Hankai Uemachi Line in Abeno-ku, Osaka, Japan. They are also connected to Ōsaka Abenobashi Station on the Kintetsu Minami Osaka Line.
Ōsaka-Uehommachi Station is a railway station in Tennoji-ku, Osaka, Japan, served by the Kintetsu Railway's Osaka, Nara, and Namba Lines. Trains on the Nara Line arrive at and depart from an underground platform. The station is connected to Tanimachi Kyuchome Station on the Tanimachi Line (T25) and the Sennichimae Line (S18) of the Osaka Metro. It has been the Kintetsu Railway's terminus since the Nara Line was opened in 1914.
The Osaka Metro Chūō Line is a rapid transit system in Osaka, Japan, operated by Osaka Metro. The line runs east-westerly under Chūō Avenue. Its official name is Rapid Electric Tramway Line No. 4 (高速電気軌道第4号線), and in MLIT publications, it is written as Line No. 4 . Station numbers are indicated by the letter C.
Hanshin Department Store is a Japanese department store chain owned by Hankyu Hanshin Department Stores, Incorporated, a subsidiary of H2O Retailing Corporation.
Tenjimbashisuji 6-chome Station is located in Tenjimbashi Rokuchome, Kita-ku, Osaka, Japan. Nicknamed, "Ten-roku", it is located on the Osaka Metro Tanimachi Line, the Sakaisuji Line and the Hankyu Railway Senri Line.
The Osaka Metro Midōsuji Line is a rapid transit line in Osaka, Japan, operated by Osaka Metro. Constructed under Midōsuji, a major north-south street, it is the oldest line in the Osaka subway system and the second oldest in Japan, following the Tokyo Metro Ginza Line. Its official name is Rapid Electric Tramway Line No. 1 (高速電気軌道第1号線), while the Osaka Municipal Transportation Bureau refers to it as Osaka City Rapid Railway Line No. 1 (大阪市高速鉄道第1号線), and in MLIT publications it is referred to as Line No. 1 . On line maps, stations on the Midōsuji Line are indicated with the letter "M".
The Osaka Municipal Subway/Osaka Metro 30000 series (大阪市交通局・大阪メトロ30000系) is a rapid transit electric multiple unit (EMU) train type operated by Osaka Municipal Subway in Japan since 2009.
The Osaka Municipal Subway 70 series (大阪市交通局70系) is a rapid transit electric multiple unit (EMU) train type operated by Osaka Municipal Subway on the Nagahori Tsurumi-ryokuchi Line in Japan.
The Osaka Metro Sennichimae Line is an underground rapid transit line in Osaka, Japan. It is one of the lines of Osaka Metro. It links the northwestern district of Fukushima-ku and the southeastern district of Ikuno-ku with the central commercial and entertainment district of Namba. The line is paralleled by the underground Kintetsu Namba Line/Hanshin Namba Line connection line in its central section. Its official name is Rapid Electric Tramway Line No. 5 (高速電気軌道第5号線), while the Osaka Municipal Transportation Bureau refers to it as Osaka City Rapid Railway Line No. 5 (大阪市高速鉄道第5号線), and in MLIT publications, it is written as Line No. 5 . Station numbers are indicated by the letter S.
The Osaka Metro Sakaisuji Line is an underground rapid transit line in Osaka, Japan, operated by Osaka Metro. Its official name is Rapid Electric Tramway Line No. 6 (高速電気軌道第6号線), and in MLIT publications, it is written as Line No. 6 .
The Osaka Metro Yotsubashi Line is an underground rapid transit line in Osaka, Japan, operated by Osaka Metro. The line connects Umeda, Hommachi, Yotsubashi, Namba, Daikokuchō and Suminoe, and runs parallel to the Midōsuji Line from Daikokuchō to Nishi-Umeda. Its official name is Rapid Electric Tramway Line No. 3 (高速電気軌道第3号線), while the Osaka Municipal Transportation Bureau refers to it as Osaka City Rapid Railway Line No. 3 (大阪市高速鉄道第3号線), and in Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport publications, it is written as Line No. 3 . Station numbers are indicated by the letter Y.
The Osaka Metro Tanimachi Line is a rapid transit line of Osaka Metro, running from Dainichi Station in Moriguchi to Yaominami Station in Yao through Osaka. Its official name is Rapid Electric Tramway Line No. 2 (高速電気軌道第2号線), while the Osaka Municipal Transportation Bureau refers to it as Osaka City Rapid Railway Line No. 2 (大阪市高速鉄道第2号線), and in MLIT publications, it is written as Line No. 2 . On line maps, stations on the Tanimachi Line are indicated with the letter T.
Osaka Municipal Subway Line 9 is a planned, but as-yet unbuilt, rapid transit line that would run from Suminoekōen in Suminoe-ku to Kire-Uriwari in Hirano-ku within the city of Osaka. While no timetable has been announced for its construction, it has the provisional name "Shikitsu-Nagayoshi Line" (敷津長吉線).
The Osaka Municipal Subway New 20 series (大阪市交通局新20系) is a rapid transit electric multiple unit (EMU) train type operated by Osaka Municipal Subway in Japan since 1990.
The Osaka Municipal Subway/Osaka Metro 66 series (大阪市交通局・大阪メトロ66系) is a rapid transit electric multiple unit (EMU) train type operated by Osaka Municipal Subway in Japan since 1990.
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